1865 September

September 1 1865 Friday

Montana Territory. Incident at Powder River.

Montana Territory. Thomas Francis Meagher became Acting Governor of Montana Territory.

September 2 1865 Saturday

Montana Territory. Incident at Powder River.

USA: Commodore John C Long USN (Retired), died.

September 4 1865 Monday

Montana Territory. Incident at Powder River.

September 5 1865 Tuesday

Montana Territory. Incident at Powder River.

September 7 1865 Thursday

Montana Territory. Incident at Powder River.

USA: Brigadier-General Alexander Schimmelfenning died at Wernersville, Pennsylvania.

Schimmelfennig, Alexander / Prussia / Born 20 July 1824 Lithauen, Prussia / Died Wernersville, Pennsylvania 7 September 1865
Ensign Prussian Army 1840 / Lieutenant Prussian Army 1842 / Colonel USV 74th Pennsylvania Infantry 30 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 29 November 1862 / WIA Gettysburg 1 July 1863
1st Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of Virginia 22 August 1862-12 September 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 12 September 1862-19 January 1863 / 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 19 January 1863-5 February 1863 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 5 February 1863-5 March 1863 / 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 5 March 1863-2 April 1863 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 2 April 1863-1 July 1863 / 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 1 July 1863-1 July 1863 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 4 July 1863-13 July 1863 / 1st Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 14 July 1863-17 July 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XI Corps Army of the Potomac 17 July 1863-6 August 1863 / 1st Brigade Southern District of the South 16 August 1863-24 October 1863 / Schimmelfennig’s Division Department of the South 24 October 1863-28 November 1863 / Gordon’s Division Northern District of the South 25 February 1864-25 April 1864 / Northern District of the South 25 April 1864-1 September 1864 / 1st Brigade Northern District of the South 28 November 1864-8 December 1864 / Northern District of the South 8 December 1864-26 February 1865 / 1st Brigade Northern District of the South 26 February 1865-8 April 1865

September 8 1865 Friday

Montana Territory. Incident at Powder River.

September 10 1865 Sunday

USA: The District of Northern Alabama was discontinued.

USA: Brigadier-General Charles Devens assumed temporary command of the Department of South Carolina, succeeding Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore.

September 11 1865 Monday

Mexico. Emperor Maximilian of Mexico approved the “Regulations and Instructions” prepared by Matthew Fontaine Maury to encourage the emigration of disaffected Southerners and Confederate sympathisers to come to Mexico. The Emperor also appointed Maury as Director of the proposed new National Observatory.

September 12 1865 Tuesday

Alabama. Under the policy of Presidential Reconstruction, the state of Alabama started a constitutional convention.

September 13 1865 Wednesday

South Carolina. Under the policy of Presidential Reconstruction, the state of South Carolina started a constitutional convention.

September 14 1865 Thursday

USA. A peace treaty was signed at Fort Smith, Arkansas, between the United States of America and the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Osage, Seminole, Seneca, Shawnee, and Quapaw Nations.

USA: The District of Western New York was established in the Department of the East. It comprised Elmira, Rochester, Fort Ontario, Fort Niagara and Fort Porter counties in New York.

USA: Colonel Alexander Samuel Diven assumed command of the District of Western New York.

September 16 1865 Saturday

USA: Major-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus was appointed to command the Department of Mississippi, arriving on 18 September 1865.

Osterhaus, Peter Joseph / Germany / Born 4 January 1823 Koblenz, Prussia / Died Duisburg, Germany 2 January 1917
Berlin Military Academy / Prussian Army / Private 2nd Missouri Infantry 27 April 1861 / Major USV 27 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 22 August 1861 / Colonel USV 12th Missouri Infantry 19 December 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862 / Major-General USV 23 July 1864 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Brigadier-General Retired USA 8 March 1905 / Major-General USA Retired 4 March 1915 / WIA Big Black River 17 May 1863
2nd Brigade 3rd Division Western Army 24 September 1861 / 2nd Brigade Army of the Southwest 31 January 1862-9 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the Southwest 9 February 1862-13 May 1862 /1st Division Army of the Southwest March 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Southwest 13 May 1862-2 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division District of Eastern Arkansas 2 November 1862-December 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / 9th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 12 January 1863-17 May 1863 / 9th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 19 May 1863-28 July 1863 / 1st Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 1 September 1863-4 January 1864 / 1st Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 6 February 1864-15 July 1864 / 1st Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 19 August 1864-23 September 1864 / XV Corps Tennessee 23 September 1864-8 January 1865 / Chief of Staff Military Division of West Mississippi 16 March 1865-17 May 1865 / District of Mississippi 17 May 1865-27 June 1865 / Northern District of Mississippi 27 June 1865-15 January 1866 / Department of Mississippi 16 September 1865-14 November 1865

September 18 1865 Monday

USA: Major-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus arrived to command the Department of Mississippi, succeeding Major-General Henry Warner Slocum.

Osterhaus, Peter Joseph / Germany / Born 4 January 1823 Koblenz, Prussia / Died Duisburg, Germany 2 January 1917
Berlin Military Academy / Prussian Army / Private 2nd Missouri Infantry 27 April 1861 / Major USV 27 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 22 August 1861 / Colonel USV 12th Missouri Infantry 19 December 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862 / Major-General USV 23 July 1864 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Brigadier-General Retired USA 8 March 1905 / Major-General USA Retired 4 March 1915 / WIA Big Black River 17 May 1863
2nd Brigade 3rd Division Western Army 24 September 1861 / 2nd Brigade Army of the Southwest 31 January 1862-9 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the Southwest 9 February 1862-13 May 1862 /1st Division Army of the Southwest March 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Southwest 13 May 1862-2 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division District of Eastern Arkansas 2 November 1862-December 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1863 / 9th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 12 January 1863-17 May 1863 / 9th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 19 May 1863-28 July 1863 / 1st Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 1 September 1863-4 January 1864 / 1st Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 6 February 1864-15 July 1864 / 1st Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 19 August 1864-23 September 1864 / XV Corps Tennessee 23 September 1864-8 January 1865 / Chief of Staff Military Division of West Mississippi 16 March 1865-17 May 1865 / District of Mississippi 17 May 1865-27 June 1865 / Northern District of Mississippi 27 June 1865-15 January 1866 / Department of Mississippi 16 September 1865-14 November 1865

September 19 1862 Tuesday

USA: The Sub-District of Blackwater was discontinued.

September 20 1865 Wednesday

USA: The District of Wilmington was discontinued.

September 25 1865 Monday

USA: Major-General William Hemsley Emory promoted Major-General USV 25 September 1865.

Emory, William Hemsley / Maryland / Born 7 September 1811 Poplar Grove, Maryland / Died Washington, District of Columbia 1 December 1887
USMA 1 July 1831 14/33 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1826 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1831 / Resigned USA 30 September 1836 / 1st Lieutenant USA Topographical Engineers 7 July 1838 / Captain USA 24 April 1851 / Major USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / 1st US Cavalry 26 May 1855 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 31 January 1861 / Resigned USA 9 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3rd US Cavalry 14 May 1861 / 6th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 March 1862 / Colonel USA 5th US Cavalry 27 October 1863 / Major-General USV 25 September 1865 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Brigadier-General USA Retired 1 July 1876 / Retired USA 1 July 1876 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1831 Brevet Captain USA 6 December 1846 Brevet Major USA 9 January 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 10 October 1857 Brevet Colonel USA 27 May 1862 Brevet Major-General USV 23 July 1864 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
1st Brigade Cavalry Reserve Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-5 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 6 July 1862-10 August 1862 / Defences of Baltimore 10 August 1862-September 1862 / Emory’s Division Department of the Gulf September 1862-December 1862 / 3rd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 3 January 1863-2 May 1863 / Defences of New Orleans 2 May 1863-25 August 1863 / 4th Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 30 July 1863-25 August 1863 / 3rd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 4 September 1863-17 September 1863 / 1st Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 13 December 1863-2 May 1864 / XIX Corps Gulf 2 May 1864-2 July 1864 / District of Morganza 22 May 1864-16 June 1864 / Detachment XIX Corps Army of the Shenandoah 15 July 1864-6 August 1864 / XIX Corps Shenandoah 6 August 1864-8 December 1864 / XIX Corps Shenandoah 28 December 1864-20 March 1865 / Department of West Virginia 22 April 1865-27 June 1865 / Department of Washington 17 August 1867-28 July 1868

USA: William Gamble promoted Brigadier-General USV 25 September 1865.

Gamble, William / Ireland / Born 1 January 1818 Duross, Ireland / Died Virgin Bay, Nicaragua 20 December 1866
Private, Corporal, Sergeant, Sergeant-Major USA 1st US Dragoons 10 March 1839 / Discharged USA 6 August 1843 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 8th Illinois Cavalry 18 September 1861 / Colonel USV 5 December 1862 / Mustered Out USV 17 July 1865 / Brigadier-General USV 25 September 1865 / Mustered Out USV 13 March 1866 / Major USA 8th US Cavalry 28 July 1866 / Brevet Brigadier-General USV 12 December 1864 / WIA Malvern Hill 1 July 1862
1st Brigade Pleasonton’s Cavalry Division Army of the Potomac January1863-February 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 27 May 1863-6 June 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 9 June 1863-2 September 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 12 November 1861-21 December 1863 Cavalry Division XXI Corps District of Alexandria 2 May 1864-19 November 1864 / 1st Brigade XXII Corps Department of Washington 19 November 1864-22 June 1865

USA: Louis Douglas Watkins promoted Brigadier-General USV 25 September 1865.

Watkins, Louis Douglass / Florida / Born 29 November 1833 Tallahassee, Florida / Died New Orleans, Louisiana 29 March 1868
District of Columbia Militia / Private USV 3rd Battalion District of Columbia Militia 15 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 15 April 1861 / 1st Lieutenant USA 14th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / 2nd US Cavalry 22 June 1861 / 5th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Captain USA 17 July 1862 / ADC (A J Smith) July 1862-December 1862 / Colonel USV 6th Kentucky Cavalry 1 February 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 25 September 1865 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 20th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Brevet Major USA 8 January 1863 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 5 March 1863 Brevet Brigadier-General USV 24 June 1864 Brevet Colonel USA 24 June 1864 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Gaines’ Mill 27 May 1862
Cavalry Army of Kentucky December 1862-January 1863 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Department of the Cumberland 8 July 1863-5 July 1864 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Department of the Cumberland 10 August 1864-29 October 1864 / 3rd Brigade 12th Division Cavalry Corps Military Division of the Mississippi 29 October 1864-23 January 1865

USA: Brigadier-General Robert Sanford Foster resigned from US Volunteers.

Foster, Robert Sanford / Indiana / Born 27 January 1834 Vernon, Indiana / Died Indianapolis, Indiana 3 March 1903
Private USV Indiana Infantry 15 April 1861 / Captain USV 22 April 1861 / Major USV 13th Indiana Infantry 19 June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 28 October 1861 / Colonel USV 30 April 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 12 June 1863 / Resigned USV 25 September 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 31 March 1865
Foster’s Brigade Suffolk Division VII Corps Department of Virginia 23 September 1862-9 April 1863 /2nd Brigade 1st Division VII Corps Department of Virginia 9 April 1863-7 July 1863 / 1st Brigade North of Folly Island X Corps Department of the South 16 August 1863-16 December 1863 / North Folly Island X Corps Department of the South 16 December 1863-15 January 1864 / Vogdes’ Division Northern District of the South 15 January 1864-23 February 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division District of Florida 25 February 1864-28 February 1864 / 2nd Division District of Florida 28 February 1864-25 April 1864 / 1st Division X Corps Army of the James 28 April 1864-4 May 1864 / Chief of Staff X Corps Army of the James 4 May 1864-14 June 1864 / 1st Division X Corps Army of the James 14 June 1864-21 June 1864 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division X Corps Army of the James 23 June 1864-18 July 1864 / 1st Division X Corps Army of the James 18 July 1864-23 July 1864 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division X Corps Army of the James 23 July 1864-23 August 1864 / 2nd Division X Corps Army of the James 23 August 1864-23 December 1864 / 1st Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 26 December 1864-1 January 1865 / 1st Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 2 February 1865-2 May 1865 / 1st Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 8 July 1865-1 August 1865

USA: Brigadier-General John Franklin Miller resigned from US Volunteers.

Miller, John Franklin / Indiana / Born 21 November 1831 South Bend, Indiana / Died Washington, District of Columbia 8 March 1886
Colonel USV 29th Indiana Infantry 27 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864 / Resigned USV 25 September 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Stones River 31 December 1862 WIA Liberty Gap 25 June 1863
7th Brigade Army of the Ohio 1862-14 September 1862 / 7th Brigade 8th Division Army of the Ohio 14 September 1862-5 November 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-9 January 1863 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-9 June 1863

September 27 1865 Wednesday

Louisiana. Republican Radicals met in Louisiana and elected the carpetbagger Henry Clay Warmoth as the territorial delegate to the US Congress. Warmoth took his seat in December 1865, after the official Louisiana delegation was refused its seats.

USA: Charles Henry Van Wyck promoted Brigadier-General USV 27 September 1865.

Van Wyck, Charles Henry / New York / Born 10 May 1824 Poughkeepsie, New York / Died Washington, District of Columbia 24 October 1895
Colonel USV 56th New York Infantry 4 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 27 September 1865 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Brevet Brigadier-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862
1st Brigade Coast Division Department of the South 27 January 1865 / District of Western South Carolina 23 June 1865-27 June 1865

September 28 1865 Thursday

USA: Major-General Henry Warner Slocum resigned from US Volunteers.

Slocum, Henry Warner / New York / Born 24 September 1827 Delphi, New York / Died Brooklyn, New York 14 April 1894
USMA 1 July 1852 7/43 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1852 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 31 October 1856 / Colonel New York Militia / Colonel USV 27th New York Infantry 21 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 / Major-General USV 25 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 / Resigned USV 28 September 1865 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861
Slocum’s Brigade Department of Northeastern Virginia 4 September 1861-30 October 1861 / 2nd Brigade Franklin’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-18 May 1862 / 1st Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 18 May 1862-15 October 1862 / XII Corps Potomac 20 October 1862-1 July 1863 / XII Corps Potomac 4 July 1863-31 August 1863 / XII Corps Potomac 13 September 1863-25 September 1863 / XII Corps Cumberland 25 September 1863-18 April 1864 / District of Vicksburg 20 April 1864-19 August 1864 / XX Corps Cumberland 27 August 1864-11 November 1864 / Army of Georgia 7 November 1864-17 June 1865 / XX Corps Georgia 7 November 1864-10 November 1864 / Department of Mississippi 27 June 1865-16 September 1865

USA: Major-General Mortimer Dormer Leggett resigned from US Volunteers.

Leggett, Mortimer Dormer / New York / Born 19 April 1821 Danby, New York / Died Cleveland, Ohio 6 January 1896
ADC (G B McClellan) 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 78th Ohio Infantry 18 December 1861 / Colonel USV 21 January 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 15 April 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Major-General USV 21 August 1865 / Resigned USV 28 September 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 1 September 1864 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Corinth 16 May 1862 WIA Bolivar 30 August 1862 WIA Vicksburg 25 June 1863
1st Brigade 2nd Division District of Jackson August 1862-September 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 1 November 1862-18 December 1862 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 18 December 1862-15 April 1863 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 16 May 1863-3 June 1863 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 3 June 1863-17 November 1863 / 3rd Brigade XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 17 November 1863-6 March 1864 / 3rd Brigade XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 6 April 1864-23 August 1864 / 3rd Brigade XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 22 September 1864-10 October 1864 / XVII Corps Tennessee 10 October 1864-24 October 1864 / 3rd Brigade XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 24 October 1864-15 January 1865 / 3rd Brigade XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 3 April 1865-7 May 1865 / XVII Corps Tennessee 8 May 1865-8 May 1865 / 3rd Brigade XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 9 May 1865-24 June 1865 / XVII Corps Tennessee 24 June 1865-1 July 1865 / 3rd Brigade XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 1 July 1865-1 August 1865

USA: Brigadier-General Thomas Ogden Osborn resigned from US Volunteers.

Osborn, Thomas Ogden / Ohio / Born 11 August 1832 Jersey, Ohio / Died 27 March 1904
Lieutenant-Colonel USV 39th Illinois Infantry 11 October 1861 / Colonel USV 1 January 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 1 May 1865 / Resigned USV 28 September 1865 / Brevet Brigadier-General USV 10 March 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 2 April 1865 / WIA Fort Wagner September 1863 WIA Drewry’s Bluff 14 May 1864
1st Brigade 3rd Division XVIII Corps Department of North Carolina 2 January 1863-26 March 1863 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division XVII Corps St Helen Island Department of the South 26 March 1863-16 April 1863 / 2nd Brigade Morris Island X Corps Department of the South 19 September 1863-10 October 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 8 December 1864-2 May 1865 / 1st Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 2 May 1865-8 July 1865 / 1st Brigade 1st Division XXIV Corps Army of the James 8 July 1865-25 July 1865

September 29 1865 Friday

USA: Robert Brown Potter promoted Major-General USV 29 September 1865.

Potter, Robert Brown (Barnwell) / Massachusetts / Born 16 July 1829 Schenectady, New York / Died Newport, Rhode Island 19 February 1887
Private New York Militia / Lieutenant New York Militia April 1861 / Major USV 51st New York Infantry 14 October 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 1 November 1861 / Colonel USV 10 September 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 23 March 1863 to rank from 13 March 1863 / Major-General USV 29 September 1865 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Brevet Major-General USV 1 August 1864 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 WIA New Bern 14 March 1862 WIA Fort Sedgwick Petersburg 2 April 1865
2nd Division IX Corps Department of the Tennessee 14 June 1863-18 August 1863 / IX Corps Ohio 25 August 1863-17 January 1864 / 2nd Division IX Corps Army of the Ohio 1 May 1864-24 May 1864 / 2nd Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 24 August 1864-22 December 1864 / 2nd Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac January 1865-2 April 1865

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