1865 April 3rd

April 3 1865 Monday

Battle of Namozine Church, VA (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Willicomack Creek, VA

Sherman’s Carolinas Campaign – North Carolina

Mobile Campaign – Sieges of Fort Blakely and Spanish Fort

Fall of Petersburg

Appomattox Campaign

Flight of the Confederate Government

Stoneman’s Raid in Virginia and North Carolina

Alabama. Incident at Centerville.

Alabama. Skirmish at Northport, near Tuscaloosa.

Alabama. Union reconnaissance from Huntsville towards Vienna began.

Alabama. After evacuating Selma, the remnants of Confederate Lieutenant-General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s command were joined at Marion by the second brigade of Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers’ cavalry division. They moved onwards to Livingston, unable to contest the further progress of the far more numerous cavalry of Union Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson. Wilson’s troops spent a week looting the city of Selma. Many businesses and private residences were burned along with military installations. The Arsenal and naval foundry were destroyed. The Union XIII Corps subsequently arrived from Mobile to provide a garrison for the city.

District of Columbia. News of the fall of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, reached Washington at mid-morning and prompted jubilant celebrations.

Georgia. Incident at Coosawattee River.

Missouri. Union troops pursued Confederate guerrillas from Farmington.

North Carolina. Incident at Goldsboro.

North Carolina. Expedition from Tennessee to Asheville by Union Major-General David Sloane Stanley’s IV Corps began.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Mount Pleasant.

Virginia. Skirmish near Hillsville. Union Brigadier-General George Stoneman and his cavalry raiders, having passed through Wilkesboro, North Carolina, reached the Knoxville to Lynchburg Railroad between Salem and Wytheville. One of the detached columns from the main Union body entered the town of Hillsville and caused widespread destruction. They also captured and burned a Confederate train of 22 wagons that was heading for Petersburg.

Virginia. After the destruction of their three ironclad warships, the crews of the Confederate James River squadron embarked on the remaining wooden gunboats and sailed upstream towards Richmond. Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes disembarked his men at Richmond, burned the gunboats, and set them adrift. The explosions of their magazines added to the pandemonium. The only exceptions to the destruction were the unfinished ram CSS Texas, and a small tug gunboat CSS Beaufort, mounting one gun. The ships destroyed included the three ironclads CSS Virginia No 2, CSS Richmond, and CSS Fredericksburg, along with the wooden warships CSS Nansemond, CSS Hampton, CSS Roanoke, and the Torpedo Boat Shrapnel. Some vessels remained visible above the water and partly obstructed the channel. After outfitting the former ships’ crews with small arms, Semmes and his sailors joined the army. The various naval detachments found a locomotive and a number of railroad cars and headed for Danville, where they arrived on 4 April.

Virginia. Fifty Midshipmen of the Confederate Naval Academy, under the command of Lieutenant William H Parker, escorted the archives of the government and the specie and bullion of the treasury from Richmond to Danville. The Midshipmen Corps was entrusted with guard duty during the subsequent moves of the archives and treasury to Charlotte, North Carolina, then to Washington and Augusta in Georgia, and finally, to Abbeville, South Carolina. Ten Midshipmen remained in Richmond under the command of Lieutenant James W Billups where they burned and scuttled CSS Patrick Henry, the former school ship of the Naval Academy.

Virginia. Confederate Captain John Randolph Tucker, commanding the Confederate Naval Brigade at Drewry’s Bluff on the James River, was not warned about the evacuation of Richmond. Tucker held the fortifications until he saw the smoke from the burning ironclads and learned that Confederate troops were abandoning Richmond. Tucker attached his Naval Brigade to Major-General George Washington Custis Lee’s division and joined the retreat.

Capture of Richmond, Virginia. A small Confederate cavalry brigade provided the capital’s last rear-guard as 20,000 Union troops were poised to enter Richmond from the east. They pulled back to Mayo’s Bridge and ensured that it was surrounded with the means of destruction. The bridge was blown at dawn after the last man had crossed. The Confederate capital of Richmond was finally occupied by Union troops from the lines at Bermuda Hundred were led into the city at about 7 am by Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz’s division (1/XXV). Union Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel and the Army of the James accepted the formal surrender of Richmond at 8.15 am at the City Hall. Weitzel took 6,000 prisoners in the city, including 5,000 men convalescing in hospitals.

Petersburg, Virginia. Union forces moved into and occupied Petersburg. US President Abraham Lincoln took a train from City Point to the outskirts of Petersburg. He was escorted into the city by a White House civilian guard. He met Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant before Grant had to set off to follow the advance of the armies. No official word had yet been received about the fall of Richmond. When Grant reached Sutherland Station, eight miles from Petersburg on the Southside Railroad, Grant received notification that the Confederate capital had surrendered at 8.30 am. Word also reached Lincoln after he had returned during the evening to City Point.

Virginia. Union Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter’s fleet in the James River sought to move on to Richmond. However, a dense pattern of obstacles and torpedoes prevented rapid progress. Sweeping for torpedoes was conducted by twenty boats assigned from ten ships in the flotilla. Lieutenant-Commander Ralph Chandler directed the sweeping operations, while shore parties from USS Monadnock kept ahead of the boats to cut torpedo detonating wires. Once the upper river was cleared of torpedoes and obstructions, the Union ships could steam as far as Richmond.

Virginia. The Confederate Army of Northern Virginia continued its escape from Richmond and Petersburg and marched westwards. The central column of 13,000 infantrymen and 3,000 artillerymen under Lieutenant-General James Longstreet and Major-General John Brown Gordon was joined by 4,000 men in the division of Major-General William Mahone, which arrived from Bermuda Hundred by way of Chesterfield Court House. This force was moving in good order. It provided much of the rear-guard and had not been broken in the fall of Petersburg. Further north, Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell brought 6,000 men from the garrison of Richmond, but only about a third of them, in Major-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw’s division, were veterans. Many of the remainder were reserve and garrison troops, heavy artillerymen, sailors, and militiamen in a composite division under Major-General George Washington Custis Lee.

The third group of 3,500 men was in a poor condition under the overall command of Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson. These were those fragments of the divisions of Major-General George Edward Pickett, Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson, Major-General Henry Heth, and Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox, which had escaped the defeat at Five Forks. Attempts were being made to consolidate and reorganise the remnants into recognisable units, but this column moved in a disorderly mass along the south bank of the Appomattox Riveruntil midnight. They were preceded by 3,500 cavalrymen led by Major-General Fitzhugh Lee.

Virginia. The Union armies began their pursuit of the Confederates west of Richmond and Petersburg. The cavalry of Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan probed south of the Appomattox River, followed by the V Corps of Major-General Charles Griffin. Griffin’s men were followed by II Corps under Major-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, and then by VI Corps under Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright. The XXIV Corps of Major-General John Gibbon and the IX Corps of Major-General John Grubb Parke began to follow the Southside Railroad, repairing the tracks as they moved.

Willicomack Creek, Virginia. The leading brigade of Union Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer’s cavalry division under the command of Colonel William Wells attacked the Confederate cavalrymen of Brigadier-General Rufus Barringer along Willicomack creek. Wells’ brigade began their attack at about 9 am. Barringer’s 1st North Carolina Cavalry and 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, with a single artillery piece, and the 5th North Carolina Cavalry in reserve, counter-attacked. After sharp fighting, the Confederate cavalry was pushed away by the 8th New York Cavalry and reinforcements from the 15th New York Cavalry and the 1st Vermont Cavalry. Barringer had bought enough time for Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson’s infantry division to pass nearby Namozine Church at around 8 am, but Johnson’s forces took a wrong turn at a fork in the road and had to halt when his command reached a bridge over Deep Creek that was underwater from recent flooding. Although the Union cavalry finally drove off the Confederate cavalry rear-guard, the Namozine Church road intersection had been protected long enough for Johnson to counter-march and take the correct fork. After finally overrunning the Confederate position by a dismounted assault, Wells’ men fought a running battle along the road to Namozine Church.

Namozine Church, Virginia. In the early morning cavalry regiments from Union Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer’s division, which had taken over the advance of the pursuit from Five Forks, threatened the rear-guard of Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee’s column at a ford on Namozine Creek. The leading brigade of Custer’s division under the command of Colonel William Wells had already attacked the Confederate cavalrymen of Brigadier-General Rufus Barringer along Willicomack creek. After overrunning that Confederate position by dismounted assault, they fought a running battle along the road to Namozine Church. The Confederate rear-guard now comprised the cavalry brigade of Brigadier-General William Paul Roberts and a few infantry detachments. Roberts #dismounted the 4th North Carolina Cavalry and the 16th North Carolina Cavalry Battalion, and they entrenched on the west side of the creek.

Custer brought up artillery to close range and the 1st Vermont Cavalry forded the creek out of sight of the Confederates in order to outflank them. When the Confederates discovered this manoeuvre, they fled from their position. Custer’s division then crossed the creek and headed for Namozine Church, about five miles away. The Confederate cavalry separated in their retreat. Major-General Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry division aimed for Amelia Court House and Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee’s division headed for Bevill’s Bridge. When Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson approached with his infantry division at Sweathouse Creek, Custer was forced to retire and halted for the night. As darkness fell, Wells’ brigade attacked Fitzhugh Lee’s troops along Deep Creek but, by the time his reserves were brought up, the Confederates had escaped. Barringer and many of his men were captured in the confused fighting. The Union cavalry camped for the night along the road from Namozine to Deep Creek while the Confederate infantry and remaining cavalry continued to march to their anticipated supply depot of Amelia Court House. Custer’s cavalry dug in for the night and waited for infantry from II Corps, V Corps, and VI Corps to close up with their advance.

The Union reported 75 to 95 men killed and wounded. Confederate losses are not known, but Union cavalry reported 350 prisoners and a captured artillery piece on the way to Namozine Church. Johnson reported 15 wounded from his division. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Andrew Johnson
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: David Dixon Porter
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: Henry Knox Thatcher
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
Pacific Squadron: George Frederick Pearson
Mississippi River Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
Potomac Flotilla: Foxhall Alexander Parker

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Middle Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colder Washburn
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
  • Department of the Mississippi: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
    • District of Vicksburg: Morgan Lewis Smith
    • District of Natchez: John Wynn Davidson
  • Department of Kentucky: John McAuley Palmer
    • District of Western Kentucky: Solomon Meredith
  • Department of North Carolina: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • District of Beaufort (NC): Innis Newton Palmer
    • District of Wilmington: Joseph Roswell Hawley
    • X Corps North Carolina: Alfred Howe Terry
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Army of Georgia: Henry Warner Slocum
    • XIV Corps Georgia: Jefferson Columbus Davis
    • XX Corps Georgia: Joseph Anthony Mower
  • Cavalry Corps Mississippi: James Harrison Wilson

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut interim Nathaniel Prentiss Banks awaited
    • North District of Louisiana: Francis Jay Herron
      • District of Morganza: Thomas Jefferson McKean
      • District of Baton Rouge: Michael Kelly Lawler
      • District of Port Hudson: Cyrus Hamlin
    • Southern District of Louisiana: Thomas West Sherman
      • District of Carrollton: William S Mudgett
      • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Bonnet Carré: James J Byrne
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: John Newton
    • District of South Alabama: Thomas Kilby Smith
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • Army of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Army of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut temporary
      • XIII Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
      • XVI Corps Gulf: Andrew Jackson Smith

Military Division of the Missouri: John Pope

  • Department of Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • Army of Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
  • Department of the Missouri: Grenville Mellen Dodge
    • District of St Louis: George Day Wagner
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: John McNeil
    • District of Rolla: John Morrill
    • District of the Upper Arkansas: James Hobart Ford
    • District of North Kansas: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of South Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Plains: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Northwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith

Middle Military Division: Winfield Scott Hancock

  • Middle Department: William Walton Morris
    • District of Annapolis: Frederic Dummer Sewall
    • District of Delaware and the Eastern Shore: John Reese Kenly
      • VIII Corps Middle: William Walton Morris
  • Department of Pennsylvania: George Cadwalader
    • District of Philadelphia: Orris Sanford Ferry
    • District of the Monongahela: Greenlief P Davis
    • Juniata District: Charles Hale Morgan
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
      • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: Winfield Scott Hancock
  • Army of the Shenandoah: Winfield Scott Hancock

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

  • District of Northern New York: John Cleveland Robinson

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

Northern Department: Joseph Hooker

  • District of Illinois: John Cook
  • District of Indiana: Alvin Peterson Hovey
  • District of Michigan: Bennett Hoskin Hill

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of Arizona: John Sanford Mason
  •  District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Reuben F Maury temporary
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
    • V Corps Potomac: Charles Griffin
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: John Grubb Parke
  • Sheridan’s Cavalry Command Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Wesley Merritt

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • North District (South): John Porter Hatch
  • District of Savannah: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Edward Elmer Potter
  • District of Hilton Head: Milton Smith Littlefield
  • District of Florida: Eliakim Parker Scammon

Department of Virginia: Edward Otho Cresap Ord

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Henry Gordon
  • District of Virginia: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
  • District of Lynchburg: John Irvin Gregg
  • Army of the James: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XXIV Corps James: John Gibbon
    • XXV Corps James: Godfrey Weitzel

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Philip Cook was captured in a hospital at Petersburg, Virginia, while convalescing from wounds received at Fort Stedman.

Cook, Philip (Jr) / Georgia / Born 31 July 1817 Twiggs, Georgia / Died Atlanta, Georgia 21 May 1894
USV 1836 / Private PACS 4th Georgia Infantry April 1861 / Sergeant PACS May 1861 / 1st Lieutenant PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 2 October 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 4th Georgia Infantry August 1862 / Colonel PACS 1 November 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 8 August 1864 to rank from 5 August 1864 / Paroled Petersburg, Virginia 30 July 1865 / WIA Malvern Hill 1 July 1862 WIA Chancellorsville 2 May 1863 WIA Fort Stedman 25 March 1865 CIA Petersburg 2 April 1865
Doles’ Brigade Rodes’ Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 2 June 1864-19 September 1864 / Cook’s Brigade Ramseur’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 September 1864-December 1864 / Cook’s Brigade Grimes’ Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia December 1864-25 March 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General Rufus Clay Barringer was captured at Namozine Church, Virginia.

Barringer, Rufus Clay / North Carolina / Born 2 December 1821 Cabarrus, North Carolina / Died Charlotte, North Carolina 3 February 1895
1st Lieutenant PACS 1st North Carolina Cavalry April 1861 / Captain PACS 16 May 1861 / Major PACS 28 August 1863 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 17 November 1863 / Brigadier-General PACS 1 June 1864 / Paroled Fort Delaware, Delaware 24 July 1865 / WIA Brandy Station 9 June 1863 WIA Bristoe 14 October 1863 CIA Namozine Church 3 April 1865
Barringer’s Brigade W H F Lee’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia May 1864-3 April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

General-in-Chief: Robert Edward Lee

Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Richard Taylor

  • Department of Kentucky: Hylan Benton Lyon
  • District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee: Marcus Joseph Wright
  • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Feimster Tucker
    • Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi: Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Alabama: Daniel Weisiger Adams

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: John Brown Gordon
    • IV Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson
  • Valley District: Lunsford Lindsay Lomax

Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Georgia: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • Sub-District of Northern Georgia: William Tatum Wofford
  • District of South Carolina: Samuel Jones
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Robert Ransom
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: vacant
  • District of Florida: Samuel Jones

Department of Tennessee and Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Alexander Peter Stewart temporary
    • I Corps Tennessee: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
    • II Corps Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • III Corps Tennessee: Edward Cary Walthall temporary

Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Echols

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John George Walker interim John Bankhead Magruder awaited
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: James Fleming Fagan
  • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi: Elkanah Brackin Greer

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: William Miller

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of Mississippi: William Lindsay Brandon

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

Asterisk indicates concurrently Major-General USV

Henry Wager Halleck
William Tecumseh Sherman
George Gordon Meade
Philp Henry Sheridan
George Henry Thomas

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
Lewis Wallace
George Cadwalader
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
George Stoneman
Oliver Otis Howard*
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock*
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
John McAllister Schofield*
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Joseph Antony Mower
George Crook
Godfrey Weitzel
Jacob Dolson Cox
William Babcock Hazen
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry*
Thomas John Wood
Charles Griffin

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(Winfield Scott Hancock)
(John McAllister Schofield)
(Oliver Otis Howard)
(Alfred Howe Terry)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
George Henry Gordon
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman
William Grose
Joseph Alexander Cooper
John Thomas Croxton
John Wilson Sprague
James William Reilly
Luther Prentice Bradley
Charles Carroll Walcutt
William Worth Belknap
Joseph Abel Haskin
James Deering Fessenden
Eli Long
Thomas Wilberforce Egan
Joseph Roswell Hawley
William Henry Seward
Isaac Hardin Duval
John Edwards
Thomas Alfred Smyth
Ferdinand Van Derveer
Thomas Casimer Devin
Alfred Gibbs
Ranald Slidell Mackenzie
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
James Richard Slack
Thomas John Lucas
Edmund Jackson Davis
Joseph Bailey
George Lafayette Beal
Henry Goddard Thomas
Cyrus Hamlin
Patrick Henry Jones
John Morrison Oliver
Robert Kingston Scott
James Sidney Robinson
Benjamin Franklin Potts
John Grant Mitchell
James Alexander Williamson
Newton Martin Curtis
Charles Camp Doolittle
Stephen Thomas
James Isham Gilbert
Green Berry Raum
Galusha Pennypacker
Charles John Stolbrand
Wager Swayne
Charles Ewing
Stewart Van Vliet
Thomas Maley Harris

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
George Douglas Ramsay
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
Joseph K Barnes (Surgeon-General)
Alexander Brydie Dyer (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Wade Hampton
Nathan Bedford Forrest

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton
William Mahone
John Calvin Brown
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
James Lawson Kemper
Matthew Calbraith Butler
George Washington Custis Lee
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Ambrose Ransom Wright
Pierce Manning Butler Young
Bryan Grimes
Thomas James Churchill
John Sappington Marmaduke

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Laurence Simmons Baker
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
William Felix Brantley
Robert Houston Anderson
Jacob Hunter Sharp
George Doherty Johnston
George Gibbs Dibrell
Thomas Benton Smith
David Addison Weisiger
William Miller
Philip Cook
William Hugh Young
George Washington Gordon
Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell
Walter Husted Stevens
Basil Wilson Duke
Charles Miller Shelley
Patrick Theodore Moore
William Henry Wallace
Gilbert Moxley Sorrel
William Henry Fitzhugh Payne
Peter Burwell Starke
William MacRae
Samuel Read Anderson
Josiah Gorgas
Joseph Benjamin Palmer
Dudley McIver Dubose
Robert Bullock
Benjamin Jefferson Hill
James Phillip Simms
William Lowther Jackson
James Edward Harrison
John Doby Kennedy
Richard Lee Turberville Beale
Thomas Harrison
William McComb
Robert Lowry
Milledge Luke Bonham
William Henry Forney
Thomas Muldrup Logan
Isaac Munroe St John
William Raine Peck
Reuben Lindsay Walker
William Paul Roberts
William Flank Perry
Tyree Harris Bell
Ellison Capers
Alexander William Campbell
Young Marshall Moody
Richard Montgomery Gano
Walter Paye Lane
William Polk Hardeman
Henry Gray
Richard Waterhouse

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