1865 April 2nd

April 2 1865 Sunday

Battle of Selma, AL (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

Third Battle of Petersburg, VA (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

Battle of Sutherland’s Station, VA (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond, VA

Sherman’s Carolinas Campaign – North Carolina

Appomattox Campaign

Mobile Campaign – Sieges of Fort Blakely and Spanish Fort

Fall of Petersburg

Wilson’s Raid to Selma

Flight of the Confederate Government

Stoneman’s Raid in Virginia and North Carolina

Alabama. Incidents at Hill’s Plantation, Cache River, and Cotton Plant.

Alabama. Skirmish near Centerville.

Alabama. Skirmish near Scottsville.

Alabama. Skirmish at Summerfield.

Fort Blake;y, Alabama. Union Major-General Frederick Steele concentrated his entire force of 10,000 infantry and 2,000 cavalrymen for the siege of Fort Blakely, near Mobile. From the left, Steele deployed the divisions of Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard (2nd/XVI), Brigadier-General James Clifford Veatch (1st/XIII), and then the brigade of Brigadier-General Christopher Columbus Andrews. The right was held by Brigadier-General John Parker Hawkins’ USCT Division of black soldiers (4th/XVI). Confederate Brigadier-General St John Richardson Liddell, with about 4,000 men in Brigadier-General Francis Marion Cockrell’s division and Colonel W T Thomas’ brigade of “boy reserves”, held out for a week against the much larger Union force. A brief Confederate counter-attack at Sibley’s Mills was easily repelled by Hawkins’ men and the Confederates occupied their fortifications.

Selma, Alabama. Union Major-General James Harrison Wilson attacked the key military centre at Selma with two of his three cavalry divisions. Selma was protected by three miles of fortifications, which ran in a semicircle around the city. They were anchored on the north and south by the Alabama River. The works had been built two years earlier and, although somewhat neglected, they were still formidable. The defences were from 8 to 12 feet in height, 15 feet thick at the base and had a ditch 4 feet wide and 5 feet deep along the front. Before this was a picket fence of heavy posts planted in the ground, 5 feet high, and sharpened at the top. At prominent positions, earthen forts were built with artillery in position to cover the ground over which an assault would have to be made. Although Selma’s defences were strong, there were far too few Confederate troops to man them effectively. Selma had a garrison of about 5,000 men under Lieutenant-General Nathan Bedford Forrest who had arrived early in the morning from the rout at Ebenezer Church. He advised Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor, the Department commander, to leave the city. Taylor did so after giving Forrest command of the defence. Forrest’s defenders consisted of his own Tennessee escort company, McCullough’s Missouri Regiment, Colonel Edward Crossland’s brigade, Brigadier-General Phillip Dale Roddey’s brigade, Brigadier-General Frank Crawford Armstrong’s brigade, the Pointe Coupée Artillery, Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams’ state reserves, and a mob of armed citizens of Selma who had volunteered to man the defences. The total force numbered less than 4,000 men, barely half of whom were experienced soldiers.

Wilson’s force arrived at the Selma fortifications at 2 pm. He placed Brigadier-General Eli Long’s division across the Summerfield Road, with the Chicago Board of Trade Battery in support. Brigadier-General Emory Upton’s division was placed across the Range Line Road with Battery I, 4th US Artillery, in support. Wilson had 9,000 well-armed and well-trained troops available to make the assault. Wilson’s plan was for Upton to send in a 300-man detachment after dark to cross the swamp on the Confederate right, enter the works, and begin a flanking movement toward the centre by moving along the line of fortifications. Then a single gun from Upton’s artillery would fire the signal for an attack by the entire Cavalry Corps.

At 5 pm, the ammunition train in Wilson’s rear was attacked by elements of Forrest’s scattered forces that were converging toward Selma. Long and Upton had both positioned significant numbers of the troops in the rear to guard against such an event. Disregarding the threat, Long decided on his own initiative to launch an improvised assault against the Selma fortifications to neutralise the attack in his rear. Long’s men attacked dismounted in a single rank in three main lines, firing their Spencer repeating carbines. They were supported by artillery. The Confederates replied with rifle and artillery fire. The attackers suffered many casualties, including Long himself, but the attack continued. After less than 30 minutes, Long’s men had captured the works protecting the Summerfield Road from the outnumbered defenders. Upton observed Long’s success and ordered his division forward. It soon captured the works from Range Line Road to Summerfield Road. Once the outer works had fallen, Wilson led the 4th US Cavalry in a mounted charge down the Range Line Road toward the unfinished inner line of works. The retreating Confederate forces, having fallen back to their inner works, rallied and poured stopped the charge. Wilson ordered a dismounted assault by several regiments. Mixed Confederate units at the Selma railroad depot and the adjoining banks of the railroad bed tried to make a stand next to the Plantersville Road but, by 7 pm, the Union troops had outflanked the Confederate positions, forcing the defenders to abandon the depot as well as the inner line of works. Union troops rounded up hundreds of prisoners, but hundreds of Confederate cavalrymen also managed to escape in the darkness down the Burnsville Road. These included Taylor, who had departed before the attack, and Forrest, Armstrong, and Roddey who escaped capture. To the west, many Confederate soldiers continued to fight the pursuing Union soldiers all the way to the eastern side of Valley Creek. They then escaped in the darkness by swimming the Alabama River near the mouth of Valley Creek. Union casualties were reported as 319 and Confederate as at least 2,700 men, mostly prisoners. (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

Arkansas. Skirmish two miles from Van Buren. Union troops killed two Confederates who had robbed local citizens. Papers found on their bodies indicated that they were en route from Fulton, Texas, to Missouri.

Arkansas. Skirmish four miles from Hickory Station, on the Little Rock & Devall’s Railroad. Confederate raiders derailed part of a train but were driven off by the Union troops aboard. While the attack was progressing, most of the passengers fled into the prairie, only returning when the coast was clear.

Georgia. Incident at Coosawattee River.

Louisiana. Union expeditions began expeditions from Thibodeaux, Bayou Boeuf, and Brashear City, to Lake Verret, Grand Bayou, and The Park.

Louisiana. Expedition across the Amite River to the Hermitage and the French Settlement began.

Louisiana. Expedition from Baton Rouge to the Comite River ended.

Missouri. Reconnaissance from Waynesville ended.

North Carolina. Skirmish near Goldsboro.

North Carolina. Union Commander William Henry Macomb with USS Shamrock, USS Wyoming, USS Hunchback, USS Valley City, and USS Whitehead began dragging for torpedoes as they proceeded up the Roanoke River. Macomb sent for the USS Commodore Hull and USS Shokokon to join the expedition from New Bern. On the way upriver the expedition was joined by three canal boats loaded with troops sent from Norfolk, Virginia.

Virginia. Skirmish at Gravelly Ford on Hatcher’s Run.

Virginia. Skirmish at Scott’s Cross Roads.

Virginia. Confederate General Robert Edward Lee abandoned Richmond and Petersburg and followed his only available course of action to save his Army. He aimed to move as quickly as possible to unite with General Joseph Eggleston Johnston’s army in North Carolina. Lee considered but dismissed the option of heading west to the Appalachian Mountains where his army might regroup to conduct guerrilla warfare. Lee’s first imperative was to reunite the four separate columns of his army at Amelia Court House thirty-nine miles southwest of Richmond, where he expected to find a supply train of rations that he had ordered to await the army at that point. The army had left its positions at Petersburg and Richmond with only one day’s marching rations. Most of Lee’s army marched west on routes north of the Appomattox River but the remnants of the divisions of Major-General George Edward Pickett and Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson, with the cavalry divisions of Major-General Fitzhugh Lee and Major-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee following as a rear-guard, moved on the Namozine Road, south of the river.

While most of Lee’s army had a head start of one day in their flight from Richmond and Petersburg, the Union cavalry and infantry under the command of Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan were able to shepherd Lee’s forces to their north by pursuing them on a parallel course to their south. Union cavalry harassed and skirmished with Confederate units almost from the outset of Lee’s army’s march from Petersburg. Confederate dismounted cavalry units continually paused to block the roads from pursuing Union cavalry with rear-guard actions. During the evening, Confederate cavalry under Fitzhugh Lee detected units of the Union cavalry division of Brigadier-General Thomas Casimer Devin in pursuit and had Johnson’s infantry division throw up a series of breastworks along the Namozine Road in order to hold back the Union riders with greater strength.

Third Petersburg, Virginia, also known as Petersburg or the Petersburg Final Assault, Petersburg Assault, the Petersburg Breakthrough, or Fort Gregg and Fort Whitworth. Expecting the Confederates to weaken their defences at Petersburg as they sent forces westwards to protect the Southside Railroad, Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant ordered a general assault for dawn. The assault was conducted by three Corps (IX Corps, VI Corps, and XXIV Corps) with about 60,000 men pitted against a quarter of that number of Confederates. Union Major-General John Grubb Parke’s IX Corps occupied the old trenches originally captured by the Union army in June 1864. Facing Parke was a strong Confederate position dominated by Fort Mahone and manned by the Confederate II Corps of Major-General John Brown Gordon. Parke chose to assault Fort Mahone directly, trusting that the depleted enemy numbers would allow him to make progress. The attack carried the fortress and the trenches around the Jerusalem Plank Road, but they slowed down once the Union forces encountered the Confederate reserve artillery which had been stationed the day before to Gordon’s rear. Gordon rallied his troops and planned a counterattack to drive Parke out of his lost trenches. Parke sent word for Major-General George Gordon Meade to send reinforcements to help him hold his current position. Late in the afternoon, Gordon launched a counterattack. The Union forces held their position desperately until reinforcements began to arrive. Despite having gained a foothold along the Jerusalem Plank Road, IX Corps did not penetrate through the Confederate defences in this sector.

Further to the west, Union Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright’s VI Corps massed for an assault against the six-mile long line held by Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s Confederate III Corps along the Boydton Plank Road to Burgess’ Mill. Wright massed his entire corps in a wedge with Brigadier-General George Washington Getty’s division at the point and Brigadier-General Truman Seymour’s division and Brigadier-General Frank Wheaton’s division behind. The assault against the Boydton Road line was carefully planned and, at 4.40 am, the brigade of Brigadier-General Lewis Addison Grant spearheaded the assault at Fort Fisher. Three Union divisions surged towards a weak spot in the line held by just two Confederate brigades from the division of Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox. Twenty minutes later the Confederate lines were broken, and a decisive breakthrough had been achieved against Wilcox’s division and the defenders were scattered. Wright turned most of his corps to the southwest along the Boydton Plank Road to uncover the rear of the Confederate line along Hatcher’s Run, where the Union XXIV Corps was already attacking. Some stragglers from the initial breakthrough continued heading straight forward along Cox Road while most of VI Corps turned to the left.

Before dawn, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee was visited at army headquarters in the Turnbull House on Cox Road by A P Hill, who came to ask when the reinforcing division of 4,600 men under Major-General Charles William Field could be expected to arrive from Richmond to strengthen his defences. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet arrived soon afterwards from Richmond, raising their hopes until he revealed that he had ridden on far ahead of the desperately needed infantry. They were then interrupted by a staff officer bringing the first news of the breakthrough on Hill’s front at Hatcher’s Run. Fugitives soon began to appear from the south on the Cox Road. Union skirmishers were already in sight in the distance, cautiously approaching the Turnbull House. Lee sent Longstreet to bring forward Field’s division as quickly as possible while Hill immediately rode away with his courier Sergeant G W Tucker to rally his troops on the Boydton line. Fortunately, the Union skirmishers had halted, deterred by the activity around the headquarters, and Lee had time to dress and to ride westwards to investigate the situation. It was not long before Lee returned to the Turnbull House, now more securely held by troops, and then Hill’s staff officers brought the news that Hill was dead. Two stragglers from a Pennsylvania regiment had ambushed Hill and Tucker about a mile behind the former front line. Hill demanded their surrender, but the Union soldiers took aim first and killed him. Tucker escaped to report the circumstances of Hill’s death.

Union Major-General John Gibbon’s XXIV Corps (except for Brigadier-General Charles Devens’ 3rd Division) exploited the breakthrough by VI Corps on their right. Crossing the Boydton Plank Road, Gibbon turned north and moved towards the city of Petersburg. Longstreet was bringing forward his troops down from the Richmond defences as quickly as possible. To buy time for these troops to take up a position, Lee needed a desperate defence somewhere to break up the Union advance once it resumed. Two small earthworks, less than a quarter of a mile apart and mutually supporting on the Boydton Plank Road half a mile in front of the main line, provided the opportunity. They were called Fort Gregg on the road and Fort Whitworth three hundred yards north of it. They were incomplete but Confederate Brigadier-General Nathaniel Harris moved two regiments and two guns into Battery (Fort) Gregg and two more regiments and three guns into Battery (Fort) Whitworth to provide the forlorn hope that was required. The defenders numbered maybe 400 men, supplemented by some survivors from Wilcox’s division. Led by the division of Brigadier-General Robert Sanford Foster, the Union forces moved first on Fort Gregg, but it proved difficult to take by storm. Artillery fire from Fort Whitworth plagued the Union forces but eventually, two Union divisions were committed, one against each fort. Fort Gregg was overrun first by a swarm of 8,000 attackers and Fort Whitworth followed after a long and ferocious hand-to-hand battle. Gibbon’s troops were exhausted from attacking the two forts, having lost 122 men killed and 592 wounded in their attack. The Confederate garrisons of the forts suffered 55 dead and 129 wounded and only 30 uninjured men surrendered. A further sixty men were captured when the remnant fled from the forts to regain the Confederate line. By 3 pm Harris’ men had gained two hours of delay at Fort Gregg and Fort Whitworth, just long enough for Field’s division to deploy in the inner defences. Field’s bold front deterred XXIV Corps from advancing further towards Petersburg and the two sides remained apart at long range.

On Gibbon’s left flank, Major-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys’ II Corps was expected to extend the fight beyond Burgess’ Mill. Humphreys faced the Confederate division of Major-General Henry Heth, holding the defences running from Hatcher’s Run to White Oak Road. Heth’s men constituted the extreme right flank of Lee’s defences but Humphreys was cautious in his advance. Major-General Nelson Appleton Miles’ Division of II Corps had already been detached to reinforce Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan near Five Forks. Not needing their support, Sheridan sent Miles back, but Miles’ division was unavailable in the interim and the advance was withheld. Once firm news was received that the VI Corps had broken through the Boydton Road line, Humphreys ordered an attack along his front. By this time Heth had already begun to fall back to a secondary line. Humphreys only had one division available to attack and it pushed forward but made contact only with Confederate pickets and rear guards. Once Miles’ division had returned from its wasted journey, they found the Confederate trenches abandoned and they moved ahead to capture the Crow Salient. Humphreys wanted to move on more vigorously against Heth, but Meade ordered all the Union infantry to turn instead towards Petersburg. Humphreys turned to the north but left Miles behind to strike at Heth’s retreat towards Sutherland’s Station.

The Confederate defences were falling apart as far westwards as Hatcher’s Run. Lee transmitted the orders to President Jefferson Finis Davis and Secretary of War John Cabell Breckinridge to implement the contingency plans for the evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond. Lee sent for all the regular troops north of the James River to depart and he also alerted Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell to retreat from the capital with his militia and reserves. Still awaiting the arrival of Field’s division, Lee abandoned the Turnbull House, which was now under artillery fire, and rode back to the inner line of defences assigned for Field to occupy. These were at the western end of the original Dimmock Line, hitherto unoccupied but now required as a rear-guard position since the main outer line had finally stretched beyond breaking point. The surrounding Confederate artillery also began to disengage after coming under destructive fire and pulled back to the Dimmock Line.

Relying on the reinforcements from Longstreet’s I Corps and Gordon’s II Corps to form a rearguard, Lee hoped to hold out long enough for the evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond to be safely completed. The Confederate army began its retreat in the dark at 8 pm and all units marched in the general direction of Amelia Court House. The last outposts withdrew at 3 am in the morning. The reserve artillery moved through Petersburg and across the Appomattox River first, followed by batteries from all along the line. Longstreet then led Field’s division and the remnants of III Corps. Gordon’s II Corps came up in the rear. Silence was not required as the Union artillery maintained a cannonade all night long, in preparation for a resumption of the assault in the morning. About 15,000 men took the southern escape route from Petersburg and a similar number from I Corps and the Richmond defences were abandoning Richmond further north. Confederate Major-General William Mahone evacuated the Bermuda Hundred lines and joined the Richmond column. Lieutenant-General Richard Heron Anderson was already further west, leading the fragments of Major-General George Edward Pickett’s division, Major-General Bushrod Rust Johnson’s division and the remainder of the cavalry that had been engaged at Five Forks. Engineers blew up the bridges over the Appomattox in Petersburg after the last man had crossed to the north side. Lee waited until both columns were on the roads and then departed for Amelia Court House about an hour before midnight.

Casualties in the final assault at Petersburg were estimated as between 3,261 men and 4,140 men out of 63,299 Union troops engaged. Confederate losses were not reported. This brought to an end the ten-month “siege” of Petersburg which had cost some 42,000 Union and 28,000 Confederate casualties. (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

Virginia. Union Lieutenant=General Ulysses Simpson Grant sent word to President Abraham Lincoln at City Point that the fall of Petersburg was imminent and invited him to visit the scene of the impending victory. Grant plotted how the next phase of the campaign should unfurl. He did not wish to snap at the heels of the retreating Confederate army, harassing the tail of the column in a slow attrition of rearguard actions and ambushes, but rather he intended to surround and capture the whole army in a single mass. It was obvious that the Confederates would have to aim for a point somewhere along the Richmond & Danville Railroad, and then head south towards North Carolina, probably through the vital railroad intersection at Burkeville. The Confederate route from Richmond and Petersburg to Burkeville was nearly sixty miles, with difficult crossings of the Appomattox at each end. The Union route led more directly west along the Southside Railroad from Sutherland Station and was only forty miles long. Grant gave orders for the pursuit to begin in the morning, led by Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan’s cavalry. Major-General Charles Griffin’s V Corps would attempt to keep pace with the troopers and to provide early support in any engagement, by marching cross-country in their wake. Peeling away one at a time from their positions around Petersburg, Griffin would be followed by Major-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys’ II Corps, then Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright’s VI Corps. Major-General John Gibbon’s XXIV Corps and Major-General John Grubb Parke’s IX Corps would move forward to the Southside Railroad and follow it. Parke’s men would also repair the railroad as they went, to ensure a secure supply line as the army probed inland. Major-General Godfrey Weitzel’s XXV Corps of was ordered to occupy Richmond, and then march to rejoin the XXIV Corps, in order to bring back together the parts of the Army of the James.

Sutherland’s Station, Virginia, also known as Sutherland Station, Sutherland’s Depot or Southside Railroad. During the afternoon, Union Brigadier-General Nelson Appleton Miles’ division (1/II) was sent to reinforce Major-General Phil Henry Sheridan near Five Forks. Not being required there, they counter-marched and on their return, they found the enemy trenches abandoned by Major-General Henry Heth. Major-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, commanding II Corps, wanted to immediately move against Heth, but Major-General George Gordon Meade had ordered all the Union infantry to turn and face Petersburg. When the main body of II Corps marched north towards Petersburg, Humphreys detached Miles to remain behind and exploit Heth’s withdrawal. Miles struck north from White Oak Road through light resistance and seized the Crow salient in the Confederate line. Miles pursued the retiring Confederates up the Claiborne Road. They met elements of four Confederate brigades (Brigadier-General Philip Cook, Brigadier-General Alfred Moore Scales, Brigadier-General William MacRae, and Brigadier-General Samuel McGowan) from the divisions of Heth and Major-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox. They were attempting to defend the Southside Railroad at Sutherland’s Station, nineteen miles from Petersburg. The Confederates placed their left flank at the Ocran Methodist Church. Heth now learned that Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill had been killed earlier in the day and that he was now the senior divisional commander of III Corps and should succeed to corps command. Dodging Union patrols, Heth hastened to Petersburg, leaving Cooke to command the fight. In Petersburg, Heth found that General Robert Edward Lee had already decided to disband III Corps and to distribute its units to Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

At 3 pm, Miles launched his first attack but it was repulsed with heavy losses. After a second futile attempt to take the Confederate position by two brigades, Miles sent for reinforcements. Humphreys backtracked to Sutherland Station to reinforce Miles. However, before they arrived, Miles launched a third assault with his three brigades together. McGowan’s brigade collapsed on the Confederate left and the line broke. The Union assault overran the Confederate defence. A rearguard stand made by a Confederate brigade under Brigadier-General John Rogers Cooke held up the Union forces as the remainder of Heth’s troops headed west along the Claiborne Road. The Confederate defenders were scattered and driven north-westwards. Miles’ victorious men pushed ahead and captured hundreds of prisoners and two artillery pieces. With this victory, the Union forces finally took possession of the Southside Railroad, the last Confederate supply line into Petersburg. The Union reported 370 casualties while the Confederates lost approximately 600 men killed or wounded and 1,000 prisoners of war. (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia. After the defeat at Five Forks, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee informed President Jefferson Finis Davis that Petersburg and Richmond must be evacuated that night. The complete encirclement of Petersburg was an imminent possibility and the fall of Richmond was the inevitable consequence. The Treasury Department loaded all available Confederate funds (about $528,000 in gold and silver) aboard a special train. Fifty of the sixty Midshipmen at the Confederate Naval Academy, under the command of Lieutenant William H Parker, escorted the archives of the government and the specie and bullion of the treasury from Richmond to Danville. The Midshipmen Corps was entrusted with this select guard duty during the subsequent moves of the archives and treasury (Charlotte, North Carolina; Washington, Georgia; Augusta, Georgia; and finally, Abbeville, South Carolina). This special train was delayed, and it was not until 11 pm that Davis and other members of the government left the city aboard a different train heading for Danville. As the Confederate authorities and troops abandoned Richmond, escaped convicts, starving civilians, looters, deserters, stragglers, and others looked for spoils in the business district and began to pillage the government warehouses and supply depots. Demolition squads blew up the tobacco and munitions warehouses, adding to the growing hysteria. A large portion of the city was set accidentally on fire as panic began to overtake the population of the city. Flour mills, including the immense Haxall and Gallego Mills on the riverside, went up in flames. At 2 am a magazine of 750,000 projectiles exploded repeatedly with devastating effect. Practically everything was consumed by fire between 8th Street and 18th Street, and for a mile from Canal Street to Cary Street. The Fire Department was completely overwhelmed and the only hope of quenching the fires lay with the invaders poised outside the city.

Virginia. Before his departure from Richmond, Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen Russell Mallory ordered the destruction of the Confederate James River Squadron and directed the officers and men of the Navy to join the troops evacuating Richmond. Mallory’s orders were carried out by Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes, who burned and scuttled the ironclads CSS Virginia II, CSS Fredericksburg, and CSS Richmond near Drewry’s Bluff. CSS Virginia II was totally destroyed by the explosion of its magazine at 3.15 am the next morning.

Union Organisation

USA: Charles Griffin promoted Major-General USV 2 April 1865.

Griffin, Charles / Ohio / Born 18 December 1825 Granville, Ohio / Died Galveston, Texas 15 September 1867
USMA 1 July 1847 23/38 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1843 /4th US Artillery 1 July 1847 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 12 October 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 June 1849 / Captain USA 25 April 1861 / 5th US Artillery 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862 / Major-General USV 2 April 1865 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Colonel USA 35th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1847 Brevet Major USA 21 July 1861 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 6 May 1864 Brevet Major-General USV 1 August 1864 Brevet Colonel USA 18 August 1864 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
2nd Brigade 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 26 June 1862-30 October 1862 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 30 October 1862-1 November 1862 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 16 November 1862-26 December 1862 / V Corps Potomac 26 January 1863-1 February 1863 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 1 February 1863-5 May 1863 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 4 July 1863-24 October 1863 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 3 April 1864-21 July 1864 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 9 August 1864-14 December 1864 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 4 January 1865-1 April 1865 / V Corps Potomac 1 April 1865-25 June 1865 / Fifth Military District 5 September 1867-15 September 1867

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Andrew Johnson
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Cornelius Kinchilo Stribling USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander Foxhall Alexander Parker USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Middle Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colder Washburn
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
  • Department of the Mississippi: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
    • District of Vicksburg: Morgan Lewis Smith
    • District of Natchez: John Wynn Davidson
  • Department of Kentucky: John McAuley Palmer
    • District of Western Kentucky: Solomon Meredith
  • Department of North Carolina: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • District of Beaufort (NC): Innis Newton Palmer
    • District of Wilmington: Joseph Roswell Hawley
    • X Corps North Carolina: Alfred Howe Terry
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Army of Georgia: Henry Warner Slocum
    • XIV Corps Georgia: Jefferson Columbus Davis
    • XX Corps Georgia: Joseph Anthony Mower
  • Cavalry Corps Mississippi: James Harrison Wilson

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut interim Nathaniel Prentiss Banks awaited
    • North District of Louisiana: Francis Jay Herron
      • District of Morganza: Thomas Jefferson McKean
      • District of Baton Rouge: Michael Kelly Lawler
      • District of Port Hudson: Cyrus Hamlin
    • Southern District of Louisiana: Thomas West Sherman
      • District of Carrollton: William S Mudgett
      • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Bonnet Carré: James J Byrne
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: John Newton
    • District of South Alabama: Thomas Kilby Smith
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • Army of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Army of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut temporary
      • XIII Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
      • XVI Corps Gulf: Andrew Jackson Smith

Military Division of the Missouri: John Pope

  • Department of Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • Army of Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Joseph Jones Reynolds
  • Department of the Missouri: Grenville Mellen Dodge
    • District of St Louis: George Day Wagner
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: John McNeil
    • District of Rolla: John Morrill
    • District of the Upper Arkansas: James Hobart Ford
    • District of North Kansas: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of South Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Plains: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Northwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith

Middle Military Division: Winfield Scott Hancock

  • Middle Department: William Walton Morris
    • District of Annapolis: Frederic Dummer Sewall
    • District of Delaware and the Eastern Shore: John Reese Kenly
      • VIII Corps Middle: William Walton Morris
  • Department of Pennsylvania: George Cadwalader
    • District of Philadelphia: Orris Sanford Ferry
    • District of the Monongahela: Greenlief P Davis
    • Juniata District: Charles Hale Morgan
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
      • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: Winfield Scott Hancock
  • Army of the Shenandoah: Winfield Scott Hancock

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

  • District of Northern New York: John Cleveland Robinson

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

Northern Department: Joseph Hooker

  • District of Illinois: John Cook
  • District of Indiana: Alvin Peterson Hovey
  • District of Michigan: Bennett Hoskin Hill

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of Arizona: John Sanford Mason
  •  District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Reuben F Maury temporary
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
    • V Corps Potomac: Charles Griffin
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: John Grubb Parke
  • Sheridan’s Cavalry Command Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Wesley Merritt

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • North District (South): John Porter Hatch
  • District of Savannah: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Edward Elmer Potter
  • District of Hilton Head: Milton Smith Littlefield
  • District of Florida: Eliakim Parker Scammon

Department of Virginia: Edward Otho Cresap Ord

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Henry Gordon
  • District of Virginia: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
  • District of Lynchburg: John Irvin Gregg
  • Army of the James: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XXIV Corps James: John Gibbon
    • XXV Corps James: Godfrey Weitzel

Confederate Organisation

CSA: III Corps (Northern Virginia) was discontinued and merged into I Corps (Northern Virginia).

CSA: Pinckney Downie Bowles promoted Brigadier-General PACS 2 April 1865 unconfirmed.

Bowles, Pinckney Downie / South Carolina / Born 7 July 1835 Edgefield, South Carolina / Died Tampa, Florida 25 July 1910
Colonel Alabama Militia 1860 / Captain PACS 4th Alabama 1 April 1861 / Major PACS 22 August 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 30 September 1862 / Colonel PACS 3 October 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 2 April 1865 Unconfirmed
Law’s Brigade Field’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 7 January 1865

CSA: Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill was killed at Petersburg, Virginia.

Hill, Ambrose Powell / Virginia / Born 9 November 1825 Culpeper, Virginia / KIA Petersburg, Virginia 2 April 1865
USMA 1 July 1847 15 /38 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 / 1st US Artillery 1 July 1847 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 28 August 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 4 September 1851 / Resigned USA 1 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 13th Virginia Infantry 22 May 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 15 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 24 February 1862 to rank from 26 February 1862 / Major-General PACS 26 May 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 23 May 1863 to rank from 24 May 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1847 / WIA Chancellorsville 2 May 1863
1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 21 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-27 May 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 27 May 1862-27 July 1862 / Hill’s Light Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 27 July 1862-2 May 1863 / II Corps Northern Virginia 2 May 1863-2 May 1863 / II Corps Northern Virginia 6 May 1863-10 May 1863 / III Corps Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-7 May 1864 / III Corps Northern Virginia 21 May 1864-2 April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

General-in-Chief: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • Department of Kentucky: Hylan Benton Lyon
    • District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee: Marcus Joseph Wright
    • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Feimster Tucker
      • Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi: Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Alabama: Daniel Weisiger Adams
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
    • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: John Brown Gordon
      • IV Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson
    • Valley District: Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Georgia: Daniel Harvey Hill
      • Sub-District of Northern Georgia: William Tatum Wofford
    • District of South Carolina: Samuel Jones
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Robert Ransom
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: vacant
    • District of Florida: Samuel Jones
  • Department of Tennessee and Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Alexander Peter Stewart temporary
      • I Corps Tennessee: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
      • II Corps Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
      • III Corps Tennessee: Edward Cary Walthall temporary
  • Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Echols
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John George Walker interim John Bankhead Magruder awaited
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
      • District of Arkansas: James Fleming Fagan
    • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
      • Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi: Elkanah Brackin Greer
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: William Miller
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of Mississippi: William Lindsay Brandon
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

Asterisk indicates concurrently Major-General USV

Henry Wager Halleck
William Tecumseh Sherman
George Gordon Meade
Philp Henry Sheridan
George Henry Thomas

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
Lewis Wallace
George Cadwalader
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
George Stoneman
Oliver Otis Howard*
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock*
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
John McAllister Schofield*
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Joseph Antony Mower
George Crook
Godfrey Weitzel
Jacob Dolson Cox
William Babcock Hazen
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry*
Thomas John Wood
Charles Griffin

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(Winfield Scott Hancock)
(John McAllister Schofield)
(Oliver Otis Howard)
(Alfred Howe Terry)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
George Henry Gordon
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman
William Grose
Joseph Alexander Cooper
John Thomas Croxton
John Wilson Sprague
James William Reilly
Luther Prentice Bradley
Charles Carroll Walcutt
William Worth Belknap
Joseph Abel Haskin
James Deering Fessenden
Eli Long
Thomas Wilberforce Egan
Joseph Roswell Hawley
William Henry Seward
Isaac Hardin Duval
John Edwards
Thomas Alfred Smyth
Ferdinand Van Derveer
Thomas Casimer Devin
Alfred Gibbs
Ranald Slidell Mackenzie
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
James Richard Slack
Thomas John Lucas
Edmund Jackson Davis
Joseph Bailey
George Lafayette Beal
Henry Goddard Thomas
Cyrus Hamlin
Patrick Henry Jones
John Morrison Oliver
Robert Kingston Scott
James Sidney Robinson
Benjamin Franklin Potts
John Grant Mitchell
James Alexander Williamson
Newton Martin Curtis
Charles Camp Doolittle
Stephen Thomas
James Isham Gilbert
Green Berry Raum
Galusha Pennypacker
Charles John Stolbrand
Wager Swayne
Charles Ewing
Stewart Van Vliet
Thomas Maley Harris
John Henry Ketcham

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
George Douglas Ramsay
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
Joseph K Barnes (Surgeon-General)
Alexander Brydie Dyer (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill KIA
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Wade Hampton
Nathan Bedford Forrest

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton
William Mahone
John Calvin Brown
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
James Lawson Kemper
Matthew Calbraith Butler
George Washington Custis Lee
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Ambrose Ransom Wright
Pierce Manning Butler Young
Bryan Grimes
Thomas James Churchill
John Sappington Marmaduke

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Laurence Simmons Baker
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
William Felix Brantley
Robert Houston Anderson
Jacob Hunter Sharp
George Doherty Johnston
George Gibbs Dibrell
Thomas Benton Smith
David Addison Weisiger
William Miller
Philip Cook
William Hugh Young
George Washington Gordon
Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell
Walter Husted Stevens
Basil Wilson Duke
Charles Miller Shelley
Patrick Theodore Moore
William Henry Wallace
Gilbert Moxley Sorrel
William Henry Fitzhugh Payne
Peter Burwell Starke
William MacRae
Samuel Read Anderson
Josiah Gorgas
Joseph Benjamin Palmer
Dudley McIver Dubose
Robert Bullock
Benjamin Jefferson Hill
James Phillip Simms
William Lowther Jackson
James Edward Harrison
John Doby Kennedy
Richard Lee Turberville Beale
Thomas Harrison
William McComb
Robert Lowry
Milledge Luke Bonham
William Henry Forney
Thomas Muldrup Logan
Isaac Munroe St John
William Raine Peck
Reuben Lindsay Walker
William Paul Roberts
William Flank Perry
Tyree Harris Bell
Ellison Capers
Alexander William Campbell
Young Marshall Moody
Richard Montgomery Gano
Walter Paye Lane
William Polk Hardeman
Henry Gray
Richard Waterhouse

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