1864 May 25th

May 25 1864 Wednesday

Battle of New Hope Church, GA (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Red River Campaign

Atlanta Campaign – Dallas

Virginia Overland Campaign – North Anna River

Arkansas. Skirmish at Buck Horn.

Arkansas. Incident at Pikeville.

Arkansas. Reconnaissance to Gainesville ended.

Florida. Incident at Pensacola

Florida. Skirmish with Confederate cavalry near Jackson’s Bridge.

Florida. Union Robert Shaw led 300 black and 100 white soldiers toward Baldwin and skirmished with Confederates near Camp Finegan.

Georgia. Operations at New Hope Church, Dallas, Allatoona Hills, and Pumpkin Vine Creek began.

New Hope Church Georgia, also known as Dallas. Confederate Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood’s Corps was the third of the Confederate Corps to leave their position at Allatoona Pass, following a direct route along Pumpkin Vine Creek to form on the right flank of Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk’s Corps near New Hope Church. Beyond Polk’s left Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps extended the position southwest to Dallas.

At 11 am, Union Brigadier-General John White Geary’s 2nd Division of Major-General Joseph Hooker’s XX Corps crossed Pumpkin Vine Creek and led the advance of the Army of the Cumberland against the supposedly light Confederate defences at New Hope Church. Geary crossed a burning bridge over Pumpkin Vine Creek at Owen’s Mill and deployed the 5th Ohio Infantry at the head of Colonel Charles Candy’s 1st Brigade forward. Strong enemy defences were discovered four and half miles from Dallas, at a Methodist Meeting House called New Hope Church. Hooker ordered Geary to press on and Colonel Charles Candy’s Brigade pushed forward while Geary’s other two brigades under Colonel Adolphus Buschbeck and Colonel David Ireland supported him.

Hooker sent for his other two divisions under Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams and Major-General Daniel Butterfield. Negotiating difficult terrain, they arrived late in the afternoon and attacked on the same front as Geary. They moved disjointedly through difficult terrain towards New Hope Church. After advancing three miles as far as the main Confederate lines, the 20,000 Union troops were stopped by artillery fire and repelled by Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart’s division of Hood’s Corps at New Hope Church. Stewart posted the brigade of Brigadier-General Marcellus Augustus Stovall on an open hilltop on the left flank in the church’s graveyard, but they did not dig in. Brigadier-General Henry Delamar Clayton’s brigade held the centre and Brigadier-General Alpheus Baker’s brigade the right flank behind improvised earthworks and felled trees. The division held a narrow front of half a mile with support from sixteen guns. On either side of Stewart, the divisions of Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman (on high ground to the right flank) and Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson (on the left flank) were barely troubled by the narrow frontage of the concentrated Union attack.

Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman insisted that there was little or no Confederate opposition in the area and ordered Hooker to push through the small force to Dallas. At 5 pm, Geary’s Union division led another attack in a heavy thunderstorm against this strong position while Butterfield’s division (3/XX) moved onto his left and Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams’ division (1/XX) pushed forward on his right. The dense undergrowth meant that the massed Union formations approached to within 100 yards of the Confederate defence, where they came under tremendous rifle and artillery fire. Williams’ Division lost 800 men within ten minutes. Assured that they faced only militia and weak forces, Geary, Butterfield, and Williams made repeated attacks for three hours. At the main point of the Union attack, the Confederates massed 4,000 infantry and 16 guns to exact a heavy toll, earning the place the name of the “Hell Hole”. Stewart held off the 16,000 attackers in the three Union divisions so confidently that he turned down an offer of reinforcements, although he called for ammunition from the reserve. The Union attack was abandoned eventually at 7.30pm. Hooker’s Corps was severely mauled. The Union assumption that they faced just fragments of the Confederate army was proved disastrously wrong. Their enemy was actually the right flank of the entire Confederate army which had moved rapidly from Allatoona Pass.

The Union Army of the Ohio and the remainder of the Army of the Cumberland struggled across Pumpkin Vine Creek and over rugged terrain to support the advance of Union XX Corps to New Hope Church. By nightfall, they had not encountered the Confederate lines when Major-General John McAllister Schofield was temporarily incapacitated after a fall from his horse. His Army of the Ohio deployed on the left of the Army of the Cumberland from New Hope Church towards Pickett’s Mill. The Union Army of the Tennessee was further behind to the west, still struggling towards Dallas across Pumpkin Vine Creek.

Union casualties at New Hope Church and Dallas were reported as 700 to 1,665 men, and 1,600 was a likely accurate figure. Confederate losses were estimated at between 800 and 900 men in the three-hour struggle, although the Confederates claimed only 300 to 400 casualties. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Mississippi. Confederate Colonel Colton Greene captured the Union steamers USS Lebanon and USS Clara Eames on the Mississippi River. Greene’s troops also engaged USS Curlew. 

Missouri. Reconnaissance from Pilot Knob ended.

Missouri. Expedition to Patterson and Bloomfield ended.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Warrensburg ended.

New Mexico Territory. Union expedition from Fort Wingate to San Carlos River and Gila River began.

North Carolina. A boat crew from USS Mattabesett, Captain Melancton Smith, made an unsuccessful attempt to destroy the CSS Albemarle in the Roanoke River near Plymouth. After ascending the Middle River with two 100-pound torpedoes, two Union seamen Charles Baldwin and John W Lloyd swam across the Roanoke carrying a towline with which they hauled the torpedoes to the Plymouth shore. Baldwin planned to swim down to the ram and position a torpedo on either side of her bow. Seaman Alexander Crawford would then explode the weapons from across the river. Baldwin was discovered by a sentry within a few yards of CSS Albemarle and the mission was abandoned. Lloyd cut the guidelines and swam back across the river to join Seaman John Laverty who was guarding the far shore. They made their way to the dinghy in which they had rowed upriver and, with seamen Benjamin Lloyd, who had acted as boat keeper, made their way back to the USS Mattabesett. Baldwin and Crawford returned in exhaustion to the ship on 29 May.

South Carolina. A Union expedition advanced up the Ashepoo and South Edisto Rivers to cut the Charleston & Savannah Railroad. The converted ferryboat USS Commodore McDonough and the wooden steamers E B Hale, Dai Ching, and Vixen and a detachment of Marines supported the advance. While the Naval flotilla under Lieutenant-Commander Edward F Stone pushed on up the South Edisto, Army transports moved up the Ashepoo convoyed by Dai Ching. The Marines and howitzers landed on the morning of the 26 May and opened fire on Willstown. The naval commander was unable to contact Brigadier-General William Birney to coordinate an assault and withdrew on 27 May. The Union transport Boston ran aground in the Ashepoo and was destroyed to prevent capture.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Cripple Creek on the Woodbury Pike near Shelbyville.

Virginia. Incidents at Jericho Ford, Jericho Mills, and Jericho Bridge.

Virginia. The Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia continued to strengthen their entrenchments along their lines at the North Anna River. This river began just five miles downstream where the North Anna and South Anna joined. A further forty miles downstream the Mattapony flowed into the Pamunkey to form the York River. The Union troops made vigorous demonstrations all along the line in order to conceal their preparations to march eastwards towards the Pamunkey River.

Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant did not intend to follow that route all the way to the coast and the York River, which would present him with the same base of operations and same obstacle of the Chickahominy River that had faced Major-General George Brinton McClellan over two years earlier. Grant intended to cross to the south bank of the Pamunkey at Hanovertown, within fifteen miles of Richmond. Ignorant of the illness afflicting Confederate General Robert Edward Lee, Grant felt that the offensive fighting spirit of the Confederate army had finally evaporated at the North Anna River, because no counterattacks had materialised even when his army was in a precariously exposed position. Prisoners and deserters reinforced this optimistic view. Grant supposed that the Confederates would no longer fight outside their entrenchments, allowing him greater freedom of action than he had enjoyed hitherto during the campaign.

Virginia. After refitting his Cavalry Corps, Union Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan prepared to lead a change of base by the Army of the Potomac to the southeast on the Pamunkey River. Meanwhile, Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson’s cavalry division crossed the river upstream and moved west, attempting to deceive the Confederates into thinking that the Union army intended to envelop the Confederate left flank. Wilson’s cavalry destroyed stretches of the Virginia Central Railroad but made no significant contact with the enemy. Confederate General Robert Edward Lee was anxious about an upstream crossing as it would sever the Virginia Central Railroad and his connection with the Shenandoah Valley. He was inclined to expect a Union advance in that direction and alerted the army for a westward march, in the opposite direction to that actually taken by the Union army.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Jacob Dolson Cox assumed temporary command of the Army of the Ohio, succeeding Major-General John McAllister Schofield.

Cox, Jacob Dolson / Canada-Ohio / Born 27 October 1828 Montreal, Canada / Died Gloucester, Massachusetts 4 August 1900
Brigadier-General Ohio Militia 23 April 1861-30 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 6 October 1862 Expired 3 March 1863 Reverted to Brigadier-General USV / Reappointed Major-General USV 7 December 1864 / Resigned USV 1 January 1866
Kanawha Brigade Department of the Ohio July 1861-25 July 1861 / Kanawha Brigade Army of Occupation 25 July 1861-11 October 1861 / District of the Kanawha 11 October 1861-26 July 1862 / Defences of Washington 30 August 1862-7 September 1862 / Kanawha Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 7 September 1862-14 September 1862 / IX Corps Potomac 14 September 1862-8 October 1862 / District of Western Virginia 13 October 1862-December 1862 / District of Ohio 14 April 1863-16 November 1863 / District of Michigan 2 June 1863-5 June 1863 / XXIII Corps Ohio 21 December 1863-10 February 1864 / Chief of Staff Army of the Ohio 3 March 1864-31 March 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 4 April 1864-9 April 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 9 April 1864-26 May 1864 / Army of the Ohio 25 May 1864-27 May 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 26 May 1864-27 May 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 27 May 1864-14 September 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 14 September 1864-22 October 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 22 October 1864-30 November 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 30 November 1864-1 December 1864 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 1 December 1864-13 January 1865 / 3rd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 17 January 1865-9 February 1865 /3rd Division XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 9 February 1865-15 February 1865 / Cox’s Provisional Corps Department of North Carolina 25 February 1865-31 March 1865 / District of Beaufort North Carolina 25 February 1865-18 March 1865 / XXIII Corps Department of North Carolina 31 March 1865-19 June 1865 / Department of North Carolina 31 March 1865-16 June 1865 / Department of North Carolina 19 June 1865-27 June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox temporary
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colden Washburn
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: John McNeil
    • District of Morganza: William Hemsley Emory
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIII Corps Gulf: William Plummer Benton
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Porter Hatch interim John Gray Foster awaited

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: William Birney
  • District of Florida: George Henry Gordon

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter

  • District of Harper’s Ferry: Franz Sigel
  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook
  • Army of the Shenandoah: David Hunter

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones arrived to command the Trans-Allegheny Department, succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

Jones, William Edmondson / Virginia / Born 9 May 1824 Washington, Virginia / KIA Piedmont, Virginia 5 June 1864
USMA 1 July 1848 10 /38 Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1844 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 30 November 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 October 1854 / Resigned USA 26 January 1857 / Captain PACS 1st Virginia Cavalry May 1861 / Major Infantry Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS May 1861 / Colonel PACS August 1861 / 7th Virginia Cavalry September 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / 11th Virginia Cavalry 16 September 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1848 / WIA Orange Court House 2 August 1862
Cavalry Valley District March 1862 / 4th Brigade Cavalry Division Army of Northern Virginia 8 November 1862-9 September 1863 / Valley District 29 December 1862-28 May 1863 / Jones’ Brigade Hampton’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia 9 September 1863-9 October 1863 / Jones’ Brigade Ransom’s Division Trans-Allegheny Department October 1863-February 1864 / Jones’ Brigade Cavalry Division District of East Tennessee February 1864-May 1864 / Jones’ Brigade Cavalry Division Trans-Allegheny Department May 1864-5 June 1864 / Trans-Allegheny Department 23 May 1864-31 May 1864

CSA: The Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia was established. It comprised the interior of the state of North Carolina and southern sections of Virginia.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Henry Winder assumed command of the Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

Winder, John Henry / Maryland / Born 21 February 1800 Somerset, Maryland / Died Florence, South Carolina 7 February 1865
USMA 1 July 1820 11/30 Artillery / Cadet USMA 15 August 1814 / 2nd Lieutenant USA US Artillery 1 July 1820 / US Rifles 23 October 1820 / 4th US Artillery 1 June 1821 / 3rd US Artillery 16 August 1821 / Resigned USA 31 August 1823 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 2 April 1827 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 November 1833 / Regt Adjutant 23 May 1838-20 January 1840 / Captain USA 7 October 1842 / Major USA 3rd US Artillery 22 November 1860 / Resigned USA 27 April 1861 / Colonel ASCA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 June 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 22 June 1861-21 October 1861 / Commissary-General of Prisoners Bureau of Prison Camps 21 November 1864-7 February 1865 / Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 14 September 1847 / WIA Belen Gate 13 September 1847
Department of Henrico 21 October 1861-5 March 1864 / Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 25 May 1864-7 June 1864 / Commissary-General of Prisoners 21 November 1864-7 February 1865

CSA: Samuel Jameson Gholson confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 25 May 1864 to rank from 6 May 1864.

Gholson, Samuel Jameson / Kentucky-Mississippi / Born 19 May 1808 Madison, Kentucky / Died Aberdeen, Mississippi 16 October 1883
Brigadier-General Mississippi Militia 1861 / Private 14th Mississippi Infantry January 1861 / Captain PACS 30 May 1861 / Major PACS / Colonel PACS October 1861 / Resigned PACS 29 January 1863 / Major-General Mississippi State 18 April 1863 / Colonel PACS Judge Advocate-General 27 April 1863 / Resigned PACS 6 May 1864 / Brigadier-General PACS 25 May 1864 to rank from 6 May 1864 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 14 May 1865 / WIA & CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862 WIA Corinth October 1862 WIA Jackson 6 June 1864 WIA Egypt 28 December 1864
Gholson’s Brigade Chalmers’ Division Forrest’s Cavalry Corps Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 22 May 1864-30 June 1864 / Gholson’s Brigade Adams’ Division Forrest’s Cavalry Corps Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 30 June 1864-July 1864 / Gholson’s Brigade Buford’s Division Forrest’s Cavalry Corps Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana July 1864-September 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William B Butler interim Henry Alexander Wise awaited
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: John Henry Winder
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • III Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: William Edmondson Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes awaited

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
Richard Waterhouse

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