1864 May 24th

May 24 1864 Tuesday

Battle of North Anna, VA (CWSAC Major Battle – Inconclusive)

Battle of Wilson’s Wharf, VA (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

Red River Campaign

Atlanta Campaign – Dallas

Virginia Overland Campaign – North Anna River

Sheridan’s Richmond Raid

Arkansas. Skirmish near Little Rock.

Arkansas. Confederate forces captured and burned the Union steamer Lebanon near Ford’s Landing.

Georgia. Skirmish at Dallas.

Georgia. Incidents at Cartersville and Kingston.

Georgia. Skirmishes at Cass Station and Cassville.

Georgia. Skirmish at Burnt Hickory near Huntsville..

Georgia. Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston detected the Union movement towards Dallas and decided to block it by taking up positions along Pumpkin Vine Creek between Dallas and New Hope Church. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps led the way and reached Dallas. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk’s Corps followed and extended the line to New Hope Church. Finally, Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood’s Corps followed later in the day to cover Polk’s right. Hardee’s Corps held the left flank near Dallas, and Polk’s Corps shifted slightly westwards in the centre at New Hope, after Hood’s Corps arrived to occupy the ground on their right. The new line was four miles long, running from south of Dallas to one mile east of New Hope.

Union skirmishers were approaching even as Hood’s men moved into position. Hood placed Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson’s division on his right, Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman’s Division on high ground to the left, and Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart’s Division in the centre directly in front of New Hope Church. Major-General Joseph Wheeler’s cavalry screened the right flank from Lost Mountain for almost twenty miles northeastwards to the abandoned lines at Allatoona Pass.

Georgia. After Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston retreated to Allatoona Pass, Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman began a turning movement around Johnston’s left flank, aiming to steal a march toward Dallas. Union Brigadier-General Edward Moody McCook’s cavalry skirmished towards Burned Hickory ahead of Major-General Joseph Hooker’s XX Corps and arrived there at about 2 pm. They captured a despatch rider and discovered that the Confederates had anticipated the advance and were already moving towards Dallas.

Georgia. Union Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard’s cavalry skirmished near Dallas ahead of the advancing armies, and identified Major-General William Brimage Bate’s division from Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps. Sherman concluded that Johnston had foreseen his surprise movement and now opposed the Union advance at New Hope Church, along the south side of Pumpkin Vine Creek. However, Sherman mistakenly surmised that Johnston had arrived with only a token force from his powerful stronghold at Allatoona Pass and ordered Hooker’s Corps to attack the following day.

Louisiana. Skirmish near Morganza.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Holly Springs.

Tennessee. Skirmish near Nashville.

Virginia. Expedition to James River ended.

Virginia. Raid from Todd’s Tavern ended.

Virginia. Skirmish at Haw’s Shop.

Virginia. Following command confusion during the Virginia Overland Campaign, Union Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside waived his seniority and asked to be assigned directly under the command of Major-General George Gordon Meade, as part of the Army of the Potomac. Hitherto, because of his seniority over Meade, he had reported directly to the General-in-Chief as military protocol had required. Both Meade and Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant appreciated Burnside’s gesture of cooperation.

Virginia. Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant despaired of an advance by the stalled Army of the James towards Richmond from Bermuda Hundred and decided to draw on its idle troops to provide reinforcements for the Army of the Potomac. He decided to leave Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler at Bermuda Hundred with X Corps alone, and to transfer the 15,000 men of XVIII Corps and its commander Major-General William Farrar Smith, whom Grant knew from his campaigns in the western theatre, by transports to the York River.

Virginia. Union Major-General Philip Sheridan’s Cavalry Corps rejoined the Army of the Potomac at Chesterfield Station after a fifteen-day raid towards Richmond and to the James River. The raiders had ridden completely around the Confederate army, destroyed huge quantities of supplies, and damaged many miles of the railroad before escaping a dangerous trap set for them at Meadow Bridge.

North Anna, Virginia, also known as North Anna River or Telegraph Road Bridge, Ox Ford, Taylor’s Bridge, Quarles Mill or Hanover Junction. Union Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock’s II Corps attacked at Chesterfield Bridge, east of Ox Ford. They crossed the river successfully and advanced to near the Doswell House on the Confederate right flank, against the opposition of Confederate Major-General Richard Heron Anderson’s I Corps and Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s II Corps.

Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside’s IX Corps arrived in the Union centre and one division attempted to cross at Quarles’ Mill, between Ox Ford and Jericho Mills. Resistance was stiff from the massed batteries on the higher southern bank. With the agreement of Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant, Burnside abandoned this futile effort, remaining north of the river, facing the apex of the V formed by the Union army in the “Hog’s Snout”. Burnside was told to leave just one division to demonstrate at Ox Ford and to detach one division each upstream and downstream to support Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright’s VI Corps and Hancock’s II Corps. Burnside’s fourth division remained on guard duty with the army’s supply trains in the rear.

Wright’s VI Corps crossed at its bridgehead at Jericho Mills and began to move southeast along the Virginia Central Railroad behind Major-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren’s V Corps. This placed two of the Union Corps on the south bank of the North Anna River, tenuously connected to the centre held by Hancock’s II Corps. Wright and Warren were to the west, Burnside was north of the river in the centre, and Hancock to the east. They advanced against unexpectedly light resistance but became more cautious as they progressed into unknown territory.

Confederate General Robert Edward Lee visited Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill at Anderson Station and expressed his displeasure that Hill had hit Warren’s lone Corps the day before with only one division instead his entire command of four divisions, a force that could have smashed this wing of the Union army. Nevertheless, Hill’s control of Ox Ford meant that the Union army was split into three parts separated by stretches of the North Anna River. Union forces moving from one flank to reinforce the other would have to cross the North Anna River twice whereas Lee could attack in either direction and overwhelm either Hancock or Warren in detail. Lee left Hill’s Corps to oppose Warren and Wright just west of Anderson Station, resting their left flank on a northward loop of Little River. Half of Anderson’s Corps would hold Ox Ford while Ewell’s Corps and the rest of Anderson’s Corps made the first attack against Hancock’s II Corps from a newly entrenched line that now ran southeast from the river towards Hanover Junction, and was protected on their right flank by an area of swampland. Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge had reinforced his division to five brigades with another one sent from Richmond. and he filled the gap between Anderson and Ewell. Lee’s interior lines were now securely fixed on both flanks.

Lee had awaited just such an opportunity to strike an offensive blow against a part of the divided Union army, but he was laid low by an illness, which had afflicted him for some time. This incapacity reached a new intensity and he was reduced to passivity in his tent. He was unable to coordinate an aggressive but complex attack, and nobody was available to deputise for him. His most trusted subordinate, Lieutenant-General James Longstreet, was recovering from serious wounds sustained in the Wilderness. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was too far away and busy at Richmond to come and take temporary command. Ewell was close to physical collapse, Hill was barely managing to stand due to sickness, and Anderson was too junior and inexperienced, having commanded a Corps for only three weeks.

The Union army briefly probed the Confederate line, oblivious to the danger. Grant concluded that the defence was already too strong for him to attack and decided not to advance any further along the North Anna line. His forces rapidly dug in opposite the Confederate works, but Grant soon concluded that this position was untenable, and he looked for a safe way to disengage and to find some other point of attack.

Lee’s opportunity passed as nothing more than light skirmishing occurred over the next two days. Total Union casualties for the four days at the North Anna were 2,623 men. Confederate casualties were probably between 2,000 and 2,500 men. (CWSAC Major Battle – Inconclusive)

Wilson’s Wharf, Virginia, also known as Fort Pocahontas. Confederate Major-General Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry division (about 3,000 men) attacked the Union supply depot at Wilson’s Wharf on the north bank of the James River. The area was garrisoned by two black regiments which were building fortifications, later to be named Fort Pocahontas. They were part of Union Brigadier-General Edward Augustus Wild’s brigade which had landed in Virginia bearing a frightening reputation among Southerners. Wild was an ardent Abolitionist and his soldiers actively freed slaves; in one case, they whipped a plantation owner who had mistreated his slaves with unusual harshness. The Richmond newspapers denounced these as insurrectionary activities and put intense pressure on the government of President Jefferson Finis Davis to put a stop to Wild’s depredations. Succumbing to the political pressure, Davis ordered Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry division to inflict punishment on the supposed offenders. Fitzhugh Lee took elements of three cavalry brigades plus the 5th South Carolina Cavalry and one field gun on a 40-mile march to reach Wilson’s Wharf. The Confederate general expected to fight an undisciplined rabble, but instead he found the defenders of Fort Pocahontas alert and ready for action. Wild commanded 1,100 men and 2 guns. The Union force consisted of the 1st USCT Infantry and four companies of the 10th USCT Infantry. Battery M, 3rd New York Artillery was the only all-white unit in the defences. The gunboat USS Dawn lay nearby in the James River to support the fort’s defenders.

After Wild rejected Fitzhugh Lee’s demand for surrender, the Confederate cavalryman ordered his men to dismount and prepare for an assault. Two separate rushes were repulsed, during which only a handful of Confederates reached the fort’s ditch. Gunfire from USS Dawn, Acting Lieutenant Simmons, provided support to the garrison from the river. More gunboats moved up to support the troops on shore and compelled the Confederate troops to break off the attack. At this point, four more companies of the 10th USCT Infantry arrived by river transport and Lee called off further assaults. About 165 to 200 Confederate were reported as killed or wounded in the failed attack. Union losses were reported as six killed and 40 wounded. (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

West Virginia. Reconnaissance to Charlestown.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Lewisburg.

West Virginia. Skirmish at Meadow Bluff.

West Virginia. Confederate Lieutenant-Colonel John Singleton Mosby’s raiders pursued Union troops to Kabletown after a skirmish near Charlestown.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of Harper’s Ferry was established in the Department of West Virginia, comprising the line of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Monocacy to Hancock, Maryland.

USA: Major-General Franz Sigel assumed command of the District of Harper’s Ferry.

Sigel, Franz / Germany / Born 18 November 1824 Sinsheim, Baden / Died New York, New York 21 August 1902 Karlsruhe Military Academy 1843 / Lieutenant Baden Army 1843-1847 / Major 5th New York Militia 1854-1857 / Colonel USV 3rd Missouri Infantry 4 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 4 May 1865 / WIA Missouri 10 May 1861 WIA Second Bull Run 30 August 1862
2nd Brigade Army of the West 24 July 1861-August 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the West August 1861-10 August 1861 / 3rd Division Western Department 24 September 1861-24 October 1861 / 4th Brigade Western Department 24 October 1861-9 November 1861 / 4th Brigade Department of the Missouri 9 November 1861-25 December 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the Southwest 25 December 1861-7 February 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Southwest 7 February 1862-9 May 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Southwest 7 February 1862-9 May 1862 / Sigel’s Division Department of the Shenandoah 4 June 1862-26 June 1862 / I Corps Virginia 30 June 1862-7 July 1862 / I Corps Virginia 12 July 1862-12 September 1862 / XI Corps Potomac 12 September 1862-10 January 1863 / Reserve Grand Division Potomac 14 November 1862-4 February 1863 / XI Corps Potomac 5 February 1863-22 February 1863 / Lehigh District 20 August 1863-29 February 1864 / Department of West Virginia 29 February 1864-17 May 1864 / District of Harper’s Ferry 24 May 1864-7 July 1864

USA: IX Corps was officially transferred from the Department of the Potomac to the direct command of the Army of the Potomac.

USA: Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside retained command of IX Corps (Potomac).

Burnside, Ambrose Everett / Indiana / Born 23 May 1828 Liberty, Indiana / Died Bristol, Rhode Island 13 September 1881
USMA 1 July 1847 18/38 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1843 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1847 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 8 September 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 12 December 1851 / Resigned USA 2 October 1853 / Brigadier-General Rhode Island Militia 1855-1857 / Colonel 1st Rhode Island Militia 1861 / Colonel USV 1st Rhode Island Infantry 2 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 2 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 6 August 1861 / Major-General USV 18 March 1862 / Resigned USV 15 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1847 / WIA Las Vegas, New Mexico Territory 23 August 1849
Burnside’s North Carolina Expeditionary Force 12 September 1861-2 April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Department of Northeastern Virginia June 1861-2 July 1861 / Department of North Carolina 13 January 1862-6 July 1862 / IX Corps Potomac 20 July 1862-2 August 1862 / IX Corps Virginia 3 August 1864-3 September 1862 / Right Wing Army of the Potomac 7 September 1862-19 September 1862 / Defences of Harper’s Ferry 13 October 1862-26 October 1862 / Department of the Potomac 5 November 1862-26 January 1863 / Army of the Potomac 7 November 1862-26 January 1863 / IX Corps Ohio 17 March 1863-19 March 1863 / Department of the Ohio 17 March 1863-9 December 1863 / Army of the Ohio 1 April 1863-8 December 1863 / IX Corps Ohio 17 September 1863-16 January 1864 / IX Corps Department of the Potomac 13 April 1864-14 August 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
      • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
      • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
        • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
        • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
    • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
      • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
      • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
        • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colden Washburn
        • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
      • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
        • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
        • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
          • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
          • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
        • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
      • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
      • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
      • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
      • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
        • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
      • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
      • District of La Fourche: John McNeil
      • District of Morganza: William Hemsley Emory
      • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
      • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
      • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
      • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
        • XIII Corps Gulf: William Plummer Benton
        • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory
  • Department of the East: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Kansas: George Sykes
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
    • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie
  • Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell
    • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
      • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
      • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan
  • Department of the South: John Porter Hatch interim John Gray Foster awaited
    • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
    • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
    • District of Hilton Head: William Birney
    • District of Florida: George Henry Gordon
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
    • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
    • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
    • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
      • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
      • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
    • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
      • X Corps James: Quincy Adams Gillmore
      • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: Franz Sigel
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook
    • Army of the Shenandoah: David Hunter

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Birkett Davenport Fry confirmed Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 14 May 1864 to rank from 24 May 1864.

Fry, Birkett Davenport / Virginia / Born 24 June 1822 Kanawha, Virginia / Died Richmond, Virginia 21 January 1891
1st Lieutenant USA 24 February 1847 / US Voltigeurs 9 April 1847 / Regt Adjutant 15 June 1847-26 August 1847 / Discharged USA 31 August 1848 / Colonel PACS 13th Alabama Infantry 19 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 14 May 1864 to rank from 24 May 1864 / No Record of Parole / WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862 WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 WIA Chancellorsville 2 May 1863 WIA & CIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863 Exchanged 5 April 1864
Archer’s Brigade A P Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 3 May 1864-4 May 1863 / 3rd Brigade Heth’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 1 July 1863-3 July 1863 / Fry’s Brigade Pickett’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 11 May 1864-14 May 1864 / Fry’s Brigade Ransom’s Division Defences of Richmond 14 May 1864-17 May 1864 / Fry’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division Defences of Richmond 17 May 1864-21 May 1864 / Fry’s Brigade Pickett’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 21 May 1864-9 June 1864 / Fry’s Brigade Heth’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 9 June 1864-14 September 1864 / District of Northern Georgia 21 March 1865-April 1865

CSA: Stephen Elliott promoted Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 24 May 1864.

Elliott, Stephen (Jr) / South Carolina / Born 26 October 1830 Beaufort, South Carolina / DOW Aiken, South Carolina 21 February 1866
Captain South Carolina Militia April 1861 / Captain PACS South Carolina Artillery April 1861 / 11th South Carolina Infantry 12 June 1861 / South Carolina Artillery 1862 / Major PACS 15 November 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 19 September 863 / Colonel PACS Holcombe’s South Carolina Legion 20 April 1864 / Brigadier-General PACS (Special) 24 May 1864 / No Record of Parole / WIA Fort Beauregard 7 November 1861 WIA Fort Sumter 11 December 1863 WIA The Crater 30 July 1864 WIA Bentonville 19 March 1865
Elliott’s Brigade Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia May 1864-21 May 1864 / Elliott’s’ Brigade B R Johnson’s Division Defences of Richmond 21 May 1864-June 1864 / Elliott’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia June 1864-30 July 1864 / Elliott’s Brigade Taliaferro’s Division Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 2 January 1865-March 1865 / Elliott’s Brigade J P Anderson’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee March 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee
    • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William B Butler interim Henry Alexander Wise awaited
    • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
      • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
    • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
    • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws
  • Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
      • III Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge interim William Edmondson Jones awaited
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes awaited
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
Richard Waterhouse

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