1864 May 16th

May 16 1864 Monday

Battle of Mansura, LA (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Battle of Proctor’s Creek, VA (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Port Walthall Junction, VA

Red River Campaign

Atlanta Campaign – Cassville

Virginia Overland Campaign – Spotsylvania

Sheridan’s Richmond Raid

Arkansas. Skirmish at Dardanelle.

Arizona Territory. Expedition to Fort Goodwin began.

Georgia. Skirmish at Calhoun.

Georgia. Skirmish at Floyd’s Spring.

Georgia. Skirmish at Parker’s Cross Roads near Rome.

Georgia. Having been manoeuvred out of Resaca by the Union armies, Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston retreated quickly towards Calhoun. He destroyed the railway bridge and pontoon bridge over the Oostenaula at Resaca to delay pursuit, but the turnpike bridge was left standing by an oversight of the rear-guard. Johnston could not find a suitable defensive position north of Calhoun and resumed his retreat onwards during the night towards Adairsville, ten miles further down the railroad, protected by a cavalry screen. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps escorted the supply train through Adairsville to Kingston fifteen miles to the south. To ensure the safety of the trains, Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham’s division deployed as a rear-guard across the Adairsville road about three miles north of the town. Meanwhile, Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk’s Corps and Lieutenant-General John Bell Hood’s Corps moved along a little-known track on to Cassville, ten miles south, with instructions to avoid damaging the road in order to conceal the route and size of their force.

Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s armies began their pursuit on a wide front towards Calhoun, six miles south of Resaca. They were delayed in crossing the Oostenaula Rover and were unable to press the retreat closely. Sherman had expected to meet a Confederate force at Calhoun, but it was defended only briefly by a rear-guard. His advance was also impeded by the size of his force compressed onto the limited number of roads.

KansasFollowing the Confederate defeat at Glorieta Pass in March 1862, the men of the Union 1st Colorado Infantry had returned to the Colorado Territory and were mounted as a home guard under the command of Colonel John Milton Chivington. Chivington and Territorial Governor John Evans adopted a hard line against local Indians, who were accused by white settlers of stealing livestock. Without any declaration of war, soldiers started attacking and destroying a number of Cheyenne camps in April 1864, the largest of which included about 70 lodges. A force under Union Lieutenant George S Eayre crossed into Kansas and encountered some Cheyenne in their summer buffalo-hunting camp at Big Bushes, about three miles from the Smoky Hill River. Cheyenne chiefs Lean Bear and Star approached the soldiers to signal their peaceful intent, but they were shot down by Eayre’s troops, along with 25 warriors. This incident, added to previous outrages, touched off a war of retaliation by the Cheyenne in Kansas, led by Chief Black Kettle.

Kentucky. Skirmish at Pond Creek in Pike County.

Louisiana. Having crossed the rapids of the Red River at Alexandria, Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter’s ships next had to traverse the many bars near the Red River mouth. The water was higher than anticipated and the fleet passed all the bars and obstructions safely and without difficulty to re-enter the Mississippi River.

Louisiana. A landing party from USS Stockdale, Acting Lieutenant Thomas Edwards, was fired on by Confederate cavalry at the mouth of the Tchefuncte River in Lake Pontchartrain. The Confederates were forced to withdraw, but not before two of the ship’s officers had been captured and one killed.

Mansura, Louisiana, also known as Smith’s Place, Smith’s Plantation, or Belle Prairie, or Marksville. As Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks’ expeditionary force retreated down the Red River, Confederate forces under Major-General Richard Taylor attempted to slow the Union troops’ movements and to deplete their numbers by constant harassment. The Union army left Marksville and continued eastwards. Taylor massed his forces ahead of the Union column, choosing a position east and west of the village of Mansura, forming across an open prairie that controlled access to the three roads traversing the area. Taylor hoped his thirty pieces of artillery (more than half of them captured recently from Banks) could inflict heavy casualties and compensate for his weaker numbers.

Early in the morning, the Union forces deployed their infantry in the centre of the three miles of prairie, covered their flanks with cavalry, and put as many of their remaining seventy guns into action as they could in the available space. They approached the Confederate line and intense skirmishing quickly ensued. Neither side was prepared to approach too closely so after four hours of fighting (principally an artillery duel) the outcome remained inconclusive. Finally, Banks pushed forward Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith’s veteran troops on his right flank and the outnumbered Confederates were forced to retreat to the south and west. The Union army resumed its march to the south and east and headed through Mansura to camp overnight at Bayou de Glaize. Taylor’s force continued to harass the Union column but was unable to halt it. Casualties were not reported. (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Minnesota. Skirmish with Indians at Spirit Lake,

Mississippi. USS General Price, Acting Lieutenant Richardson, engaged a Confederate battery which had fired on the transport steamer Mississippi near Ratliff’s Landing. USS Lafayette, Lieutenant-Commander J P Foster, and USS General Bragg, Acting Lieutenant Cyrenius Dominy, also converged upon the battery and the three steamers drove the Confederate gunners away from the river, enabling the transport to proceed.

Missouri. Union expedition from Patterson to Pilot Knob and Bloomfield began.

Missouri. Skirmish at Dry Wood Creek, 35 miles southeast of Fort Scott.

New Mexico Territory. Union expedition began from Fort Craig against the Apache Indians. The troops aimed to establish Fort Goodwin on the Gila River, near the confluence of the Rio de Sauz, in the Arizona Territory.

South Carolina. Skirmish on the Ashepoo River.

Virginia. Expedition to New Market ended.

Virginia. Expedition to Richmond & Danville Railroad began.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Spotsylvania Court House and Floyd’s Spring.

Virginia. After an overnight march of twenty miles from Mount Jackson, Union Major-General Franz Sigel’s force completed its retreat to Strasburg during the afternoon.

Virginia. At Spotsylvania, the Union II and V Corps began to move back to their original positions on the army’s right flank in order to make a surprise attack against the Confederate left, which was now held by Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s depleted II Corps. An end to the heavy rain allowed the movement to proceed promptly.

Proctor’s Creek, Virginia, also known as Drewry’s Bluff, or Fort Darling. Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard felt that the position of Union Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler’s Army of the James was precarious but his grandiose plan to draw forces from Richmond and from the Army of Northern Virginia to achieve a victory was disapproved. Instead, he launched a less ambitious attack after re-organising his ten available brigades into three divisions at Drewry’s Bluff. Major-General Robert Frederick Hoke now had four brigades, Major-General Robert Ransom also had four brigades, while Brigadier-General Alfred Holt Colquitt controlled two brigades sent recently from South Carolina. Two additional brigades remained at Petersburg with Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting. Whiting was to deliver the decisive blow of the attack by advancing from Petersburg into the Union rear.

The Union force consisted of four divisions, two each from Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore’s X Corps and Major-General William Farrar Smith’s XVIII Corps. Smith’s third division was at City Point and Gillmore’s third division was in reserve further down the turnpike near Port Walthall.

Whiting’s advance was cautious and turned back to Swift Creek soon after departure, leaving Beauregard’s plan in tatters. Unaware of Whiting’s feeble effort, Ransom’s division opened athe attack in dense fog on Butler’s right flank at 4.45 am. Brigadier-General Archibald Gracie’s and Colonel William Gaston Lewis’ brigades led the advance, followed by Colonel William Richard Terry’s and Brigadier-General Birkett Davenport Fry’s brigades. Despite being hampered by the unexpected wire entanglements protecting the Union position, they overran Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman’s brigade within an hour, capturing the brigade commander, 400 prisoners, and five stands of colours. The Union troops were disorganised and demoralised after the fight and were at risk of envelopment by Ransom’s advance. However, subsequent Confederate attacks lost direction in the fog, and they ran short of ammunition.

When Confederate Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood and Brigadier-General Bushrod Rust Johnson attacked the Union left flank at about 6.30 am they also took some ground from the Union X Corps and drove back the defenders, capturing five guns in the process. Gillmore was forced to call up his reserve division to stiffen the defence.

On the extreme left of the Union line, the Confederate brigades of Brigadier-General Thomas Lanier Clingman and Brigadier-General Montgomery Dent Corse were pulled back after a gap appeared between them and Johnson’s division. Johnson’s right flank was counter-attacked in the gap and he needed to be reinforced by Colquitt from reserve.

The Confederates took heavy casualties in their frontal attacks against the Union centre and made little progress. Around 8 am, the sound of gunfire from the south suggested that Whiting’s decisive blow was about to land. Beauregard sent couriers urging Whiting to hit fast and hard, but they could not find Whiting, and his attack never materialised. When a later burst of firing was heard around 2 pm, it was discounted as cavalry skirmishing.

Beauregard had employed all his reserves, Hoke’s division was under attack, and Ransom’s advance had petered out. At 4 pm, Beauregard called off any further attacks since Whiting’s absence prevented him achieving a decisive conclusion. The resulting pause also allowed Butler to extricate his troops from the threatened encirclement, and he withdrew overnight through a heavy rainstorm to his Bermuda Hundred Line.

Union casualties in the Drewry’s Bluff campaign from 12 May to 16 May were estimated at 4,160 men out of 15,800 engaged, including 1,388 prisoners. The Confederates lost about 2,506 men out of 18,025 engaged. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Port Walthall Junction, Virginia. Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard’s master plan of attack at Drewry’s Bluff required Major-General William Henry Chase Whiting to advance from Petersburg against Union Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler’s rear. Whiting had two brigades (Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise and Brigadier-General James Green Martin) and a cavalry brigade (Brigadier-General James Dearing). Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill was on hand as an adviser to add an aggressive streak to Whiting’s advance. As Whiting advanced across Swift Creek, he encountered sporadic opposition along the turnpike. He visualised a threat to Petersburg developing from the static Union garrison at City Point. When his force found his path blocked by outposts of Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames’ division (Union Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore’s reserve near Port Walthall), he abandoned the advance and ordered his two brigades back to the defences south of Swift Creek. Hill and the two brigade commanders remonstrated with Whiting but he was unshakeable in his caution. Whiting was so unsettled by the criticism of his subordinates that he turned over the command to Hill, stating that he was physically unfit.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman was captured at Drewry’s Bluff.

Heckman, Charles Adam / Pennsylvania / Born 3 December 1822 Easton, Pennsylvania / Died Germantown, Pennsylvania 14 January 1896
Sergeant USA US Voltigeurs and Riflemen 1847 / Discharged USA 1848 / Captain USV 1st Pennsylvania Infantry April 1861 / Major USV 9th New Jersey Infantry 3 October 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 8 October 1861 / Colonel USV 10 February 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 29 November 1862 / Resigned USV 25 May 1865 / WIA New Bern 14 March 1862 WIA Young’s Cross Roads 26 July 1862 WIA Port Walthall 7 May 1864 CIA Drewry’s Bluff 16 May 1864 Exchanged 12 September 1864
1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of North Carolina 2 April 1862-6 July 1862 / Heckman’s Brigade Department of North Carolina 10 December 1862-2 January 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XVIII Corps Department of North Carolina 2 January 1863-30 January 1863 / 2nd Division XVIII Corps Department of the South 23 February 1863-12 April 1863 / District of Beaufort North Carolina 30 May 1863-15 July 1863 / District of Beaufort Virginia and North Carolina 15 July 1863-20 July 1863 / Defences of New Bern 21 July 1863-14 August 1863 / Sub-District of Beaufort North Carolina 14 August 1863-11 October 1863 / Getty’s Division XVIII Corps Department of Virginia and North Carolina 14 January 1864-28 April 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XIII Corps Army of the James 28 April 1864-16 May 1864 / XVIII Corps James 29 September 1864-1 October 1864 / 3rd Division XXV Corps Army of the James 3 December 1864-30 December 1864 / XXV Corps James 1 January 1865-2 February 1865

USA: Brigadier-General Charles Leopold Matthies resigned due to the effects of a head wound.

Matthies, Charles Leopold (Karl) / Prussia / Born 31 May 1824 Bromberg (Bydgoszcz), Prussia / Died Burlington, Iowa 16 October 1868
Prussian Army / Captain USV 1st Iowa Infantry 14 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 5th Iowa Infantry 23 July 1861 / Colonel USV 23 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 4 April 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Resigned USV 16 May 1864 / WIA Missionary Ridge 25 November 1863
3rd Brigade 7th Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 22 December 1862-20 January 1863 / 3rd Brigade 7th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 20 January 1863-12 February 1863 / 2nd Brigade 7th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 12 February 1863-24 April 1863 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 2 May 1863-1 June 1863 / 3rd Brigade 7th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 2 June 1863-23 July 1863 / 3rd Brigade 7th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 2 August 1863-14 September 1863 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 14 September 1863-25 November 1863 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 14 March 1864-15 May 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Cadwallader Colden Washburn
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: John McNeil
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIII Corps Gulf: William Plummer Benton
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Porter Hatch interim John Gray Foster awaited

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: William Birney
  • District of Florida: George Henry Gordon
  • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • District of Yorktown: Joseph Bradford Carr
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Franz Sigel

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan arrived to command the Third Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker.

Jordan, Thomas / Virginia / Born 30 September 1819 Luray, Virginia / Died New York, New York 27 November 1895
USMA 1 July 1840 41/42 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1840 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 December 1840 / 1st# Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846-5 March 1861 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 3 March 1847 / Resigned USA 21 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1840
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the Potomac June 1861-February 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-April 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General Army of Mississippi April 1862 / Chief of Staff Western Department 17 July 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina and Georgia 29 August 1862-7 October 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 7 October 1862-20 April 1864 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 8 May 1864-1 August 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting temporary

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William B Butler interim Henry Alexander Wise awaited

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early temporary
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Samuel Jones

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • III Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes awaited

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies RES
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
Birkett Davenport Fry
Richard Waterhouse

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close