1864 June 9th

June 9 1864 Thursday

First Battle of Petersburg, VA (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Mount Sterling, KY

Atlanta Campaign – Kennesaw

Virginia Overland Campaign – Cold Harbor

Forrest’s Second Tennessee Raid

Sturgis’ Operation against Forrest

Hunter’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Sheridan’s Trevilian Raid

Morgan’s East Kentucky Raid

Bahamas. USS Proteus, Commander Robert W Shufeldt, captured the blockade running British schooner R S Hood at sea north of Little Bahama Bank.

Arkansas. Reconnaissance from Cassville, Missouri, to Cross Hollow began, aiming to prevent Confederate guerrillas from breaking telegraph lines.

Arkansas. Incidents at Fish Bayou, Worthington’s Landing ,and Sunnyside Landing.

Florida. USS Rosalie, Acting Master Peter F Coffin, captured the steamer Emma at Marco Pass, with a cargo of blacksmith’s coal.

Georgia. Skirmish at Stilesboro.

Georgia. Skirmish at Big Shanty

Georgia. Incidents at Lost Mountain, Pine Mountain, Marietta, and Ackworth.

Georgia. Skirmishes at Gilgal Church, Noonday Creek, and Ruff’s Mill.

Georgia. Two Union divisions of XVII Corps rejoined the Union Army of the Tennessee in Georgia from Mississippi. These were the 3rd and 4th Divisions under Major-General Francis Preston Blair, which were referred to temporarily as XVII Corps, Army of the Tennessee. Meanwhile, the 2nd Division (known previously as the Red River Division and later the Provisional Division) remained in Mississippi after serving with the independent command of Major-General Andrew Jackson Smith (Detachment, Army of the Tennessee). These 10,000 reinforcements, including large numbers of men returning from their re-enlistment furloughs, restored the Army of the Tennessee close to full strength.

Georgia. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman had manoeuvred General Joseph Eggleston Johnston’s Confederate Army of Tennessee out of several successive defensive positions from Dalton as far as Kennesaw Mountain. The Confederates had now established strong defensive lines on the Kennesaw position, concentrated along Brush Mountain, Pine Mountain, and Lost Mountain. Sherman now extended his forces beyond the end of the Confederate lines, forcing a partial Confederate withdrawal to a new line.

Georgia. The Union fleet was concerned that the Water Witch, captured by the Confederates on 6 June, might escape to sea and attack Union coastal positions. The Confederates had no intention of risking the gunboat in an attack but attempted to bring her from Ossabaw Sound to Savannah to strengthen the defence of the city. Georgia. Confederate Captain William W Hunter ordered Lieutenant William W Carnes to prepare CSS Water Witch for destruction if threatened with recapture.

Kentucky. Skirmish at Pleasureville.

Mount Sterling, Kentucky. Union Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge’s column reached Mount Sterling before dawn. They attacked a force of disorganised and poorly trained foot soldiers left behind by Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan. They quickly overpowered the 800 defenders and killed, wounded, or captured 350 of them before they could organise their resistance. The remainder scattered and fled westwards, leaving the Union pursuers behind. Fifteen miles further west, Morgan heard of the defeat and decided at first to turn back and attack Burbridge. However, he soon learned that he was greatly outnumbered, and he lacked artillery to oppose the guns that accompanied Burbridge’s command. Morgan collected as many of his horseless soldiers as he could and headed on to reach the outskirts of Lexington by nightfall. There was a brief skirmish with Morgan’s raiders at Pleasureville during his retreat.

Louisiana. Incident at Morgan’s Ferry Road.

Maryland. Skirmish at Point of Rocks.

Mississippi. Union Brigadier-General Samuel Davis Sturgis’ raiders called an overnight halt at Stubbs’ Farm, nine miles northwest of Brice’s Cross Roads. Confederate Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest discovered that Sturgis was heading south-eastwards from Ripley towards Tupelo. Their intermediate destination would be Guntown, a station on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad twelve miles from Tupelo. A brigade of 500 Confederate cavalry under Colonel William A Johnson arrived at Guntown from Alabama, reinforcing Forrest’s strength to 4,800 men. Forrest told Johnson to move north-eastwards up the railroad to Baldwyn, and to wait for Forrest to arrive with the main force from Rienzi and Bonneville, ready for an advance towards Guntown. Forrest had already decided to launch his attack at Brice’s Cross Roads. This was an important junction twenty miles from Ripley and six miles from the railroad where the Ripley to Guntown road intersected with the road from Booneville to Pontotoc. Brice’s Crossroads featured four muddy roads, heavily wooded areas, and the natural boundary of Tishomingo Creek, which was crossed by only one east to west bridge. Although outnumbered, Forrest decided to attack Sturgis without waiting for more troops sent by Confederate Major-General Stephen Dill Lee to join him. He issued orders in the evening for all of his forces to leave before dawn and to converge at Brice’s Cross Roads.

Missouri. Reconnaissance from Cassville to Cross Hollow. Arkansas, began, aiming to prevent Confederate guerrillas from breaking telegraph lines.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Warrensburg ended.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to North Blackwater River ended.

Missouri. Skirmish near Breckenridge.

North Carolina. USS New Berne, Acting Lieutenant Thomas A Harris, chased the blockade running steamer Pevensey aground near Beaufort, with a cargo including arms, lead, bacon, and clothing. The ship was blown up shortly after grounding.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Lafayette.

Virginia. Skirmish in Loudoun County

Virginia. Skirmishes at Piedmont, Jordon’s Crossing, and West Point.

Virginia. In response to the move of Union Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan’s cavalry raiders towards the North Anna River, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee sent two cavalry divisions to oppose them. Major-General Wade Hampton took his own and Major-General Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry. Hampton left Atlee’s Station about eight miles north of Richmond early in the morning. Lee also began to consider seriously how to detach a larger part of his Army of Northern Virginia to block the Union advance from the Shenandoah Valley and perhaps to launch a diversionary offensive of his own. Sheridan’s cavalry raiders headed through Chilesburg and up the left bank of the North Anna River. Sheridan’s final objective was the Virginia Central Railroad between Gordonsville and Louisa Court House, twelve miles down the track. Sheridan’s expedition crossed the North Anna River at Carpenter’s Ford and encamped a few miles northeast of Louisa Court House.

Virginia. Concerned by the advance of Union Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler’s troops along the James River below Drewry’s Bluff and by the Union naval squadron at Trent’s Reach, Commander John K Mitchell alerted the James River Squadron to attack the enemy in Trent’s Reach. The leading officers of the Confederate squadron advised against such an assault for several reasons. The Confederates were outnumbered, the Union ships were supported by artillery onshore, the Confederate ships were not sufficiently powered to manoeuvre in the narrow confines of Trent’s Reach, and obstructions would additionally hamper their movements. They opposed such a risky attack and suggested a less risky alternative of sending fire rafts and floating torpedoes downriver against the Union squadron.

First Petersburg, Virginia, also known as Petersburg, or the Petersburg Assault, the Battle of Old Men and Young Boys, or Battle of Patients and Penitents. Union Major-General Benjamin Butler dispatched about 2,300 infantrymen in two brigades and six guns under Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore to capture Petersburg. They were opposed by the 2,500 Confederate defenders of Petersburg commanded by Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise. The Confederates were mainly Home Guards and militiamen holding a strongly fortified position known as the Dimmock Line. This was a line of earthworks ten miles long east of Petersburg, equipped with 55 artillery batteries, with its southern flank anchored on the Appomattox River.

The Union troops moved out during the night of 8-9 June but made slow progress. The bulk of the Union force was ordered to cross the Appomattox River at a pontoon bridge from Port Walthall to Bermuda Neck. Gillmore’s infantry from X Corps got lost in the dark. Brigadier-General Edward Ward Hinks’ 3rd Division of XVIII Corps arrived on time, but he was ordered to wait for Gillmore so that all of the infantry could cross the Appomattox before the cavalry. The infantry finally crossed by 3:40 am and they moved forward against the enemy picket line at daylight. By 7 am, both Gillmore and Hinks had encountered the enemy and halted without closing to contact. Gillmore hesitated at the sight of the formidable earthworks of the Dimmock Line. Hinks also felt that the Confederate defences were too strong to attack and decided that he could not move forward unless Gillmore attacked at the same time with him. Gillmore told Hinks that he would attack but not until the outcome of the cavalry assault from the south was known.

While Butler’s infantry was demonstrating ineffectively against the outer line of entrenchments east of Petersburg, Brigadier-General August Valentine Kautz’s cavalry division with 1,300 men attempted to enter Petersburg from the south via the Jerusalem Plank Road. Kautz’s cavalry did not arrive until noon, after being delayed by numerous enemy picket posts. They assaulted the Dimmock Line where it crossed the Jerusalem Plank Road at Battery No 27. This battery comprised two artillery lunettes, known as Rives’ Salient, and was held by just 150 militiamen commanded by Major Fletcher H Archer. Kautz launched a probing attack by the 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry, and then he paused and ordered his men to dismount. Although Kautz’s dismounted troopers briefly took the first line of Confederate entrenchments, they were slowed by a ravine after they returned to horseback. Kautz then launched his main attack with the 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry against the local Home Guards, a group consisting primarily of teenagers, elderly men, and convalescents from city hospitals. The Home Guards retreated to the city with heavy losses. Confederate Brigadier-General Raleigh Edward Colston, who happened to be in the city without an assignment at the time, brought forward a 12-pound howitzer to fire at the Union cavalrymen but found that he had unsuitable ammunition. Colston and his gun crew retreated under pressure as the 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry, the 1st District of Columbia Cavalry, and the 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry began to outflank him.

This battle was referred to as the “Battle of old men and young boys” by local residents. Others referred to it as the “Battle of patients” and penitents” referring to the hospital convalescents and released prisoners who were called out for the desperate defence. The uneven clash gained time for Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard to bring up more experienced reinforcements from Richmond. These were the 4th North Carolina Cavalry, an artillery battery, and part of the 7th Confederate Cavalry from Brigadier-General James Dearing’s brigade, which were called from the inactive Bermuda Hundred line. The combined Confederate force was able to repulse the Union assault. Kautz, hearing no activity on Gillmore’s front, then presumed that he was alone and unsupported and withdrew. Gillmore’s infantry continued to skirmish along the eastern fortifications of the city but did not advance to support Kautz. Gillmore was waiting for Kautz to start the battle, while Kautz was relying on Gillmore to act. Butler was furious with Gillmore’s timidity and incompetence and arrested him. Gillmore requested a court of inquiry, which was never convened. He was later reassigned to duty and the matter was dropped.

Beauregard complained that he could not continue to avoid disaster by such desperate measures and he called for a return of some of his troops from north of the James. Confederate General Braxton Bragg authorised the return of Brigadier-General Archibald Gracie’s brigade from Richmond and put Major-General Robert Frederick Hoke’s division on alert to cross the James at Drewry’s Bluff.

Confederate casualties were about 80 and Union losses about 40. Alternative reports stated there were 120 casualties in total, of whom 87 were lost by the Union attackers. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Robert Alexander Cameron assumed command of the District of La Fourche, succeeding Brigadier-General John McNeil.

Cameron, Robert Alexander / New York / Born 22 February 1828 Brooklyn, New York / Died Canon City, Colorado 15 March 1894
Captain USV 9th Indiana Infantry 23 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 19th Indiana 29 July 1861 / 34th Indiana 3 February 1862 / Colonel USV 15 June 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 11 August 1863 / Resigned USV 22 June 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Port Gibson 1 May 1863
1st Brigade 3rd Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 8 October 1863-6 December 1863 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 5 February 1864-3 March 1864 / 3rd Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 3 March 1864-8 April 1864 / XIII Corps Gulf 8 April 1864-27 April 1864 / 3rd Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 27 April 1864-24 May 1864 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 24 May 1864-11 June 1864/ District of La Fourche 9 June 1864-27 June 1864 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 27 June 1864-1 July 1864 / District of La Fourche 27 July 1865-22 June 1865

USA: Nelson Appleton Miles confirmed Brigadier-General USV 9 June 1864 to rank from May 12 1864.

Miles, Nelson Appleton / Massachusetts / Born 8 August 1839 Westminster, Massachusetts/ Died Washington, District of Columbia 15 May 1925
1st Lieutenant USV 22nd Massachusetts Infantry 9 September 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 61st New York Infantry 31 May 1862 / Colonel USV 30 September 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 9 June 1864 to rank from 12 May 1864 / Major-General USV 21 October 1865 / Colonel USA 40th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / 5th US Infantry 15 March 1869 / Brigadier-General USA 15 December 1880 / Major-General USA 5 April 1890 / General-in-Chief 5 October 1895 / Lieutenant-General USA 6 June 1900 / Retired USA 8 August 1903 / Brevet Major-General USV 25 August 1864 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 2 March 1867 Brevet Major-General USA 2 March 1867 Medal of Honor 3 May 1863 / WIA Fair Oaks 1 June 1862 WIA Fredericksburg 13 December 1862 WIA Chancellorsville 3 May 1863 WIA Petersburg June 1864
1st Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 4 July 1863-19 July 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 28 July 2863-25 December 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-29 July 1864 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 29 July 1864-15 February 1865 / II Corps Potomac 17 February 1865-25 February 1865 / 1st Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 25 February 1865-20 May 1865 / District of Fort Monroe 21 May 1865-29 August 1865 / General-in-Chief 5 October 1895-8 August 1903

USA: Joseph Hayes confirmed Brigadier-General 9 June 1864 to rank from 12 May 1864.

Hayes, Joseph / Maine / Born 14 September 1835 South Berwick, Maine / Died New York, New York 19 August 1912
Major USV 18th Massachusetts Infantry 24 August 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 25 August 1862 / Colonel USV 1 March 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 9 June 1864 to rank from 12 May 1864 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Wilderness 5 May 1864 CIA Weldon Railroad 19 August 1864 Exchanged February 1865
1st Brigade 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 1 October 1863-19 November 1863 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 19 November 1863-3 April 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 20 June 1864-19 August 1864/ 1st Brigade 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 3 April 1865-28 June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: Fitz-Henry Warren
    • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: William Hemsley Emory
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIII Corps Gulf: William Plummer Benton
      • XIX Corps Gulf: William Hemsley Emory
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
  • District of Florida: William Birney

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Alonzo Granville Draper
  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • XVIII Corps James: William Farrar Smith

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter

  • District of Harper’s Ferry: Franz Sigel
  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook
  • Army of the Shenandoah: David Hunter

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Laurence Simmons Baker assumed command of the Second District of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, succeeding Brigadier-General John Henry Winder.

Baker, Laurence Simmons (Lawrence) / North Carolina / Born 15 May 1830 Gates, North Carolina / Died Suffolk, Virginia 10 April 1907
USMA 1 July 1851 42/42 Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1847 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1851 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 31 March 1853 / 1st Lieutenant USA 22 November 1859 / Resigned USA 10 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 1st North Carolina Cavalry 8 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 1 March 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 28 July 1863 to rank from 23 July 1863 / Paroled Raleigh, North Carolina 8 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1851 / WIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863 WIA Brandy Station 1 August 1863 WIA North Carolina 22 September 1864
Hampton’s Brigade Stuart’s Cavalry Division Army of Northern Virginia 3 July 1863-1 August 1863 / Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 9 June 1864-26 April 1865 / Baker’s Brigade Hampton’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia September 1864 / 1st Brigade Junior Reserves Hoke’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee March 1865-9 April 1865 / 1st Brigade Hoke’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-8 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Jubal Anderson Early
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • III Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: George Bibb Crittenden temporary

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Samuel Bell Maxey
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry

James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
Richard Waterhouse

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