1864 July 21st

July 21 1864 Thursday

Atlanta Campaign – Peach Tree Creek

Siege of Petersburg

Rousseau’s Alabama Raid

Alabama. Reconnaissance to Clear Spring Valley and Sink Spring Valley ended.

Alabama. Union expedition from Barrancas, Florida, to Pollard began.

Florida. Union expedition from Barrancas towards Pollard, Alabama, began.

Georgia. Incidents at Decatur, Bald Hill (Leggett’s Hill), Turner’s Ferry, and Bald Mountain.

Georgia. Union army engineers began the construction of a railroad bridge over the Chattahoochee River. It was 760 feet long and 90 feet high and its completion secured the supply lines of the Union armies advancing towards Atlanta.

Georgia. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman ordered Major-General James Birdseye McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee to continue its advance towards Atlanta from the east. The key position on this flank was Bald Hill (later known as Leggett’s Hill) south of the Georgia Railroad. Confederate Major-General Joseph Wheeler’s cavalry had shifted further south off the hill after they were relieved overnight by Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne’s division. The cavalry now screened the Confederate right flank a mile south of the Georgia Railroad. Cleburne’s men occupied and began to fortify Bald Hill.

Union Major-General Francis Preston Blair’s XVII Corps was leading the Union advance and Blair sent forward his 3rd Division (Brigadier-General Mortimer Dormer Leggett) and 4th Division (Brigadier-General Giles Alexander Smith) to capture the vital hilltop. Cleburne’s men were driven from the hill and made occasional counter-attacks. Blair brought up artillery and began to fire towards Atlanta. However, as the Confederate cavalry redeployed, Wheeler discovered that the left flank of the Union Army of Tennessee was now exposed at this extreme end of the enemy line. Confederate General John Bell Hood saw this is an opportunity for the kind of crushing flank attack he was hoping for. He withdrew during the night into the defences surrounding Atlanta. He placed Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham’s Corps in the fortifications to the east across the Georgia Railroad and Major-General Alexander Peter Stewart’s Corps on the north side of the tracks.

Once again, Hood intended Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps to provide the striking force, this time against the Army of the Tennessee. Three of Hardee’s four divisions were to march south through the city and then for six miles further south-eastwards along the McDonough Road to Cobb’s Mill. From here they would turn north-eastwards along the Fayetteville Road until they reached the Widow Parker’s Farm. Cleburne’s division of Hardee’s Corps, already on the Confederate right, would join Hardee’s force to add further strength. Hardee’s march would be made through the centre of the city during the hours of darkness and would end south of the Georgia Railroad, about halfway between Atlanta and Decatur.

Hood urged Hardee to move swiftly in order to launch a surprise dawn attack against the open Union left flank. Wheeler’s cavalry provided a screen and guides for the marching columns. To add to the impact, after screening the advance, Wheeler’s cavalry would head north-eastwards to attack the Union supply trains clustered around Decatur, soem distance beyond the main battle. Once Hardee’s attack was underway, Cheatham and Stewart would apply pressure on their fronts to prevent reinforcements being sent to shore up the Union left. The plan was complex, and depended on careful timing. Hood explained it in person to his three Corps commanders to ensure its successful execution.

Hardee began his march during the evening while Stewart and Cheatham occupied the defences of Atlanta alongside the Georgia Militia and attempted to improve them further. Hardee’s column was led by the division of Major-General William Brimage Bate, followed by Brigadier-General George Maney’s division, and then Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker’s division. Cleburne was meant to disengage from Bald Hill in order join the column behind Walker, but he struggled to break off from the persistent Union skirmishing. The march was delayed as the column waited for Cleburne’s men to arrive. Eventually, at midnight, Hardee ordered Cleburne to leave his skirmish line in place and to move with whatever troops he could bring to join the column. Cleburne joined the march at about 1 am but the rear of the column did not leave the Atlanta defences until 3 am.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Atchafalaya.

Mississippi. Incident at Ellistown.

Mississippi. USS Prairie Bird, Acting Master Thomas Burns, seized the steamer Union on the Mississippi River for violation of revenue laws and for supporting Confederate guerrillas.

Missouri. Operation in Johnson County ended. Reconnaissance to Shannon County ended.

Missouri. Confederate guerrillas raided Plattsburg.

Missouri. Skirmish at Carthage.

Tennessee. Expedition from La Grange to Tupelo, Mississippi, ended.

Tennessee. Union Major-General Andrew Jackson Smith’s expedition returned to Memphis. While Smith was pleased that he had distracted the Confederate cavalry of Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest, he received urgent instructions from Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman to resume his operations immediately. Sherman was anxious that Forrest would now break free to raid his vulnerable supply lines across middle Tennessee. Smith began to prepare yet another excursion from Memphis to suppress Forrest.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Falls Church ended.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Snickersville, Winchester, Deep Bottom, and Ashby’s Gap.

Virginia. Union Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord was summoned from a temporary command at Baltimore, Maryland, to add a reliable senior commander to the leadership of the Army of the James. Ord and Major-General John Grubb Parke had both served under Lieutenant-General Ulysses Grant in the western theatre and he decided that they would offer more effective command than either Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside or Major-General William Farrar Smith. Smith had been dilatory in the initial advance towards Petersburg while Burnside had the misfortune of being always in the unluckiest place at the wrong time. The soldiers had also lost confidence in their commanders and Grant wanted experienced officers to revitalise these parts of his army.

Virginia. Union Brigadier-General William Woods Averell occupied Winchester. The poor Confederate performance at Rutherford’s Farm and a series of small cavalry engagements south of Winchester persuaded the Union commanders, Brigadier-General George Crook and Major-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright, that the Confederates were conducting a rear-guard action to enable Lieutenant-General Jubal Anderson Early’s army to leave the Shenandoah Valley and return to Richmond. With the threat to Washington, DC, seemingly overcome, Wright put the VI Corps and 1st division of XIX Corps on the road to Washington, DC. From there they would be transported back to City Point and the Petersburg front, leaving the three divisions of Brigadier-General George Crook’s Army of the Kanawha to hold the Valley.

Virginia. USS Shokokon, Acting Master Sheldon, engaged a Confederate battery at Turkey Bend on the James River.

Union Organisation

USA: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed command of X Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry.

USA: Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord assumed command of XVIII Corps (James), succeeding Brigadier-General John Henry Martindale.

Ord, Edward Otho Cresap / Maryland-District of Columbia / Born 18 October 1818 Cumberland, Maryland / Died 22 July 1883
USMA 1 July 1839 17/31 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 September 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1839 / 1st Lieutenant 1 July 1841 / Captain USA 7 September 1850 / Brigadier-General USV 14 September 1861 / Major USA 4th US Artillery 21 November 1861 / Major-General USV 3 May 1862 to rank from 2 May 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel 1st US Artillery 11 December 1865 / Brigadier-General USA 26 July 1866 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Retired USA 6 December 1880 / Major-General Retired USA 28 January 1881 / Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 20 December 1861 Brevet Colonel USA 19 September 1862 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Hatchie River 5 October 1862 WIA Fort Harrison 29 September 1864
3rd Brigade McCall’s Division Army of the Potomac 5 October 1862-13 March 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-16 May 1862 / 2nd Division Department of the Rappahannock 16 May 1862-10 June 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee June 1862-5 August 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 24 September 1862-5 October 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 19 June 1863-28 July 1863 / XIII Corps Gulf 15 September 1863-19 October 1863 / XIII Corps Gulf 9 January 1864-20 February 1864 / X Corps James 21 July 1864-21 July 1864 / XVIII Corps James 21 July 1864-4 September 1864 / Department of Virginia and North Carolina 27 July 1864-5 September 1864 / XVIII Corps James 22 September 1864-29 September 1864 / XXIV Corps James 3 December 1864-6 December 1864 / Department of Virginia and North Carolina 14 December 1864-24 December 1864 / Department of Virginia and North Carolina 7 January 1865-18 January 1865 / Army of the James 8 January 1865-1 August 1865 / Department of Virginia 18 January 1865-14 June 1865 / District of Virginia 31 January 1865 / Department of the Ohio 27 June 1865-26 December 1865 / Department of the Ohio 13 January 1866-6 August 1866 / Department of Arkansas 29 August 1866-11 March 1867 / Fourth Military District 11 March 1867-28 December 1867 / Department of California 28 December 1867-18 November 1871

USA: John Baillie McIntosh promoted Brigadier-General USV 21 July 1864.

McIntosh, John Baillie / Florida / Born 6 June 1829 Fort Brooke, Florida Territory / Died New Brunswick, New Jersey 29 June 1888
Midshipman USN 27 April 1848 / Resigned USN 24 May 1850 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Cavalry 8 June 1861 / 5th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / 1st Lieutenant USA 27 June 1862 / Colonel USV 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry 15 November 1862 / Captain USA 7 December 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 21 July 1864 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 42nd US Infantry 28 July 1866 / Brigadier-General USA Retired 30 July 1870 / Retired USA 30 July 1870 / Brevet Major USA 5 August 1862 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3 July 1863 Brevet Colonel USA 1 June 1864 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Hartwood Church 25 December 1862 WIA Winchester 19 September 1864
2nd Brigade 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 15 February 1863-13 May 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 11 June 1863-1 October 1863 / Cavalry Division XXII Corps Department of Washington 9 January 1864-2 May 1864 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 5 May 1864-6 August 1864 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 6 August 1864-19 September 1864

USA: George Henry Chapman promoted Brigadier-General USV 21 July 1864.

Chapman, George Henry / Massachusetts / Born 22 November 1832 Holland, Massachusetts / Died Indianapolis, Indiana 16 June 1882
Midshipman USN 1847 / Resigned USN 1850 / Major USV 3rd Indiana Cavalry 2 November 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 25 October 1862 / Colonel USV 12 March 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 21 July 1864 / Resigned USV 7 January 1866 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Winchester 19 September 1864
1st Cavalry Division Army of the Ohio May 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac May 1862-27 June 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac July 1863-August 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 2 September 1863-12 November 1863 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 21 December 1863-24 March 1864 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 20 April 1864-6 August 1864 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Army of the Shenandoah 6 August 1864-19 September 1864 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Army of the Shenandoah 1 November 1864-10 November 1864 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 10 November 1864-5 January 1865 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 5 January 1865-30 January 1865 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 30 January 1865-25 February 1865 / 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Shenandoah 30 January 1865-19 April 1865 / Cavalry Division Department of Washington 19 April 1865

USA: Edward Ferrero‘s commission as Brigadier-General was revoked 21 July 1864 and reverted to Colonel USV 51st New York Infantry.

Ferrero, Edward / Spain / Born 18 January 1831 Granada, Spain / Died New York, New York 11 December 1899
Lieutenant-Colonel New York Militia / Colonel USV 51st New York Infantry 14 October 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 10 September 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 6 May 1863 Revoked 21 July 1864 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 2 December 1864
1st Brigade 2nd Division Department of North Carolina 2 April 1862-6 July 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 22 July 1862-3 August 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 3 September 1862-5 February 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division IX Corps Army of Virginia 3 August 1862-3 September 1862 / 2nd Division IX Corps Department of Virginia 7 February 1863-6 March 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division IX Corps Department of Virginia 6 March 1863-19 March 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division IX Corps Department of the Ohio 19 March 1863-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division IX Corps Department of the Ohio 5 June 1863-14 June 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division IX Corps Army of the Tennessee 14 June 1863-22 August 1863 / 1st Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 22 August 1863-18 April 1864 / 4th Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 18 April 1864-21 July 1864 / 4th Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 29 July 1864-13 September 1864 / 3rd Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 13 September 1864-9 October 1864 / 3rd Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 25 October 1864-4 December 1864 / Defences of Bermuda Hundred 17 February 1865-19 March 1865 / Ferrero’s Division Bermuda Hundred Army of the James 19 March 1865-5 April 1865 / Ferrero’s Division Petersburg Department of Virginia 5 April 1865-22 May 1865 / Sub-District of the Roanoke 22 May 1865-16 July 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • District of Etowah: James Blair Steedman
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Benjamin Henry Grierson
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Vicksburg: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Baton Rouge: William Plummer Benton
    • District of Port Hudson: John McNeil
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: Michael Kelly Lawler
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson B Bartram
    • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Joseph Jones Reynolds
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: Henry Beebe Carrington

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfennig
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: John Porter Hatch
  • District of Florida: William Birney

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel
  • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: Innis Newton Palmer
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • X Corps James: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XVIII Corps James: Edward Otho Cresap Ord

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: David Hunter

  • District of Harper’s Ferry: Albion Parris Howe
  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Douglas Hancock Cooper assumed command of the District of the Indian Territory, succeeding Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey.

Cooper, Douglas Hancock / Mississippi / Born 1 November 1815 Amite, Mississippi / Died Old Fort Washita, Indian Territory 29 April 1879
Captain USV 1st Mississippi Rifles 1847-1848 / Colonel PACS 1st Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles November 1861 / Superintendent of Indian Affairs 29 September 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 June 1863 to rank from 2 May 1863 / No Record of Parole
Department of the Indian Territory 20 January 1862-26 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of Mississippi December 1862 / District of the Indian Territory 26 May 1862-3 October 1863 / District of the Indian Territory 9 January 1864-9 May 1864 / District of the Indian Territory 21 July 1864-14 February 1865 / Indian Cavalry Division Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi Army December 1864-May 1865 / Bureau of Indian Affairs 21 February 1865-26 April 1865 / District of the Indian Territory 21 February 1865-26 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Stephen Dill Lee

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John S Scott
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
  • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson temporary
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
    • Army of the Valley (II Corps Northern Virginia): Jubal Anderson Early
      • I Corps Valley: Robert Emmett Rodes
      • II Corps Valley: John Cabell Breckinridge

Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Samuel Jones

  • District of Georgia: Henry Rootes Jackson
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Beverley Holcombe Robertson
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Jordan
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws

Department of Tennessee: John Bell Hood

  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: Benjamin Franklin Cheatham temporary
    • III Corps Tennessee: William Wing Loring temporary
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Hunt Morgan

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: John George Walker
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers

Reserve Forces of Florida: John King Jackson

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut

Reserve Forces of Texas: Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero EXP
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Hiram Burnham
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Bell Hood

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
Thomas Fentress Toon
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
John Carpenter Carter
Richard Waterhouse

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