1864 December 15th

December 15 1864 Thursday

Battle of Nashville, TN

Siege of Petersburg

Hood’s Invasion of Tennessee – Nashville

Siege of Savannah

Stoneman’s Raid in Southwest Virginia

Butler’s Fort Fisher Expedition

USA. Union Brigadier-George Webb Morell was closely associated with Major-General Fitz John Porter, formerly the commander of V Corps in the Army of the Potomac. When Porter was court-martialled for dereliction of duty at the Second Battle of Bull Run, Morell testified on Porter’s behalf and his own career was ruined. After the Battle of Antietam, Morell saw no field service and his appointment as Major-General expired without confirmation. He commanded the Draft Depot in Indianapolis for a time and was later mustered out of service.

Arizona Territory. Union troops attacked and burned a camp on Hassayampa Creek, killing 11 Apache warriors. Only four warriors escaped by flight.

Arkansas. Expedition from Devall’s Bluff to the White River ended.

District of Columbia. Union Lieutenant-General Ulysses Simpson Grant received a report that the long-delayed offensive had finally begun at Nashville, Tennessee. He cancelled his journey to Nashville to supersede Major-General George Henry Thomas and decided to return to the armies at Petersburg. Grant had initially planned to replace Thomas with Major-General John McAllister Schofield and then, when occasion permitted, with Major-General John Alexander Logan. Logan had already reached Louisville, Kentucky, with conditional orders to take command. By the time Logan reached Nashville, Thomas’ crushing victory had silenced all thought of his removal.

Florida. Incident at Mitchell’s Creek.

Georgia. Bombardment of Fort Beaulieu and Fort Rosedew.

North Carolina. Reconnaissance to Core Creek and Southwest Creek ended.

Tennessee. Incident at Livingston.

Tennessee. Confederates captured a railroad train near Murfreesboro.

Nashville, Tennessee. Confederate General John Bell Hood’s Army of Tennessee outside Nashville had been weakened too much to make a serious attempt to capture Nashville from Major-General George Henry Thomas’ hotchpotch but numerous Army of the Cumberland. Hood adopted defensive positions close to the Union lines in the hope that reinforcements might arrive from Texas or that he might exploit an unsuccessful Union attack. The Confederates had a defective deployment, trying to cover a frontage too long for their strength and having a concave formation in relation to the enemy, denying interior lines for the defenders. Hood was unable to spare a general reserve and his cavalry was absent raiding towards Murfreesboro. He fielded about 35,000 men after the detachment of Brigadier-General Francis Marion Cockrell’s brigade at the Duck River crossings and Brigadier-General James Argyle Smith’s Brigade with the cavalry.

Thomas finally put his army in motion to attack Hood. His force comprised about 55,000 men. The IV Corps of the Army of the Cumberland was led by Brigadier-General Thomas John Wood. Brigadier-General George Day Wagner had requested to be relieved of command of the 2nd Division after his failure at Franklin and Brigadier-General Washington Lafayette Elliott succeeded him. The IV Corps counted 15,100 men and 30 guns. The XXIII Corps of the Army of the Ohio also provided a veteran core of 10,400 men under Major-General John McAllister Schofield. One of Schofield’s division commanders, Brigadier-General Thomas Howard Ruger, was ill and he was replaced by Major-General Darius Nash Couch. Two divisions of XVI Corps had arrived from Missouri under Major-General Andrew Jackson Smith adding 11,900 veteran soldiers and 48 guns. The provisional command of Major-General James Blair Steedman was a mixed force of 5,000 men, including a division with two brigades of black soldiers, and two composite brigades made up of detachments from a number of commands and rear echelons, including the permanent garrison of the post of Nashville (2/4/XX). The 62 guns in the fortifications of the city would play little part in the attack but provided security. The Union cavalry had been growing gradually as remounted troops returned to the army. Major-General James Harrison Wilson had now accumulated 7,800 troopers with 16 guns. The 6th Cavalry Division and 7th Cavalry Division had arrived to supplement Brigadier-General Edward Hatch’s 5th Division and Brigadier-General John Thomas Croxton’s brigade from the 1st Cavalry Division, which had been in action since the start of the campaign.

Although some Union troop movements began as early as 4 am, heavy fog delayed the main advance past the scheduled time of 6 am. By 7 am the advance was finally underway and the first contact with the enemy came at about 8 am. The initial diversionary, attack was made by two brigades of black soldiers from Steedman’s provisional force on the Confederate right flank between the Nolensville Pike and the Railroad. Steedman’s three brigades traversed the muddy Brown’s Creek with difficulty and then stalled against Confederate General Hiram Bronson’s Granbury’s brigade posted on Rains Hill and in a steep railroad cutting beyond it. The first attack was driven back in disorder and a second attack was repelled during the following two hours. The attack was resumed a  third time at 11 am, and succeeded in capturing the Confederate works around the Rains houses. The attack failed to attract a shift of Confederate reinforcements to Riddle’s Hill, but it did succeed in pinning down most of Lieutenant-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham’s Corps for the rest of the day.

Muddy roads delayed the launch of the Union attack on the opposite flank. The main attack was launched by Smith’s command, Wood’s IV Corps, and a dismounted cavalry brigade from Hatch’s division. This flank was exposed because Hood had sent the bulk of his cavalry to Murfreesboro. The advance was to be preceded by Wilson’s 9,000 cavalrymen, many of them armed with 7-shot repeating carbines. Wilson moved forward at 8.30 am but he was immediately delayed by Smith’s infantry who were trudging eastwards across his front to align more closely with Wood on their left. After an hour of waiting for them to pass, Wilson resumed his advance. His departure instigated the grand left wheel by the Union attackers onto and beyond the Confederate left flank.

By 10 am, Union Brigadier-General John McArthur’s division (1/XVI) had cleared the Hardin Pike for Hatch’s cavalry division to take up a position on the flank of the advancing column. The remainder of Wilson’s cavalry corps moved beyond to screen further to the southwest on the Hardin Pike and Charlotte Pike. Union Brigadier-General Richard W Johnson led the 6th Cavalry Division along the Charlotte Pike in order to attack the Confederate batteries on the banks of the Cumberland River. They swept aside the Confederate cavalry screen and reached Bell’s Mill after midday. They were supported by the gunboats in suppressing the Confederate batteries until nightfall at 4.30pm.

By noon, the Smith’s Union XVI Corps had crossed the Hardin Pike and confronted the Confederate works of Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart’s Corps, which ran southwestwards along the Hillsboro Pike. Meanwhile, Wood’s IV Corps and Schofield’s XXIII Corps waited in reserve. The main Union attack wheeled left to form a line parallel to the Hillsboro Pike. By noon, their advance had reached the Pike. Thomas ordered Wood’s Corps forward from Lawrence Hill to instigate the assault at Montgomery Hill, a strong outpost midway between the two opposing lines near the centre of the Confederate line. The Confederates held Montgomery Hill with a thin skirmish line while their main line was half a mile to the rear behind the reverse slope, secure from long-range artillery bombardment. The Union advance took shape with five divisions in the main line, from left to right under Brigadier-General Samuel Beatty (3/IV), Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball (1/IV), Brigadier-General Washington Lafayette Elliott (2/IV), Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard (2/XVI), and Brigadier-General John McArthur (1/XVI). Stewart’s Confederate Corps presented a front from south to north manned by the brigades of Brigadier-General Daniel Harris Reynolds, Brigadier-General Charles Miller Shelley, and Brigadier-General George Doherty Johnston from Major-General Edward Cary Walthall’s division. Confederate Brigadier-General Claudius Wistar Sears’ brigade of French’s division took the line to tip of the north-western salient. Turning the salient, facing north, were brigades of Colonel Robert Lowry, the late Brigadier-General Thomas Moore Scott and Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston from Major-General William Wing Loring’s division. On Stewart’s right was the corps of Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee, and then came Cheatham’s Corps. After Coleman’s brigade was dislodged from its outpost position it was moved two miles out to the extreme left of Walthall’s division. The dispersion of troops left Stewart with about 4,800 men to face the immediate onslaught of about 48,000 men in Thomas’ main attacking force. Wood’s IV Corps advanced at 12.30 pm. Colonel Philip Sidney Post’s brigade (2/3/IV) was the Union spearhead, and it quickly captured Montgomery’s Hill. The success was short-lived as it was realised that this was just an outpost line and a much stronger line lay beyond. By about 1 pm, the advance by Wood’s right-hand divisions caused a salient to form in Hood’s line on Stewart’s front. Hood became concerned about the threat on this flank and ordered Lee to send reinforcements to Stewart. Lee sent two of his brigades under Brigadier-General Arthur Middleton Manigault and Brigadier-General Zachariah Cantey Deas from Major-General Edward Johnson’s division to oppose this flanking attack. They took positions behind a stone wall east of the Hillsboro Pike but, as the Union advance moved inexorably forward, they soon broke and ran. Cheatham was also ordered to send Major-General William Brimage Bate’s division from his less endangered right flank but they had a longer distance to travel to the threatened sector. Thomas ordered Wood to engage the salient while Smith’s XVI Corps and Wilson’s cavalry continued to advance on his right.

On the right side of the Union attack, Walthall and Loring held out initially against Smith’s XVI Corps. The Confederates held three unfinished redoubts of four guns each (Redoubts No 3, 4, and 5 from north to south) along the ridge west of the Hillsboro Pike. While the attack was overrunning Montgomery’s Hill to their right, the three redoubts were subjected to heavy artillery fire from at a range of half a mile. After an hour of bombardment, the artillery subsided, and the Union infantry advanced in several waves at about 1.30 pm. Wilson and Smith drove Colonel David Coleman’s (formerly Ector’s) brigade from Major-General Samuel Gibbs French’s division from the most advanced Confederate outpost works and then pressed up to face the main Confederate defences. The 1st Brigade of McArthur’s division (Colonel William Linn McMillen) and Hatch’s cavalry captured the rearmost fort of the Confederate line, taking 150 prisoners and four guns. McArthur’s 2nd Brigade (Colonel Lucius Frederick Hubbard) reinforced the 1st to capture a second fort with 300 prisoners and four more guns, while his 3rd Brigade (Colonel Sylvester G Hill) occupied a third fort. As they continued to crush the exposed end of the line, the 3rd Division of XVI Corps headed for the main line of defence where the Confederates manned a long stone wall along the pike and three unfinished redoubts. Wilson’s dismounted cavalry quickly overwhelmed the unsupported Redoubt No 5 from all sides. Confederate Captain Charles Lumsden’s Alabama battery held Redoubt No 4 with his four guns and a hundred infantrymen. They held out against attacks by a dozen Union regiments, and it took three hours to drive them out of their defences. This allowed time for the two brigades of Johnson’s Confederate division (Manigault’s and Deas’) to arrive in the rear while two more toiled to join them. The Union troops took over Redoubt No 4 and brought their artillery to the crest to begin the attack against Walthall’s division lining the stone wall of the Hillsboro Pike. On their left, McArthur’s division (1/XVI) captured Redoubt No 3. McArthur was pounded from Redoubt No 2 across the turnpike and led his men onwards to take a second stronghold. They turned the captured guns northwards to face Redoubt 1, which was already under pressure from Wood’s IV Corps advancing over Montgomery Hill. Twelve Union guns were brought up to land point-blank fire at this angle held by Shelley’s and Johnston’s brigades of Walthall’s division. After a half-hour of battering, Elliott’s division (2/IV) was ordered to take the salient. Elliott delayed while he waited for Smith’s Corps to form securely on his right. Wood ordered Kimball’s division (1/IV) to attack instead and they went forward to hit the salient from the front. Kimball’s men poured forward and overran Redoubt No 1 with its four guns and many prisoners in the neighbouring works. Elliott’s troops joined in from the west to complete the success. Sears extricated most of his men but he fell severely wounded.

Schofield was then ordered forward from reserve and extended the envelopment by moving still further south beyond the present scene of fighting. Couch’s division (2/XXIII) moved up and advanced virtually unopposed beyond Walthall’s left flank. One of Couch’s brigades (Brigadier-General Joseph Alexander 1/2/XXIII) captured a portion of the ridge parallel to the Granny White or Craning Pike while his two other brigades consolidated possession of this critical point. Two brigades from Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox’s division (3/XXIII) moved onto Couch’s right while Colonel Israel Newton Stiles brigade (3/3/XXIII) protected the flank from west of Richland Creek. The attacking force was overwhelming and Stewart’s position along the pike slowly became untenable. Stewart ordered his Corps, already outflanked to the left by Schofield’s virtually unopposed advance, to fall back to the Granny Smith Pike, a mile further back. A rout was barely averted as Stewart began to retreat toward the Granny White Turnpike between 4.45 pm and sunset at around 5.45 pm. The Confederate centre fell back steadily and Johnson’s two brigades opposite Redoubt No 4 were charged and forced back along with the rest of the line. They reformed along the Granny White Pike, where the two other brigades of Johnson’s division and Bates’ division had finally arrived from the right to hold the position. Stewart rallied his troops and secured his right flank against the elft of Lee’s Corps. Darkness intervened to halt the Union advance and to avoid the loss of any more than the sixteen Confederate guns already captured by the Union.

Gunboats of the Union Mississippi River Squadron, commanded by Lieutenant-Commander Leroy Fitch, also provided support along the banks of the Tennessee River. The ironclad USS Carondelet and the monitor USS Neosho were accompanied by the six tinclad gunboats USS Silver Lake, USS Brilliant, USS Reindeer, USS Moose, USS Fairplay, and USS Springfield. They waited until the afternoon to attack the main Confederate battery on the Cumberland River near Nashville. As soon as Union cavalry had reached a position in the rear of the Confederate artillery, USS Neosho and USS Carondelet moved down and found that the Confederates had tried to remove the guns to escape the encirclement. The Union cavalry closed in and captured them against little resistance. The Union gunboats then engaged more batteries further down the river and either silenced or distracted the Confederate gunners while Hatch’s Union cavalry encircled them. By the afternoon, all the Confederate batteries on the Cumberland had been captured or cleared.

The Union advance had approached to within a quarter-mile of the Harpeth Hills where the Confederates began to build new defences ready for the next day’s fighting. By nightfall, the Confederate left flanking brigade under Coleman, which had been pushed across Richland Creek and away from the main line, was recalled and rallied on Walthall’s left. Hood personally ordered these 700 Texans, many of whom were dismounted cavalrymen, to Shy’s Hill where they formed the extreme left flank of the new line along the Granny White Pike. They were reinforced by the three brigades of Bate’s relocated division, although little confidence was lodged in this command as it had not distinguished itself in recent weeks. The Union cavalry under Wilson had been unable to put enough force on the turnpike to hamper the Confederate movement since many of his troopers were participating as dismounted infantry in the assault. Thomas was unable to determine whether the Confederates would retreat during the night and gave no orders for the continuation of the advance. The Union corps commanders reorganised their commands and prepared to probe for the Confederate positions at dawn. Although the vicotry was not yet achieved, Thomas would be promoted to Major-General in the US Regular Army, to date from this day.

After dark, Hood consolidated his entire line along the base of a ridge in the Brentwood hills and moved troops from Cheatham on the right flank to reinforce his left. The far left flank in the west was fixed at Shy’s Hill and the line ran eastwards as far as Peach Orchard Hill and Overton Hill on the right. Both key hills were fortified with new works. This position retained control over the two main roads by which the army could retreat southwards, the Granny White Pike and the Franklin Pike.

ORDER OF BATTLE: NASHVILLE, TN

Union Military Division of the Mississippi: Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
Department of the Cumberland: Major-General George Henry Thomas
Chief-of-Staff Brigadier-General William Denison Whipple
District of Etowah (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Thomas Francis Meagher
Provisional Detachment, District of the Etowah (Cumberland): Major-General James Blair Steedman
Provisional Division, District of the Etowah (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Charles Cruft
1st USCT Brigade, Provisional Division, District of the Etowah (Cumberland): Colonel Thomas Jefferson Morgan
2nd USCT Brigade, Provisional Division, District of the Etowah (Cumberland): Colonel
Charles Robinson Thompson
1st Brigade, Provisional Division, District of the Etowah (Cumberland): Colonel Benjamin Harrison
2nd Brigade, Provisional Division, District of the Etowah (Cumberland): Colonel John G Mitchell
3rd Brigade, Provisional Division, District of the Etowah (Cumberland): Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Henry Grosvenor
District of Tennessee (Cumberland): Major-General Lovell Harrison Rousseau
Post of Nashville: Brigadier-General John Franklin Miller
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XX Corps (Cumberland) Post of Nashville: Colonel Edwin Cooley Mason
Veteran Reserve Corps, Post of Nashville: Colonel Frank P Cahill
Quartermaster’s Division, Post of Nashville: Colonel James Lowry Donaldson
Army of the Cumberland: Major-General George Henry Thomas
IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Thomas John Wood
1st Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Isaac Minor Kirby
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Walter Chiles Whitaker
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General William Grose
2nd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Washington Lafayette Elliott
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Emerson Opdycke
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel John Quincy Lane
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Joseph Conrad
3rd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Samuel Beatty
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Abel D Streight
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Phillip Sidney Post
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Frederick Knefler
Department of the Ohio: Major-General George Stoneman
Amy of the Ohio: Major-General John McAllister Schofield
XXIII Corps (Ohio) “Army of the Ohio”: Major-General John McAllister Schofield
2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Major-General Darius Nash Couch
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Joseph Alexander Cooper
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel Orlando H Moore
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel John Mehringer
3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Jacob Dolson Cox
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel Charles Camp Doolittle
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel John Stephen Casement
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel Israel Newton Stiles
XVI Corps (Tennessee) “Detachment Army of Tennessee”: Major-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John McArthur
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William Linn McMillen
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Lucius Frederick Hubbard
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Sylvester G Hill
2nd Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Kenner Garrard
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel David Moore
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel James I Gilbert
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Edward H Wolfe
3rd Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Jonathan Baker Moore
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Lyman M Ward
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Leander Blanden
Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson
1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Edward Moody McCook
1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Thomas Croxton
2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): (Western Kentucky)
3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): (Western Kentucky)
5th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Edward Hatch

1st Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Robert R Stewart
2nd Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Datus Enisgn Coon
6th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Richard William Johnson
1st Brigade, 6th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Thomas J Harrison
2nd Brigade, 6th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel William Warren Lowe
7th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Joseph Farmer Knipe
1st Brigade, 7th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel John H Hammond
2nd Brigade, 7th Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Mississippi): Colonel Gilbert M L Johnson

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Department of Tennessee and Georgia: General John Bell Hood
Army of Tennessee: General John Bell Hood
I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Brown’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Calvin Brown
Gist’s Brigade, Brown’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-Colonel Z L Walters
Maney’s Brigade, Brown’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel H R Field
Strahl’s Brigade, Brown’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel A J Kellar
Vaughan’s Brigade, Brown’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Wand
Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Argyle Smith
Lowrey’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Mark Perrin Lowrey
Govan’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Daniel Chevilette Govan
Granbury’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Captain E T Broughton
Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Brimage Bate
Smith’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Benton Smith
Finley’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major C T A Ball
Jackson’s Brigade, Bate’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Henry Rootes Jackson
II Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General Stephen Dill Lee
Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Johnson
Deas’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Zachariah Cantey Deas
Manigault’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-Colonel W L Butler
Sharp’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jacob Hunter Sharp
Brantley’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Felix Brantley
Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General C L Stevenson
Cumming’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Colonel E P Watkins
Pettus’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Edmund Winston Pettus
Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Henry De Lamar Clayton
Stovall’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Marcellus Augustus Stovall
Gibson’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Randall Lee Gibson
Holtzclaw’s Brigade, Clayton’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Thadeus Holtzclaw
III Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General Alexander Peter Stewart
Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Wing Loring
Featherston’s Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
Adams’ Brigade, Loring’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Robert Lowry
Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Major-General E C Walthall
Quarles’ Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Doherty Johnston
Shelley’s Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Charles Miller Shelley
Reynolds’ Brigade, Walthall’s Division, III Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Daniel Harris Reynolds
Sears’ Brigade (French’s Division attached): Brigadier-General Claudius Wistar Sears
Ector’s Brigade (French’s Division attached): Colonel D Coleman
Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest
Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers
Rucker’s Cavalry Brigade, Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Colonel E W Rucker
Biffle’s Cavalry Brigade, Chalmers’ Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J B Biffle

Virginia. Union expedition from Fortress Monroe to Pagan Creek aboard the steamer John Tracy.

Virginia. Skirmish near Glade Springs.

Abingdon, Virginia. Union Major-General George Stoneman’s expedition drove off a small force of Confederate cavalry and occupied Abingdon. Confederate Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge moved his 1,200 cavalrymen to protect the salt works at Saltville, twenty miles distant.

Virginia. A Union expedition under Acting Master William G Morris, including USS Coeur De Lion and USS Mercury, seized and burned more than thirty large boats which the Confederates had been massing on the Coan River, and drove off their guards.

Union Organisation

USA: George Henry Thomas promoted Major-General USA 16 January 1865 to rank from 15 December 1864.

Thomas, George Henry / Virginia / Born 31 July 1816 Newsom’s Depot, Virginia / Died San Francisco, California 28 March 1870
USMA 1 July 1840 12/42 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1840 / 1st Lieutenant 30 April 1844 / Captain USA 24 December 1853 / Major USA 2nd US Cavalry 12 May 1855 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 25 April 1861 / Colonel USA 3 May 1861 / 5th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 / Major-General USV 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 27 October 1863 / Mustered Out USV 16 January 1865 / Major-General USA 16 January 1865 to rank from 15 December 1864 / Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 6 November 1841 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 19 January 1862 Unconfirmed Brevet Lieutenant-General USA 21 February 1868 Withdrawn Brevet Brigadier-General USA 21 February 1868 Withdrawn / WIA Clear Fork, Texas 26 August 1860
1st Brigade 1st Division Department of Pennsylvania 10 June 1861-19 July 1861 / 1st Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 19 July 1861-17 August 1861 / 1st Brigade Banks’ Division Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-28 August 1861 / 2nd Division Department of the Cumberland November 1861-2 December 1861 / 1st Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-29 September 1862 / Chief of Staff Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-9 January 1863 / XIV Corps Cumberland 9 January 1863-28 October 1863 / Department of the Cumberland 17 October 1863-27 June 1865 / Army of the Cumberland 19 October 1863-1 August 1865 / Military Division of the Tennessee 27 June 1865-6 August 1865 / Department of the Tennessee 6 August 1866-11 March 1867

USA: Brigadier-General George Webb Morell mustered out USV and returned to farming.

Morell, George Webb / New York / Born 8 January 1815 Cooperstown, New York / Died Scarborough, New York 11 February 1883
USMA 1 July 1835 1/56 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1831 / Engineers 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 31 October 1836 / Resigned 30 June 1837 / Colonel Quartermaster New York Militia 16 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 25 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 4 March 1863 to rank from 9 August 1861 / Major-General USV 4 July 1862 Expired Unconfirmed 4 March 1863 / Mustered Out USV 15 December 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1835
Quartermaster Department of Northeastern Virginia 16 May 1861-27 May 1861 / 1st Brigade F J Porter’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-18 May 1862 / 1st Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 18 May 1862-30 October 1862 / Defences of the Upper Potomac 1 November 1862-17 December 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Commodore James Shedden Palmer
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Cornelius Kinchilo Stribling USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Tennessee: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Northern Alabama: Robert Seaman Granger
    • District of Etowah: Thomas Francis Meagher
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Thomas John Wood temporary
  • Department of the Ohio: George Stoneman temporary
    • District of East Tennessee: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Kentucky: Stephen Gano Burbridge
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Mississippi: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
    • District of West Tennessee: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Vicksburg: Cadwallader Colden Washburn
  • Army of the Tennessee: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XV Corps Tennessee: Peter Joseph Osterhaus
      • Detachment Army of the Tennessee (XVI Corps) Andrew Jackson Smith
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: Francis Preston Blair
  • Army of Georgia: Henry Warner Slocum
      • XIV Corps Georgia: Jefferson Columbus Davis
      • XX Corps Georgia: Alpheus Starkey Williams
  • Cavalry Corps Mississippi: James Harrison Wilson

Military Division of West Mississippi: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Department of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
    • District of Little Rock: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of the Frontier: John Milton Thayer
    • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
      • VII Corps Arkansas: Frederick Steele
  • Department of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • District of Baton Rouge and Port Hudson: William Plummer Benton
      • Sub-District of Baton Rouge: Joseph Bailey
      • Sub-District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
    • District of La Fourche: Robert Alexander Cameron
    • District of Morganza: Daniel Ullmann
    • District of Carrollton: Nelson Viall
    • District of West Florida and South Alabama: Gordon Granger
      • Sub-District of West Florida: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: John Newton
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut temporary
      • Reserve Corps Gulf: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Missouri: Grenville Mellen Dodge
    • District of St Louis: George Day Wagner
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Joseph Jackson Gravely temporary
    • District of North Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
    • District of Central Missouri: John Finis Philips
    • District of Rolla: Edwin C Catherwood

Middle Military Division: Philip Henry Sheridan

  • Middle Department: Lewis Wallace
    • District of Delaware: Samuel M Bowman
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace
  • Department of Pennsylvania: George Cadwalader
    • District of Philadelphia: George Cadwalader
    • District of the Monongahela: Thomas Algeo Rowley
    • Juniata District: Orris Sanford Ferry
  • Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
    • District of St Mary’s: James Barnes
    • District of Alexandria: Henry Horatio Wells temporary
    • District of Washington: Moses N Wisewell
    • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur
  • Department of Western Virginia: George Crook
    • District of Harper’s Ferry: John Dunlap Stevenson
    • Army of Western Virginia: George Crook
  • Army of the Shenandoah: Philip Henry Sheridan
    • XIX Corps Shenandoah: Cuvier Grover
    • Cavalry Corps Shenandoah: Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

  • District of Northern New York: John Cleveland Robinson

Department of Kansas: George Sykes

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Upper Arkansas: Benjamin S Henning temporary
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

Northern Department: Joseph Hooker

  • District of Illinois: John Cook
  • District of Indiana: Alvin Peterson Hovey
  • District of Michigan: Bennett Hoskin Hill

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith

Department of the Pacific: Irvin McDowell

  • District of California: George Wright
  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • IX Corps Potomac: John Grubb Parke
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: David McMurtrie Gregg

Department of the South: John Gray Foster

  • Northern District (South): Alexander Schimmelfenning
  • District of Beaufort (SC): Rufus Saxton
  • District of Hilton Head: Philip Perry Brown
  • District of Florida: Eliakim Parker Scammon

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Edward Otho Cresap Ord temporary

  • District of Eastern Virginia: George Foster Shepley
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Stewart
  • Sub-District of New Bern: Edward Harland
  • Army of the James: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • XXIV Corps James: Alfred Howe Terry
    • XXV Corps James: Godfrey Weitzel

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

  • Military Division of the West: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Department of Tennessee and Georgia: John Bell Hood
      • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
      • Army of Tennessee: John Bell Hood
        • I Corps Tennessee: Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
        • II Corps Tennessee: Stephen Dill Lee
        • III Corps Tennessee: Alexander Peter Stewart temporary
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest temporary
    • Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Richard Taylor
      • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
        • Sub-District of Southwest Mississippi: George Baird Hodge
        • Sub-District of Northern Mississippi: William Wirt Adams
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • District of Central Alabama: Daniel Weisiger Adams
      • District of Northern Alabama: Philip Dale Roddey
      • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
    • Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia: John Cabell Breckinridge
    • Department of Western Kentucky: Hylan Benton Lyon
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Braxton Bragg
    • First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Henry Alexander Wise
    • Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Laurence Simmons Baker
    • Third District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: John Brown Gordon
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • IV Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Heron Anderson
      • Cavalry Northern Virginia: Wade Hampton
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Richard Stoddert Ewell
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: William Joseph Hardee
    • District of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of South Carolina: Samuel Jones
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Robert Ransom
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Booth Taliaferro
      • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Lafayette McLaws
    • District of Florida: William Miller
    • Defences of Savannah: Lafayette McLaws
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John George Walker
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: James Edwin Slaughter
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • District of Arkansas: John Bankhead Magruder
    • District of West Louisiana: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith
      • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • II Corps Trans-Mississippi: John Bankhead Magruder
      • III Corps Trans-Mississippi: John George Walker
      • Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi: Sterling Price
      • Reserve Corps Trans-Mississippi: Thomas Pleasant Dockery
  • Reserve Forces of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Reserve Forces of Florida: William Miller
  • Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • Reserve Forces of Mississippi: William Lindsay Brandon
  • Reserve Forces of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Reserve Forces of South Carolina: James Chesnut
  • Reserve Forces of Tennessee: John Cabell Breckinridge
  • Reserve Forces of Virginia: James Lawson Kemper

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

Asterisk indicates concurrently Major-General USV

Henry Wager Halleck
William Tecumseh Sherman
George Gordon Meade
Philp Henry Sheridan
George Henry Thomas*

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA or double-asterisk Major-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas**
George Cadwalader
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
Alexander McDowell McCook
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
George Stoneman
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock*
George Sykes
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield*
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith
James Blair Steedman
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Andrew Jackson Smith
Grenville Mellen Dodge
John Gibbon
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Joseph Antony Mower
George Crook
Godfrey Weitzel
Jacob Dolson Cox
William Babcock Hazen

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(Winfield Scott Hancock)
(John McAllister Schofield)

Brigadier-General USV

Thomas West Sherman
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
George Webb Morell MOV
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
William Hemsley Emory
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Francis Barretto Spinola
Solomon Meredith
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Albert Lindley Lee
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alvan Cullem Gillem
John Wesley Turner
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews
Edward Moody McCook
Lewis Addison Grant
Edward Hatch
August Valentine Kautz
Francis Fessenden
John Rutter Brooke
John Frederick Hartranft
Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Simon Goodell Griffin
Emory Upton
Nelson Appleton Miles
Joseph Hayes
Byron Root Pierce
Selden Connor
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Elliott Warren Rice
William Francis Bartlett
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Edward Stuyvesant Bragg
Martin Davis Hardin
Charles Jackson Paine
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
John Baillie McIntosh
George Henry Chapman
William Grose
Joseph Alexander Cooper
John Thomas Croxton
John Wilson Sprague
James William Reilly
Luther Prentice Bradley
Charles Carroll Walcutt
William Worth Belknap
Powell Clayton
Joseph Abel Haskin
James Deering Fessenden
Eli Long
Thomas Wilberforce Egan
Joseph Roswell Hawley
William Henry Seward
Isaac Hardin Duval
John Edwards
Thomas Alfred Smyth
Ferdinand Van Derveer
William Henry Powell
Thomas Casimer Devin
Alfred Gibbs
Ranald Slidell Mackenzie
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
James Richard Slack
Thomas John Lucas
Edmund Jackson Davis
Joseph Bailey
George Lafayette Beal
Henry Goddard Thomas
Cyrus Hamlin
Patrick Henry Jones

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
George Douglas Ramsay
James Barnet Fry (Provost Marshal)
Richard Delafield (Engineers)
Joseph Holt (Judge Advocate-General)
Amos Beebe Eaton (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
Joseph K Barnes (Surgeon-General)
Alexander Brydie Dyer (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Bell Hood

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Taylor
Jubal Anderson Early
Richard Heron Anderson
Alexander Peter Stewart
Stephen Dill Lee
Simon Bolivar Buckner

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Jones Mitchell Withers
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
James Fleming Fagan
John Brown Gordon
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Bushrod Rust Johnson
Edward Cary Walthall
Henry Delamar Clayton
William Mahone
John Calvin Brown
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
James Lawson Kemper
Matthew Calbraith Butler
George Washington Custis Lee
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Ambrose Ransom Wright

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
George Wythe Randolph
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Harry Thompson Hays
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Abraham Buford
William Steele
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Laurence Simmons Baker
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Robert Daniel Johnston
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds
James Chesnut
Stand Watie
Samuel Jameson Gholson
John Bratton
Thomas Moore Scott
John McCausland
Clement Anselm Evans
William Terry
Bryan Grimes
Martin Witherspoon Gary
Birkett Davenport Fry
Stephen Elliott
William Ruffin Cox
William Gaston Lewis
Zebulon York
Robert Doak Lilley
William Richard Terry
James Conner
Rufus Clay Barringer
John Smith Preston
Hylan Benton Lyon
William Lindsay Brandon
Bradley Tyler Johnson
James Thadeus Holtzclaw
William Felix Brantley
Robert Houston Anderson
Jacob Hunter Sharp
George Doherty Johnston
George Gibbs Dibrell
Thomas Benton Smith
David Addison Weisiger
William Miller
Philip Cook
William Hugh Young
George Washington Gordon
Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell
Walter Husted Stevens
Basil Wilson Duke
Charles Miller Shelley
Patrick Theodore Moore
Edwin Gray Lee
William Henry Wallace
Gilbert Moxley Sorrel
William Henry Fitzhugh Payne
Peter Burwell Starke
William MacRae
Samuel Read Anderson
Josiah Gorgas
Joseph Benjamin Palmer
Dudley McIver Dubose
Robert Bullock
Benjamin Jefferson Hill
James Phillip Simms
Richard Waterhouse

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