1864 April 4th

April 4 1864 Monday

Battle of Elkin’s Ferry, AR (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

King’s and Queen’s Court House, VA

Red River Campaign

Arkansas Campaign

Forrest’s Second West Tennessee Raid

USA. The US House of Representatives passed a resolution denouncing any intentions by Napoleon III of France to install a monarchy in Mexico under Maximilian.

USA. Union Brigadier-General Charles Pomeroy Stone mustered out and reverted to service as Colonel in the Regular Army. The official report of Major-General George Brinton McClellan about the battle at Ball’s Bluff, Virginia, on 24 October 1861, did not hold Stone personally responsible for the defeat, but Stone bore the brunt of public criticism.

The US Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War called Stone as a witness about the Ball’s Bluff affair, and all testimony was kept a secret, although blame evidently fell on the local commander, Colonel Edward Dickinson Baker. Stone’s official report about Ball’s Bluff had been leaked to the New York Tribune newspaper and defenders of Baker diverted the criticism from the popular Baker towards Stone. Under a cloud for suspected disloyalty and treason, Stone was arrested just after midnight on 8 February 1862 and sent to the military prison at Fort Lafayette by train. Contrary to US Army regulations, no charges were filed against Stone, nor did he stand trial. He stayed at Fort Lafayette for fifty days and a further 139 days in Fort Hamilton. Stone was finally released without explanation or apology on 16 August 1862. His release was achieved under new legislation which reiterated the Articles of War requirement that official charges be filed within eight days of arrest but went on to include that any imprisoned officer must be given their trial within thirty days. This passed Congress and was signed into law on 17 July 1862. Stone was released thirty days later.

Stone continued to await orders and tried to clear his name. Despite the arrest and confinement, both McClellan and Major-General Joseph Hooker asked the Secretary of War Edwin McMasters Stanton to re-instate Stone, but this was declined. On 27 February 1863, Stone was allowed to hear the testimony that led to his arrest and the Committee published its revised findings, which cleared Stone of blame. The New York Times newspaper published, “General Stone has sustained a most flagrant wrong – a wrong which will probably stand as the very worst blot on the National side in the history of the war”.

In May 1863, Stone was ordered to the Department of the Gulf, serving as a member of the surrender commission at Port Hudson and then as Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks’ chief of staff. However, on 4 April 1864, Stanton ordered Stone mustered out of his volunteer commission as a Brigadier-General and he reverted to his rank of Colonel in the Regular Army. He served briefly as a brigade commander in the Army of the Potomac but finally resigned from the US Army on 13 September 1864.

At the time of his resignation, Stone was the second most senior Brigadier-Generals in the US Volunteers. Three of the four most senior officers resigned their commission at the same time, Charles Pomeroy Stone, William Reading Montgomery, and Andrew Porter. This now left Thomas West Sherman as the senior Brigadier-General in the US Volunteers

Alabama. Reconnaissance to Vienna ended.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Charlestown.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Roseville, forty-five miles from Fort Smith.

Arkansas. Expedition to Batesville and Rolling Prairie ended.

Elkin’s Ferry, Arkansas, also known as Okolona or Little Missouri River. Confederate Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke’s cavalry division continued to harass the Union column of Major-General Frederick Steele as it approached and slowly crossed the Little Missouri at Elkin’s Ferry. In the evening, Brigadier-General Joseph Orville Shelby’s brigade rejoined Marmaduke, and the hole division withdrew south together for sixteen miles south, arriving at Prairie D’Ane by the following morning. The Union lost 30 men wounded, while 18 Confederates were killed and 50 men wounded. (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Florida. The naval force under Commander John W Balch in the St John’s River continued to patrol the river and convoy Army operations as it had already done for a month. Union troops evacuated Palatka in accordance with a general troop movement northward, but USS Ottawa, Lieutenant-Commander S Livingston Breese, which had protected the garrison remained in the river, moving to Picolata.  USS Pawnee remained at Jacksonville, while USS Mahaska and the wooden screw steamers USS Unadilla, and USS Norwich continued to convoy troops on the river.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Campti on the Red River.

South Carolina. Orders were sent to Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore to proceed with all available men not essential to maintaining the blockade of Charleston, for operations in Virginia.

Louisiana. Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks reviewed his forces at Natchitoches in preparation for the final leg of his advance up the Red River towards Shreveport.

Tennessee. In the Union Army of the Cumberland, plans were made to establish a new XX Corps by merging the XI Corps and XII Corps. Major-General Joseph Hooker already commanded XI Corps and XII Corps as a semi-autonomous command and he was nominated to lead the replacement XX Corps. The former commander of XI Corps, Major-General Oliver Otis Howard was identified to command IV Corps. Howard’s successor, Major-General Carl Schurz, was now deprived of the senior command. Schurz asked to be relieved and re-entered politics. Major-General Henry Warner Slocum, commanding XII Corps, also resigned rather than be demoted from Corps command to serve under Hooker. Slocum was eventually transferred to the newly created District of Vicksburg. The process was formally concluded on 14 April 1864 and the various officers changed commands then or in the interim.

Tennessee. Union Major-General John McAllister Schofield was appointed to command XXIII Corps (Ohio), arriving on 9 April 1864. The Corps continued to be referred to unofficially as the Army of the Ohio even after the army was reduced to a single corps (XXIII Corps) after IX Corps (Ohio) returned to Virginia on 10 April 1864.

Tennessee. Reconnaissance to Powder Springs Gap, Bull’s Gap, and Rogersville ended.

Tennessee. Needing to replenish his supplies, Confederate Major-General Nathan Bedford Forrest planned to move against Fort Pillow with about 1,500 to 2,500 men. He had detached part of his command under Brigadier-General Buford to strike for a second time at the Union depot at Paducah, Kentucky.

Texas. USS Sciota, Lieutenant-Commander George H Perkins, captured the schooner Mary Sorly attempting to run the blockade at Galveston with a cargo of cotton. The ship was the former US Revenue Cutter Dodge, which was seized at Galveston by the Confederates at the outbreak of war.

Virginia. The cavalry of the Union Army of the Potomac was reorganised. The Cavalry Corps was assigned to Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan, who had arrived from the western theatre. The Cavalry Corps had 12,400 men in three divisions under Brigadier-General Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert (1st Division), Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg (2nd Division) and Brigadier-General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick (3rd Division). Sheridan soon brought in Brigadier-General James Harrison Wilson from heading the US Cavalry Bureau to replace Kilpatrick. Kilpatrick had been involved in the disastrous Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid and was transferred to the western theatre, to command the 3rd Cavalry division of the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Cumberland. A further 1,800 cavalrymen arrived as part of IX Corps when it arrived from Tennessee.

King’s and Queen’s Court House, Virginia. Union Brigadier-General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick led two cavalry brigades, three infantry regiments, and an artillery battery to attacked and destroy a Confederate camp near King’s and Queen’s Court House. They routed the 1,200-man Confederate force, destroyed the military stores and took 35 prisoners.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of the Clinch was discontinued.

USA: Brigadier-General Eleazar Arthur Paine assumed command of the District of Western Kentucky, succeeding Brigadier-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright.

Paine, Eleazar Arthur / Ohio / Born 10 September 1815 Parkman, Ohio / Died Jersey City, New Jersey 16 December 1882
USMA 1 July 1839 24/31 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 1 July 1839 / Resigned USA 11 October 1840 / Lieutenant-Colonel Illinois Militia 1848 / Colonel Illinois Militia / Brigadier-General Illinois Militia / Colonel USV 9th Illinois Infantry 26 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 3 September 1861 / Resigned USV 5 April 1865
Paine’s Brigade Western Department September 1861 / 1st Brigade District of Cairo 1 January 1863-4 March 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-4 March 1862 / 4th Division Army of the Mississippi 4 March 1862-24 April 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Mississippi 24 April 1862-15 July 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Mississippi 15 August 1862-31 August 1862 / District of Western Kentucky 4 April 1864-11 September 1864 / District of Illinois 13 August 1864-9 September 1864

USA: Brigadier-General John Reese Kenly assumed command of the District of Delaware, succeeding Major Henry Bethel Judd.

Kenly, John Reese / Maryland / Born 11 January 1818 Baltimore, Maryland / Died Baltimore, Maryland 20 December 1891
Captain USV Maryland and District of Columbia Infantry 8 June 1846 / Major USV 20 July 1847 / Mustered Out USV 24 July 1848 / Brigadier-General Maryland Militia 1861 / Colonel USV 1st Maryland Infantry 11 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 August 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA & CIA Front Royal 23 May 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862
Maryland Brigade Defences of the Potomac 12 September 1862-20 December 1862 / Maryland Brigade Railroad Division VIII Corps Middle Department 20 December 1862-22 December 1862 / Maryland Brigade Defences of the Upper Potomac 22 December 1862-27 March 1863 / 1st Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 27 March 1863-26 June 1863 / Kenly’s Brigade French’s Division VIII Corps Middle Department 26 June 1863-11 July 1863 / 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 11 July 1863-24 March 1864 / District of Delaware 4 April 1864-20 July 1864 / 3rd Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 16 May 1864-17 July 1864 / Kenly’s Brigade XIX Corps Army of the Shenandoah 17 July 1864-31 July 1864 / Kenly’s Brigade VI Corps Army of the Shenandoah 31 July 1864-9 August 1864 / Kenly’s Brigade District of Harper’s Ferry 9 August 1864-13 September 1864 / 1st Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 17 November 1864-13 December 1864 / District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland 13 December 1864-24 March 1865 / District of Delaware and the Eastern Shore 24 March 1865-1 August 1865 / Kenly’s Brigade District of Harper’s Ferry 5 June 1865-12 June 1865

USA: Major-General John McAllister Schofield was appointed to command XXIII Corps (Ohio), arriving on 9 April 1864.

Schofield, John McAllister / New York-Illinois / Born 29 September 1831 Gerry, New York / Died St Augustine, Florida 4 March 1906
USMA 1 July 1853 7/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1849 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 31 August 1853 / 1st Lieutenant 3 March 1855 / ADC ( N Lyon) 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Infantry 26 April 1861 / Captain USA 14 May 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Artillery 26 June 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 26 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 21 November 1861 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 26 November 1861 / Major-General Missouri Militia 8 October 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Major-General USV 12 May 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 11 May 1865 to rank from 30 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 4 March 1869 / Superintendent of USMA 1 September 1876-21 June 1881 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 14 August 1888 / Lieutenant-General USA 5 February 1895 / Retired USA 29 September 1895 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 10 August 1861
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the West 2 July 1861-10 August 1861 / District of St Louis 21 November 1861-10 April 1862 / District of Northern Missouri 26 December 1861-11 March 1862 / District of Missouri 1 June 1862-26 September 1862 / District of Southwest Missouri 24 September 1862-10 November 1862 / Army of Southwestern Missouri 1 October 1862-12 October 1862 / Army of the Frontier 12 October 1862-20 November 1862 / Army of the Frontier 29 December 1862-30 March 1863 / Department of the Missouri 13 May 1863-22 January 1864 / 3rd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 17 April 1863-10 May 1863 / District of Southwest Missouri 30 March 1863-24 May 1863 / Department of the Ohio 28 January 1864-8 November 1864 / Army of the Ohio 9 February 1864-25 May 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 9 April 1864-26 May 1864 / Army of the Ohio 28 May 1864-1 August 1865 / XXIII Corps Ohio 27 May 1864-14 September 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 22 October 1864-2 February 1865 / Department of North Carolina 30 January 1865-20 June 1865 / XXIII Corps North Carolina 9 February 1865-31 March 1865 / Department of the Potomac 6 August 1866-25 September 1866 / Department of the Potomac 26 October 1866-11 March 1867 / First Military District 11 March 1867-1 June 1868 / General-in-Chief USA 14 August 1888-29 September 1895

USA: Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan assumed command of Cavalry Corps (Potomac), succeeding Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg.

Sheridan, Philip Henry / New York-Ohio / Born 6 March 1831 Albany, New York / Died Nonquitt, Massachusetts 5 August 1888
USMA 1 July 1853 34/52 Infantry-Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 1st US Infantry 1 July 1853 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 22 November 1854 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 March 1861 / Captain USA 14 May 1861 / Assistant Quartermaster 25 December 1861 / Colonel USV 2nd Michigan Cavalry 27 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 30 September 1862 to rank from 1 July 1862 / Major-General USV 10 April 1863 to rank from 31 December 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 20 September 1864 / Major-General USA 14 November 1864 to rank from 8 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 8 November 1864 / Lieutenant-General USA 4 March 1869 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 1 November 1884-5 August 1888 / General USA 1 June 1888 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1853 / WIA Middle Cascade, Oregon Territory 28 March 1857
Assistant Quartermaster Army of the Southwest 25 December 1861-26 April 1862 / Assistant Quartermaster Army of the Mississippi 26 April 1862-27 May 1862 / 2nd Brigade Cavalry Army of the Mississippi 1 July 1862-4 September 1862 / 11th Division Army of the Ohio 4 September 1862-29 September 1862 / 11th Division III Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / 11th Division III Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-5 November 1862 / 3rd Division Right Wing XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-9 January 1863 / 3rd Division XX Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-9 October 1863 / 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 10 October 1863-17 February 1864 / 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 February 1864-4 April 1864 / Cavalry Corps Potomac 4 April 1864-7 August 1864 / Middle Military Division 7 August 1864-27 February 1865 / Army of the Shenandoah 7 August 1864-18 October 1864 / Middle Military Division 21 September 1864 / Army of the Shenandoah 19 October 186422 April 1865 / Sheridan’s Cavalry Command Potomac 26 March 1865-6 May 1865 / Military Division of the Southwest 17 May 1865-27 June 1865 / Military Division of the Gulf 27 June 1865-6 August 1866 / Department of the Gulf 6 August 1866-11 March 1867 / Fifth Military District 11 March 1867-5 September 1867 / Department of the Missouri 19 August 1867-12 September 1867 / Department of the Missouri 2 March 1868-20 March 1869 / General-in-Chief 1 November 1883-5 August 1888,

USA: Brigadier-General William Reading Montgomery resigned.

Montgomery, William Reading / New Jersey / Born 10 July 1801 Monmouth, New Jersey / Died Bristol, Pennsylvania, 31 May 1871
USMA 1 July 1825 28/37 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 September 1821 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1825 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 August 1833 / Captain USA 8th US Infantry 7 July 1838 / Major USA 2nd US Infantry 7 December 1852 / Dismissed USA 8 December 1855 / Colonel USV 1st New Jersey Infantry 21 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Resigned USV 4 April 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1825 Brevet Major USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Resaca de la Palma 9 May 1846 WIA Molino del Rey 8 September 1847

USA: Brigadier-General Theophilus Toulmin Garrard mustered out due to failing eyesight and resumed operation of a salt works.

Garrard, Theophilus Toulmin / Kentucky / Born 7 June 1812 Manchester, Kentucky / Died Manchester, Kentucky 15 March 1902
Captain USA Infantry 5 March 1847 / 16th US Infantry 9 April 1847 / Discharged USA 5 August 1848 / Colonel USV 7th Kentucky Infantry 22 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 4 April 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864
1st Brigade 9th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 4 February 1863-19 May 1863 / Sub-District of Somerset 6 November 1863-30 November 1863 / District of the Clinch 17 January 1864-4 April 1864

USA: Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee mustered out to resume banking.

Naglee, Henry Morris / Pennsylvania / Born 15 January 1815 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died San Francisco, California 5 March 1886
USMA 1 July 1835 23/56 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1831 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1835 / Resigned USA 31 December 1835 / Captain USV 1st New York Infantry 15 August 1846 / Mustered Out USV 26 October 1848 / California Militia / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 16th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Resigned USA 10 January 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 12 February 1862 to rank from 4 February 1862 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1835 / WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862
1st Brigade Hooker’s Division Army of the Potomac 11 October 1861-January 1862 / 1st Brigade Casey’s Division Army of the Potomac January 1862-13 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-27 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 27 April 1862-7 June 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 7 June 1862-6 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 10 August 1862-26 September 1862 / Naglee’s Brigade Department of North Carolina December 1862-2 January 1863 / 2nd Division XVIII Corps Department of North Carolina 2 January 1863-10 February 1863 / Detachment XVIII Corps 10 February 1863-5 March 1863 / District of the Neuse 23 April 1863-27 April 1863 / District of Beaufort North Carolina 27 April 1863-29 May 1863 / VII Corps Virginia and North Carolina 16 July 1863-19 July 1863 / VII Corps Virginia and North Carolina 25 July 1863-1 August 1863 / District of Virginia 21 August 1863-23 September 1863

USA: Brigadier-General Andrew Porter mustered out for health reasons.

Porter, Andrew / Pennsylvania / Born 10 July 1820 Lancaster, Pennsylvania / Died Paris, France 3 January 1872
USMA 1836-1837 / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / Resigned USMA 4 January 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Captain USA 15 May 1847 / Colonel USA 16th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Provost Marshal 3 October 1861 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864 / Resigned USA 20 April 1864 / Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847
1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 1 July 1861-21 July 1861 / 2nd Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 21 July 1861-30 July 1861 / Provost Marshal Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-6 August 1862

USA: Brigadier-General Hugh Thompson Reid resigned to resume law practice.

Reid, Hugh Thompson / Indiana / Born 18 October 1811 Union, Indiana / Died Keokuk, Iowa 21 August 1874
Colonel USV 15th Iowa Infantry 22 February 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 9 April 1863 to rank from 13 March 1863 / Resigned USV 4 April 1864 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862
1st Brigade 6th Division District of Corinth October 1862 / 1st Brigade 6th Division Left Wing XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 1 November 1862-11 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 6th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 22 April 1863-1 August 1863 / District of Cairo 25 January 1864-19 March 1864

USA: Brigadier-General Charles Pomeroy Stone mustered out and reverted to service as Colonel USA (14th US Infantry).

Stone, Charles Pomeroy / Massachusetts / Born 30 September 1824 Greenfield, Massachusetts / Died New York, New York 24 January 1887
USMA 1 July 1845 7/41 Ordnance-Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / Ordnance 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 26 February 1853 / Resigned USA 17 November 1856 / Colonel Inspector-General District of Columbia Militia 1 January 1861-16 April 1861 / Colonel USV District of Columbia Infantry 16 April 1861-23 July 1861 / Colonel USA 14th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 4 April 1864 / Resigned USA 13 September 1864 / Lieutenant-General and Chief of Staff Egyptian Army 1870-1883 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
Stone’s Brigade Department of Washington 28 May 1861-8 July 1861 / 7th Brigade 3rd Division Department of Pennsylvania 8 July 1861-25 July 1861/ 3rd Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 25 July 1861-4 August 1861 / Stone’s Brigade Military Division of the Potomac 4 August 1861-20 August 1861 / Stone’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-3 October 1861 / Stone’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-9 February 1862 / Chief of Staff Department of the Gulf 23 May 1863-16 April 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 22 August 1864-10 September 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Ulysses Simpson Grant

Military Division of the Mississippi: William Tecumseh Sherman

  • Department of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • District of Nashville: Lovell Harrison Rousseau
    • District of Western Kentucky: Eleazer Arthur Paine
    • Army of the Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • IV Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Washington Lafayette Elliott
      • Hooker’s Command Cumberland: Joseph Hooker
        • XI Corps Cumberland: Oliver Otis Howard
        • XII Corps Cumberland: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Kentucky: Edward Henry Hobson
    • Army of the Ohio: John McAllister Schofield
      • IX Corps Ohio: John Grubb Parke
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Stoneman interim John McAllister Schofield awaited
      • Cavalry Corps Ohio: Samuel Davis Sturgis
  • Department of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
    • District of Cairo: Mason Brayman
    • Army of the Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
      • XV Corps Tennessee: John Alexander Logan
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
        • Right Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Andrew Jackson Smith
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary

  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
  • District of Northern Arkansas: Robert Ramsey Livingston
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele
    • VII Corps Arkansas: Nathan Kimball temporary

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Baton Rouge: Philip St George Cooke
  • District of Port Hudson: Daniel Ullmann
  • District of La Fourche: Nicholas Wyckoff Day
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Joseph Jones Reynolds
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Department of Kansas: Samuel Ryan Curtis

  • District of Nebraska Territory: Robert Byington Mitchell
  • District of North Kansas: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of South Kansas: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Border: William Russell Judson
  • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington

Middle Department: Lewis Wallace

  • District of Delaware: John Reese Kenly
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Lewis Wallace

Department of the Missouri: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of St Louis: vacant
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John Benjamin Sanborn
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Odon Guitar

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: George Washington Bowie

Northern Department: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Alfred Sully

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Henry M Black
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • V Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Philip Henry Sheridan

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • Northern District (South): Alfred Howe Terry
  • District of Hilton Head: Joshua Blackwood Howell
  • District of Florida: John Porter Hatch
  • District of West Florida: Alexander Asboth
  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of St Mary’s: Edward Winslow Hinks
  • District of Currituck: Samuel Henry Roberts
  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Edward Harland
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: James Jourdan
    • Sub-District of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Christopher Columbus Augur

Department of Western Virginia: Franz Sigel

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Braxton Bragg

Department of Alabama and East Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

  • District of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Thomas Hart Taylor
  • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
  • District of Northern Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • District of West Tennessee: Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: George Edward Pickett

  • District of the Cape Fear River and the Defences of Wilmington: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: James Longstreet

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer interim Henry Rootes Jackson awaited
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Alfred Moore Rhett
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Henry Alexander Wise
    • 7th Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
  • District of Florida: James Patton Anderson
  • Defences of Savannah: Samuel Jones

Department of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of East Tennessee: James Longstreet
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: Lafayette McLaws temporary
  • District of Western North Carolina: James Green Martin
  • Army of Tennessee: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • II Corps Tennessee: John Bell Hood
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: John Cabell Breckinridge

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Steele
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper temporary
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Reserve Forces of Georgia: Thomas Howell Cobb

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Lieutenant-General USA

Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas*
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore
William Farrar Smith

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)
(George Henry Thomas)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter RES
Charles Pomeroy Stone RES
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery RES
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee RES
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard RES
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid RES
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton
Henry Warner Birge
Charles Garrison Harker
James Hewitt Ledlie
James Harrison Wilson
Adin Ballou Underwood
Augustus Louis Chetlain
Thomas Francis Meagher
William Anderson Pile
John Wallace Fuller
John Franklin Miller
Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern De Trobriand
Cyrus Bussey
Christopher Columbus Andrews

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg
Edmund Kirby Smith

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
John Bell Hood

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
Howell Cobb
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Charles William Field
James Patton Anderson
William Brimage Bate

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton
Francis Marion Cockrell
James Patrick Major
Samuel Wragg Ferguson
Lunsford Lindsay Lomax
Laurence Simmons Baker
Otho French Strahl
Philip Dale Roddey
Eppa Hunton
Thomas Pleasant Dockery
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys
Henry Brevard Davidson
Cullen Andrews Battle
William Andrew Quarles
William Whedbee Kirkland
Goode Bryan
Matthew Calbraith Butler
Williams Carter Wickham
Robert Daniel Johnston
Abner Monroe Perrin
Alexander Welch Reynolds
Thomas Neville Waul
Edmund Winston Pettus
Armistead Lindsay Long
Henry Rootes Jackson
William Wirt Adams
Thomas Lafayette Rosser
Pierce Manning Butler Young
James Byron Gordon
James Argyle Smith
Joseph Horace Lewis
Mark Perrin Lowrey
Leroy Augustus Stafford
Edward Higgins
John Tyler Morgan
John Herbert Kelly
William Young Conn Humes
Jesse Johnson Finley
James Holt Clanton
Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Joseph Orville Shelby
John Randolph Chambliss
Lawrence Sullivan Ross
Daniel Chevilette Govan
Randall Lee Gibson
Clement Hoffman Stevens
Nathaniel Harrison Harris
Allen Thomas
Alexander Travis Hawthorn
Robert Charles Tyler
Edward Porter Alexander
William Wirt Allen
Hiram Bronson Granbury
Claudius Wistar Sears
William Feimster Tucker
Richard Lucian Page
Alpheus Baker
Daniel Harris Reynolds

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