1863 September 18th

September 18 1863 Friday

West Chickamauga Creek, GA

Chickamauga Campaign

Georgia. Skirmish at Lee and Gordon’s Mills,

Georgia. Skirmish at Alexander’s Bridge.

Georgia. Skirmish at Reed’s Bridge.

Georgia. Skirmish at Spring Creek.

Georgia. Skirmish at Stevens’ Gap.

Georgia. Skirmish at Pea Vine Ridge.

Georgia. Skirmish at Dyer’s Ford

Georgia. Skirmish at Catlett’s Gap in Pigeon Mountain.

Georgia. Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans continued to be concerned for his precarious position and his exposed lines of communications to Chattanooga. Major-General George Henry Thomas’ XIV Corps left Pond Spring and marched across the rear of Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden’s XXI Corps around and north of Lee and Gordon’s Mill, to extend the army’s left flank by a further two miles. Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook’s XX Corps once again shifted its position to occupy Thomas’ vacant camps at Pond Spring. The Reserve Corps still held the vital Rossville Gap near Chattanooga.

By dawn, two of Thomas’ Union divisions under Brigadier-General Absalom Baird and Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan had reached the intersection of the Lafayette Road and the road leading east to Reed’s Bridge. The other two divisions of XIV Corps had not yet arrived (Major-General James Scott Negley was at Crawfish Springs and Major-General Joseph Jones Reynolds was still on the march northwards). However, these two leading divisions were now west of McFarland’s Gap which was only two miles south of Rossville. The Union left flank now extended beyond the Confederate right rather than, as Bragg continued to believe, extending in the opposite direction.

The Union redeployment was not properly detected by the Confederates and Bragg’s plan of attack was becoming increasingly out of line with the actual Union positions. During the morning the first reinforcements from the Army of Northern Virginia arrived at Catoosa Station near Ringgold. Major-General John Bell Hood accompanied the first three brigades that joined the army at about 4 pm; in all, five brigades would arrive from Virginia in time to join the impending fight at Chickamauga. Although not numerically strong, their high morale and experience would prove decisive. Major-General Bushrod Tyler Johnson’s division from Mississippi was detached from Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk’s Corps and attached temporarily to Lieutenant-General James Longstreet’s Corps to raise its strength to three divisions, alongside the divisions of Hood and Major-General Lafayette McLaws. McLaws was still bringing forward his infantry and artillery from Atlanta. Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk‘s I Corps now comprised Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham’s division and Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman’s division. The II Corps of Lieutenant-General Daniel Harvey Hill had the divisions of Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne and of Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge. Wheeler’s Cavalry Corps was commanded by Major-General Joseph Wheeler and had two divisions under Brigadier-General John Archibald Wharton and Brigadier-General William Thompson Martin.

West Chickamauga Creek, Georgia. Despite the admonition of Confederate General Braxton Bragg to be rapid and prompt in movement, the active Union cavalry scouts, narrow roads and difficult terrain delayed the advance of his army. Bragg specified four crossing points, from north to south: Major-General Bushrod Tyler Johnson’s division would go across Chickamauga Creek at Reed’s Bridge, Walker’s Reserve Corps at Alexander’s Bridge, Buckner’s Corps at Thedford’s Ford, and Polk’s Corps at Dalton’s Ford. Hill’s Corps would anchor the army’s left flank and the cavalry under Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest and Wheeler would cover Bragg’s right and left flanks, respectively.

Johnson’s division took the wrong road from Ringgold but eventually headed west along the Reed’s Bridge Road. At 7 am, Johnson’s division encountered cavalry pickets from Colonel Robert H G Minty’s Union brigade, guarding the approach to Reed’s Bridge. Being heavily outnumbered, Minty’s men eventually withdrew across the bridge after being pressured by elements of Forrest’s cavalry, but they could not destroy the bridge to prevent Johnson’s men from crossing. At 4.30 pm, when Johnson had reached Jay’s Mill, Hood arrived from the railroad station at Catoosa with three Confederate brigades and took command of the column. He ordered Johnson to use the Jay’s Mill Road instead of the Brotherton Road, as Johnson had intended.

At Alexander’s Bridge to the south, Union Colonel John Thomas Wilder’s mounted infantry brigade defended the crossing against the approach of Walker’s Corps. Armed with Spencer repeating rifles and Captain Lilly’s four guns of the 18th Indiana Battery, Wilder was able to hold off a brigade of Brigadier-General St John Richardson Liddell’s division, which suffered 105 casualties against Wilder’s superior firepower. Walker moved his men a mile downstream to Lambert’s Ford, an unguarded crossing, and was able to cross around 4.30 pm, considerably behind schedule. Wilder, concerned about his left flank after Minty’s loss of Reed’s Bridge, withdrew and establish a new blocking position east of the Lafayette Road near the Viniard farm. By dark Johnson’s division had halted in front of Wilder’s position. Walker had also crossed the creek but his troops were spread out along the road behind Johnson.

Buckner had been able to push only one brigade across the creek at Thedford’s Ford. Polk’s troops were facing Crittenden’s strongly posted at the easily defended crossing at Lee and Gordon’s Mill while Hill’s Corps guarded crossing sites further to the south. Although Bragg had achieved some degree of surprise he had failed to exploit it fully due to delays and stiff resistance to his crossing of Chickamauga Creek. Although his proposed offensive had been delayed, Bragg still believed that the plan was appropriate and achievable and circulated instructions for it to be resumed at dawn.

Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans, observing the dust clouds raised by the marching Confederates in the morning, had grasped the threat posed by Bragg’s plan. He ordered Major-General George Henry Thomas’ XIV Corps and Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook’s XX Corps to give Crittenden their earliest possible support. Even as the Confederates were crossing the creek, Thomas began to arrive in Crittenden’s rear area.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Greenfield ended.

Tennessee. Skirmish near Fort Donelson

Tennessee. Skirmish at Kingsport

Tennessee. Skirmish at Cleveland.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Calhoun.

Virginia. Incidents at Eastville

Virginia. Skirmish at Crooked Run near Bristol, Tennessee.

Union Organisation

USA: Andrew Jackson Hamilton confirmed Brigadier-General USV 18 September 1863 to rank from 16 September 1863.

Hamilton, Andrew Jackson / Alabama-Texas / Born 28 January 1815 Huntsville, Alabama / Died Austin, Texas 18 April 1875
Brigadier-General USV 4 November 1862 to rank from 14 November 1862 Expired Unconfirmed 4 March 1863 / Military Governor of Texas 14 November 1862-17 June 1865 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 18 September 1863 to rank from 16 September 1863 / Resigned USV 19 June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
    • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: Robert Byington Mitchell temporary

Department of the East: John Adams Dix

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
  • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Charles Hamilton
  • Defences of New Orleans: Edward Griffin Beckwith
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIII Corps Gulf: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XIX Corps Gulf: William Buel Franklin

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Clinton Bowen Fisk
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of Arkansas: Frederick Steele

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: George W Gallup
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
  • District of Indiana: John Smith Simonson
  • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • IX Corps Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: Gouverneur Kemble Warren
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

  • Lehigh District: Franz Sigel

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Frederick Salomon
  • District of Northeast Louisiana: John Parker Hawkins
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • Sub-District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • Sub-District of the Pamlico: Josiah Pickett
    • Sub-District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • Defences of New Bern: Innis Newton Palmer
  • District of Virginia: Henry Morris Naglee
    • Sub-District of Yorktown: Isaac Jones Wistar
  • Army of North Carolina: John James Peck
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

District of St Mary’s: Gilman Marston

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The District of Western North Carolina was established in the Department of Tennessee.

CSA: Brigadier-General Robert Brank Vance assumed command of the District of Western North Carolina.

Vance, Robert Brank / North Carolina / Born 24 April 1828 Buncombe, North Carolina / Died Alexander North Carolina 28 November 1899
Captain North Carolina Militia April 1861 / Colonel PACS 29th North Carolina Infantry 24 April 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 March 1863 to rank from 4 March 1863 / Special Parole 1864 / Paroled Fort Delaware, Delaware 10 March 1865 / WIA Stones River 31 December 1861 CIA Crosby’s Creek 1865
2nd Brigade McCown’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 1 January 1863-1 January 1863 / District of Western North Carolina 18 September 1863-18 November 1863 / District of Western North Carolina 4 December 1863-14 January 1864

CSA: Major-General John Bell Hood assumed temporary command of I Corps (Northern Virginia), succeeding Lieutenant-General James Longstreet.

Hood, John Bell / Kentucky / Born 1 June 1831 Owingsville, Kentucky / Died New Orleans, Louisiana 30 August 1879
USMA 1 July 1853 44 /52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1847 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1853 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 August 1858 / Resigned USA 16 April 1861 / 1st Lieutenant ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Captain ACSA 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 4th Texas Infantry 30 September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 6 March 1862 to rank from 3 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 10 October 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 1 February 1864 to rank from 20 September 1863 / General PACS (Temporary) 18 July 1864 Unconfirmed Reverted Lieutenant-General PACS 24 January 1865 to rank from 20 September 1863 / Paroled Natchez, Mississippi 31 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1853 / WIA Devil’s River, Texas 20 July 1857 WIA Gaines’ Mill 27 June 1862 WIA Gettysburg 2 July 1863 WIA Chickamauga 20 September 1863
Hood’s Brigade Whiting’s Division Army of the Potomac 20 February 1862-14 March 1862 / Hood’s Brigade Whiting’s Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-April 1862 / Hood’s Brigade 5th Division Army of Northern Virginia April 1862-May 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-June 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-27 June 1862 / Hood’s Brigade Whiting’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia July 1862-August 1862 / Hood’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1862-17 February 1863 / Hood’s Division I Corps Department of North Carolina 17 February 1863-4 May 1863 / Hood’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 4 May 1862-2 July 1863 / Hood’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 18 September 1863-19 September 1863 / I Corps Northern Virginia 19 September 1863-20 September 1863 / II Corps Tennessee 9 February 1864-18 July 1864 / Department of Tennessee 18 July 1864-15 August 1864 / Army of Tennessee 18 July 1864-23 January 1865 / Department of Tennessee and Georgia 15 August 1864-23 January 1865

CSA: Thomas Neville Waul promoted Brigadier-General PACS 19 September 1863 to rank from 18 September 1863.

Waul, Thomas Neville / Texas / Born 5 January 1813 Stateburg, South Carolina / Died Greenville, Texas 28 July 1903
Colonel PACS Waul’s Texas Legion 17 May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 September 1863 to rank from 18 September 1863 / No Record of Parole / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 16 October 1863 WIA Jenkins’ Ferry 30 April 1864
Waul’s Brigade J G Walker’s Division District of West Louisiana 11 February 1864-30 April 1864 / Waul’s Brigade J G Walker’s Division District of Arkansas April 1864-May 1864 / Waul’s Brigade J G Walker’s Division District of West Louisiana May 1864-September 1864 / 1st Brigade 1st Division I Corps Trans-Mississippi Army September 1864-December 1864 1st Brigade 1st Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona January 1865-26 May 1865

CSA: Edmund Winston Pettus promoted Brigadier-General PACS 19 September 1863 to rank from 18 September 1863.

Pettus, Edmund Winston / Alabama / Born 6 July 1821 Limestone, Alabama / Died Hot Springs, North Carolina 27 July 1907
Lieutenant USV Alabama Infantry 1846 / Mustered Out USV 1848 / Major PACS 20th Alabama Infantry 9 September 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 8 October 1861 / Colonel PACS 28 May 1863 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 September 1863 to rank from 18 September 1863 / Paroled Salisbury, North Carolina 2 May 1865 / CIA Stones River 29 December 1862 Exchanged CIA Port Gibson 1 May 1863 Escaped CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged 12 September 1863 WIA Bentonville 19 March 1865
Pettus’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Army of Tennessee 3 November 1863-12 November 1863 / Pettus’ Brigade Stevenson’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 12 November 1863-20 February 1864 / Pettus’ Brigade Stevenson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 20 February 1864-17 December 1864 / Stevenson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 17 December 1864-19 March 1865 / Pettus’ Brigade Stevenson’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: William Joseph Hardee
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • Army of Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: John Daniel Imboden

Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom temporary

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Defences of Savannah: Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Department of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg

  • District of East Tennessee: Samuel Jones temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • District of Western North Carolina: Robert Brank Vance
  • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: John Bell Hood temporary
    • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
    • II Corps Tennessee: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • III Corps Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • Reserve Corps Tennessee: William Henry Talbot Walker
    • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Joseph Wheeler

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • District of Arkansas: Sterling Price temporary
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson*
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)
(James Birdseye McPherson)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather
Kenner Garrard
Charles Robert Woods
John Benjamin Sanborn
Giles Alexander Smith
Samuel Allen Rice
Jasper Adalmorn Maltby
Thomas Kilby Smith
Walter Quintin Gresham
Manning Ferguson Force
Robert Alexander Cameron
John Murray Corse
John Aaron Rawlins
Alexander Chambers
Alvan Cullem Gillem
James Clay Rice
John Wesley Turner
Henry Lawrence Eustis
Henry Eugene Davies
Andrew Jackson Hamilton

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)
George Douglas Ramsay (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Daniel Harvey Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
Alexander Peter Stewart
Jones Mitchell Withers
Stephen Dill Lee
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wade Hampton
Fitzhugh Lee
William Smith
Howell Cobb

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
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