1863 May 1st

May 1 1863 Friday

Battle of Chancellorsville, VA

Battle of Snyder’s Bluff, MS (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Battle of Port Gibson, MS (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

Battle of Chalk Bluff, AR (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Virginia Southside and North Carolina Operations

Vicksburg Campaign

Chancellorsville Campaign

Marmaduke’s Second Missouri Raid

Grierson’s Mississippi Raid

Streight’s Alabama Raid

Jones’ and Imboden’s West Virginia Raid

Stoneman’s Virginia Raid

First Bayou Teche Expedition

Gulf of Mexico. USS Kanawha, Lieutenant-Commander William K Mayo, captured the schooner Dart, bound from Havana to Mobile.

CSA. The Confederate Congress enacted legislation to create a Provisional Navy of the Confederate States. The indirect object of the act was to advance more effective officers in the Provisional Navy while the Regular Navy became a kind of retired list for older or ineffective officers. The new grade of Rear Admiral was authorised.

CSA. John Taylor Wood CSN (also a Colonel of Confederate Cavalry) was promoted to Commander and served as the Naval Aide to the Confederate President, serving until May 1865. Wood taught gunnery tactics at the US Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, at the beginning of the Civil War and resigned his commission on 2 April 1861. In October 1861 he received a commission as a Confederate Navy Lieutenant and was assigned to the CSS Virginia in November after short service with shore batteries on the Potomac River. He was wounded in the Battle of Hampton Roads. In May 1862, after CSS Virginia was destroyed, Wood assisted with the defences of Drewry’s Bluff, on the James River. During the next two years, Wood led several successful raids against Union ships and also served as naval aide to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Promoted to Commander in May 1863, he simultaneously held the rank of Colonel in the cavalry. These dual ranks, with his reputation for extraordinary daring and his family connections to Confederate leaders, allowed him to play an important liaison role between the Confederate Army, Navy, and civil government.

Alabama. Skirmishes at Blountsville and at the East Branch of Big Warrior River. Union Colonel Abel Delos Streight’s brigade of raiders continued to engage in rearguard actions with Confederate Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s pursuing cavalry. The fighting began before dawn and lasted until daylight when the Confederates halted to rest. Streight’s raiders arrived at mid-morning at Blountsville, having covered forty-three miles since sunrise the previous day. Forrest’s pursuit caught up with them again and a day-long rearguard struggle was contested through the streets of the town and beyond.

Chalk Bluff, Arkansas. After the defeat at Cape Girardeau, Confederate Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke withdrew towards Helena. His line of march followed a road along Crowley’s Ridge, a long rise through the marshy terrain that offered visibility and protection for his flanks. Union Brigadier-General William Vandever (2nd Division, Army of the Frontier) and Brigadier-General John McNeil’s command pursued Marmaduke’s cavalry division to Chalk Bluff, near La Grange, where the Confederates hoped to cross the St Francis River and whose steep chalky white clay banks made fording the river difficult for cavalry.

In an attempt to protect his men while they were crossing the river, Marmaduke set up a rearguard along the ridge to protect his engineers and pioneers as they constructed a bridge strong enough to allow the passage of his entire division. He formed an initial defensive line at the hamlet of Four Mile while posting his reserves in a second line a mile away at Gravel Hill, on the crest of the ridge above the river. They began digging entrenchments to forestall any Union attack. Fighting began on 1 May and continued into the next day. Vandever’s men were unable to drive the Confederates from the heights. Although Marmaduke’s rear guard sustained heavy casualties, it delayed the numerically superior Union forces long enough to allow the construction team to finish building the bridge, allowing Marmaduke’s main force to cross the river. Although most of Marmaduke’s raiders crossed the St Francis River, they suffered heavy but unreported casualties as they ended their expedition. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: CHALK BLUFF, AR

Union Department of the Missouri: Brigadier-General John McAllister Schofield
Army of the Frontier: Major-General Francis Jay Herron
 2nd Division (Frontier): Brigadier-General William Vandever

Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith
Trans-Mississippi Army: Lieutenant-General Edmund Kirby Smith
Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Trans-Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke
Shelby’s Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel Joseph O Shelby
Burbridge’s Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel John Q Burbridge
Carter’s Brigade, Marmaduke’s Cavalry Division (Trans-Mississippi): Colonel George W Carter

Kentucky. Incident at Monticello.

Louisiana. Skirmishes at Greensburg, and Williams’ Bridge.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Washington.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Wall’s Post Office on the Amite River north of Baton Rouge.

Mississippi. Incident at Tickfaw River.

Mississippi. Union Colonel Benjamin Henry Grierson and his raiders were riding just west of Magnolia when they came upon a group of Confederates at Wall’s Bridge, north of the Louisiana border. Wall’s Bridge was a crossing of the Tickfaw River about eight miles from Osyka. Grierson had sent some of his men foraging while he planned his next movement to Osyka. Three companies (150 men) from Port Hudson under Confederate Major James De Baun found the foraging party and De Baun ordered his troops into an ambush position around the bridge. Union troops commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel William D Blackburn sent a couple of scouts in Confederate uniforms to the bridge to distract the Confederates there. After a few minutes, Blackburn ordered the remainder of his force to charge the bridge. After a brief fight costing them eight casualties, the leading two Union companies dismounted while two guns deployed for action. The artillery ended the Confederate defence of the bridge and they were forced to withdraw. Grierson continued the ride overnight towards Baton Rouge, covering 76 miles in 28 hours.

Mississippi. With strong Union forces reported to be landing below Vicksburg at Grand Gulf and even more troops landing around Haines’ Bluff to the north of Vicksburg, Confederate Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton appealed to General Joseph Eggleston Johnston for reinforcements to help defend the city. President Jefferson Finis Davis supported his appeal and promised troops would be sent from southern Alabama and from South Carolina. Johnston offered no reinforcements from Tennessee.

Snyder’s Bluff, Mississippi, also known as Haines’ Bluff, or Snyder’s Mill. Union transports disembarked further troops from Major-General Francis Preston Blair’s division (XV Corps) in the morning to continue the demonstration against the Confederate batteries at Drumgould’s Bluff and Haines’ Bluff. They threatened an attack in plain sight to deceive the Confederates. The gunboats opened fire at about 3 pm, causing some damage to the defences. The boats’ fire slackened later and stopped altogether at about 8 pm. The inundated terrain and enemy heavy artillery fire forced the infantry to retire after completing their demonstration. After dark, the men re-embarked on the transports and returned to Milliken’s Bend, Louisiana, and the gunboats returned to their anchorages at the mouth of the Yazoo River. The demonstration distracted Confederate attention from the landings further south at Bruinsburg and only one Confederate brigade was released to move south. Casualties were reported as 3 Confederates wounded. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Port Gibson, Mississippi, also known as Thompson’s Hill, Magnolia Hills, Anderson’s Hill, Magnolia Church, or Bayou Pierre. Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant had occupied Bruinsburg the previous day. Union forces came ashore, secured the landing area, and had marched inland by late afternoon. They occupied positions across the Rodney road where Confederate Major-General John Stevens Bowen had occupied a strong defensive position near Port Gibson. Union Major-General John Alexander McClernand had poor maps but was advised by a local slave that the two roads his XIII Corps was following converged beyond the end of the Confederate line on Port Gibson. Union Major-General John Alexander McPherson’s XVII Corps had four divisions available under Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith, Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey, Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus, and Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr. Osterhaus headed left on a plantation road as a diversion while the other three divisions of XVII Corps continued ahead to make the main advance on the Rodney Road at dawn.

The two columns were soon separated by a densely overgrown ravine. Carr scouted the ground before him and determined that a frontal assault through the canebrakes would be fruitless. He devised a turning movement whereby one brigade would move slowly forward through the canebrake while the second brigade would descend into the Widow’s Creek bottoms and from there strike for the Confederate left flank. At 5.30 am, the Confederates engaged the Union advance and the battle escalated rapidly. Hovey’s 12th Division arrived and surged forward just as Carr’s men were storming the Confederate position. Both flanks having been turned, Brigadier-General Martin Edwin Green’s Confederate brigade broke and ran. McClernand stopped to reorganise and launched into a series of grandiloquent speeches until Grant pointed out that the Confederates had merely withdrawn to a more tenable position. Reinforced by Smith’s 10th Division and a brigade from McPherson’s XVII Corps, McClernand resumed the pursuit. With 20,000 men crowded into a narrow front of one and a half miles, McClernand planned to drive his way forcefully past the Confederate line. However, a flanking assault by Confederate Colonel Francis Cockrell’s brigade crumpled the Union right flank and forced McClernand to pause.

Sundown found the two sides settling into a stalemate along a broad front on the Rodney Road several miles from Port Gibson. On the Bruinsburg Road, Osterhaus had been content to pressure Brigadier-General Edward Dorr Tracy’s brigade with sharpshooters and artillery, occasionally launching an unsupported regiment to probe the Confederate line. They withstood a Confederate counterattack but made no further progress. Tracy was killed in the fighting.

McPherson arrived late in the afternoon with Brigadier-Genera John Eugene Smith’s brigade. Donning a cloak to disguise his rank, he reviewed the front lines and quickly devised a turning movement that would render untenable the entire Confederate right flank. Twenty minutes after the troops had been staged for the assault, the Confederates were retreating into the Bayou Pierre bottoms, leaving behind several hundred prisoners.

Bowen had been promised reinforcements from Vicksburg but they would not arrive soon enough to balance the numbers against his overwhelming opponent. With the road to his rear now threatened, Bowen retreated to a hastily improvised line nearer Port Gibson where his division held out until nightfall. Lacking a strong defensive position he fell back through Port Gibson and crossed to the north shore of Bayou Pierre. He destroyed three bridges over the bayou and its south fork, wrecked the railroad crossing to Grand Gulf, and occupied new positions on the northern bank. Estimated Casualties were high: Union 861 or 875 and Confederate 787 or 832. (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: PORT GIBSON, MS

Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
XIII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Alexander McClernand
1st formerly 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus
1st Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Albert Lindley Lee
2nd Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Daniel W Lindsey
2nd formerly 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge
2nd Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William J Landram
3rd formerly 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey
1st Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Francis McGinnis
2nd Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel James R Slack
4th formerly 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr
1st Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Plummer Benton
2nd Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Michael Kelly Lawler

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
Army of Mississippi: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Stevens Bowen
Cockrell’s Brigade, Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Francis Marion Cockrell
Green’s Brigade, Bowen’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Martin Edwin Green

Missouri. Confederate Brigadier-General John Marmaduke’s operations in Missouri began. Incident at St Francis River.

North Carolina. Expedition to New Bern ended.

Tennessee. Union reconnaissance from Murfreesboro to Lizzard.

Tennessee. In order to divert Confederate attention and to prevent the transfer of reinforcements to the Vicksburg area, Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans was ordered to undertake an offensive in Tennessee. Despite vigorous urging, Rosecrans did not complete his plans until mid-June and did not move forward until 23 June 1863.

Virginia. Skirmish at South Quay Bridge near Suffolk.

Virginia. A boat expedition from USS Western World, Acting Master S B Gregory, and USS Crusader, Acting Master Andrews, destroyed two Confederate schooners found aground at Milford Haven.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Louisa Court House and Rapidan Station.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Stoneman’s Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac advanced in two columns. One moved under Brigadier-General William Woods Averell towards Gordonsville and the other under Brigadier-General John Buford rode to break up the Richmond & Fredericksburg Railroad south of Fredericksburg. Confederate Brigadier-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry brigade fell back before Averell’s advance and retreated to Rapidan Station. After reaching Robertson’s Ford south of Culpeper Court House, Averell was then recalled to rejoin the Army of the Potomac at Ely’s Ford. Buford. Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg’s division crossed the Rappahannock at Kelly’s Ford and proceeded to Louisa Court House. An advance detachment of Union cavalry commanded by Major Myron H Beaumont entered Orange Springs. They encountered a Confederate force and skirmished briefly before driving off the Confederates and capturing some supplies. During the afternoon, Beaumont reached Louisa Courthouse on the Virginia Central Railroad and the 7th New York Cavalry occupied the town. Several detachments were sent above and below the town and spent two more than two hours destroying the railroad tracks and facilities.

Chancellorsville, Virginia. After crossing the Rapidan via Germanna and Ely’s Fords, the II Corps, V Corps, IX Corps, and XII Corps of Major-General Joseph Hooker’s Union Army of the Potomac’s had concentrated near Chancellorsville. III Corps was on its way to join them from US Ford. In the meantime, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee had left a covering force under Major-General Jubal Anderson Early at Fredericksburg and marched with the rest of the army to confront the Union forces.

Confederate Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson marched during the night from Fredericksburg and reached Tabernacle Church at sunrise and moved to the left of Major-General Richard Heron Anderson’s division. The division of Major-General Lafayette McLaws McLaws was digging in on Anderson’s right towards Duerson’s Mill, covering Banks’ Ford. Jackson ordered Anderson and McLaws to stop entrenching and to join his three divisions in an aggressive reconnaissance in force towards Chancellorsville, four miles to the west. They set out at 11 am in full battle formation and behind skirmishers. McLaws took the Orange Turnpike on the right while Anderson, accompanied by Jackson, followed the Orange Plank Road. By 11.20 am they encountered Union outposts and came under artillery fire.

Hooker’s army had moved eastwards from Chancellorsville at 11 am to follow the Orange Turnpike towards Fredericksburg. They soon encountered increasing Confederate resistance from Anderson and McLaws between Tabernacle Church and Chancellorsville. The Union army was well deployed with Major-General Henry Warner Slocum’s XII Corps advancing along the Orange Plank Road on the right and Major-General Oliver Otis Howard’s XI Corps behind it. Major-General George Gordon Meade’s V Corps was moving on the left flank along the Orange Turnpike, supported by II Corps of Major-General Darius Nash Couch. Major-General Daniel Edgar Sickles’ III Corps provided the general reserve.

Hooker sent misleading new orders to Major-General John Sedgwick (VI Corps) to observe the Confederates vigilantly at Fredericksburg and to make strong demonstrations but not, as had been previously instructed, to make a major attack. Hooker ordered his leading forces to strike Anderson and to push their way out of the impenetrable thickets and scrub pine that characterised the area known locally as the Wilderness. Progressing into more open ground where artillery could be better employed and enemy movements were more visible was seen by many Union commanders as a key to victory as the larger Union army would concede these advantages in the dense woods.

The Orange Turnpike and Orange Plank Road diverged east of Chancellorsville so that Meade and Slocum soon lost contact in the dense underbrush. The right-hand division of Meade’s V Corps under Brigadier-General George Sykes followed the Turnpike but the two other divisions marched on the River Road which drifted north-eastwards towards Banks’ Ford on the Rappahannock. Two miles from Chancellorsville, Sykes’ division had become isolated from its neighbours and they ascended a long slope whose distant crest opened onto the edge of the Wilderness. They drove Confederate skirmishers back to the crest of the low ridge. However, in the open ground, they saw heavy lines of Confederate infantry and artillery that opened fire on his emerging lines. Sykes sent for reinforcements and began an orderly withdrawal into cover, covered by Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Hancock’s division from II Corps.

Almost immediately, the Confederates began to advance along their entire front and soon threatened the flanks of Sykes’ exposed division. The Union forces to the right and left had followed roads that diverged away from the main route taken by Sykes. Hearing these reports of strong Confederate forces approaching, Hooker ordered the two divisions to retire and to concentrate back at Chancellorsville. Sykes and Hancock protested that they could continue onwards despite the opposition. Couch concurred and said that the situation was under control. Off to the right, firing was heard on Slocum’s front but he also appeared to be in a good position to continue. On the left, there was no opposition at all on the River Road where Meade had come within sight of Duerson’s Mill and easy reach of Banks’ Ford. A further peremptory order arrived enforcing a withdrawal. Couch resisted the temptation to disobey and the Chief of Engineers, Brigadier-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren, offered to ride to Hooker’s headquarters to explain the situation and to seek a change of orders.

In the meantime, the retreat began and not too soon for Sykes’ men. Two rear guard regiments covered first Sykes’ and then Hancock’s disengagement. Warren’s plea resulted in some moderation; a new order arrived eventually ordering Couch to hold on until 5 pm. That order was received was too late as the retrograde movement was already underway under harassment on both flanks and to the rear.

Information had reached Hooker throughout the day that unexpectedly strong Confederate forces were advancing against him from Fredericksburg and rumours suggested that Longstreet’s two absent divisions were with them, perhaps even at Culpeper in his rear, or more probably in his front. The very boldness of the Confederate counter-move seemed to imply that the Confederates were strong in numbers. Hooker decided to face the anticipated attack in the more defensible Wilderness and to launch a counter-stroke rather than persist with his own offensive against unknown odds and with insufficient cavalry to scout his opponent. The army was ordered to entrench around Chancellorsville.

The centre of the army’s position was held by the four divisions of Couch’s II Corps and Slocum’s XII Corps where a curved salient bulged southwards to hold a comparatively high area called Fairview. Sickles’ three divisions of III Corps formed behind them as a reserve. On the left, Meade’s V Corps extended for two to three miles to the northeast behind Mineral Spring Run, a boggy creek that extended to a turn in the Rappahannock west of Banks’ Ford. On the right, Howard’s three divisions of XI Corps lined the Orange Turnpike for two miles, past Wilderness Church where the Orange Plank Road came in from the southwest. By 2 am, the six-mile front was being entrenched at all points and the corps commanders reported that all their sectors were well prepared for a strong defence.

On the Confederate side, defence was the last thing in the minds of Lee and Jackson. They met on the Orange Plank Road near where a trail joining the road from the southwest led to the rural ironworks known as Catherine Furnace. Officers were sent to reconnoitre the left flank and the centre of the Union position but these were found to be too strong to attack. However, during the night they were joined by Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart. Stuart reported that the Union far right flank was “in the air” along the Plank Road west of Wilderness Tavern. A plan was made immediately for Jackson to lead an attack against that open right flank in the morning.

ORDER OF BATTLE: CHANCELLORSVILLE, VA

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General Joseph Hooker
Army of the Potomac: Major-General Joseph Hooker
Provost Guard (Potomac): Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Engineer Brigade (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Washington Benham
Artillery (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Jackson Hunt
I Corps (Potomac): Major-General John Fulton Reynolds
1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth
1st Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel Walter Phelps
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Lysander Cutler
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Gabriel Rene Paul
4th Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Solomon Meredith
2nd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Cleveland Robinson
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel Adrian R Root
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Baxter
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel H Leonard
3rd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Major-General Abner Doubleday
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Algeo Rowley
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel Roy Stone
II Corps (Potomac): Major-General Darius Nash Couch
1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Curtis Caldwell
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Francis Meagher
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
4th Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Rutter Brooke
5th (Provisional) Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Edward E Cross
2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Gibbon
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alfred Sully
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joshua Thomas Owen
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Norman J Hall
3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Major-General William Henry French
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel Sprigg Carroll
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General William Hays
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel John D MacGregor
III Corps (Potomac): Major-General Daniel Sickles
1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Bell Birney
1st Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Charles Kinnaird Graham
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Henry Hobart Ward
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel B Hayman
2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Major-General Hiram Gregory Berry
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Bradford Carr
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Warren Revere
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Gershom Mott
3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Amiel Weeks Whipple
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Emlen Franklin
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel M Bowman
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Hiram Berdan
V Corps (Potomac): Major-General George Gordon Meade
1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Charles Griffin
1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Barnes
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel James McQuade
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Thomas B W Stockton
2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Major-General George Sykes
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Romeyn Beck Ayres
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Sidney Burbank
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Patrick O’Rorke
3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Erastus Barnard Tyler
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Peter H Allabach
VI Corps (Potomac): Major-General John Sedgwick
1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Henry W Brown
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Jackson Bartlett
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Allen Russell
2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Albion Parris Howe
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Lewis Addison Grant
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Neill
3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Major-General John Newton
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Alexander Shaler
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel William H Browne
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Frank Wheaton
Light Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Calvin Edward Pratt
XI Corps (Potomac): Major-General Oliver Otis Howard
1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Charles Devens
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Leopold Von Gilsa
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Nathaniel Collins
McLean
2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Adolphus Buschbeck
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Francis Channing Barlow
3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Major-General Carl Schurz
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alexander
Schimmelfennig
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel W B Krzyżanowski
XII Corps (Potomac); Major-General Henry Warner Slocum
1st Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Farmer Knipe
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel Ross
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Ruger
2nd Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John White Geary
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Colonel Charles Candy
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Leiper Kane
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Sears Greene
Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Stoneman
1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alfred Pleasonton
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Benjamin Franklin Davis
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Thomas Casimer Devin
2nd Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General William Woods Averell
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Horace B Sargent
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel John Baillie McIntosh
3rd Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David McMurtrie Gregg
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Colonel Percy Wyndham
Reserve Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Buford

Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Anderson’s Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Major-General Richard Heron Anderson
Mahone’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General
William Mahone
Posey’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Carnot Posey
Perry’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Edward Aylesworth Perry
Wilcox’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Wright’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Ambrose Ransom Wright
McLaws’ Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Major-General Lafayette McLaws
Kershaw’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Semmes’ Brigade, McLaws’ Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Paul Jones Semmes
Wofford’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Tatum Wofford
Barksdale’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, I Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Barksdale
II Corps Northern Virginia: Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Hill’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Heth’s Brigade, Hill’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Henry Heth
Pender’s Brigade, Hill’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Dorsey Pender
McGowan’s Brigade, Hill’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Samuel McGowan
Lane’s Brigade, Hill’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General James Henry Lane
Archer’s Brigade, Hill’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General James Jay Archer
Thomas’ Brigade, Hill’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Edward Lloyd Thomas
Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Robert Emmett Rodes
Rodes’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Colonel Edward A O’Neal
Doles’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General George Pierce Doles
Iverson’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Alfred Iverson
Colquitt’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Alfred Holt Colquitt
Ramseur’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early
Gordon’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General John Brown Gordon
Hoke’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Robert Frederick Hoke
Smith’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Smith
Hays’ Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia Brigadier-General Harry Thompson Hays
Trimble’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Raleigh Edward Co1ston
Paxton’s Brigade, Trimble’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Elisha Franklin Paxton
Jones’ Brigade, Trimble’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General John Robert Jones
Taliaferro’s Brigade, Trimble’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Colonel Edward Tiffin Harrison Warren
Nicholls’ Brigade, Trimble’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Francis Reddin Nicholls
Reserve Artillery Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Nelson Pendleton
Cavalry Division, Northern Virginia: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart
F Lee’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Fitzhugh Lee
W H F Lee’s Brigade, Cavalry Division, Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee

Virginia. Confederate Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones led his raiders to Fairmont where they found about 700 poorly-armed Union Home Guards. The Home Guards were attempting to protect the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad but surrendered to the more experienced Confederate force.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Chester Harding
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Henry Morris Naglee
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Central Kentucky: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana: Milo Smith Hascall
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • IX Corps Ohio: Orlando Bolívar Willcox
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Darius Nash Couch
      • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
      • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
    • X Corps South: David Hunter
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Jackson: Nathan Kimball
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury assumed command of the Gulf District.

Maury, Dabney Herndon / Virginia / Born 21 May 1822 Fredericksburg, Virginia / Died Peoria, Illinois 11 January 1900
USMA 1 July 1846 37/42 Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1847 / US Mounted Rifles 19 February 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 27 January 1853 / Regt Adjutant 15 September 1858-10 April 1860 / Assistant Adjutant-General 17 April 1860 / Dismissed USA 25 June 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 21st Mississippi Infantry 28 August 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Adjutant-General October 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 to rank from 12 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 4 November 1862 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 11 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Captain 17 April 1860 / WIA Camargo 1846 WIA Cerro Gordo 17 April 1847
Assistant Adjutant-General Department of Alabama and West Florida January 1862-March 1862 / Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the West March 1862-April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the West April 1862-May 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the West May 1862-27 June 1862 / Army of the West 26 June 1862-5 July 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the West 3 July 1862-October 1862 / 3rd Division Army of West Tennessee October 1862-December 1862 / 3rd Division Army of Mississippi 30 December 1862-15 April 1863 / Gulf District 4 November 1862-7 December 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 15 February 1863-11 May 1863 / Gulf District 1 April 1863-25 July 1864 / Department of Alabama and East Mississippi 26 July 1864-15 August 1864 / Gulf District 15 August 1864-21 November 1864 / Department of Alabama Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 22 November 1864-12 December 1864 / Gulf District 12 December 1864-4 May 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General Edward Dorr Tracy was killed at Port Gibson, Louisiana.

Tracy, Edward Dorr / Georgia-Alabama / Born 5 November 1833 Macon, Georgia / KIA Port Gibson, Mississippi 1 May 1863
Captain 4th Alabama Militia January 1861 / Brigadier-General Louisiana Militia 1 April 1861 / Major PACS 12th Alabama Infantry 17 July 1861 Declined / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 19th Alabama Infantry 12 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 August 1862
1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of East Tennessee 29 June 1862-31 October 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Department of East Tennessee 31 October 1862-December 1862 / 2nd Brigade Stevenson’s Division Second District of Mississippi and East Louisiana January 1863-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade Stevenson’s Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-1 May 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Dabney Herndon Maury interim Simon Bolivar Buckner awaited
      • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • Army of Tennessee:  Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Earl Van Dorn
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: James Longstreet
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
  • Department of Southern Virginia: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona:  John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
George Washington Morgan
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
James Nagle
Francis Laurens Vinton
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Abner Clark Harding
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy KIA
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Elisha Franklin Paxton
Evander McNair
William George Mackey Davis
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
William Henry Talbot Walker
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault

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