1863 June 30th

June 30 1863 Tuesday

Battle of Hanover, PA (CWSAC Formative Battle – Inconclusive)

Sporting Hill, PA

Battle of Goodrich’s Landing, LA (CWSAC Limited Battle – Inconclusive)

Vicksburg Campaign – Siege of Vicksburg

Gettysburg Campaign

Siege of Port Hudson

Tullahoma Campaign

Stuart’s Third Ride in Pennsylvania

Taylor’s Expedition to the Mississippi

USA: There were now 106 Major-Generals (3 awaiting confirmation) of whom 4 were concurrently Brigadier-Generals in the US Regular Army; there were 265 Brigadier-Generals, not counting the four in the Regular Army concurrently serving as Major-General of US Volunteers – and, of these, one was awaiting confirmation, There were also 6 Regular Brigadier-generals of the Staff. (377)

CSA. The Confederate Army now had 5 Generals,  8 Lieutenant-Generals, 39 Major-Generals, and 165 Brigadier-Generals (none of them awaiting confirmation). (217)

USA. US President Abraham Lincoln resisted intense political pressure to reinstate Major-General George Brinton McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac. The current commander, Major-General george Gordon Meade was seen as untested and junior in rank for such a significant command when the capital was under threat. McClellan was seen by his loyal adherents to have saved the capital twice before, after the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861 and the Second Battle of Bull Run in 1862. McClellan was still the highest ranking officer in the US Army, despite being without a command, but Lincoln doubted his capacity to command with the necessary vigour or to fight with the determination that the crisis demanded. While Meade was untried in army command, he had a good reputation as pugnacious and resolute in battle.

Alabama. The USS Ossipee, Captain John Pritchett Gillis, captured the schooner Helen off Mobile.

Arkansas. Confederate Major-General Sterling Price’s expedition reached Cotton Plant and Clarendon, within fifty miles of Helena.

District of Columbia.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF WASHINGTON

Union Department of Washington: Major-General Samuel Peter Heintzelman
District of Alexandria: Brigadier-General John Potts Slough
District of Washington: Brigadier-General John Henry Martindale
XXII Corps (Washington): Major-General Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Abercrombie’s Division, XXII Corps (Washington): Brigadier-General John Joseph Abercrombie
1st Brigade, Abercrombie’s Division, XXII Corps (Washington): Colonel Francis Fessenden
2nd Brigade, Abercrombie’s Division, XXII Corps (Washington): Colonel George J Stannard
3rd Brigade, Abercrombie’s Division, XXII Corps (Washington): Brigadier-General Alexander Hays
Defences South of the Potomac (Washington): Brigadier-General Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
1st Brigade, Defences South of the Potomac (Washington): Colonel T R Tannatt
2nd Brigade, Defences South of the Potomac (Washington): Colonel L W Wessells
3rd Brigade, Defences South of the Potomac (Washington): Colonel Henry L Abbot
4th Brigade, Defences South of the Potomac (Washington): Colonel H H Hall
Railway Brigade, Defences South of the Potomac (Washington): Colonel B F Tracy
Pennsylvania Reserves Division (Washington): Brigadier General Samuel Wylie Crawford
1st Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division (Washington): Colonel W McCandless
2nd Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves Division (Washington): Colonel J W Fisher
Cavalry Division (Washington): Major-General Julius Stahel
1st Brigade, Cavalry Division (Washington): Brigadier-General Joseph Tarr Copeland
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division (Washington): Colonel R B Price
3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division (Washington): Colonel O De Forest
Defences North of the Potomac (Washington): Lieutenant-Colonel J A Haskin
1st Brigade, Defences North of the Potomac (Washington): Colonel A A Gibson
2nd Brigade, Defences North of the Potomac (Washington): Colonel L O Morris
3rd Brigade, Defences North of the Potomac (Washington): Colonel A Piper
Corps of Observation (Washington): Colonel A B Jewett
Artillery Camp of Instruction: Brigadier-General William Farquhar Barry
Provisional Brigade: Major-General Silas Casey

Georgia. Confederate Captain Josiah Tattnall reported that the ironclad steamer CSS Savannah was completed and the warship ready for service, with the exception of being provided with officers.

Indian Territory. Incident at Hudson’s Ford on the Neosho River.

Kentucky. After being ordered to transfer most of his IX Corps to support operations at Vicksburg, Union Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside continued to build a new Army of the Ohio for an advance into eastern Tennessee from garrison troops. Camp Nelson was established on the Lexington to Danville Turnpike, about five miles south of Nicholasville. It was protected by the steep slopes of the Kentucky River and replaced Camp Robinson as a supply depot and recruitment camp. There were supply, hospital, repair shops and other important military facilities to support operations in Tennessee. It ultimately covered 4,000 acres and had over 300 buildings. Protected on three sides by the Kentucky River and Hickman Creek, its north side was guarded by Fort Bramlette and other defences on the northern side. The garrison varied from 3,000 to 8,000 men and over 10,000 African Americans were enlisted in Union regiments. When the military camp closed in June 1866, the large neighbouring refugee camp for freed slaves continued to operate under the Freedmen’s Bureau.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE OHIO

Union Department of the Ohio: Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
District of Central Kentucky: Brigadier General Samuel Davis Sturgis
District of Eastern Kentucky: Brigadier General Julius White
District of Illinois: Brigadier General Jacob Ammen
District of Indiana and Michigan: Brigadier General Orlando Bolivar Willcox
District of Kentucky: Brigadier General Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
District of Ohio: Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox, Brigadier-General John Sanford Mason
District of Western Kentucky: Brigadier General Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Army of the Ohio: Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
XXIII Corps (Ohio): Major-General George Lucas Hartsuff
1st Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Samuel Davis Sturgis
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Samuel Powhatan Carter (Somerset, Kentucky)
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel S A Gilbert (Mount Vernon, Kentucky)
3rd Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel August Valentin Kautz (Jamestown, Kentucky)
2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General James Murrell Shackelford (Russellville, Kentucky)
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel C D Pennebaker (Munfordville, Bowling Green, Lebanon, Kentucky)
3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Henry Moses Judah
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Mahlon Dickerson Manson (Tompkinsville, Kentucky)
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Edward Henry Hobson (Marrowbone, Kentucky) 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel J A Cooper (Carthage, Tennessee)

4th Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Brigadier-General Julius White
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel D Cameron (Louisville, Kentucky)
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XXIII Corps (Ohio): Colonel S R Mott (Camp Nelson, Kentucky)

Louisiana. Incident at Bayou Tensas.

Goodrich’s Landing, Louisiana. The day after the Confederates captured the Indian Mound fort at Goodrich’s Landing, boats landed the Union Mississippi Marine Brigade, under the command of Union Brigadier-General Alfred Washington Ellet. At dawn, Ellet set out his own men and the local garrison of with Colonel William F Wood’s African-American units (1st Arkansas Infantry (African Descent) and 10th Louisiana Infantry (African Descent) to find and fight the Confederates. Ellet’s cavalry found the Confederates first and began skirmishing. The fight became more intense as Ellet’s other forces approached. Confederate Colonel William H Parsons eventually disengaged and fell back. Although the Confederates destroyed property and captured some supplies, the raid was only a minor hindrance for the Union operations. Union casualties were reported as 3 (alternatively, 120) and Confederate loss is unknown. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Inconclusive)

Maryland. Evacuation of Maryland Heights.

Maryland. Skirmish at Westminster.

Maryland. Union Major-General George Gordon Meade, the new commander of the Union Army of the Potomac, made his strategic plans to counter the Confederate invasion of Pennsylvania. He planned to move from Frederick towards Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, so that he could both threaten the Confederate line of communications back to Virginia and also protect the routes leading towards Washington, DC, and Baltimore.

Meade reported to the General-in-Chief Major-General Henry Wager Halleck that his firm intention was to advance against the Confederate army in Pennsylvania. When he heard that the Confederates appeared to be concentrating towards Gettysburg, Meade reflected whether a more defensive posture to protect the capital and Baltimore would be more appropriate. During the afternoon, he alerted the army to expect action and sent engineers to leave in the morning for the south bank of Pipe Creek, to the rear of his headquarters at Taneytown, where they would lay out a strong defensive position on good ground.

Maryland. Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart’s raiders responded to reports of Union cavalry at Littletown, twelve miles from Westminster. Stuart diverted his march towards Hanover, fifteen miles away in Pennsylvania. The lead was taken by Colonel John Randolph Chambliss’ brigade, the left was protected by Brigadier-General Fitzhugh Lee’s brigade, and the lengthy train of captured supply wagons was guarded by Brigadier-General Wade Hampton.

Mississippi. Incidents at Big Black River and Messenger’s Ferry.

Mississippi. In Vicksburg, the besieged Confederates still had plentiful munitions but very little food. The poor diet was affecting the Confederate soldiers and by the end of June, half of them were sick or hospitalised with scurvy, malaria, dysentery, diarrhoea, and other diseases. As the siege wore on horses, mules, dogs, and even shoe leather became a last resort of protein sustenance.

Union gunboats lobbed over 22,000 shells into the town from the Mississippi during the siege, and artillery fire and sharpshooting from the land side were incessant. As the barrages continued, habitable housing in Vicksburg was reduced to a minimum. A low ridge between the main town and the Confederate defence lines provided citizens with safer lodgings in over 500 caves that were dug into the yellow clay. Despite the relentless Union fire against the town, fewer than a dozen civilians are known to have been killed during the entire siege.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE TENNESSEE

Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
District of Eastern Arkansas: Major-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
District of Northeast Louisiana: Brigadier-General Elias Smith Dennis
District of West Tennessee: Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut

Sub-District of Memphis: Brigadier-General James Clifford Veatch
1st Brigade, Memphis (Tennessee): Colonel C D Murray
2nd Brigade, Memphis (Tennessee): Colonel W H Morgan
3rd Brigade, Memphis (Tennessee): Colonel John Wallace Fuller
4th Brigade, Memphis (Tennessee): Colonel D Moore
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
IX Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Grubb Parke
XIII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord
XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alexander Asboth
Cairo, Illinois, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Richard James Oglesby
2nd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Grenville Mellen Dodge
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas William Sweeny
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel August Mersy
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel M M Bane
3rd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J M True
Cavalry Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J K Mizner
1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel L McCrillis
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Edward Hatch
3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel F M Cornyn
4th Brigade, Cavalry Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-Colonel B D Meek

Missouri. Skirmish at Hudson’s River near Neosho.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE MISSOURI

Union Department of the Missouri: Major-General John McAllister Schofield
District of the Border: Brigadier-General Thomas Ewing
District of Central Missouri: Brigadier-General Egbert Benson Brown
District of the Frontier: Major-General James Gilpatrick Blunt
District of Nebraska Territory: Brigadier-General Thomas Jefferson McKean
District of Northeast Missouri: Brigadier-General Thomas Jefferson McKean (Colonel Odon Guitar)
District of Northwest Missouri: Colonel Willard P Hall
District of Rolla: Brigadier-General Thomas Alfred Davies
1st Brigade, Rolla (Missouri): Lieutenant-Colonel J T Burris
District of Southeast Missouri: Brigadier-General John Wynn Davidson
1st Cavalry Division, Southeast Missouri, (Missouri): District of Southwest Missouri: Colonel John McNeil
1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Southeast Missouri, (Missouri): Colonel L Merrill
2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, Southeast Missouri, (Missouri): Colonel J M Glover
District of St Louis: Brigadier-General William Kerley Strong
Army of the Frontier: Brigadier-General Francis Jay Herron
District of Eastern Arkansas attached Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
13th Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Friedrich Sigel Saloman
1st Brigade, 13th Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Colonel W E McLean
2nd Brigade, 13th Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Colonel S A Rice
Cavalry Brigade, 13th Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee):

Pennsylvania. Incidents at Spirit Lake and Harrisburg.

Pennsylvania. Skirmish at Fairfield.

Pennsylvania. Confederate Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s III Corps was camped at Cashtown. During the morning, one of Major-General Henry Heth’s brigades under Brigadier-General James Johnston Pettigrew ventured in the direction of Gettysburg, in search of supplies and shoes. As Pettigrew’s troops approached Gettysburg they noticed Union cavalry under Brigadier-General John Buford arriving south of town, and Pettigrew turned back without engaging them. He retreated the four miles towards Cashtown, and camped halfway while Pettigrew rode on to inform Hill and Heth what he had seen. Neither general believed that there was a substantial Union force in or near the town, suspecting that it must have been only Pennsylvania militiamen or a small force of cavalry scouts. Despite General Robert Edward Lee’s order to avoid a general engagement until the entire army was concentrated, Hill agreed to let Heth return to Gettysburg in the morning. He also prepared a more significant reconnaissance to determine the size and strength of the enemy cavalry.

In Gettysburg, Buford had arrived with two cavalry brigades. Some of his men were armed with the Spencer repeating carbine, a weapon with five times the firepower of conventional muzzle-loading carbines and rifles. Others had breechloading carbines. Buford was screening the march of Union Major-General John Fulton Reynolds’ I Corps, which was camped six miles south of Gettysburg. Behind Reynolds pn the Emmitsburg Road were the XI Corps of Major-General Oliver Otis Howard and the III Corps of Major-General Daniel Edgar Sickles. Eight miles further south of Reynolds was the army headquarters of Major-General George Gordon Meade at Taneytown, Maryland. The Union VI Corps of Major-General John Sedgwick was further distant at Manchester, but the II Corps and V Corps and XII Corps were within one day’s march of Taneytown.

Hanover, Pennsylvania. Union Brigadier-General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick’s cavalry division was screening the army’s right flank. The majority of his men passed through Hanover early in the morning, pausing briefly for refreshments and to receive the greetings of the jubilant townspeople. Their town had been raided three days before by Confederate Lieutenant-Colonel Elijah V White’s cavalry battalion, attached to Major-General Jubal Anderson Early’s division. White’s cavalry followed the railroad to Hanover from nearby Gettysburg and taken horses, food, supplies, clothing, shoes, and other items from the townspeople, often paying with valueless Confederate money or drafts on the Confederate government. White’s raiders destroyed the area’s telegraph wires, cutting off communications with the outside world, before sacking the nearby Hanover Junction train station.

Most of Kilpatrick’s men remounted and passed through town, heading northward through the nearby Pigeon Hills towards Abbottstown. He left behind a small rearguard force to picket the roads south and west of Hanover. In the meantime, Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart had left his billet at Shriver’s Corner, Maryland, and was proceeding northward into Pennsylvania. Hearing that Union cavalry had been spotted near his intended destination of Littlestown he instead turned towards Hanover. His progress was slowed considerably by a cumbersome train of over 125 heavily laden supply wagons that he had captured near Rockville, Maryland.

Shortly before 10 am, the rear guard of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry encountered Confederate videttes about three miles southwest of Hanover at Gitt’s Mill. In the exchange of fire, a Confederate cavalryman was killed and several others wounded. Shortly afterwards, 25 men from Company G of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry and some ambulances were captured by the 13th Virginia Cavalry from Colonel John Randolph Chambliss’ brigade, the vanguard of Stuart’s oncoming cavalry.

Also that morning, a series of minor engagements occurred near Littlestown and at other points along Stuart’s path. Southwest of Hanover at a tiny hamlet now known as Pennville, the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry struck the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry’s main column and split it in two. Union survivors retired in disorder through the streets of Hanover just as Stuart’s horse artillery arrived, unlimbered, and opened fire. As the Confederates occupied the town in the wake of the fleeing Pennsylvanians, Union Brigadier-General Elon John General Farnsworth wheeled the 5th New York Cavalry into position near the town commons and attacked the Confederate flank in the streets, forcing them to abandon their brief hold on the town. The commander of the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, Lieutenant-Colonel William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, was captured. As more of Chambliss’ men (and Stuart) arrived on the scene, they were met by additional Union forces near the sprawling Karle Forney farm, just south of Hanover. Nearly surrounded in the confused fighting, Stuart and a staff officer made their escape cross-country through the hedges bordering the country lane, at one point leaping their horses over a 15-foot wide ditch.

Hearing the sound of distant gunfire, Kilpatrick raced southward towards Hanover, with his horse dying in the town square from the effets of the severe ride. He began to deploy his men in and around Hanover, barricading some streets with barrels, farm wagons, dry goods boxes, and anything that might provide cover. Shortly before noon fighting at the Forney farm ceased as the Confederates broke off contact. Kilpatrick positioned Brigadier-General George Armstrong Custer’s newly arrived brigade on the farm and awaited developments. When Confederate Brigadier-General Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry brigade arrived, Stuart moved his and Chambliss’ men into a new position on a ridge extending from the Keller Farm southwest of Hanover to Mount Olivet Cemetery southeast of town. Meantime, Kilpatrick repositioned the brigades of Custer and Farnsworth to form a better defensive perimeter and then brought up his guns.

Leaving the captured wagons two miles south of town under heavy guard, Brigadier-General Wade Hampton brought his brigade and Captain J A Breathed’s Battery into position near the Mount Olivet Cemetery on the extreme right of Stuart’s line at 2 pm. An artillery duel ensued for the better part of two hours. During the prolonged artillery exchange, Custer’s dismounted 6th Michigan Cavalry moved forward to within 300 yards of Chambliss and the two guns supporting his line. Outflanked and losing fifteen men as prisoners, Custer tried again and succeeded in securing the Littlestown to Frederick Road, reopening a line of communication with the Union XII Corps. Stuart and Kilpatrick made no further aggressive moves, and both sides initiated a series of skirmishes and minor probing actions. Disengaging slowly and protecting his captured wagons, Stuart withdrew to the northeast through Jefferson for a twenty-mile night-ride to York, known from recent newspapers to be the location of Early’s division. Total casualties were estimated as 330 in total or Union 12 killed and 43 wounded and Confederate 75 wounded and 60 missing or alternatively, Union 19 killed, 73 wounded and 123 missing and captured; Confederate 9 killed, 50 wounded, 58 missing and captured. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Inconclusive)

Sporting Hill, Pennsylvania. Union cavalry located part of Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart Stuart’s cavalry at Sporting Hill, near Harrisburg. Pennsylvania State Brigadier-General John Ewen sent Colonel Roome with the 22nd New York State Militia and 37th New York State Militia and Landis’ battery to dislodge them. The Union troops opened fire at 4 pm and after an hour, they silenced the Confederate reply. Losses were reported as one man wounded and 10 missing. Confederate losses were not reported.

South Carolina.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH

Union Department of the South: Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gilmore
X Corps (South): Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gilmore
Folly Island, X Corps (South): Brigadier-General Israel Vogdes
1st Brigade, Folly Island, X Corps (South): Colonel H S Putnam
2nd Brigade, Folly Island, X Corps (South): Colonel J B Howell
Port Royal Island, X Corps (South): Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton
Seabrook Island, X Corps (South): Brigadier-General Thomas Greeley Stevenson
Saint Helena Island X Corps (South): Brigadier-General George Crockett Strong
Hilton Head Island X Corps (South): Colonel J L Chatfield
Fort Pulaski X Corps (South): Colonel W B Barton

Tennessee. Incidents at Tullahoma, Bick Lodge, Leache’s Ford, Shelbyville, and Butler’s Mill.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND

Department of the Cumberland: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans
Army of the Cumberland: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans
Pioneer Brigade (Cumberland): Brigadier-General James St Clair Morton
XIV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General George Henry Thomas
1st Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General Lovell Harrison Rousseau
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Benjamin F Scribner
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel H A Hambright
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General John Haskell King
2nd Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General James Scott Negley
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General John Beatty
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel W L Stoughton
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel William Sirwell
3rd Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel M B Walker
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General James Blair Steedman
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Ferdinand Van Derveer
4th Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General Joseph Jones Reynolds
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel J T Wilder
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel A S Hall
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General George Crook
XX Corps (Cumberland): Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook
1st Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Jefferson Columbus Davis
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Colonel P Sidney Post
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General William Passmore Carlin
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Colonel H C Heg
2nd Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Richard William Johnson
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Johann August Ernst von Willich
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Colonel J B Dodge
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Philemon P Baldwin
3rd Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Major-General Philip Henry Sheridan
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General William Henry Lytle
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Bernard Laibodt
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XX Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Luther Prentice Bradley
XXI Corps (Cumberland): Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
1st Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Thomas John Wood
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Colonel George P Buell
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General George Day Wagner
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Charles G Harker
2nd Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Major-General John McAuley Palmer
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Charles Cruft
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General William Babcock Hazen
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Colonel William Grose
3rd Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Samuel Beatty
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Colonel G F Dick
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXI Corps (Cumberland): Colonel S M Barnes
Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Colonel David Sloane Stanley, Major-General David Sloane Stanley
1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Robert Byington Mitchell
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Colonel A P Campbell
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Edward M McCook
2nd Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General John Basil Turchin
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Robert H G Minty
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Eli Long
Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Major-General Gordon Granger
1st Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Absalom Baird
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Colonel S D Adams
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Colonel W P Reid
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Colonel H C Gilbert
2nd Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Brigadier-General James Dada Morgan
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Colonel R F Smith
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Colonel D McCook
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Colonel C C Doolittle
3rd Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Robert Seaman Granger
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Colonel W P Lyon
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Reserve Corps “Army of Kentucky” (Cumberland): Brigadier-General William Thomas Ward

Tennessee. Union Colonel John Thomas Wilder’s “Lightning Brigade” returned to Manchester at noon after a three-day raid against the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad. Despite failing to cut the main line, Wilder’s men had broken bridges on two important branch lines and evaded pursuit without the loss of a single man. Wilder was praised for his resourcefulness and for providing heartening proof that Union mounted troops, albeit mounted infantry rather than cavalry, could evade the Confederate cavalry and conduct a successful raid in the Confederate rear.

Tennessee. Under pressure from the skilful manoeuvring and flank marches of Major-General William Starke Rosecrans, the Confederate Army of Tennessee under General Braxton Bragg had occupied the prepared defensive positions at Tullahoma. Bragg had spent two days removing heavy equipment and stores from his supply depot while eight Union divisions hovered on the flank of his own four divisions. Bragg was not distracted by a raid into his rear by Union mounted infantry and the damage to the railroad was repaired quickly. His men confidently awaited a frontal attack against their fortifications at Tullahoma. However, Confederate Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk was anxious that the army’s communications might be severed, albeit temporarily, by the raid on the railroad to the rear and advised Bragg to retreat. Confederate Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee had little faith in Bragg. He did not support the recommendation to retreat but neither did he offer encouragement to stand and fight at Tullahoma. At 3 pm, Bragg finally abandoned his plan to defend Tullahoma and issued orders for a night-time withdrawal. He directed his army to cross the Elk River and to follow the Tennessee River to a new position at Chattanooga.

Virginia. Incident at Diascund Bridge.

Union Organisation

USA: Joseph Bradford Carr confirmed Brigadier-General USV 30 June 1863 to rank from 30 March 1863.

Carr, Joseph Bradford / New York / Born 16 August 1828 Albany, New York / Died Troy, New York 24 February 1895
Colonel New York Militia 1861 / Colonel USV 2nd New York Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 September 1862 Expired Unconfirmed 12 February 1863 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 30 June 1863 to rank from 30 March 1863 Expired 30 March 1864 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 30 June 1863 to rank from 30 March 1863 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Major-General New York Militia 24 January 1867-1887 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Gettysburg 2 July 1863
3rd Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 1 June 1862-6 June 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 25 June 1862-5 September 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 5 September 1862-12 January 1863 / 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 7 January 1863-8 February 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 8 February 1863-3 May 1863 / 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 3 May 1863-23 May 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 23 May 1863-5 October 1863 / 2nd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 9 July 1863-10 July 1863 / 3rd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 5 October 1863-24 March 1864 / 4th Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-2 May 1864 / District of Yorktown 2 May 1864-16 May 1864 / Defences of Yorktown 16 May-1864-July 1864 / 3rd Division XVIII Corps Army of the James 29 July 1864-3 August 1864 / 1st Division XVIII Corps Army of the James 3 August 1864-3 September 1864 / Carr’s Brigade Army of the James October 1864-June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
    • District of Southeast Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Central Kentucky: Samuel Davis Sturgis
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
      • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton
  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
  • Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: William Preston temporary
      • District of Abingdon: William Preston
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry temporary
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin 
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee

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