1863 June 23rd

June 23 1863 Tuesday

Brashear City, LA

Vicksburg Campaign – Siege of Vicksburg

Gettysburg Campaign

Siege of Port Hudson

Tullahoma Campaign

Sanders’ East Tennessee Raid

Taylor’s Expedition to the Mississippi

Florida. USS Pursuit, Lieutenant William P Randall, took the sloop Kate in Indian River.

Kentucky. Everett’s Raid in Eastern Kentucky ended.

Kentucky. Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan led a cavalry division consisting of two brigades, totalling nearly 2,500 men, and two batteries of artillery, northward from Tennessee. His intention was to ride into Kentucky to disrupt the communications of the Union Army in support of the Army of Tennessee near Tullahoma. Confederate General Braxton Bragg ordered Morgan to attack settlements of his choosing in Kentucky, but not to cross the Ohio River into Union territory. Bragg was worried about Morgan getting too far from the main army and being unable to come to his aid should it be needed. Morgan was already planning to disregard the restrictive orders and had sent scouting parties beyond the river before leaving Tennessee. He crossed the Cumberland River into Kentucky at Burkesville.

Brashear City, Louisiana, also known as Berwick Bay. Confederate Major-General Richard Taylor and the troops of Brigadier-General Jean Jacques Alexandre Alfred Mouton and Brigadier-General Thomas Green prepared for an amphibious attack against Brashear City. They had collected 53 small boats, skiffs, and other miscellaneous vessels to cross Berwick Bay from Berwick. Green’s artillery opened fire at dawn and 300 Texan troops rowed across the water. Confederate Colonel James Patrick Major’s cavalry column approached from the east, ending their engagement at La Fourche Crossing to complete the encirclement of the garrison. After a brief and disorganised defence, the Union garrison surrendered. In addition to 1,700 prisoners, Taylor took possession of twelve heavy guns, 5,000 Burnside repeating rifles, and large quantities of medical supplies and provisions destined for Union operations along Bayou Teche, estimated to a value of $2,000,000. Major had already wrecked the railroad bridge at La Fourche Crossing. Two full railroad trains and their locomotives were also seized.

Massachusetts. CSS Tacony, Lieutenant Charles Read, captured and burned the fishing schooners Ada and Wanderer off the New England coast.

Mississippi. Union raid to Brookhaven began.

Mississippi. Skirmish near Ellisville resulting in the destruction of railroad cars.

Mississippi. Confederate Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton received a message from General Joseph Eggleston Johnston, dated the previous day, which advised that the Union defences along the Big Black River were too strong to permit any kind of relief of Vicksburg from outside. Johnston suggested that Pemberton should attempt to escape across the Mississippi and to unite his troops with those of Major-General Richard Taylor in western Louisiana. The suggestion was both implausible and impractical since Taylor had long since departed for Bayou Teche, and there was little more than row-boats and canoes to convey the debilitated garrison past the Union fleet. It would be difficult or impossible to ferry guns, horses, wagons and the equipment necessary to sustain the isolated garrison on the Union-controlled western bank of the Mississippi. Nearly half of the garrison was on sickness leave, mostly from disease and weakness caused by poor diet.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Waynesville ended.

Missouri. The town of Sibley was destroyed by Union troops after being attacked and ambushed in the vicinity several times by bushwhackers.

Missouri. Skirmish at Papinsville.

Nebraska Territory. Attack on Pawnee Agency.

Nevada Territory. Skirmish at Canyon Station when two Union soldiers were captured and killed by Indians while hunting.

South Carolina. USS Flambeau, Lieutenant-Commander John H Upshur, seized the suspected blockade runner British schooner Bettie Cratzer, off Murrell’s Inlet bound from New York to Havana.

Tennessee. Incidents at Hoover’s Gap and Shelbyville.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Uniontown (or Unionville).

Tennessee. Skirmish at Rover.

Tennessee. Union Colonel William Price Sanders’ brigade returned from its raid to destroy railroad bridges and to disrupt communications in eastern Tennessee. During the raid, they destroyed the strategically important 1,600-foot bridge of the Tennessee & Virginia Railroad over the Holston River. Sanders reported that the inhabitants of the region were strongly pro-Union and large numbers might be persuaded to enlist in loyal regiments.

Tennessee. Union Brigadier-General William Starke Rosecrans ordered his Army of the Cumberland to move with 56,000 infantry and 9,000 cavalry the following day. They were ordered to set out at 3 am from Murfreesboro and to head towards the Confederate positions at Tullahoma. The aim was to dislodge Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tennessee. Bragg had established a fortified line for his force of 30,000 infantry and 14,000 cavalry north of the Duck River, running from Shelbyville on the left to Wartrace on the right.

The Confederate defences had been strengthened for over six months and outposts were stationed along an almost continuous mountain ridge which broadened eastwards into a high plateau. The ridge was pierced by four main gaps: the railroad ran through the centre at Bellbuckle Gap, Liberty Gap was a mile to the east and carried a wagon road to Wartrace. Six miles west of the railroad was Guy’s Gap, traversed by the Shelbyville Pike, and six miles east of the railroad there was Hoover’s Gap with the good, hard road from Murfreesboro to Manchester. Manchester was sixteen miles east of Wartrace and twelve miles northeast of Tullahoma. On the Confederate far right, infantry and artillery detachments guarded Liberty Gap, Hoover’s Gap and Bellbuckle Gap. Confederate Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps had two divisions around Wartrace, about twenty miles from Murfreesboro and ten miles from Bragg’s headquarters at Tullahoma on the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad.

At first, Rosecrans had seen this mountainous ridge as an obstacle to his advance but his ingenious plan converted it into a screen, allowing him to conduct the first stages of his advance out of sight of the enemy. Rosecrans had no wish to assault the strong Confederate entrenchments at Bellbuckle Gap or Liberty Gap. He wanted to avoid a frontal attack against either of the two Confederate corps while they were within easy supporting distance, He needed to outflank them out of their defences and then to attack them on the march or in more open ground. This required him to threaten the supply depot at Tullahoma or some other point along the railroad running south from there.

The first element of his plan was to feign an attack on Polk’s Corps and its two divisions through Guy’s Gap towards Shelbyville with Major-General David Sloane Stanley’s cavalry corps and Major-General Gordon Granger’s Reserve Corps. This was the most obvious objective as the terrain was more passable and it was expected to be an effective ruse. Polk’s was the stronger of the two Confederate Corps since Hardee had been weakened by detachments to Jackson and Vicksburg in Mississippi.

A second feint would be made through Bradyville towards McMinnville by Union Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden’s XXI Corps. Crittenden was to ensure that his movement was observed and distracted the Confederates’ attention.

Meanwhile, Rosecrans decided to mass his main strength against Bragg’s right, with the XIV Corps of Major-General George Henry Thomas and XX Corps of Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook marching through Hoover’s Gap and along the macadamised road to Manchester. Confederate reactions would dictate whether they then proceed to Tullahoma or a point further south.

The first movements of the campaign began when elements of Granger’s Reserve Corps and a cavalry division under Brigadier-General Robert Byington Mitchell moved due west from Murfreesboro to Triune to begin their elaborate feint. This was designed to strengthen Bragg’s assumption that the main attack would come on his left flank in the direction of Shelbyville. At the same time, the XXI Corps division of Major-General John McAuley Palmer moved to Bradyville, well beyond the Confederate right flank, where he could push back Confederate cavalry and move in the direction of Manchester, getting into the Confederate rear. It was only after these movements were underway that Rosecrans brought his corps commanders together to hear the detailed orders for the upcoming campaign.

During the spring, Rosecrans had repeatedly asked for a larger share of scarce cavalry resources. One alternative was to equip an infantry brigade as a mounted infantry force. Colonel John Thomas Wilder’s brigade (1,500 men in the 17th Indiana Infantry, 72nd Indiana Infantry, 98th Illinois Infantry, nd 123rd Illinois Infantry) took horses and mules from the surrounding countryside and armed themselves with long-handled hatchets for hand-to-hand combat. This prompted them to be derisively nicknamed the “Hatchet Brigade”. Their more lethal armament was the seven-shot Spencer repeating rifle carried by all the men. They soon acquired the sobriquet of the “Lightning Brigade” as they operated increasingly as mounted infantry, frequently detached from the main army. Wilder’s brigade had mobility and firepower and also high morale, and they were assigned to lead the surprise advance on Hoover’s Gap.

Virginia. Union expedition to South Anna Bridge began.

Virginia. Incident at Haymarket.

Virginia. Union Commander Pierce Crosby took the gunboats Commodore Barney, USS Western World, and USS Morse, along with the Army gunboats Smith, Briggs and Jesup, escorted and covered a landing at White House on the Pamunkey River. A naval landing party at White House destroyed rails and a railroad turntable built inside an earthwork, intended for a heavy gun mounted on a railroad car. Union Colonel Samuel Perkins Spear led a brigade of 1,050 cavalry from White House as part of a diversionary operation to threaten Richmond and divert Confederate troops from the ongoing invasion of Pennsylvania.

Further diversionary operations were conducted until the end of the month by Union Major-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes. Keyes led 6,000 men of IV Corps up the Yorktown peninsula towards Bottom’s Bridge on the Chickahominy River, where he was deterred by Confederate Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill and two brigades of the Richmond defences. Keyes’ diverted attention from the parallel march of Brigadier-General George Washington Getty by sending 10,000 men up the Pamunkey River to destroy the major railroad bridge over the South Anna River. While Getty was able to destroy some minor bridges, another Confederate brigade prevented the destruction of his main objective.

Virginia. Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart reported that the main body of the Union Army of the Potomac was encamped around Manassas Junction. Stuart suggested that he could take three cavalry brigades around the eastern side of the Union army to cross the Potomac River, thereby sowing confusion and panic in Union ranks. Lee agreed on the condition that Stuart maintained close observation of the Union army and reported its movements. Stuart’s orders allowed some discretion on the route and Stuart took full advantage of the liberty to conduct an ambitious raid.

Union Organisation

USA: State Brigadier-General Willard Preble Hall assumed command of the District of Northwest Missouri, succeeding Colonel Chester Harding.

Hall, Willard Preble / Born 9 May 1820 Harper’s Ferry, (West) Virginia / Died St Joseph Missouri 2 November 1882
Private USV 1st Missouri Cavalry 1846 / Lieutenant USV / Mustered Out USV 1847 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia July 1861 / Discharged 31 January 1864
District of Northwest Missouri 23 August 1862-10 April 1863 / District of Northwest Missouri 23 June 1863-6 July 1863

USA: Alexander Stewart Webb promoted Brigadier-General USV 1 July 1863 to rank from June 23 1863.

Webb, Alexander Stewart / New York / Born 15 February 1835 New York City, New York / Died Riverdale, New York 12 February 1911
USMA 1 July 1855 13/34 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1851 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1855 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 20 October 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 28 April 1861 / Captain USA 11th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Major USV 1st Rhode Island Artillery 14 September 1861 / ADC (W F Barry) April 1862 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 20 August 1862-28 June 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 1 July 1863 to rank from 23 June 1863 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 44th US Infantry 28 July 1866 / 5th US Infantry 5 March 1869 / Discharged USA 5 December 1870 / Brevet 2 Lt USA 1 July 1855 Brevet Major USA 3 July 1863 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 11 October 1863 Brevet Colonel USA 12 May 1864 Brevet Major-General USV 1 August 1864 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 3 July 1863 / WIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863 WIA Spotsylvania 12 May 1864
2nd Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 28 June 1863-15 August 1863 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 15 August 1863-10 December 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-12 May 1864 / Chief of Staff Army of the Potomac 11 January 1865-28 June 1865 / Assistant Inspector-General Military Division of the Atlantic 1 July 1865-21 February 1866

USA: Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié promoted Brigadier-General USV 23 June 1863.

Duffié, Alfred Napoleon Alexander (Natti) / France / Born 1 May 1835 Paris, France / Died Cadiz, Spain 8 November 1880
St Cyr Military Academy 1854 / 2nd Lieutenant Cavalry French Army 1854-1859 / Resigned French Army 1860 / Captain USV 2nd New York Cavalry 9 August 1861 / Major USV 5 October 1861 / Colonel USV 1st Rhode Island Cavalry 6 July 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 23 June 1863 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / WIA Solferino 24 June 1859 WIA Kelly’s Ford 17 March 1863 CIA Bunker Hill 24 October 1864 Exchanged 20 March 1865
1st Brigade 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 16 February 1863-26 February 1863 / 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 2 May 1863-11 June 1863 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Department of West Virginia 11 August 1863-3 February 1864 / 3rd Division Department of West Virginia 3 February 1864-13 February 1864 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Department of West Virginia 13 February 1864-26 April 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Cavalry Department of West Virginia 26 April 1864-9 June 1864 / 1st Division Cavalry Department of West Virginia 9 June 1864-22 July 1864 / 1st Division Cavalry Army of the Kanawha 22 July 1864-8 August 1864 / 1st Division Cavalry Department of West Virginia 8 August 1864-22 October 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
    • District of Southeast Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Central Kentucky: Samuel Davis Sturgis
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
      • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton
  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Hamilton Prioleau Bee assumed command of the Western Sub-District of the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, succeeding Brigadier-General Henry Eustace McCulloch.

Bee, Hamilton Prioleau / South Carolina-Texas / Born 22 July 1822 Charleston, South Carolina / Died San Antonio, Texas 3 October 1897
Private Texas Rangers 1839 / 2nd Lieutenant Texas Rangers 1845 / Brigadier-General Texas Militia 1861 / 2nd Lieutenant USV 1st Texas Cavalry 1847-1848 / Brigadier-General Texas Militia 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 / Paroled Columbus, Texas 26 June 1865 / WIA Pleasant Hill 9 April 1864
Sub-District of the Rio Grande 25 February 1862-26 May 1862 / District of Texas 27 November 1862-29 November 1862 / Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 23 June 1863-16 March 1864 / Bee’s Brigade Green’s Division District of Western Louisiana 16 March 1864-19 April 1864 / Bee’s Division Wharton’s Cavalry Trans-Mississippi Department March 1865 / 2nd Brigade Maxey’s Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 24 April 1865-13 May 1865

CSA: Douglas Hancock Cooper confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 23 June 1863 to rank from 2 May 1863.

Cooper, Douglas Hancock / Mississippi / Born 1 November 1815 Amite, Mississippi / Died Old Fort Washita, Indian Territory 29 April 1879
Captain USV 1st Mississippi Rifles 1847-1848 / Colonel PACS 1st Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles November 1861 / Superintendent of Indian Affairs 29 September 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 June 1863 to rank from 2 May 1863 / No Record of Parole
Department of the Indian Territory 20 January 1862-26 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of Mississippi December 1862 / District of the Indian Territory 26 May 1862-3 October 1863 / District of the Indian Territory 9 January 1864-9 May 1864 / District of the Indian Territory 21 July 1864-14 February 1865 / Indian Cavalry Division Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi Army December 1864-May 1865 / Bureau of Indian Affairs 21 February 1865-26 April 1865 / District of the Indian Territory 21 February 1865-26 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • District of Abingdon: William Preston
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry temporary
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales

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