1863 June 14th

June 14 1863 Sunday

Port Hudson, LA

Second Battle of Winchester, VA CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Martinsburg, VA

Vicksburg Campaign – Siege of Vicksburg

Gettysburg Campaign

Siege of Port Hudson

Sanders’ East Tennessee Raid

Hines’ Indiana Raid

At Sea. CSS Georgia, Lieutenant William Lewis Maury, captured and bonded the bark J W Seaver with a cargo of machinery bound for Russia.

West Indies. CSS Florida, Lieutenant John Newland Maffitt, captured the ship Red Gauntlet in Caribbean waters.

Alabama. USS Lackawanna, Captain John B Marchand, captured the blockade-running steamer Neptune, bound from Havana to Mobile.

Arkansas. Incident at Newton County.

Eunice, Arkansas. The USS Marmora was travelling on the Arkansas River near Eunice when Confederate guerrillas opened fire on the ship from the shoreline. Confederate guerrillas fired on the Union transport Nebraska near Eunice. The USS Marmora, Acting Lieutenant Getty, pulled to shore and a landing party went ashore and destroyed the town in retaliation The destruction included the railroad depot, a locomotive, and a large warehouse.

Kentucky. Three hundred Confederate cavalry under Colonel Peter M Everett attacked the Union supply depot at Maysville, capturing horses and weapons.

Kentucky. The transfer of two divisions from the Union IX Corps to Vicksburg weakened the capacity for Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside to make an effective advance towards Knoxville with his remaining forces. He deferred aggressive movements until the return of the IX Corps troops. Burnside nevertheless launched a scouting raid towards Knoxville. Colonel William Price Sanders departed from Kentucky with a mixed brigade of 1,500 cavalrymen and mounted infantry to destroy railroad bridges and disrupt communications. However, unrest and mutiny rumbled among the Union regiments, especially those on the verge of  expiry of their nine-month enlistments.Sanders and his men departed from Mount Vernon and finally approached Knoxville, Tennessee, on 18 June.

Louisiana. Expedition to Richmond and Young’s Point began.

Port Hudson, Louisiana, also known as Bayou Sara Road. After his call for surrender was refused on 13 June 1863, Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks launched a new assault on Port Hudson, which was defended by the garrison of Major-General Franklin Gardner. A one-hour cannonade preceded an advance at daybreak. The attack finally began at 3.30 am, but the lack of an agreed plan and heavy fog disordered the attack as soon as it began.

On the far left, the division of Brigadier-General William Dwight was misdirected by his guides into an exposed position north of Fort Desperate where Confederate artillery broke up the attack before it made any progress. In the centre, the divisions of Major-General Christopher Columbus Augur and Brigadier-General Halbert Eleazer Paine struck the strongest point of the central defences along the Jackson Road, and they were repelled easily. Paine fell seriously wounded. The division of Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover struck the Confederate line at “Fort Desperate” before the others, but difficult terrain and strong defences stopped the attacks outside the works. Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel’s division on the left was thrown back even before they managed to cross a ridge in their front that was swept by intense artillery fire. The attack was defeated on every sector.

The siege and assaults on Port Hudson had so far cost 4,000 Union casualties and barely a thousand to the Confederates. Hot weather dried up the streams and watercourses and disease began to take a heavy toll of lives as the besiegers toiled through pestilential swamps. Within days the besiegers’ five divisions were reduced to 14,000 men out of an original 23,000.

The Union lost 1,792 killed, wounded and missing in this attack, while the Confederates lost a mere 47 men in the unequal fight.

Mississippi. Expedition to New Albany and Ripley ended.

Mississippi. Two divisions of the Union IX Corps arrived from the Army of the Ohio in order to reinforce the advance of the Army of the Tennessee at Vicksburg. They were led by Brigadier-General Thomas Welsh and Brigadier-General Robert Brown Potter, under the corps command of Major-General John Grubb Parke. Their arrival raised the Union strength around Vicksburg to 77,000 men.

In rough terms, the Union siege works were manned from north to south as follows: facing Fort Hill and across the Ridge Road and extending to the Mississippi River north of Vicksburg was the division of Major-General Frederick Steele (1/XV). The divisions of Brigadier-General James Madison Tuttle (3/XV) and Major-General Francis Preston Blair (2/XV) extended the line eastwards as far as the Stockade Redan and the Graveyard Road. The line turned south-eastwards with the divisions of Brigadier-General John McArthur (XVI) and Brigadier-General John Alexander Logan (3/XVII), who faced the 3rd Louisiana Redan in a north-south line astride the Jackson Road. Brigadier-General Isaac Ferdinand Quinby’s division (7/XVII) extended the line southwards from the Great Redoubt to the Seond Texas Lunette. Smith’s division and Carr’s division were west of the end of the Baldwin’s Ferry Road and lay across the railroad facing the Railroad Redoubt. Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey’s division (12/XIII) stretched south-westwards to the Salient Work. Brigadier-General Jacob Gartner Lauman’s division (4/XVI) took the line further across the Halls’ Ferry Road and the sieg-lines ended with Major-General Francis Jay Herron’s independent division (attached to XVII Corps) on the Mississippi bluffs at the South Fort and Warrenton Road.

The Confederate defences were well-sited and well-built, extending for seven miles along commanding ridges and secured by 200-foot bluffs at each end. The various redoubts, redans, lunettes, and other strongpoints were connected by mutually supporting entrenchments or rifle pits. Obstructions, both natural and artificial, blocked the lines of advance in some places while cleared ground offered open targets for artillery in others. The Union army had advanced steadily by conventional siege parallels and trenches along the entire front. They also instigated a persistent, harassing artillery bombardment of the defences and the town beyond from eighty-nine sandbagged battery emplacements. By mid-June, the Confederate garrison had been reduced to half-rations and subsequently to quarter-rations.

Missouri. Reconnaissance to Cassville ended.

Tennessee. Expedition to Pocahontas ended.

Tennessee. Skirmish near Green Hill.

Virginia. Incident at Nine Mile Ordinary.

Virginia. Skirmish at Berryville.

Virginia. Union Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock’s II Corps left the camps at Falmouth. They were the last troops of the Army of the Potomac to leave the positions on the Rappahannock River which had been occupied since December 1862. Meanwhile, the rest of the Army was extended northwards on the march towards Manassas Junction. Major-General Joseph Hooker complained of unreasonable interference and criticism by the General-in Chief Major-General Henry Wager Halleck. He was also receiving contradictory pressures from President Abraham Lincoln to make an attack against the Confederates on their march to Pennsylvania while maintaining a close defence of the capital. Hooker requested and was refused reinforcements and was also denied authority to direct the forces in the defences of Washington.

Virginia. Confederate Lieutenant-General Ambrose Powell Hill reported that the Union army had abandoned its outposts on the southern bank of the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg and also evacuated its camps at Falmouth. He put his III Corps Northern Virginia on the road from Fredericksburg to join the rest of the army in the Shenandoah Valley.

Second Winchester, Virginia, also known as Winchester. Winchester was heavily fortified by forts and lunettes around the town, as well as along the outlying turnpike routes entering the town. Within Winchester, Union Major-General Robert Huston Milroy constructed or improved ten defensive fortifications, numbered Battery No 1 through Battery No 10, repairing the defences left by previous occupants. The fortifications were linked in places with roads and trenches and these were a key to the defence. Milroy manned three major fortifications: Battery No 2 or Fort Milroy was the “Main Fort” and held 14 guns, including heavy artillery in extensive works. Battery No 3 or the Star Fort was equipped with 8 guns. Battery No 5 or West Fort was a 4-gun lunette located due west of Fort Milroy. The Main (Star) Fort and the Flag Fort were astride the Pughtown Road and the two smaller and unfinished outpost earthworks were about a mile to the northwest. These latter were held by Colonel Keifer with the 110th Ohio Infantry and part of 116th Ohio Infantry. Lesser fortifications were initially used but were abandoned during the course of the battle at Battery No 1 along Bower’s Hill south of Fort Milroy, Battery No 4 containing 6 guns due north of Star Fort along the same ridge line, Battery No 6 with 2 guns on a hill peak located between West Fort and Battery 7 which had 8 guns on Apple Pie Ridge west of Apple Pie Ridge Road, Battery No 8 downhill west of Star Fort, Battery No 9 and Battery No 10 on the east side of the Martinsburg turnpike at the north end of town. A small fortification called Parkins Mill Battery was four miles south of Winchester at the Opequon River crossing on the Front Royal turnpike. By retreating into the defensive works and relying on his long-range heavy artillery, Milroy reported that he could hold out for weeks against any opponent.

Confederate Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s II Corps’ infantry and some artillery moved by a concealed route to the west of Winchester. Confederate Major-General Edward Johnson’s division, while moving northwest on the Front Royal Pike, drove back Union pickets at the Opequon River crossing (Parkins Mill Battery) at around 8:30 am and engaged in cavalry skirmishes at Hoge Run around 9:30 am. His advance stalled under fire from Fort Milroy’s heavy guns shortly before noon. Skirmishing and artillery exchanges commenced afterward against Union artillery located on the hill near Hollinsworth Mill. Johnson held his position at that point, pausing to synchronise with the arrival of Major-General Jubal Anderson Early’s Division.

Early’s Division crossed west via Ninevah to Newtown and moved north on the Valley Pike. Arriving at the outskirts of Kernstown around noon, light infantry and artillery engagements broke out. Late in the afternoon, around 4 pm, Early pushed back Union skirmishers at the Valley Pike toll-gate and after some minor encounters, the Union forces retreated north of Abrams Creek.

Despite these escalating skirmishes, Milroy was still unaware that he was facing the entire Confederate II Corps. Milroy concentrated all his forces in the three main forts defending the town. Having feared exactly this type of a scenario, Union Major-General Henry Wager Halleck had already sent instructions through Major-General Robert Cumming Schenck for Milroy to fall back from Winchester to Harper’s Ferry if threatened. Although Schenck had discussed evacuation with Milroy, he did not give explicit orders to Milroy to evacuate, since Milroy had convinced him that his defensive position was strong, and his garrison could withstand any assault or a siege.

At dawn, Confederate Brigadier-General John Brown Gordon;s brigade demonstrated to the east and south of the town with his brigade and the 16th Virginia Cavalry battalion, while the remainder of Early’s division swept forward to capture Bower’s Hill with little resistance. Johnson extended his line to the right against very light opposition. There was fitful skirmishing in the streets of Winchester. Early and Ewell conferred on Bower’s Hill and decided on a flanking strategy. Gordon’s brigade and two batteries were left on Bower’s Hill to attract Union attention, while Early led his three other brigades back to the Cedar Creek Grade, west beyond Apple Pie Ridge where it was out of view of the Union fortifications, then north over Cloverdale Plantation to Walnut Grove. The flanking column was accompanied by 20 guns.

While Early made this flanking march, Johnson advanced a line of skirmishers on the right to distract Union attention, providing diversionary skirmishing all day from 10 am until about 4 pm. The Confederate batteries on Bower’s Hill opened fire, touching off a duel with the Union guns in Fort Milroy. By mid-afternoon, Early’s force had gained a position opposite West Fort on Apple Pie Ridge. Eight guns were positioned on the Brierly Farm northwest of the fort, while 12 more guns were placed in an orchard southwest of the fort. By this time the skirmishing had grown quiet.

Within the forts, Milroy believed that the quiet interlude indicated that the Confederates had been repulsed from Winchester. He was unaware that his command was now almost surrounded, with an entire division (Rodes’) dominating his escape route to the north. At about 6 pm, Early opened fire with his twenty guns, hammering the southernmost Union outpost. Union artillery replied but was silenced after a forty-five minute exchange of fire. Meanwhile, Confederate Brigadier-General Harry Thompson Hays’ brigade of Early’s division stealthily advanced through the corn and wheat fields at the base of Apple Pie Ridge. On command, the brigade rushed forward across 300 yards of open fields and swept upward into the West Fort and held it against feeble counterattacks. The defenders abandoned the works, retreating to Fort Milroy, while their own captured artillery was turned around and used against them. Hays was supported in the attack by Brigadier-General William Smith’s and Colonel Isaac E Avery’s (Hoke’s) brigade, and Early consolidated his line on West Fort (or Flint) Ridge, but darkness prevented further gains. Most of the Union defenders gravitated towards the Main or Star Fort.

During the evening, Ewell located his Corps Headquarters at the Bowers’ House, while Early’s Division pounded Milroy’s main fort in an artillery duel well into the night. Ewell feared that Milroy might escape overnight so he sent twp brigades from Johnson’s division, under Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart and Colonel Jesse M Williams (Nicholls’ brigade) to block march north and cut off any escape to the east-north-east via the Charles Town Road. This was a potential escape route that could possibly bypass the position of Rodes’ Division further north. At about 9 pm, Johnson set out with Steuart and Williams and 8 guns on a night march north to Berryville Pike and then west to Jordan Springs Road, where he turned north toward Stephenson’s Depot, a train stop on the Winchester and Potomac Railroad near the intersection of the Martinsburg Pike and the Charles Town Road. About midnight, Brigadier-General James Alexander Walker’s brigade disengaged and joined the rear of Johnson’s column, leaving just one of Johnson’s brigades (Brigadier-General John Marshall Jones’) astride the Berryville Pike east of town.

At 9 pm, at a formal council of war, Milroy and his officers made the decision to try to “cut their way through” to Harpers Ferry on the old Charles Town Road, the very same road that Johnson and his Confederate division were already marching to block. Milroy destroyed his wagons and artillery, abandoned his entrenchments after dark, and at 1 am set out in an attempt to reach Charles Town. They left their works so quietly that Early’s troops did not know until morning that they were gone. The Union column massed in the low ground between Star Fort and Fort Milroy and then moved down along the railroad line and the Valley Pike toward the Charles Town crossroad, just south of Stephenson’s Depot. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Martinsburg, West Virginia. The Union garrison at Martinsburg was commanded by Colonel Benjamin Franklin Smith (3/1/VIII) and comprised 126th Ohio Infantry, 106th New York Infantry , the Potomac Home Brigade, 1st New York Cavalry, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry, and Maulsby’s West Virginia Battery. Union Brigadier-General Daniel Tyler arrived to take command but as fighting had already begun and he was unaware of the ground he acted only as an adviser to Smith.

Confederate skirmishers contacted the Union outposts on the Winchester Road at about 8am. By 11 am Tyler learned that the Confederates had cut the road to Winchester at Bunker Hill and that the escape route for the garrison of Major-General Robert Huston Milroy at Winchester was now probably blocked. Tyler ordered his baggage train to be evacuated to Williamsport, Maryland, and decided to fight a delaying action to protect their escape. At about noon, Tyler rejected an appeal for surrender from Brigadier-General Albert Gallatin Jenkins. During the afternoon the Confederates increased their pressure to the north and worked their troops round for an attack from the west. At sunset the 106th New York, supporting Maulsby’s artillery, broke under a sudden artillery bombardment. As they were being rallied, Colonel Smith withdrew the guns and the 126th Ohio followed their retrograde movement. The two regiments headed for the Potomac overnight by a different route from that of the artillery. The Confederate pursuit was disorganised and failed to prevent their escape. Union losses were reported as 200 men and the Confederates reportedthree casualties.

Union Organisation

USA: Hugh Judson Kilpatrick confirmed Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863.

Kilpatrick, (Hugh) Judson / New Jersey / Born 14 January 1836 Deckertown, New Jersey / Died Santiago, Chile 4 December 1881
USMA 6 May 1861 17/41 Artillery-Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1856 / Captain USV 5th New York Infantry 9 May 1861 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 6 May 1861 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 14 May 1861 / Resigned USV 6 September 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 2nd New York Cavalry 25 September 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV ADC 29 January 1861-21 March 1862 / Colonel USV 6 December 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863 / Captain USA 1st US Artillery 30 November 1864 / Major-General USV 19 June 1865 to rank from 18 June 1865 / Resigned USA 1 December 1865 / Mustered Out USV 1 January 1866 / Brevet Major USA 17 June 1863 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3 July 1863 Brevet Colonel USA 13 May 1864 Brevet Major-General USV 12 January 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Big Bethel 10 June 1861 WIA Fredericksburg 19 April 1862 WIA Dalton 9 May 1864 WIA Resaca 13 May 1864
1st Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 12 February 1863-13 May 1863 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 1 June 1863-14 June 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 14 June 1863-28 June 1863 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 28 June 1863-15 July 1863 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 4 August 1863-25 November 1863 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 20 December 1863-13 April 1864 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Cumberland 26 April 1864-13 May 1864 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Cumberland 23 July 1864-29 October 1864 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Department of the Cumberland Military Division of the Mississippi 29 October 1864-26 April 1865 / Cavalry Division Department of North Carolina 26 April 1865-26 June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: William Fletcher Cloud temporary
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Chester Harding
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Central Kentucky: Samuel Davis Sturgis
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
      • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
      • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton
  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • District of Abingdon: William Preston
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry temporary
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales

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