1863 June 15th

June 15 1863 Monday

Richmond, LA

Stephenson’s Depot, VA

Vicksburg Campaign – Siege of Vicksburg

Gettysburg Campaign

Siege of Port Hudson

Sanders’ East Tennessee Raid

Hines’ Indiana Raid

Taylor’s Expedition to the Mississippi

Arkansas. Incident at Fayetteville.

Arkansas. USS Juliet, Acting Lieutenant Shaw, seized the steamer Fred Nolte on the White River.

Arkansas. Union landing parties from USS Marmora, Acting Lieutenant Robert Getty, and USS Prairie Bird, Acting Lieutenant Edward E Brennand, destroyed the town of Gaines Landing in retaliation for guerrilla attacks.

Florida. USS Lackawanna, Captain John B Marchand, captured the steamer Planter with a cargo of cotton in the Gulf of Mexico.

Georgia. The ironclad CSS Atlanta, Commander William Augustus Webb, got underway in the early evening and passed over the lower obstructions in the Wilmington River, preparatory to an attack on the Union blockading ships in Wassaw Sound. Webb dropped anchor at 8 pm and spent the remainder of the night coaling.

Kentucky. Three hundred Confederate cavalry under Colonel Peter Everett ambushed Union Major R T Williams and thirty men of the 14th Kentucky Cavalry near Olympian Springs in Bath County, killing eleven men and capturing twelve.

Louisiana. The 14th New York Cavalry was attacked by Confederate cavalry raiders near Newport, two miles from Port Hudson. Other raids struck Union foraging parties returning from Jackson and captured Brigadier-General Neal Dow, who was convalescing at Heath plantation.

Richmond, Louisiana. Richmond was an important point on the Confederate supply line running into Vicksburg from west of the Mississippi. Union forces advanced against this supply line following their victories at Milliken’s Bend and Young’s Point. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman released Brigadier-General Joseph Antony Mower’s Brigade from the Vicksburg trenches to support Brigadier-General Alfred Washington Ellet’s Marine Brigade in driving Confederate Major-General John George Walker’s division from Richmond. Mower and Ellet advanced on Richmond with the Marines in the lead. Ellet’s command was discovered by Confederate scouts and Walker deployed a concealed line of skirmishers from the 18th Texas Infantry. The Texans attacked and stopped the Union vanguard. Walker was able to hold off Ellet until Mower’s infantry came up. Mower formed his brigade in line of battle and unlimbered his artillery. The battle continued as an artillery duel until Mower’s troops manoeuvred through a bayou on the Confederate’s flank. Walker was informed that his supply wagons were safely removed, and he then ordered a withdrawal

Walker’s men destroyed the bridges behind them and although Mower’s troops rebuilt them, the Union force was content to permit their escape and to destroy the town. The Union victory deprived the Vicksburg garrison of the supply route across the river from Louisiana. Union losses were one man killed and 11 wounded. The Confederates lost 5 killed and 25 captured.

Louisiana. Confederate Major-General Richard Taylor reoccupied Alexandria after his fruitless attempt to disrupt Union supplies at Milliken’s Bend. He was ordered by General Edmund Kirby Smith to continue to operate on the western side of the Mississippi to try to assist the besieged Vicksburg garrison. Taylor developed a three-pronged campaign against the Union supply depots. He revived his earlier proposal for a descent of Bayou Teche and along the Atchafalaya River, where he would recapture Berwick Bay and overrun the La Fourche region between Grand Lake and the Mississippi. This would threaten New Orleans and interfere with the communications to Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks’ forces at Port Hudson. The aim was to force Banks to raise the siege, allowing the garrison of Confederate Major-General Franklin Gardner to escape and combine with General Joseph Eggleston Johnston in the relief of Vicksburg. For his ambitious campaign, Taylor had a brigade of three cavalry regiments that had recently arrived at Alexandria from Texas under Colonel James Patrick Major. These supplemented five cavalry regiments under Brigadier-General Thomas Green and three infantry regiments under Brigadier-General Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton. These added up to about 4,000 men, barely a tenth of the numbers opposing them, but Taylor aimed to compensate for his low numbers with audacity. Mouton and Green set off down the west bank of the Bayou Teche to march unopposed through Opelousas and New Iberia. Taylor accompanied Major across the Atchafalaya and down Bayou Fordoche towards Port Hudson.

Maryland. Skirmish at Williamsport. Confederate Brigadier-General Albert Gallatin’s Jenkins cavalry brigade crossed the Potomac River at Williamsport before sundown, having captured en route four guns from Maulsby’s West Virginia battery that had escaped from Martinsburg garrison.

Mississippi. Operation in northwestern Mississippi began. Union Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut ordered 1,900 Union cavalrymen at La Grange to attack the railroad line at Panola, Mississippi, and to sweep the country of forage, wheat, animals, and other supplies.

Mississippi. Confederate General Joseph Eggleston Johnston confirmed to the government authorities that his force was too weak to attempt to raise the siege of Vicksburg. His dismal assessment caused consternation among the authorities in Richmond and Secretary of War James Alexander Seddon insisted that Johnston must make an effort, even one of the most desperate kind, to save the stronghold. Johnston resisted all blandishments and demands, explaining that the superior strength of the Union army and its defences made such an effort pointless.

North Carolina. The Confederate ironclad CSS Atlanta got underway in the early evening and passed over the lower obstructions in the Wilmington River, preparatory to an anticipated attack on the Union blockading forces in Wassaw Sound. Commander William A Webb CSN dropped anchor at 8 pm and spent the remainder of the night coaling.

Tennessee. Skirmish near Trenton.

Tennessee. Union reconnaissance to, and skirmish near, Lebanon.

Virginia. Incidents at Winchester and Walkerton.

Virginia. CSS Tacony, Lieutenant Charles Read, captured and burned the brig Umpire with a cargo of sugar and molasses off the Virginia coast.

Virginia. Confederate Lieutenant-General James Longstreet began to move his I Army Corps from Culpeper along the eastern side of the Blue Ridge to confuse Union scouts before turning northwest through Ashby’s Gap and Snicker’s Gap into the Shenandoah Valley.

Stephenson’s Depot, West Virginia, also known as Martinsburg or Stevenson’s Depot. Confederate Major-General Edward Johnson’s division had conducted a night outflanking march to cut off Brigadier-General Robert Huston Milroy’s retreat four miles north of Winchester at Stephenson’s Depot. A hot skirmish began at 3.30 am when Milroy’s 1st Brigade under Brigadier-General Washington Lafayette Elliott engaged the Confederates. Near dawn, Johnson’s skirmishers encountered the head of Milroy’s retreating column near the intersection of the Valley Pike and old Charles Town road. Milroy faced his column to the right on the pike and prepared to fight his way out of the trap by enveloping the enemy. Johnson deployed his regiments along Milburn Road as they came up and advanced to the railroad. He placed two guns on either side of the Charles Town Road railroad bridge. The rest of the artillery was deployed on the heights east of Milburn Road. As it grew light, Union forces made several desperate but uncoordinated attacks against the bridge and railroad embankment. The Confederates were being steadily reinforced and repulsed each attempt. Colonel Jesse M Williams’ (Nicholls’) Brigade crushed the final Union attack and Brigadier-General James Alexander Walker’s brigade, which had been a mile away due to faulty orders when the firing started, arrived on the right of the Confederate line just as the Union troops attempted to achieve an envelopment. Walker advanced to cut the Valley Pike and some remaining Union regiments hoisted the white flag. Milroy’s horse was shot out from under him and the division scattered. Some small groups even escaped covertly to the southeast through Manassas Gap. Milroy and his staff, his cavalry and other small units totaling about 1,200 men escaped to Harpers Ferry. Additionally, in the days following the battle, 700 more men turned up at Bloody Run, Pennsylvania. Milroy’s command had ceased to exist, and the scattered remnants were assimilated back into the Middle Department, while Milroy himself was placed under arrest.

The main body of the Union garrison of Martinsburg, which had escaped encirclement, reached Shepherdstown at 1 am, having abandoned one disabled gun and brought one gun to safety. They crossed the Potomac River and reached Harper’s Ferry at about 7 am. The Confederates had hoped to re-supply and forage, but they had also captured enough artillery and horses (23 guns at Winchester and 5 guns at Martinsburg and 300 horses) to equip a battalion of artillery and cavalry. Additionally, the Confederates captured a great quantity of food, clothing, small arms ammunition, and medical stores in Winchester. The defeat stunned the North and Secretary of War Edwin McMaster Stanton called for additional militia to be mobilised for Federal service. Governor Andrew Curtin of Pennsylvania called for 50,000 volunteers to protect the state.

About 700 sick and 3,358 fit Union troops surrendered in addition to 443 men killed and wounded. Confederate casualties were estimated at between 266 to 269 men for the campaign.

ORDER OF BATTLE: STEPHENSON’S DEPOT, VA

Union Middle Department: Major-General Robert Cumming Schenck
VIII Corps (Middle): Major-General Robert Cumming Schenck
2nd Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Major-General Robert Huston Milroy
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Brigadier-General Washington Lafayette Elliott
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Colonel William Grosvenor Ely
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Colonel Andrew T McReynolds

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
II Corps Northern Virginia: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
Johnson’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Major-General Edward Johnson
Walker’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General James Alexander Walker
Nicholls’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Colonel Jesse Milton Williams

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General John McNeil assumed command of the District of Southwest Missouri, succeeding Colonel William Fletcher Cloud.

McNeil, John / Canada / Born 14 February 1813 Halifax, Nova Scotia / Died St Louis, Missouri 8 June 1891
Captain Missouri Militia 1861 / Colonel USV 3rd Missouri Infantry 8 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 17 August 1861 / Colonel 2nd Missouri Militia Cavalry 3 June 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 4 April 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Major-General Missouri Militia 27 February 1865-8 April 1865 / Resigned USV 12 April 1865 / Brevet Major-General USA 12 April 1865
Northeastern Division District of Missouri 5 June 1862-19 September 1862 / District of Southwest Missouri 15 July 1863-19 October 1863 / District of La Fourche 4 May 1864-9 June 1864 / District of Port Hudson 23 June 1864-6 August 1864 / District of Rolla 23 August 1864-4 October 1864 / 3rd Brigade Cavalry Division Department of the Missouri 4 October 1864-19 October 1864 / 2nd Brigade Cavalry Division Department of the Missouri 19 October 18964-8 November 1864 / District of Rolla 15 November 1864-28 November 1864 / District of Central Missouri 27 February 1865-12 April 1865

USA: Brigadier-General Neal Dow was captured while convalescing from wounds at Heath plantation near Port Hudson, Louisiana.

Dow, Neal (S) / Maine / Born 20 March 1804 Portland, Maine / Died Portland, Maine 2 October 1897
Colonel USV 13th Maine Infantry 23 November 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 28 April 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1864 / WIA Port Hudson 27 May 1863 CIA Port Hudson 15 June 1863 Exchanged 25 February 1864
District of Pensacola 2 October 1862-24 January 1863 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 26 February 1863-27 May 1863

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
    • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Chester Harding
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster

  • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
  • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
  • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
  • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Central Kentucky: Samuel Davis Sturgis
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
  • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
  • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker

  • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
    • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
    • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
  • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
    • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
    • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes

  • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix

Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early assumed temporary command of the District of the Valley, succeeding Major-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble.

Early, Jubal Anderson / Virginia / Born 3 November 1816 Franklin, Virginia / Died Lynchburg, Virginia 2 March 1894
USMA 1 July 1837 18 /50 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1837 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7 July 1838 / Resigned USA 31 July 1838 / Major USV 1st Virginia Infantry 7 January 1847 / Mustered Out USV 3 August 1848 / Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 10 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Provisional Army of Virginia 27 April 1861-8 June 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 15 June 1861 / Colonel PACS 24th Virginia Infantry 21 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 July 1861 / Major-General PACS 23 January 1863 to rank from 17 January 1863 / Lieutenant-General PACS (Temporary) 31 May 1864 / No Record of Parole / WIA Williamsburg 5 May 1862 WIA Cold Harbor 27 June 1862
6th Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-21 July 1861 / 6th Brigade I Corps Army of the Potomac 21 July 1862-22 October 1861 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-29 January 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of of the Potomac 29 January 1862-5 February 1862 / 4th Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 4th Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 14 February 1862-5 May 1862 / 4th Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia 31 May 1862-27 June 1862 / 4th Brigade 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 1 July 1862-17 September 1862 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 17 September 1862-10 May 1863 / II Corps Northern Virginia 10 May 1863-30 May 1863 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-15 November 1863 / Valley District 15 June 1863-7 July 1863 / II Corps Northern Virginia 15 November 1863-4 December 1863 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 4 December 1863-8 May 1864 / Valley District 15 December 1863-29 March 1865 / II Corps Northern Virginia 8 May 1864-20 May 1864 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 21 May 1864-29 May 1864 / II Corps Northern Virginia 29 May 1864-9 December 1864 / Department of East Tennessee and West Virginia 20 February 1865-29 March 1865

CSA: Matthew Whitaker Ransom confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863.

Ransom, Matthew Whitaker (Matt) / North Carolina / Born 8 October 1826 Warren, North Carolina / Died Garysburg, North Carolina 8 October 1904
Private PACS 1st North Carolina Militia May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel 1st North Carolina Militia 16 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 35th North Carolina Infantry 21 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / WIA Malvern Hill 1 July 1862 WIA Drewry’s Bluff 14 May 1864
1st Brigade R Ransom’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 3 January 1863 / M W Ransom’s Brigade R Ransom’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia July 1863 / M W Ransom’s Brigade R Ransom’s Division Department of Richmond July 1863-September 1863 / Ransom’s Brigade Department of North Carolina 29 November 1863 / Ransom’s Brigade Pickett’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia18 April 1864-14 May 1864 / Reserve Brigade Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 14 May 1864-17 May 1864 / Ransom’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 17 May 1864-19 October 1864 / Ransom’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division IV Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 October 1864-December 1864 / Ransom’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division IV Corps Army of Northern Virginia February 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: Alfred Moore Scales confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863.

Scales, Alfred Moore / North Carolina / Born 26 November 1827 Reidsville, North Carolina / Died Greensboro, North Carolina 8 February 1892
Private PACS 3rd North Carolina Infantry 30 April 1861 / Captain PACS 13th North Carolina Infantry 3 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 12 October 1861 / 13th North Carolina Infantry 14 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863 / No Record of Parole / WIA Chancellorsville 3 May 1863 WIA Gettysburg 1 July 1863
6th Brigade A P Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 13 December 1862-13 December 1862 / 4th Brigade Pender’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 20 June 1863=1 July 1863 / Scales’ Brigade Wilcox’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1863-February 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of East Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
    • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
    • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
    • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
    • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
    • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
    • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill

  • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Jubal Anderson Early

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry temporary
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales

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