1863 June 13th

June 13 1863 Saturday

Berryville, VA

Second Battle of Winchester, VA

Vicksburg Campaign – Siege of Vicksburg

Gettysburg Campaign

Siege of Port Hudson

Hines’ Indiana Raid

Atlantic Ocean. CSS Georgia, Lieutenant William Lewis Maury, captured the bark Good Hope bound from Boston to Cape of Good Hope. The prize was burned at sea on 14 June after its provisions and stores were removed.

Cuba. USS Juniata, Commander John M B Clitz, captured the blockade-running schooner Fashion off the coast of Cuba with a cargo of salt and soda.

Arkansas. Confederate guerrillas fired on the USS Marmora, Acting Lieutenant Getty, near Eunice.

Florida. USS Sunflower, Acting Master Van Sice, captured the schooner Pushmataha off the Tortugas.

Kentucky. Incidents at Wilson’s Creek.

Kentucky. Everett’s Raid in Eastern Kentucky began. Three hundred cavalry under Confederate Colonel Peter M Everett passed through eastern Kentucky in order to attack the Union supply depot at Maysville. Skirmishes at Howard’s Mill, and Mud Lick Springs in Bath County.

Louisiana. Confederate deserters reported overnight to Union Brigadier-General William Dwight that the garrison of Port Hudson was reduced to 4,000 men and that food supplies were within a week of exhaustion. The garrison was said to be demoralised and desperate for the siege to end. Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks ordered a naval bombardment to begin at 11.15 am, lasting for one hour, after which he would send a summons for surrender. The bombardment was made but the surrender was immediately refused by Confederate Major-General Franklin Gardner. Banks continued the bombardment overnight and at 1 am gave the order for a simultaneous assault to be made at dawn.

Mississippi. Operation in north-eastern Mississippi began. Incident at Orizaba.

Mississippi. Confederate Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton received a message from General Joseph Eggleston Johnston, dated 29 May 1863, announcing that Johnston was unable to collect a force strong enough to attempt the relief of the siege of Vicksburg, unless the garrison acted cooperatively to break-out. Pemberton’s reply indicated the strength of the encircling Union forces in men and artillery and the impossibility of a break-out. He estimated that the garrison had so far endured thirty-eight days of siege, and faced growing starvation and relentless harassment. He estimated that he could not endure beyond twenty more days, setting a deadline of 5 July 1863. Johnston had been reinforced by the arrival from Tennessee of a division under Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge. Johnston also had three other divisions under Major-General William Wing Loring, Major-General Samuel Gibbs French, and Brigadier-General William Henry Talbot Walker. These amounted to about 31,000 men but they were too deficient in equipment and transport for an active campaign. Even that entire force was inadequate to challenge the Union forces now deployed to oppose any relief efforts from outside Vicksburg.

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE WESTERN DEPARTMENT

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Western Department: General Braxton Bragg
Walker’s Division (West): Major-General William Henry Talbot Walker
Ector’s Brigade, Walker’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Matthew Duncan Ector
Gregg’s Brigade, Walker’s Division (West) Brigadier-General John Gregg
Gist’s Brigade, Walker’s Division (West) Brigadier-General States Rights Gist
Walker’s Brigade, Walker’s Division (West) Colonel Claudius C Wilson
Breckinridge’s Division (West): Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge
Adam’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger
Adams
Helm’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Benjamin Hardin Helm
Stovall’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Marcellus Augustus Stovall
French’s Division (West): Major-General Samuel Gibb French
McNair’s Brigade, French’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Evander McNair
Rust’s Brigade, French’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Albert Rust
Maxey’s Brigade, French’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey
Evan’s Brigade, French’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans
Loring’s Division (West): Major-General William Wing Loring
Adams’ Brigade, Loring’s Division (West): Brigadier-General John Adams
Buford’s Brigade, Loring’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Abraham Buford
Featherston’s Brigade, Loring’s Division (West): Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
Jackson’s Cavalry Division (West): Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson
Cosby’s Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division (West): Brigadier-General George Blake Cosby
Whitfield’s Cavalry Brigade, Jackson’s Cavalry Division (West): Brigadier-General John
Wilkins Whitfield
Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
District of the Tennessee: Brigadier-General John King Jackson
Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Barton’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton
Cumming’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General Alfred Cumming
Tracy’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General Edward Dorr Tracy
Reynolds’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Colonel Alexander W Reynolds
Waul’s Texas Legion, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Colonel Thomas N Waul
Forney’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Major-General John Horace Forney
Hebert’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General Louis Hébert
Moore’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General John Creed Moore
Smith’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Major-General Martin Luther Smith
Baldwin’s Brigade, Smith’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General William Edwin Baldwin
Shoup’s Brigade, Smith’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General Francis Asbury Shoup
Vaughn’s Brigade, Smith’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn
Mississippi State Troops, Smith’s Division (Mississippi and East Louisiana): State Brigadier-General Jeptha Vining Harris
Bowen’s Division, (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Major-General John Stevens Bowen
Cockrell’s Brigade, Bowen’s Division, (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Colonel Francis M Cockrell
Green’s Brigade, Bowen’s Division, (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General Martin Edwin Green
Not listed here:
Army of Tennessee: General Braxton Bragg
I Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk
II Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee
“Cavalry Corps” (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Hicks Jackson

Missouri. Operations in Northeastern Missouri began.

South Carolina. Operation at Little Folly Island ended.

Tennessee. Union reconnaissance on the Manchester Pike and Wartrace Road.

Tennessee. Incident at Forked Deer Creek.

Virginia. Expedition to Aldie, Chantilly, and Leesburg ended.

Virginia. Incidents at Deep Run and Franklin’s Crossing

Virginia. Skirmish at White Post near Winchester.

Virginia. Skirmish at Opequon Creek near Winchester.

Virginia. Union Major-General Joseph Hooker ordered the Army of the Potomac to abandon the Rappahannock River line and to concentrate near Centreville.

Berryville, Virginia. Confederate Brigadier-General Albert Gallatin Jenkins’ cavalry failed to screen the roads from Millwood and Union cavalry detected the approach of Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes’ division. They alerted Colonel Andrew T McReynolds’ brigade (3/2/VIII) at Berryville to the threat. From Berryville, the Union garrison had been patrolling the crossings of the Shenandoah River, and observing Confederate raiding parties passing through Snicker’s Gap and Ashby’s Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains since March 1863. McReynolds’ Brigade comprised men of the 6th Maryland Infantry, 67th Pennsylvania Infantry, 1st New York Cavalry, and an artillery battery. McReynolds’ division commander, Major-General Robert Huston Milroy, had 5,100 men at Winchester. Milroy ordered McReynolds to evacuate Berryville and to march to Winchester if he heard the signal of the firing of one of the heavy artillery guns.

While Rodes’ infantry divided to both sides of Berryville to surround the Union forces, Jenkins’ cavalry was sent to the left to cut the road between Berryville and Winchester. Alerted to the Confederate movement by the firing of signal guns by Milroy’s main force in Winchester, McReynolds skilfully extricated his command and the bulk of his supplies. A company of infantry and one of cavalry escorted the supply train to Bunker Hill while the rest of the force went south by a long detour via Summit Point to Winchester, arriving at about 9 pm. McReynolds occupied the Star Fort at Winchester. He believed that Winchester was untenable and that the entire garrison should withdraw from Winchester to Harper’s Ferry, but Milroy ignored his opinion and chose to stand his ground.

The Confederates did not cooperate effectively and were too disorganised to pursue and capture the anticipated haul of prisoners at Berryville. Jenkins captured part of the Union supply train at Bunker Hill along with 75 prisoners, scattering the rest of the two escorting companies towards Martinsburg. A skirmish at Opequon Creek failed to impede the Union retreat. Confederate forces cut the telegram line into Winchester, severing Milroy’s line of communication. By sundown, Rodes’ Division had reached Martinsburg, capturing the town along with five guns. Overnight a storm arose, and heavy rain drenched Winchester and the lower Valley all night long. The Union lost around 300 men throughout these operations while the Confederate loss was negligible.

Second Winchester, Virginia, also known as Winchester. Union Major-General Robert Huston Milroy stationed pickets around Winchester but the continual harassment of his patrols forced them to be positioned so close to Winchester that Milroy retained little surveillance of the surrounding country. His caution was exacerbated by the severe losses he had incurred in trying to suppress repeated Confederate cavalry raids in his district.

Confederate Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s columns met with little hindrance as it converged on Winchester. Milroy’s southernmost outposts were located at or near Parkins Mill at the Opequon Creek crossing, a mere four miles south of Winchester. Other outposts to the west of Winchester were not encountered by Confederate forces. There was skirmishing during the afternoon as Ewell drove in these Union outposts and attempted to cut off Winchester from reinforcement or escape.

ORDER OF BATTLE: SECOND WINCHESTER, VA

Union Middle Department: Major-General Robert Cumming Schenck
VIII Corps (Middle): Major-General Robert Cumming Schenck
1st Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Brigadier-General Benjamin Franklin Kelley (Brigadier-General Daniel Tyler)
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Brigadier-General John Reese Kenly
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Brigadier-General William Hopkins Morris
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Colonel Benjamin Franklin Smith
2nd Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Major-General Robert Huston Milroy
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Brigadier-General Washington Lafayette Elliott
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Colonel William Grosvenor Ely
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps (Middle): Colonel Andrew T McReynolds

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
II Corps Northern Virginia: Lieutenant-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Major-General Jubal Anderson Early
Hays’ Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Harry Thompson Hays
Smith’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Smith
Avery’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Colonel Isaac Erwin Avery
Gordon’s Brigade, Early’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General John Brown Gordon
Johnson’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Major-General Edward Johnson
Steuart’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart
Walker’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General James Alexander Walker
Jones’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General John Marshall Jones
Nicholls’ Brigade, Johnson’s Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Colonel Jesse Milton Williams
Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Major-General Robert Emmett Rodes
Daniel’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Junius Daniel
Doles’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General George Pierce Doles
Iverson’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Alfred Iverson
Ramseur’s Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Stephen Dodson Ramseur
Rodes’ Brigade, Rodes’ Division, II Corps Northern Virginia: Colonel Edward Asbury O’Neal
Cavalry Division Northern Virginia: Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart
Jenkins’ Cavalry Brigade: Brigadier-General Albert Gallatin Jenkins

Virginia. Skirmish at Bunker Hill.

Union Organisation

USA: Hugh Judson Kilpatrick promoted Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863.

Kilpatrick, (Hugh) Judson / New Jersey / Born 14 January 1836 Deckertown, New Jersey / Died Santiago, Chile 4 December 1881
USMA 6 May 1861 17/41 Artillery-Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1856 / Captain USV 5th New York Infantry 9 May 1861 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 6 May 1861 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 14 May 1861 / Resigned USV 6 September 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 2nd New York Cavalry 25 September 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV ADC 29 January 1861-21 March 1862 / Colonel USV 6 December 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863 / Captain USA 1st US Artillery 30 November 1864 / Major-General USV 19 June 1865 to rank from 18 June 1865 / Resigned USA 1 December 1865 / Mustered Out USV 1 January 1866 / Brevet Major USA 17 June 1863 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3 July 1863 Brevet Colonel USA 13 May 1864 Brevet Major-General USV 12 January 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / WIA Big Bethel 10 June 1861 WIA Fredericksburg 19 April 1862 WIA Dalton 9 May 1864 WIA Resaca 13 May 1864
1st Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 12 February 1863-13 May 1863 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 1 June 1863-14 June 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 14 June 1863-28 June 1863 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 28 June 1863-15 July 1863 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 4 August 1863-25 November 1863 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Potomac 20 December 1863-13 April 1864 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Cumberland 26 April 1864-13 May 1864 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Army of the Cumberland 23 July 1864-29 October 1864 / 3rd Division Cavalry Corps Department of the Cumberland Military Division of the Mississippi 29 October 1864-26 April 1865 / Cavalry Division Department of North Carolina 26 April 1865-26 June 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
    • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
  • District of Southwest Missouri: William Fletcher Cloud temporary
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Chester Harding
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster

  • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
  • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
  • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
  • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Central Kentucky: Samuel Davis Sturgis
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
  • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
  • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker

  • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
    • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
    • II Corps Potomac: Winfield Scott Hancock
    • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
    • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
  • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
    • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
    • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes

  • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix

Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Matthew Whitaker Ransom promoted Brigadier-General PACS 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863.

Ransom, Matthew Whitaker (Matt) / North Carolina / Born 8 October 1826 Warren, North Carolina / Died Garysburg, North Carolina 8 October 1904
Private PACS 1st North Carolina Militia May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel 1st North Carolina Militia 16 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 35th North Carolina Infantry 21 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / WIA Malvern Hill 1 July 1862 WIA Drewry’s Bluff 14 May 1864
1st Brigade R Ransom’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 3 January 1863 / M W Ransom’s Brigade R Ransom’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia July 1863 / M W Ransom’s Brigade R Ransom’s Division Department of Richmond July 1863-September 1863 / Ransom’s Brigade Department of North Carolina 29 November 1863 / Ransom’s Brigade Pickett’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia18 April 1864-14 May 1864 / Reserve Brigade Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 14 May 1864-17 May 1864 / Ransom’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 17 May 1864-19 October 1864 / Ransom’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division IV Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 October 1864-December 1864 / Ransom’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division IV Corps Army of Northern Virginia February 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: Alfred Moore Scales promoted Brigadier-General PACS 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863.

Scales, Alfred Moore / North Carolina / Born 26 November 1827 Reidsville, North Carolina / Died Greensboro, North Carolina 8 February 1892
Private PACS 3rd North Carolina Infantry 30 April 1861 / Captain PACS 13th North Carolina Infantry 3 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 12 October 1861 / 13th North Carolina Infantry 14 November 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 15 June 1863 to rank from 13 June 1863 / No Record of Parole / WIA Chancellorsville 3 May 1863 WIA Gettysburg 1 July 1863
6th Brigade A P Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 13 December 1862-13 December 1862 / 4th Brigade Pender’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 20 June 1863=1 July 1863 / Scales’ Brigade Wilcox’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1863-February 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of East Tennessee: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
    • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
    • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
    • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
    • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
    • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
    • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill

  • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble

Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCullough
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry temporary
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales

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