1863 July 9th

July 9 1863 Thursday

Battle of Corydon, IN (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Surrender of Port Hudson, LA (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

Gettysburg Campaign

Siege of Port Hudson

Morgan’s Ohio Raid

Gillmore’s Operations in Charleston Harbour

Taylor’s Expedition to the Mississippi

France. Commander James Dunwoody Bulloch wrote to Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen Russell Mallory from Paris about the ironclads being built in Europe for the Confederacy, He reported that it had not been difficult to sign crews for the commerce raiders CSS Alabama and CSS Florida because they held the positive expectation of prize money. However, it was a much greater problem to crew the ironclads as their sole purpose was clearly to fight. Bulloch recommended that after completion, the new warships should be sent to Wilmington, North Carolina, to destroy the blockading fleet. From there they could strike at Washington, DC, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and even Portsmouth, New Hampshire. These high hopes proved to be groundless as the two ironclads would be seized by the British prior to their completion and they never reached American waters.

CSA. The enquiry by the Confederate authorities into the loss of New Orleans and the conduct of Major-General Mansfield Lovell made its report. Lovell was exonerated on almost every point of the defence of the city.

Arkansas. US President Abraham Lincoln revoked the appointment of former Brigadier-General John Smith Phelps as provisional Military Governor of Arkansas.

California. Indians attacked a private train carrying government stores to Fort Gaston at Redwood Creek.

Florida. A boat crew from USS Tahoma, Lieutenant-Commander Alexander Alderman Semmes,  captured an unnamed flatboat with a cargo of sugar and molasses near Manatee River.

Corydon, Indiana. The Confederate cavalry raiders of Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan approached Corydon from the south. The advance elements (3rd Kentucky Cavalry) formed a battle line and launched a frontal attack and an unsuccessful flanking movement against the east side of the defensive works and barricades held by Colonel Lewis Jordan and 400 men of the Indiana Legion militia. Reinforcements and artillery soon arrived (2nd Kentucky Cavalry and 9th Tennessee Cavalry) with the main body of Confederate troops, giving the attackers a strong numerical superiority. Supported by two rifled guns, a Confederate pincer movement caused the Legion to abandon their position to avoid being surrounded. A large proportion of the Legion was captured as they attempted to escape from the town. The Confederates then seized the commissary supplies on the edge of town and fired two warning shots into the town from their artillery, convincing Jordan that continued resistance was futile. Jordon surrendered the remainder of his force and the town of Corydon. Jordon and his troops regrouped downtown and were joined by Morgan and the rest of the division in Corydon. Morgan’s men tapped the telegraph lines to send false messages indicating that he was heading for Indianapolis with plans to free Confederate prisoners in Camp Morton. By about 6 pm Morgan and the main body of troopers resumed their march northward through Palmyra to Salem before camping a few miles away near New Salisbury. #Morgan was within eighty miles of Indianapolis and the state capital was in turmoil at the reports of 10,000 marauders approaching to sack the city. Union Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside ordered all available cavalry to join in the pursuit of Morgan and to prevent him from re-crossing the Ohio into Kentucky. More militiamen were called into service and sent to protect Indianapolis by concentrating at Martinsville and Franklin. Union casualties at Corydon were 4 killed, 10 to 12 wounded (alternatively, 60 killed and wounded) and 355 captured. The Confederates suffered 12 dead and 40 wounded (alternatively reported as 41 casualties, 8 killed and 33 wounded). (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Kentucky. Union gunboats of the Ohio River squadron under Lieutenant-Commander Le Roy Fitch, including the USS Victory and USS Morse, converged on Brandenburg to find that Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan’s troops had already crossed into Indiana. USS Fairfield and USS Silver Take began to patrol from Leavenworth, Indiana, up to Brandenburg during the night, and USS Victory and USS Springfield were sent to patrol from Louisville down to Brandenburg. Fitch thereby covered the river crossings for about forty miles.

Port Hudson, Louisiana. By early July, the Confederate garrison of Port Hudson had exhausted its food supplies and ammunition, while fighting and disease had greatly reduced the number of men able to defend the trenches. When Confederate Major-General Franklin Gardner learned that Vicksburg had surrendered he realized that his situation was hopeless and that nothing could be gained by continuing to hold out. The terms of surrender were negotiated, and the Confederates laid down their arms. Union Captain Thornton A Jenkins USN accepted the Confederate surrender on behalf of the US Navy since Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut was in New Orleans. Gardner preferred to surrender to a Naval officer rather than to the Union army commander, Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, for reasons of reputation.

The siege of Port Hudson lasted for 48 days and caused severe hardship and deprivation on both sides. It had been the longest siege ever conducted on American soil.

Banks granted lenient terms to the Port Hudson garrison. Enlisted men were paroled to their homes, with transport for the sick and lightly wounded. Seriously sick or wounded were placed under Union medical care. A total of 5,935 men and civilian employees of the Confederate Army were officially paroled. In addition, 405 officers were not paroled and sent as prisoners to Memphis and New Orleans, half of them reaching the Johnson’s Island prison camp in Ohio. Since the terms of the parole were not in agreement with parole conditions acceptable to the Union and Confederate armies then current, the Confederate Army furloughed the returned troops until 15th September 1863 and then returned them to duty. This outraged some leaders of the Union army, but Major-General Henry Wager, Halleck, General-in-Chief of the Union armies, admitted the paroles were made in error.

Between 3,000 and 5,000 (or 4,700 to 5,200) Union men were killed or wounded during the siege, officially reported as 4,363 men. The Confederates forces suffered between 625 and 750 (or 900) casualties. Between 5,500 and 6,500 Confederates (officially 5,395) were captured, along with large stores of weapons, ammunition and powder, 51 light and heavy guns and two river steamers.

The surrender completed the Union attempt to gain uninterrupted control of the Mississippi River, severing all but the slowest and most clandestine communications between the eastern and western states of the Confederacy. (CWSAC Decisive Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: PORT HUDSON, LA

Union Department of the Gulf: Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Union Army of the Gulf: Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
XIX Corps (Gulf): Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
1st Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Major-General Christopher Columbus Augur
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Charles J Paine
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Nathan Dudley
2nd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman, Brigadier-General George Leonard Andrews
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Thomas S Clark
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Alpha B Farr Colonel Lewis Benedict
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Franklin Stillman Nickerson
3rd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Halbert Eleazar Paine
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Timothy Ingraham
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Hawkes Fearing
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Oliver P Gooding
4th Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General William Dwight
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel William K Kimball
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Henry W Birge
Corps D’Afrique, XIX Corps (Gulf) : Brigadier-General Daniel Ullmann
Cavalry, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Benjamin Henry Grierson
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: Rear Admiral David G Farragut USN
USS Hartford Captain James S Palmer, USS Richmond Captain James Alden, USS Mississippi Captain Melancton Smith, USS Monongahela Captain J P Mckinstry, USS Albatross Lieutenant Commander John E Hart, USS Genesee Commander William H Macomb, USS Kineo Lieutenant Commander John Watters, USS Essex Commander CHB Caldwell

Confederate Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
Third (East Louisiana) District: Major-General Franklin Gardner
Steedman’s Brigade: (Left Wing) Colonel Isaiah G W Steedman
Beall’s Brigade: (Centre) Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector Beall
Miles’s Command (Right Wing) Colonel William R Miles
River Defences: Lieutenant-Colonel Melanchthon J Smith
Maxey’s Brigade: (Clinton, La.) Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey
Gregg’s Brigade: (Clinton, La.) Brigadier-General John Gregg
Rust’s Brigade: (Clinton, La.) Brigadier-General Albert Rust
Buford’s Brigade: (Clinton, La.) Brigadier-General Abraham Buford
Cavalry: (Clinton, La.) Colonel John L Logan

Louisiana. The siege of Port Hudson was an important strategic victory but a blow to Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks’ political ambitions. If he had captured the stronghold as intended in May, he could have marched on to Vicksburg and taken command of the siege there as the ranking officer above Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant. Grant’s success at Vicksburg had secured his promotion to outrank Banks. Victory at Vicksburg would have boosted Banks’ credentials as a future Presidential candidate. On the other hand, Banks’ armies had gathered $3,000,000 worth of livestock and supplies while engaged in operations in western Louisiana in the spring of 1863 and this bounty persuaded Banks that vast stores of cotton were waiting along the Red River in eastern Texas. He came to believe that this potential economic bonanza would revive his political prospects and justified his preparations for a future campaign along the Red River.

Louisiana. Two Union divisions under Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel and Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover embarked at Port Hudson on ten transport steamers bound for New Orleans. They were sent first to Donaldsonville where they would disembark to descend Bayou La Fourche in order to drive away the Confederates menacing New Orleans. Hearing of the fall of Port Hudson, Confederate Major-General Richard Taylor was forced to evacuate Brashear City and retreated towards Vermilionville in order to avoid being caught by the Union reinforcements on their way from Port Hudson.

Maryland. Skirmish at Beaver Creek (or Benevola).

Maryland. The Union Army of the Potomac marched from Frederick towards Williamsport. Despite the opportunity presented to sever the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia’s line of retreat to Virginia, Union Major-General George Gordon Meade felt it prudent only to observe the Confederate withdrawal without attacking their strong defences.

Mississippi. Skirmishes at Jackson and Clinton.

South Carolina. Expedition to James Island began.

South Carolina. In preparation for an attack on Fort Wagner on Morris Island, Union Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore ordered a diversionary bombardment and a landing on James Island. The operation was executed without difficulty.

Virginia. Skirmish at Chester Gap.

Virginia. Union expeditio nfrom Richmond to Matthias Point.

Virginia. A Union ammunition store exploded at Fort Lyon, killing 20 men and wounding 14 more.

Union Organisation

USA: The District of Port Hudson was established in the Department of the Gulf, comprising the vicinity of Port Hudson, Louisiana.

USA: Brigadier-General George Leonard Andrews assumed command of the District of Port Hudson.

Andrews, Christopher Columbus / New Hampshire / Born 27 October 1829 Hillsboro, New Hampshire / Died St Paul, Minnesota 21 September 1922
Private USV 3rd Minnesota Infantry May 1861 / Captain USV 4 November 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 1 December 1862 / Colonel USV 9 August 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 10 April 1864 to rank from 5 January 1864 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Brevet Major-General USV 9 March 1865 / CIA Murfreesboro July 1862 Exchanged October 1862
2nd Brigade 2nd Division VII Corps Department of Arkansas 19 May 1864-16 June 1864 / 2nd Division VII Corps Department of Arkansas 16 June 1864-10 December 1864 / 3rd Brigade Reserve Corps Department of the Gulf Military Division of West Mississippi 10 December 1864-13 February 1865 / 2nd Division Reserve Corps Department of the Gulf Military Division of West Mississippi 13 February 1865-4 March 1865 / 2nd Division XIII Corps Department of the Gulf Military Division of West Mississippi 4 March 1865-17 July 1865 / Sub-District of Mobile 3 June 1865-12 June 1865 / Sub-District of Houston 17 July 1865

USA: Former Brigadier-General John Smith Phelps resigned.

Phelps, John Smith / Connecticut / Born 22 December 1814 Simsbury, Connecticut / Died St Louis, Missouri 20 November 1886
Private USV Missouri Infantry 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV Phelps’ Missouri Infantry 2 October 1861 / Colonel USV 19 December 1861 / Mustered Out USV 13 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 Expired Unconfirmed 4 March 1863 / Resigned USV 9 July 1863 / WIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
    • District of Southeast Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
      • II Corps Potomac: William Hays temporary
      • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
      • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton
  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
  • Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier General Henry Eustace McCullough was appointed to command the Northern Sub-District of the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving on 29 August 1863, to succeed Colonel Smith Pyne Bankhead.

McCullough, Henry Eustace (McCulloch) / Tennessee / Born 6 December 1816 Rutherford, Tennessee / Died Rockport, Texas 12 March 1895
1st Lieutenant Army of Texas 1838-1843 / Captain USV Texas Rangers 1846 / Mustered Out USV 1851 / Colonel Texas Militia 5 February 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Texas Mounted Rifles 15 April 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 March 1862 / Paroled San Antonio, Texas 19 August 1865 / CIA Ciudad Mier 1842
Department of Texas 4 September 1861-26 May 1862 / Western District of Texas 3 December 1861-29 November 1862 / Sub-District of the Rio Grande 24 April 1862-28 May 1862 / Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 29 November 1862-23 July 1863 / Northern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 9 July 1863-26 May 1865 / Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 15 August 1863-29 August 1863 / 3rd Brigade 2rd Division III Corps Trans-Mississippi Army September 1864-26 May 1865

CSA: District Three (Port Hudson District) of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana was discontinued.

CSA: Major-General Franklin Gardner was captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana.

Gardner, Franklin / New York / Born 29 January 1823 New York City, New York / Died Lafayette, Louisiana 29 April 1873
USMA 1 July 1843 17 /39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 12 September 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 13 September 1847 / Regt Adjutant 14 July 1847-16 November 1853 / Captain USA 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Dropped from Rolls USA 7 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 11 September 1861 / ADC (B Bragg) 6 April 1862 / Colonel PACS March 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 12 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 / Major-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 11 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Captain USA 18 April 1847 / CIA Port Hudson 9 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
Cavalry Brigade Army of Mississippi 25 March 1862-29 March 1862 / Cavalry Western Department 18 April 1862-23 April 1862 / Cavalry Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 23 April 1862-June 1862 / 1st Brigade Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-2 July 1862 / 1st Brigade Reserve Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-2 November 1862 / 1st Brigade Withers’ Brigade Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-28 December 1862 / District Three (East Louisiana) of Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 December 1862-2 September 1863 / Gulf District 27 April 1863-30 April 1863 / Gulf District 26 July 1864-15 August 1864 / District of Mississippi and East Louisiana 24 September 1864-15 January 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector Beall was captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana.

Beall, William Nelson Rector / Kentucky-Arkansas / Born 20 March 1825 Bardstown, Kentucky / Died McMinnville, Tennessee 25 July 1883
USMA 1 July 1848 30/38 Infantry-Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 September 1844 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 30 April 1849 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1st US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Captain USA 27 March 1855 / Resigned USA 20 August 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 29 January 1862 / Major PACS Commissary of Subsistence 13 February 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 12 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 / Captain PACS Artillery 15 September 1862 / Quartermaster POWs 6 December 1864 / Special Parole 6 December 1864 confirmed New York, New York 2 August 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1848 / CIA Port Hudson 9 July 1863
Cavalry Western Department 23 April 1862 / Beall’s Brigade District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana April 1862 / Second Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 26 June 1862-1 October 1862 / District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana 21 October 1862-27 December 1862 / Beall’s Brigade District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 27 December 1862-9 July 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: William Preston temporary
      • District of Abingdon: William Preston
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Joseph Eggleston Johnston temporary
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: vacant
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Samuel Gibbs French temporary
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Gabriel Colvin Wharton
  • Department of Richmond: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead interim Henry Eustace McCulloch awaited
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton

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