1863 July 10th

July 10 1863 Friday

Fort Wagner, SC

Funkstown, MD

Gettysburg Campaign

Morgan’s Ohio Raid

Gillmore’s Operations in Charleston Harbour

Siege of Jackson

Taylor’s Expedition to the Mississippi

Indiana. Skirmish at Salem.

Indiana. After the action at Corydon, more than 150,000 Union militiamen turned out to join the Indiana Legion and began closing in on Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan’s raiders. Meanwhile, 6,000 pursuing cavalrymen of the Union Army arrived in Corydon after crossing the Ohio River from Kentucky. Morgan briefly continued north and raided Salem. He then turned his force east towards Ohio as his raid turned into a flight through Vienna to Lexington. Morgan slept overnight in a Lexington hotel and barely evaded capture from a Union cavalry patrol which fled when the alarm was given.

IndianaUnion Lieutenant-Commander Le Roy Fitch learned that Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan’s raiders were moving northward. USS Morse and USS Victory were joined by USS Reindeer and USS Naumkeag and then ascended the Ohio in pursuit. The chase continued until 19 July, with USS Springfield and the steamer Alleghany Belle joining later. USS Fairplay and USS Silver Lake remained on patrol between Louisville, Kentucky, and Cannelton, Indiana.

Kentucky. Skirmish at Martin’s Creek.

Louisiana. USS New London, Lieutenant-Commander G H Perkins, en route from Donaldsonville to New Orleans, was taken under fire and disabled by the Confederate artillery of Brigadier-General Thomas Green at White Hall Point. Perkins left the ship and travelled to Donaldsonville to bring up troops to prevent the ship’s capture.

Maryland. Skirmish at Boonsboro, Maryland Heights,

Maryland. Skirmish at Old Antietam Forge near Leitersburg (or Lettersburg).

Maryland. Skirmish at Hagerstown.

Maryland. Skirmish at Clear Spring.

Maryland. Skirmish at Jones’ Cross Roads near Williamsport.

Maryland. As the roads were drying sufficiently to permit a pursuit of the Confederates, the Union Army of the Potomac reached Middletown in three marching columns. Union Major-General George Gordon Meade replaced the wounded Major-General Daniel Butterfield with Brigadier-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys as his Chief of Staff. With the arrival of reinforcements and the return of stragglers, the army had regained the strength of 85,000 men.

Funkstown, Maryland. Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart’s cavalry was posted at Funkstown and posed a serious risk to the Union right and rear if the army lunged west from Boonsboro against General Robert Edward Lee’s positions near Williamsport. Stuart decided to wage a spirited defence to ensure Lee time to complete the fortifications protecting his army and his avenue of retreat.

As Union Brigadier-General John Buford’s cavalry division cautiously approached Funkstown via the National Road during the morning, it encountered Stuart’s crescent-shaped, three-mile-long battle line. High ground protected Stuart’s extreme right flank, which was held by Captain Preston Chew’s horse artillery. A nearby stone barn and a barnyard wall provided a good defensive position for the 34th Virginia Battalion’s dismounted cavalry. Union Colonel Thomas Casimer Devin’s dismounted Union cavalry brigade attacked at about 8 am. By mid-afternoon, with Buford’s cavalrymen running low on ammunition and gaining little ground, Union Colonel Lewis Addison Grant’s infantry brigade arrived and struck the Confederate centre less than one mile away. Unknown to Grant’s infantrymen, Confederate Brigadier-General George Thomas Anderson’s brigade arrived and faced them in the first clash of infantry since Gettysburg. By early evening, the Union Army began withdrawing south towards Beaver Creek, where the Union I Corps, VI Corps, and XI Corps had concentrated. Stuart had delayed the Union pursuit for another day. The day-long battle east of the road resulted in 479 casualties.

Massachusetts. The USS Shenandoah, Captain Daniel B Ridgely, and USS Ethan Allen, Acting Master Pennell, departed from the Boston Navy Yard to search for the marauding commerce raider CSS Florida. Two days earlier, the CSS Florida had destroyed two ships near New York and now was reported to be bound for the Provincetown fishing fleet. The recent exploits of the CSS Clarence, CSS Tacony, and CSS Archer had raised concerns for the safety of vessels in New England waters.

Minnesota. Alexander Ramsey resigned as Governor of Minnesota and was succeeded by Henry A Swift.

Mississippi. Incidents at Clinton and Cherry Creek.

Jackson, Mississippi. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s expeditionary force approached Jackson and commenced a partial siege of the state capital. Sherman led IX Corps (Major-General John Grubb Parke), XIII Corps (Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord), XV Corps (led by Major-General Frederick Steele), and two divisions from XVI Corps (one each of which was attached temporarily to IX Corps and XIII Corps for this operation). The Union XVII Corps (Major-General James Birdseye McPherson) did not participate in the advance as it was earmarked to reinforce the siege of Port Hudson with two divisions (6th Division under Brigadier-General John McArthur and 7th Division of Brigadier-General John Eugene Smith). Major-General John Alexander Logan’s division (3rd Division of XVII Corps) remained as the garrison of Vicksburg. Ord’s four divisions moved south of the city, Steele’s three divisions stopped to the west and Parke’s two divisions marched to the north.

At this time, Jackson was held by four Confederate divisions under General Joseph Eggleston Johnston. They had repaired and reoccupied the semi-circular line of fortifications surrounding the capital while a small cavalry division patrolled the flanks along the Pearl River. During the week-long siege, skirmishes occurred at Rienzi, Bolton Depot, Clinton and Canton as Johnston attempted to provoke a rash and costly attack against his prepared defences.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE TENNESSEE

Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Commanding Expedition to Jackson: Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
IX Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Grubb Parke
1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Welsh
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel H Bowman
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel D Leasure
2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Robert Brown Potter
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Simon G Griffin
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Edward Ferrero
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Benjamin C Christ
XIII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord
9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus
1st Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J Keigwin
2nd Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel D W Lindsey
10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel R Owen
2nd Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William J Landram
12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey
1st Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel W T Spicely
2nd Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J R Slack
14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr
1st Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel D Shunk
2nd Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Michael Kelly Lawler
XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Frederick Steele vice Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel B G Farrar
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel C R Woods
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel M Smith
2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Francis Preston Blair
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Giles Alexander Smith
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Boyle Ewing
3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Madison Tuttle
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel W L McMillen
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J J Woods
XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J M Loomis
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel S G Hicks
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J R Cockerill
4th Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel W W Sanford
Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Cyrus Bussey
4th Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jacob Gartner Lauman
1st Brigade, 4th Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel I C Pugh
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel C Hall
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel G E Bryant

Missouri. Skirmish at Florence.

New Mexico Territory. Skirmish with Navajo at Cook’s Canyon.

South Carolina. Operations began at Fort Wagner, Fort Gregg, and Morris Island.

South Carolina. Skirmish at Willstown Bluff on the Pon Pon River. As a diversion from the attack on Fort Wagner, Union Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore sent an expedition to destroy a railroad bridge on the South Edisto River below Morris Island. On a foggy morning, a small flotilla left Beaufort. A steamer, a tug, and a transport carrying 250 members of the 1st South Carolina Colored Infantry, plus two guns of the 1st Connecticut Battery, all commanded by Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson, passed up the South Edisto River. At 4 am they reached Willstown Bluff, about 20 miles up the Edisto, at its confluence with the Pon Pon River. Higginson found his way blocked by timbers sunk across the river’s neck, and by a battery of three guns which withdrew when Higginson landed the troops on the bluff. The expeditionary force worked until 1 pm to clear the obstructions but the tugboat Governor Milton ran aground after passing the blockage. The transport Enoch Dean moved travelled barely a mile further before encountering Confederate artillery and also running aground. Early in the afternoon, the fleet finally cleared the shoals and ascended the river to within two miles of the railroad bridge. The Enoch Dean grounded a second time and the tug continued alone to attack the bridge. Under intense fire from guns of the Washington Artillery the South Carolina Chestnut and Marion batteries, the tug was forced to retreat. The transport was freed, and the ships returned downriver, only for Governor Milton to become entangled in the same obstructions cleared earlier. When Higginson’s steamer John Adams failed to pull the vessel loose, Higginson set the tug afire, transferred its crew to the transport and returned.

Fort Wagner, South Carolina, also known as Morris Island. Fort Wagner was an isolated but heavily armed redoubt that extended entirely across a narrow part of the northern end of Morris Island about a mile and a half from and facing Fort Sumter in Charleston harbour.

Union Brigadier -General Quincy Adams Gillmore began preparations for capturing Morris Island and parts of James Island, which dominated the southern approaches to Charleston Harbour. If Union artillery could be placed in those locations, they could assist in the bombardment of Fort Sumter, whose guns prevented the US Navy from entering the Harbour. Union artillery on Folly Island (which had been occupied since April 1863) was joined by naval gunfire from Rear Admiral John Adolph Bernard Dahlgren’s fleet. The ironclads USS Catskill, Commander G W Rodgers, USS Montauk, Commander Fairfax, USS Nahant, Commander John Downes, and USS Weehawken, Commander Colhoun,warships (USS Catskill, USS Montauk, USS Weehawken, and USS Nahant) bombarded the Confederate defences protecting the southern end of Morris Island. Close support of the landing was rendered by small boats armed with howitzers taken from the blockading ships in Light House Inlet, under Lieutenant-Commander Francis M Bunce. The ironclads were abreast of Fort Wagner by midmorning and bombarded the works until evening but could not dislodge the defenders. USS Catskill was hit sixty times, but it was able to renew the attack the following day. USS Nahant was hit six times, the USS Montauk twice and the USS Weehawken was untouched. Confederate Colonel Robert F Graham withdrew his men into Fort Wagner and reported heavy casualties.

The naval bombardment provided cover for 3,000 men of Brigadier-General George Crockett Strong’s Brigade (1/1/X), to cross Light House Inlet by boat and land by surprise on the southern tip of Folly Island. Strong’s troops gained a foothold and advanced for about three miles. Two Union columns moved forward under heavy fire, converging toward the works nearest the southern extremity of the island, and then along its commanding ridge and eastern coast, capturing successively the eight batteries, of one heavy gun each, occupying the commanding points of that ridge, as well as two batteries mounting a total of three 10-inch seacoast mortars. They approached to within range of Fort Wagner, while Battery Gregg was a further 1,300 yards distant on Cummings Point. Gillmore ordered an assault on Fort Wagner in the morning. The attack cost about a hundred Union casualties, fifteen of whom were killed.

ORDER OF BATTLE: FORT WAGNER, SC

Union Department of the South: Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore
X Corps (South): Major-General Quincy Adams Gillmore
1st Division, X Corps (South): Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry (James Island)
1st Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (South): Brigadier-General Thomas Greely Stevenson
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (South): Colonel William W H Davis
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, X Corps (South): Colonel James Montgomery
2nd Division, X Corps (South): Brigadier-General Truman Seymour (Fort Wagner)
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (South): Brigadier-General Israel Vogdes
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, X Corps (South): Brigadier-General George Crockett Strong

Confederate Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: General Pierre G T Beauregard
District of South Carolina: Brigadier-General Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
1st Sub-District, South Carolina: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley
1st Sub-Division, 1st Sub-District, South Carolina: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood
2nd Sub-Division, 1st Sub-District, South Carolina: Colonel Lawrence M Keitt
3rd Sub-Division, 1st Sub-District, South Carolina: Colonel Robert F Graham
4th Sub-Division, 1st Sub-District, South Carolina: Colonel Alfred Rhett

Tennessee. Skirmish at Bolivar with Union cavalry.

Tennessee. A Union outpost of one hundred men was captured at Union City by Confederate cavalry under Colonel J B Biffle.

Union Organisation

USA: Quincy Adams Gillmore promoted Major-General USV 10 July 1863.

Gillmore, Quincy Adams / Ohio / Born 28 February 1825 Lorain, Ohio / Died Brooklyn, New York 7 April 1888
USMA 1 July 1849 1/43 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1845 / Engineers 1 July 1851 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 5 September 1853 / 1st Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1856 / Captain USA 6 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862 revised to rank from 11 April 1862 / Major USA 1 June 1863 / Major-General USV 10 July 1863 / Resigned USV 5 December 1865 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 January 1874 / Colonel USA 20 February 1883 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1849 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 11 April 1862 Brevet Colonel USA 30 March 1863 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Chief Engineer Port Royal Expedition August 1861-15 March 1862 / Chief Engineer Department of the South 16 March 1862 / District of Western Virginia 28 September 1862-4 October 1862 / 2nd Division Army of Kentucky Department of the Ohio 14 October 1862-25 January 1863 / District of Central Kentucky 20 January 1863-10 April 1863 / Department of the South 12 June 1863-1 May 1864 / X Corps South 12 June 1863-17 April 1864 / X Corps James 4 May 1864-15 June 1864 / Detachment XIX Corps Department of Washington 7 July 1864-13 July 1864 / Department of the South 9 February 1865-27 June 1865 / Department of South Carolina 27 June 1865-10 September 1865

 Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral John Adolphus Dahlgren USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
    • District of Southeast Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
    • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
    • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
      • II Corps Potomac: William Hays temporary
      • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
      • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton
  • Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore
  • Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
  • Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Paul Jones Semmes died of wounds received at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

Semmes, Paul Jones / Georgia / Born 4 June 1815 Wilkes, Georgia / DOW Martinsburg, West Virginia 10 July 1863
Captain Georgia Militia 1846 / Colonel Georgia Militia / Quartermaster-General Georgia Militia / Brigadier0General Georgia Militia 25 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 2nd Georgia Infantry 7 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 / MWIA Gettysburg 2 July 1863
Semmes’ Brigade D R Jones’ Division Army of Northern Virginia March 1862-Arpil 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing Army of Northern Virginia 28 April 1862-June 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Magruder’s Command Defences of Richmond June 1862-July 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Defences of Richmond July 1862-23 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 23 July 1862-2 July 1863

CSA: Brigadier-General William Smith resigned.

Smith, William / Virginia / Born 6 September 1797 Fredericksburg, Virginia / Died Warrenton, Virginia 18 May 1887
Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 27 June 1861 / Colonel PACS 49th Virginia Infantry 18 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 3 February 1863 to rank from 31 January 1863 / Resigned PACS 10 July 1863 / Major-General PACS 13 August 1863 to rank from 12 August 1863 / Resigned PACS 31 December 1863 / Paroled 8 June 1865 / WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862 WIA Antietam 17 September 1862
Early’s Brigade Ewell’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 17 September 1862-17 September 1862 / Smith’s Brigade Early’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 4 April 1863-10 July 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: William Preston temporary
      • District of Abingdon: William Preston
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Joseph Eggleston Johnston temporary
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: vacant
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Samuel Gibbs French temporary
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
      • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
      • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
    • Valley District: Gabriel Colvin Wharton
  • Department of Richmond: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead interim Henry Eustace McCullough awaited
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes DOW
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith RES
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton

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