1863 July 17th

July 17 1863 Friday

Battle of Honey Springs, IT (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

Morgan’s Ohio Raid

Gillmore’s Operations in Charleston Harbour

Siege of Jackson

Gulf of Mexico. USS De Soto, Captain William M Walker, USS Ossipee, Captain John Pritchett Gillis, and USS Kennebec, Lieutenant Commander Russell, seized the steamers James Battle and William Bagley. The cargo of the former was cotton and rosin. The latter carried a cargo of cotton from Mobile.

Indian Territory. Skirmish with Indians at Elk Creek near Honey Springs.

Honey Springs, Indian Territory, also known as Elk Creek or Shaw’s Inn. Early before dawn, Union Major-General James Gilpatrick Blunt led a force of 3,000 men toward Honey Springs. Blunt’s mixed command included three Indian Home Guard Regiments recruited from all the Five Nations, the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry, two white cavalry battalions (6th Kansas Cavalry and 3rd Wisconsin cavalry), one white infantry battalion consisting of six companies of the 2nd Colorado Infantry, and two Kansas artillery batteries.

Blunt skirmished with the Confederate 1st Indian Brigade of Brigadier-General William Steele near Honey Springs early in the morning. Fighting intensified until mid-afternoon. The Confederates had wet powder which caused frequent misfires, and this problem intensified when the rain began to fall. After an artillery duel where each side lost a gun, Blunt ordered the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry to attack. Colonel James M Williams led them forward, but the Confederates held their ground. Williams was wounded but the black troops conducted a disciplined withdrawal. At this point, the 2nd Indian Home Guards, fighting for the Union, strayed accidentally between the lines. The Union commanders gave the order for the Home Guards to fall back but the Confederates misread this withdrawal as a retreat and attacked. The Confederates charged a defensive line held by the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry and were repelled.

Cooper then pulled his forces back to obtain new ammunition. Heavy fighting occurred when Cooper’s men made a stand at a bridge over Elk Creek, roughly a quarter of a mile south of the original position. Union forces continued driving the Confederates back and gradually beginning to turn Cooper’s left flank, forcing a general Confederate retreat. Cooper attempted to fight a rearguard action, making a last stand another half mile south near Honey Springs Depot. Despite a stand by the Choctaw and Chickasaw regiment, most of the unarmed Indians and Texans continued their flight. The Union forces took possession of the Honey Springs depot, burning what couldn’t be immediately used, and held the field. The demoralised Confederates fled, and the Union gained control of all the Indian Territory north of the Arkansas River. Blunt returned to the Arkansas River to prepare for a campaign towards Little Rock, Arkansas. Union casualties were reported as 76 or 79 and Confederate as between 500 and 637, although Cooper reported only 181 casualties. (CWSAC Major Battle Union Victory)

Kentucky. The ram USS Monarch carried troops to reoccupy Hickman, which had been occupied by Confederate cavalry on 15 July. Brigadier General Alexander Asboth requested a gunboat to patrol the Mississippi between Island No 10 and Columbus to deter the persistent cavalry raids.

Maryland. Incident at Point of Rocks.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Bear Creek near Canton.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Brandon.

Mississippi. Boat crews from USS Vincennes, Lieutenant-Commander Henry A Adams, and USS Clifton, Acting Lieutenant Frederick Crocker, captured the barge H McGuin in Bay St Louis.

Mississippi. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s troops found the fortifications of Jackson vacated by their Confederate garrison, which had retreated across the Pearl River. Sherman sent Major-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord’s XIII Corps southwards to break up the Mississippi Central Railroad for ten miles from Jackson, while Major-General John Grubb Parke’s IX Corps carried out similar destruction to the north. This allowed Major-General Frederick Steele’s XV Corps, spearheaded by Major-General Francis Preston Blair’s division, to enter Jackson and to conduct a new wave of destruction. Little was spared in a week-long process of demolition. By the end of the week, there was so little of value left in the town and the surrounding areas that Sherman had to issue army rations to the population for a time after his departure. The scale of devastation, foraging, and looting was so intense that the Union troops referred to the area as “Chimneyville” after the chimneys left standing after the burning of the wooden houses. The chimneys themselves were also called “Sherman monuments” or “Sherman tombstones”.

North Carolina. Expedition from New Bern to Swift Creek Village began.

Ohio. Skirmishes at Hamden and Centreville involving Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan.

Ohio. Skirmish at Berlin involving Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan.

South Carolina. Union Rear Admiral John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren was preparing to renew the attack on Fort Wagner but had a critical shortage of men to maintain both a bombardment ashore by day and the blockade by night. He requested 500 Marines to be sent for service ashore. USS Aries departed Boston with 200 men on 28 July and upon her return from Charleston would bring a further 200 sailors from New York. A battalion of 400 marines was alerted to leave New York on the steamer Arago on 24 July 1863.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Stones River.

Virginia. Skirmish at Ashby’s Gap.

Virginia. Skirmish at Snicker’s Gap.

Virginia. USS Jacob Bell, Acting Master Schulze, with USS Resolute and USS Racer in company, drove off Confederate troops firing on the ship George Peabody, which was aground at Mathias Point.

West Virginia. The Union Army of the Potomac continued to cross the Potomac River at Harper’s Ferry.

West Virginia. Skirmish at North Mountain Station near Wytheville.

Union Organisation

USA: William Denison Whipple promoted Brigadier-General USV 17 July 1863.

Whipple, William Denison / Born 2 August 1826 Nelson, New York / Died New York, New York 1 April 1892
USMA 1 July 1851 31/42 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1847 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1851 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 9 September 1851 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 December 1856 / Assistant Adjutant-General 4 July 1861 / Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 3 August 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA ADC 10 Feb  1862 / ADC (J E Wool) 10 February 1862-17 July 1862 / Major USA Assistant Adjutant-General 17 July 1862 / ADC (R C Schenck) 22 January 1863-March 1863 / Assistant Adjutant-General  March 1863 / Brigadier-General USV 17 July 1863 Expired 4 July 1864 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 6 September 1864 to rank from 17 July 1863 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Colonel USA ADC (W T Sherman) 1 January 1873-1 January 1881 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 3 March 1875 / Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 28 February 1877 / Retired USA 2 August 1890 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1851 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Department of Virginia 25 Sept 1861-10 February 1862 / Assistant Adjutant-General Middle Department September 1862-22 January 1863 / Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Department of the Cumberland 12 November 1863-1864 / Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the Cumberland 1864-1865 / Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Military Division of the Tennessee 27 July 1863-15 January 1866

USA: John Converse Starkweather promoted Brigadier-General USV 17 July 1863.

Starkweather, John Converse / New York / Born 11 May 1830 Cooperstown, New York / Died Washington, District of Columbia 14 November 1890
Captain Wisconsin Militia / Colonel USV 1st Wisconsin Infantry 17 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 21 August 1861 / Colonel USV 1st Wisconsin Infantry 8 October 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 July 1863 / Resigned USV 11 May 1865 / WIA Chickamauga 19 September 1863
28th Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Ohio August 1862-29 September 1862 / 28th Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / 28th Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-5 November 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 20 December 1862-9 January 1863 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-9 March 1863 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 21 April 1863-15 June 1863 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 30 July 1863-28 September 1863

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: Theodorus Bailey
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Mississippi River Squadron: David Dixon Porter
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans

  • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
    • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • XXI Corps Cumberland: John McAuley Palmer temporary
    • Reserve Corps Cumberland: Gordon Granger
    • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

  • District of Port Hudson: George Leonard Andrews
  • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
  • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
  • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
  • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
  • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck

  • District of Delaware: Daniel Tyler
  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck

Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield

  • District of St Louis: William Kerley Strong
  • District of Southeast Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John McNeil
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of North Missouri: Odon Guitar
  • District of Central Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
  • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
  • District of Nebraska Territory: Thomas Jefferson McKean
  • District of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • District of the Border: Thomas Ewing
  • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron

Department of the Monongahela: William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
  • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • District of Iowa: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • District of Dakota: Alfred Sully

Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside

  • District of Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
  • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
  • District of Indiana and Michigan: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
  • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • XXIII Corps Ohio: George Lucas Hartsuff

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Stephen Girard Whipple
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: James Freeman Curtis
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade

  • Army of the Potomac: George Gordon Meade
    • I Corps Potomac: John Newton
    • II Corps Potomac: William Hays temporary
    • III Corps Potomac: William Henry French
    • V Corps Potomac: George Sykes
    • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
    • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
    • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
    • Cavalry Corps Potomac: Alfred Pleasonton

Department of the South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

  • X Corps South: Quincy Adams Gillmore

Department of the Susquehanna: Darius Nash Couch

Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
  • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
  • District of Northeast Louisiana: Elias Smith Dennis
  • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • IX Corps Tennessee: John Grubb Parke
    • XIII Corps Tennessee: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
    • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Grenville Mellen Dodge
    • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson

Department of Virginia and North Carolina: John Gray Foster awaited

  • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
  • District of the Pamlico: Joseph Miller McChesney temporary
  • District of Beaufort NC: Charles Adam Heckman
  • IV Corps Virginia and North Carolina: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • VII Corps Virginia and North Carolina: Henry Morris Naglee
  • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

  • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
  • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
  • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Department of Western Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

  • Army of the Kanawha: George Crook

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General James Johnston Pettigrew died of wounds received at Williamsport, Maryland.

Pettigrew, James Johnston / North Carolina / Born 4 July 1828 Tyrrell, North Carolina / DOW Bunker Hill, Virginia 17 July 1863
Colonel South Carolina Militia / Private PACS Hampton Legion April 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st South Carolina Rifles April 1861 / Colonel PACS 22nd North Carolina (12th NCST) 11 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 28 February 1862 to rank from 26 February 1862 / WIA & CIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862 WIA Gettysburg 3 July 1863 MWIA Falling Waters 14 July 1863
French’s Brigade District of Aquia 15 March 1862-April 1862 / 5th Brigade 5th Division Army of Northern Virginia April 1862-31 May 1862 / 5th Brigade 1st Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-31 May 1862 / 1st Brigade D H Hill’s Division Defences of Richmond 15 August 1862-9 September 1862 / Pettigrew’s Brigade Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 19 September 1862-26 February 1863 / Pettigrew’s Brigade Department of Southern Virginia 26 February 1863-5 May 1863 / Pettigrew’s Brigade Heth’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 5 May 1863-1 July 1863 / Heth’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 1 July 1863-3 July 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • Department of East Tennessee: William Preston temporary
    • District of Abingdon: William Preston
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
    • Gulf District: Dabney Herndon Maury
    • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
      • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: William Hicks Jackson
  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Joseph Eggleston Johnston temporary
    • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
    • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: vacant
    • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
    • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: William Henry Chase Whiting

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • II Corps Northern Virginia: Richard Stoddert Ewell
    • III Corps Northern Virginia: Ambrose Powell Hill
    • Cavalry Corps Northern Virginia: James Ewell Brown Stuart
  • Valley District: Gabriel Colvin Wharton

Department of Richmond: Robert Ransom temporary

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
  • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
  • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney

Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones

Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Philip Noland Luckett temporary
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Northern Sub-District Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Smith Pyne Bankhead interim Henry Eustace McCullough awaited
  • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool
Ulysses Simpson Grant

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman*
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
George Gordon Meade*
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
David Bell Birney
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
Alfred Pleasonton
John Buford
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
Quincy Adams Gillmore

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)
(George Gordon Meade)
(William Tecumseh Sherman)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild
Edward Ferrero
Adelbert Ames
William Birney
Daniel Henry Rucker
Robert Allen
Rufus Ingalls
Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Alexander Shaler
Benjamin Henry Grierson
Robert Sanford Foster
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick
Alexander Stewart Webb
Alfred Napoleon Alexander Duffié
Walter Chiles Whitaker
Wesley Merritt
George Armstrong Custer
William Denison Whipple
John Converse Starkweather

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
Ambrose Powell Hill
Daniel Harvey Hill

Major-General PACS

Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting
Robert Emmett Rodes
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Heth
Robert Ransom
William Dorsey Pender
Alexander Peter Stewart

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
William Montgomery Gardner
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew DOW
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
Micah Jenkins
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Evander McNair
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault
Douglas Hancock Cooper
John Brown Gordon
John Wilkins Whitfield
James Alexander Walker
John Marshall Jones
Thomas Green
Matthew Whitaker Ransom
Alfred Moore Scales
George Washington Custis Lee
Henry Harrison Walker
Gabriel Colvin Wharton

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