1863 April 30th

April 30 1863 Thursday

Haines’ Bluff, MS

Battle of Day’s Gap, AL (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Virginia Southside and North Carolina Operations

Vicksburg Campaign

Chancellorsville Campaign

Marmaduke’s Second Missouri Raid

Grierson’s Mississippi Raid

Streight’s Alabama Raid

Jones’ and Imboden’s West Virginia Raid

Stoneman’s Virginia Raid

First Bayou Teche Expedition

CSA. The position of Chief Constructor was established in the Confederate Department of the Navy. John L Porter served in this role until April 1865.

Day’s Gap, Alabama, also known as Sand Mountain or Crooked Creek or Sand Mountain. Union Colonel Abel Delos Streight’s raiders started up Day’s Gap at sunrise. Confederate Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his three cavalry regiments were now shadowing the raiding column, half of whom were on foot and the other half riding mules. As the raiders reached the crest of Sand Mountain, the Confederates approached from downhill and began a long-range artillery bombardment.

Streight selected a wooded ridge, three miles from where he first came under fire, to make a stand with his main force. One flank was protected by a steep ravine and the other by a boggy creek. The Union rearguard fell back to this line and the pursuing Confederates were surprised and beaten back. A second attack was made by the Confederates supported by two 12-pounder mountain howitzers. The second attack was also defeated and a sharp counter-attack resulted in the capture of the two Confederate howitzers. When the pursuers had recovered and launched a third attack, Streight’s column had already resumed its march and was beyond reach.

This was the start of a three-day running battle that extended for over 120 miles. The next clash was about an hour before dark at Crooked Creek, six miles further east. The fighting continued past nightfall in the moonlight. Before Streight could be fixed in place, he made another rapid withdrawal but was forced to spike and abandon the two captured howitzers. Union casualties were reported as 23 and Confederate as 65. (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Arkansas. Incident at Chalk Bluff.

California. Indians attacked and captured a Federal pack train at Oak Camp, about thirteen miles from Fort Gaston.

Indian Territory. Skirmish at Fort Gibson.

Kentucky. Incidents at Monticello, Weaver’s Store, and How’s Ford.

Louisiana. Incidents at Bruin Lake and Choctaw Bayou. Expeditions to Bayou Boeuf and Chicotville ended.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF

Union Department of the Gulf: Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
District of Key West and Tortugas: Brigadier-General Daniel Phineas Woodbury
District of La Fourche: Colonel Henry Warner Birge
District of Pensacola: Colonel William Cune Holbrook
Defences of New Orleans: Brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman
Army of the Gulf: Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
XIX Corps (Gulf): Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
1st Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Major-General Christopher Columbus Augur
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel E P Chapin
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel N A M Dudley
2nd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Neal Dow
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel A B Farr
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Francis Stillman Nickerson
3rd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General William Hemsley Emory
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel T Ingraham
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Halbert Eleazer Paine
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel O P Gooding
4th Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General William Dwight
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel William K Kimball
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Colonel Henry Warner Birge

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE DEPARTMENT OF MISSISSIPI AND EAST LOUISIANA

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
District Three (Port Hudson): Major-General Franklin Gardner
Maxey’s Brigade, District Three (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey
Beall’s Brigade, District Three (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector Beall
Gregg’s Brigade, District Three (Mississippi and East Louisiana): Brigadier-General John Gregg

Mississippi. Expedition to Bruinsburg and Grand Gulf ended.

Mississippi. Union Colonel Benjamin Henry Grierson’s cavalry raiders reached Summit depot on the New Orleans, Jackson & Great Northern Railroad near sundown. The station was spared but the men found and sampled a large cache of rum. Pressing onwards they stopped to rest a further six miles to the south.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE TENNESSEE

Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
District of Eastern Arkansas: Major-General Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
13th Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Leonard Fulton Ross
1st Brigade, 13th Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frederick Sigel Salomon
2nd Brigade, 13th Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Clinton Bowen Fisk
2nd Cavalry Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Colonel Cyrus Bussey
1st Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Lieutenant-Colonel B L Wiley
2nd Cavalry Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Eastern Arkansas (Tennessee): Colonel P Clayton
District of Jackson: Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
District of West Tennessee: Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Sub-District of Memphis: Brigadier-General James Clifford Veatch
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
XIII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Alexander McClernand
9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus
1st Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
2nd Brigade, 9th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel L A Sheldon
10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge
2nd Brigade, 10th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William Jennings Landram
12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alvin Peterson Hovey
1st Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Francis McGinnis
2nd Brigade, 12th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J R Slack
14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr
1st Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Plummer Benton
2nd Brigade, 14th Division, XIII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Michael Kelly Lawler
XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frederick Steele
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel F H Manter
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Charles Edward Hovey
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer
2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Francis Preston Blair
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Giles Alexander Smith
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Thomas Kilby Smith
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Boyle Ewing
3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Eugene Smith
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Joseph Anthony Mower
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J J Woods
XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Sooy Smith
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J M Loomis
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel S G Hicks
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J R Cockerill
4th Brigade, 1st Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel W W Sanford
4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Jacob Gartner Lauman
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel I C Pugh
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel C Hall
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel G E Bryant
1st Cavalry Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Cadwallader Colden Washburn
1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Benjamin Henry Grierson
2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Lafayette McCrillis
District of Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alexander Asboth
Cairo, Illinois, Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Clinton, Kentucky, Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee):
Columbus, Kentucky, Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel G E Waring
Fort Heiman, Kentucky, Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel C W Griggs
Fort Pillow, Tennessee, Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel E H Wolfe
Hickman, Kentucky, Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee):
Island No 10, Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee):
Paducah, Kentucky, Columbus, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J S Martin
District of Memphis, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Clifford Veatch
1st Brigade, Memphis, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel C D Murray
2nd Brigade, Memphis, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel W H Morgan
3rd Brigade, Memphis, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel T Stephens
4th Brigade, Memphis, XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J F Ritter

Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Charles Smith Hamilton, Major-General Richard James Oglesby
District of Corinth, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Grenville Mellen Dodge

1st Brigade, Corinth, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Thomas W Sweeny
2nd Brigade, Corinth, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel August Mersy
3rd Brigade, Corinth, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel M M Bane
4th Brigade, Corinth, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel John Wallace Fuller
Cavalry Brigade, Corinth, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel F M Cornyn
District of Jackson, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Nathan Kimball
1st Brigade, Jackson, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Michael Kelly Lawler
2nd Brigade, Jackson, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Milton Brayman
3rd Brigade, Jackson, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J M True
Cavalry Brigade, Jackson, Left Wing XVI Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J K Mizner
XVII Corps (Tennessee): Major-General James Birdseye McPherson
3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Alexander Logan
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Eugene Smith
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Elias Smith Dennis
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Dunlap Stevenson
6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John McArthur
1st Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Hugh Thompson Reid
2nd Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
3rd Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Marcellus Munroe Crocker
7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Benjamin Sanborn
1st Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J I Alexander
2nd Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel S A Holmes
3rd Brigade, 7th Division, XVII Corps (Tennessee): Colonel C L Boomer

ORDER OF BATTLE: CONFEDERATE DEPARTMENT OF MISSISSIPPI AND EAST LOUISIANA

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
District One: Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles
District Two: Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson
District Three (Port Hudson): Major-General Franklin Gardner
Maxey’s Brigade, District Three (Port Hudson): Brigadier-General Samuel Bell Maxey
Beall’s Brigade, District Three (Port Hudson): Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector
Beall
Gregg’s Brigade, District Three (Port Hudson): Brigadier-General John Gregg
Rust’s Brigade, District Three (Port Hudson): Brigadier-General Albert Rust
Buford’s Brigade, District Three (Port Hudson): Brigadier-General Abraham Buford
District Four: Brigadier-General John Adams
District Five: Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers
Defences of Vicksburg: Brigadier-General Martin Luther Smith
Army of Mississippi: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Barton’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton
Tracy’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Edward Dorr Tracy
Taylor’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Thomas Hart Taylor
Reynolds’ Brigade, Stevenson’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel Alexander Welch Reynolds
Smith’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Martin Luther Smith
Baldwin’s Brigade, Smith’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General William Edwin Baldwin
Vaughn’s Brigade, Smith’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn
Lee’s Brigade, Smith’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Stephen Dill Lee
Maury’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Louis Hébert
Witherspoon’s Brigade, Maury’s Division (Mississippi): Colonel W W Witherspoon
Moore’s Brigade, Maury’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Creed Moore
Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General John Horace Forney
Bowen’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Stevens Bowen
Green’s Brigade, Forney’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Martin Edwin Green
I Corps (Mississippi): Major-General William Wing Loring
Tilghman’s Brigade, I Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Lloyd Tilghman
Featherson’s Brigade, I Corps (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
Moore’s Command, I Corps (Mississippi):

Mississippi. Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant had intended to cross the river at Grand Gulf but when the Union fleet was unable to silence the Confederate guns there, Grant marched his men further south to cross out of range of the batteries.

Union Major-General John Alexander McClernand’s XIII Corps embarked on transports at De Shroon’s (Disharoon’s) plantation landing. Grant had to find a new landing point on the eastern bank of the Mississippi. The obvious point was Rodney, twelve miles downstream, but this added a considerable distance to the overland march for the troops and placed them on the south side of the wide and boggy Bayou Pierre. The eastern banks above Bayou Pierre were unmapped and swampy. A detachment of troops captured a knowledgeable slave on the east bank. He was brought to Grant and he recommended a landing at Bruinsburg, just six miles below De Shroon’s. Although Bruinsburg was still south of Bayou Pierre it was not as distant as Rodney and had a good road leading via Port Gibson to Grand Gulf.

By mid-morning, all of McClernand’s four divisions had disembarked on the Mississippi shore at Bruinsburg. They were joined by one of the divisions of Major-General James Birdseye McPherson’s XVII Corps and the 23,000 men immediately began marching overland towards Port Gibson. Grant had finally got a sizeable part of his army onto the eastern bank of the Mississippi below Vicksburg, while his diversions north and east of Vicksburg distracted Confederate attention.

The only Confederate cavalry in the area, Colonel Wirt Adams’ 1st Mississippi Cavalry, had been ordered away to pursue Brigadier-General Benjamin Henry Grierson’s raiders, so Major-General John Stevens Bowen performed an infantry reconnaissance in force to determine the Union intentions. Bowen had 5,500 men at Grand Gulf and moved south across Bayou Pierre with Brigadier-General Martin Edwin Green’s Brigade to take up a position astride the Rodney road near Magnolia Church, just southwest of Port Gibson. He faced about 23,000 Union troops which had landed at Bruinsburg. A single brigade of Confederate reinforcements arrived later from Vicksburg under Brigadier-General Edward Dorr Tracy and was posted across the Bruinsburg Road two miles north of Green’s position. Brigadier-General William Edwin Baldwin’s Brigade also arrived later and was positioned in support of Green’s Brigade. Four miles east of Port Gibson, a line of tall hills separated by nearly vertical ravines choked with canebrakes and underbrush rendered Bowen’s position defensible, despite the overwhelming Union force headed his way.

The absence of Confederate cavalry had a major impact on the unfolding campaign. Had Bowen been assured that the Union troops were landing at Bruinsburg and not at Rodney, he might have taken a position on the bluffs above Bruinsburg, denying them a route inland from the river. Union efforts to push rapidly inland were delayed because McClernand had failed to issue rations to his men. Nevertheless, the Army of the Tennessee moved up and over the river bluffs unopposed and pushed rapidly towards Port Gibson. Advancing on the Rodney Road towards Port Gibson, advanced elements of the 14th Division under Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr engaged Confederate pickets just after midnight near the Schaiffer House. Sporadic skirmishing and artillery fire continued with Tracy’s brigade and Green’s Brigade until 3.00 am. They were attacked with artillery and sharpshooters in the moonlight while a dawn attack was prepared. Wary of Tracy’s brigade to the north, McClernand posted Brigadier-General Peter Joseph Osterhaus’ 9th Division facing in that direction. Having developed each other’s positions, both sides settled down and waited for first light.

Haines’ Bluff, Mississippi, also known as Haynes Bluff, Snyder’s Bluff, or Snyder’s Mill. At 9 am Lieutenant Commander K Randolph Breese’s gunboat flotilla continued upriver, escorting Major-General Francis Preston Blair’s division (from XV Corps) on ten transports to Drumgould’s Bluff. The operation was intended to divert Confederate attention from the landing of Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant’s army the following day at Port Gibson. The flotilla comprised three gunboats, four tinclad warships, and three mortar boats. USS Petrel remained at Old River while the remaining vessels moved up the Yazoo River. The USS Choctaw and USS DeKalb fired on the main works at Drumgould’s Bluff and USS Tyler and USS Black Hawk engaged the fieldworks and batteries.

After three hours the attack was halted. USS Choctaw took nearly fifty hits although no casualties were suffered, and USS Tyler was holed beneath the waterline. The Union ships drew off. Around 6 pm, the troops disembarked and marched along Blake’s Levee toward the guns. They made a show of attacking and attempted to make the Confederates believe their strength was much greater and their intentions aggressive. As they neared Drumgould’s Bluff a battery opened on them, causing disruption and casualties. The Union advance was halted and Union artillery deployed to bombard Drumgould’s Bluff and Haines’ Bluff. This proved to be a successful diversion and the troops re-embarked on the transports after dark.

Missouri. Incidents in Johnson County and at St Francis River.

Missouri. Skirmish at Bloomfield.

North Carolina. Incidents at Dover Road and Wise’s Cross Roads.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF NORTH CAROLINA

Union Department of North Carolina: Major-General John Gray Foster
District of Albemarle: Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells
District of Beaufort: Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee
District of the Pamlico: Brigadier-General Henry Prince
XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Major-General John Gray Foster
1st Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Innis Newton Palmer
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel H C Lee
2nd Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel W W H Davis
3rd Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Orris Sanford Ferry
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel J B Howell
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel F A Osborn
4th Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Lewis Cass Hunt
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Thomas
Greely Stevenson
5th Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Henry Prince
1st Brigade, 5th Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Francis Barretto Spinola
2nd Brigade, 5th Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel James Jourdan
Artillery, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General James Hewitt Ledlie

Tennessee. Expeditions to McMinnville and Murfreesboro ended.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Strasburg ended. Incidents at Chancellorsville, Spotsylvania Court House, Old Wilderness Tavern, Suffolk, Strasburg, Fitzhugh’s Crossing, Raccoon Ford and Kelly’s Ford.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF VIRGINIA

Union Department of Virginia: Major-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes
IV Corps (Virginia): Erasmus Darwin Keyes
VII Corps (Virginia): Major-General John Adams Dix
Suffolk: Major-General John James Peck
1st Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Michael Corcoran
1st Brigade, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Dwight Terry
2nd Brigade, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Colonel Robert Sanford Foster
3rd Brigade, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Colonel M Murphy
2nd Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Washington Getty
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Colonel Rush C Hawkins
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Edward Harland
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Colonel A H Dutton
3rd Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Colonel W Gurney
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Colonel B Porter
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Colonel R S Hughston
Reserve Brigade, 3rd Division, Suffolk, VII Corps (Virginia): Colonel D W Wardrop
Yorktown: Major-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes
King’s Brigade, Yorktown, IV Corps (Virginia):
Advance Brigade, Yorktown, IV Corps (Virginia): Colonel R M West
Norfolk, IV Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Egbert Ludovicus Viele

Virginia. Lieutenant-General James Longstreet was recalled from Southside Virginia to rejoin the Army of Northern Virginia with his two divisions of I Corps. He had to secure his supply trains first and the march began on 2 May 1863.

Virginia. Skirmish at Raccoon Ford.

Virginia. Skirmish near Spotsylvania Court House.

Virginia. After crossing the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers, Union Major-General Joseph Hooker concentrated his forces around Chancellorsville. Chancellorsville itself was no more than a multi-chimney brick-and-timber mansion named Chancellor House, with a few outbuildings at a crossroads of forest roads. There was a hundred-acre clearing that allowed some space to deploy infantry and artillery.

Major-General George Gordon Meade started his V Corps from Ely’s Ford at dawn and they moved south-eastwards through the dismal fringes of the Wilderness region. This was a tangle of second-growth scrub oak and pine, choked with vines and sharp brambles. It had been the location of wood-cutting enterprises but the many small clearings failed to heighten the gloom and few offered room to deploy camps or battle-lines. Meade pushed on through the harassing attacks of Confederate cavalry, covering six miles to Chancellorsville by 11 am. The open country beyond the Wilderness was three miles further to the east.

By 2 pm, the head of Major-General Henry Warner Slocum’s column of XII Corps arrived from Germanna Ford. Meade and Slocum conferred and prepared to march on and into the open country to the east but a courier from Hooker directed them to halt at the crossroads while the rest of the army concentrated. The troops went into bivouac and Hooker arrived in person at about 4.30 pm. The advance had successfully uncovered US Ford and Major-General Darius Nash Couch was moving from the well-defended Banks’ Ford to cross there instead with his two divisions of II Corps. Couch would then continue to join the force gathering at Chancellorsville. Couch’s third division had also been started from Falmouth to join him to raise the force south of the river to four entire army corps.

Major-General John Sedgwick had successfully laid five bridges over the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg to provide the anvil of VI Corps for Hooker’s hammer from the Wilderness. Sedgwick confirmed that the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, apparently unsuspecting, remained in its camps on the heights above Fredericksburg and he began to dig in on the western bank without advancing against the Confederate fortifications.

Major-General Daniel Edgar Sickles’ III Corps was now ordered from reserve to join the army at Chancellorsville. By nightfall or at the latest in the morning, these five corps would give Hooker a powerful striking force of nearly 80,000 men including artillery and cavalry. Couch’s corps arrived before nightfall and camped north of the crossroads and Sickles confirmed that he was on his way.

Virginia. For the impending Chancellorsville campaign, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia under Robert Edward Lee was somewhat under-strength, having detached two divisions (Major-General George Edward Pickett and Major-General John Bell Hood) on a foraging expedition in south-eastern Virginia under Lieutenant-General James Longstreet. The two remaining divisions of I Corps under Major-General Lafayette McLaws and Major-General Richard Heron Anderson were commanded directly by Lee. Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson commanded II Corps with four divisions: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s, Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill’s, Major-General Jubal Anderson Early’s and Major-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble’s division under Brigadier-General Raleigh Edward Colston. The cavalry division of Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart had just two brigades as Brigadier-General Wade Hampton’s brigade was also detached to collect remounts and find forage for his horses further south. This gave Lee just over 60,000 men Hooker had already concentrated approximately 70,000 men in and around Chancellorsville.

Lee received confirmation that Union troops were pouring into the Wilderness from Ely’s Ford and he also learned that Anderson’s division had found a good defensive position near the fringes of the Wilderness east of Chancellorsville. Lee ordered him to build strong defences for his own division and that of McLaws, which was available in case of need, and he sent an additional battalion of artillery. Lee concluded that the main attack was coming towards Chancellorsville and decided to violate one of the generally accepted principles of war by dividing his force in the face of a superior enemy, hoping that aggressive action would allow him to attack and defeat a portion of Hooker’s army before it could be fully concentrated against him. He left behind a brigade from McLaws’ division under Brigadier-General William Barksdale on the heavily fortified Marye’s Heights and Early’s division on Prospect Hill to resist any advance by Union Major-General John Sedgwick’s VI Corps.

McLaws and his other three brigades were put on the road to join Anderson. McLaws moved off at midnight and Jackson’s three divisions set out next at 3 am, assembling 45,000 men to confront Hooker east of Chancellorsville, while no more than 10,000 men were left to hold the ridge above Fredericksburg. At Fredericksburg, Early’s division spread itself even more thinly along five miles of entrenchments up to Hamilton’s Crossing. Heavy fog along the Rappahannock masked some of these westward movements and Sedgwick chose to wait until he could determine the enemy’s intentions before moving forward.

Virginia. Incidents at Westport and Simpson’s Creek.

Virginia. Skirmish at Bridgeport involving Confederate Brigadier-General William Edondson Jones.

Union Organisation

USA: Colonel Henry Warner Birge (13th Connecticut Infantry) assumed command of the District of La Fourche, succeeding Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel.

Birge, Henry Warner / Connecticut / Born 25 August 1825 Hartford, Connecticut / Died New York, New York 1 June 1888
Major USV 4th Connecticut Infantry 23 May 1861/ Resigned USV 13 November 1861 / Colonel USV 13th Connecticut Infantry 18 February 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 19 September 1863 / Resigned USV 18 October 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 25 February 1865
3rd Brigade 4th Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 3 January 1863-10 July 1863 / 3rd Brigade 4th Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 10 August 1863-25 January 1864 / District of La Fourche 30 August 1863-31 December 1863 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 15 February 1864-30 April 1864 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf & May 1864-22 June 1864 / District of Baton Rouge 2 May 1864-15 May 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 2 July 1864-5 July 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XIX Corps Army of the Shenandoah 6 August 1864-19 October 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division XIX Corps Army of the Shenandoah 19 October 1864-10 November 1864/ 1st Brigade 2nd Division XIX Corps Army of the Shenandoah 8 December 1864-28 December 1864 / 1st Brigade Grover’s Division District of Savannah 6 January 1865-12 February 1865 / District of Savannah 12 February 1865-12 February 1865 / 1st Division X Corps Department of North Carolina 27 March 1865-5 June 1865 / District of Savannah 5 June 1865-26 June 1865 / 1st Division X Corps Department of North Carolina 26 June 1865-4 July 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • XX Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • XXI Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: William Cune Holbrook
    • District of La Fourche: Henry Warner Birge
    • District of Key West and Tortugas: Daniel Phineas Woodbury
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas West Sherman
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of the Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Thomas Jefferson McKean
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Chester Harding
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
    • Army of the Frontier: Francis Jay Herron
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • District of Albemarle: Henry Walton Wessells
    • District of Beaufort NC: Henry Morris Naglee
    • District of the Pamlico: Henry Prince
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Thomas Church Haskell Smith
  • Department of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • District of Central Kentucky: Orlando Bolivar Willcox
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Julius White
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Illinois: Jacob Ammen
    • District of Indiana: Milo Smith Hascall
    • District of Ohio: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • Army of the Ohio: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • IX Corps Ohio: Orlando Bolívar Willcox
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: Ferris Foreman temporary
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Darius Nash Couch
      • III Corps Potomac: Daniel Edgar Sickles
      • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • VI Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
      • XI Corps Potomac: Oliver Otis Howard
      • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
      • Cavalry Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
    • X Corps South: David Hunter
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of West Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
      • Sub-District of Memphis: James Clifford Veatch
    • District of Jackson: Nathan Kimball
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: vacant
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Department of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • District of Alexandria: John Potts Slough
    • District of Washington: John Henry Martindale
    • XXII Corps Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Dabney Herndon Maury interim Simon Bolivar Buckner awaited
      • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John King Jackson
      • Gulf District: Simon Bolivar Buckner interim Franklin Gardner awaited
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
        • Cavalry Corps Tennessee: Earl Van Dorn
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Adams
      • District Five of Mississippi and East Louisiana: James Ronald Chalmers
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: James Longstreet
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
  • Department of Southern Virginia: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: William Read Scurry
    • District of Arkansas: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper interim William Steele awaited
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • Trans-Mississippi Army: Edmund Kirby Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan
Julius Stahel
Carl Schurz
John Newton

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Jacob Dolson Cox
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
George Washington Morgan
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson
James Barnes
Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris
John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson
Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
John Blair Smith Todd
James Murrell Shackelford
Daniel Ullmann
George Jerrison Stannard
Henry Baxter
James Nagle
Francis Laurens Vinton
John Milton Thayer
Charles Thomas Campbell
Thomas Welsh
Halbert Eleazer Paine
Hugh Thompson Reid
Abner Clark Harding
Robert Brown Potter
Thomas Ewing
Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
Thomas Greely Stevenson
Henry Hastings Sibley
Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joshua Thomas Owen
Patrick Edward Connor
John Parker Hawkins
Gabriel René Paul
Edward Augustus Wild

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence
Joseph Gilbert Totten (Engineers)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Jubal Anderson Early
Joseph Wheeler
Edward Johnson
William Henry Chase Whiting

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Elisha Franklin Paxton
Evander McNair
William George Mackey Davis
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson
James Cantey
Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac
Robert Frederick Hoke
Henry Lewis Benning
William Tatum Wofford
Samuel McGowan
Marcellus Augustus Stovall
George Blake Cosby
Francis Crawford Armstrong
William Lewis Cabell
John Daniel Imboden
William Smith
William Henry Talbot Walker
Alfred Eugene Jackson
Robert Brank Vance
Henry Delamar Clayton
Arthur Middleton Manigault

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close