1862 September 29th

September 29 1862 Monday

Smith’s Invasion of Kentucky

Bragg’s Invasion of Kentucky

Second Corinth Campaign

Kentucky. Capture of New Haven.

Kentucky. Skirmishes at Travisville and on the Elizabethtown Road.

Kentucky. Union Major-General Don Carlos Buell and the Army of the Ohio absorbed the 39,000 raw recruits of Major-General William Nelson’s Department of Kentucky at Louisville. This move was facilitated by the murder of Nelson. Buell reorganised the reinforced Army of the Ohio into a new and more practical corps structure. Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook assumed command of I Corps (Ohio), Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden assumed command of II Corps (Ohio), and Brigadier-General Charles Champion Gilbert assumed command of III Corps (Ohio). He now had 77,000 men available although at least a third of them were recent recruits or “Squirrel Hunters”, raised in response to the Confederate invasion of Kentucky.

The loss of territory in Kentucky had caused consternation among the Union authorities and they sent orders on 24 September directing Major-General George Henry Thomas to supersede Buell in command if he had not already fought a battle. Thomas declined on the grounds that Buell had already issued orders for an offensive and the operations should not be interrupted by an untimely change of commander. The imminent prospect of fighting led the government to suspend the order and Buell retained command with strict instructions to undertake immediately a vigorous offensive movement. Despite his seniority, Thomas was not assigned to a corps command but acted as Buell’s second-in-command or chief of staff of the army, riding with Crittenden’s Corps.

Kentucky. Union Major-General William Nelson was mortally wounded by fellow Brigadier-General Jefferson Columbus Davis in a hotel in Louisville. The killing arose from a rebuke and an exchange of insults between the two men. Although tantamount to murder, Davis was not convicted for the offence because of the support of Governor Oliver P Morton who witnessed the altercation and justified Davis’ actions on the grounds of honour. Despite later deserving promotion to Major-General for his military accomplishments and responsibility, promotion was never recommended or approved for Davis, and this became his effective punishment.

Kentucky. The Confederate 3rd Georgia Cavalry, commanded by Colonel Martin J Crawford, was surprised by a larger Union force at New Haven. The entire regiment was ambushed and captured. Crawford had his pay and rank suspended for three months for his negligence.

Mississippi. Following the departure of Confederate Major-General Mansfield Lovell’s division the previous day, the two other divisions of Major-General Earl Van Dorn’s Army of West Tennessee left Ripley in preparation for an advance against Corinth. Van Dorn believed correctly that the Union forces were dispersed at four locations around Corinth and were vulnerable to an attack in detail. However, he misjudged the relative strengths of the commands. Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans had 12,000 men at Corinth, Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant commanded 12,000 men under Major-General Edward Cresap Ord and Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut at Bolivar, 7,000 more men were under Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman at Memphis, and 6,000 men were in reserve at Jackson. Van Dorn had about 22,000 men altogether.

The route to Corinth was long and indirect, and chosen deliberately by Van Dorn to suggest the pretence of an imminent threat to Bolivar. The route went for thirty miles to Pocahontas and then twenty miles to Corinth along a single-track road and through a drought-afflicted region. After crossing the Hatchie River at Pocahontas, the Confederate army would have to march fast as no water source was available before reaching Corinth. Leaving Ripley, Van Dorn headed first towards Pocahontas and successfully deceived Grant about his intended movements and objective.

Missouri. In mid-September, two brigades of Brigadier-General James Gilpatrick Blunt’s Union Army of Kansas left Fort Scott for Southwest Missouri. Union scouts approached Newtonia but were driven away by its Confederate garrison. Other Union troops appeared in nearby Granby where there were valuable lead mines, and Confederate Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper sent reinforcements there.

Tennessee. Expedition to Covington began.

Virginia. Union cavalry expedition from Centreville to Warrenton and Buckland Mills began. At Buckland Mills they captured and paroled a large number sick and wounded or convalescent Confederate soldiers.

Union Organisation

USA: I Corps (Ohio) was established in the Army of the Ohio.

USA: Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook assumed command of I Corps (Ohio).

McCook, Alexander McDowell / Ohio / Born 22 April 1831 Columbiana, Ohio / Died Dayton, Ohio 12 June 1903
USMA 1 July 1852 30/47 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1847 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1847 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1852 / 1st Lieutenant USA 6 December 1858 / Colonel USV 1st Ohio Infantry 16 April 1861 / Captain USA 14 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 16 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 3 September 1861 / Major-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 17 July 1862 / Resigned USV 21 October 1865 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 26th US Infantry 5 March 1867 / 10th US Infantry 15 March 1869 / Colonel USA ADC (W T Sherman) 11 June 1875-15 December 1880 / Colonel USA 6th US Infantry 15 December 1880 / Brigadier-General USA 11 July 1890 / Major-General USA 9 November 1894 / Retired USA 22 April 1895 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1847 Brevet Major USA 21 July 1861 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3 March 1862 Brevet Colonel USA 7 April 1862 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
McCook’s Division Department of the Cumberland 5 October 1861-9 November 1861 / McCook’s Division Department of the Ohio 9 November 1861-2 December 1861 / 2nd Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-29 September 1862 / I Corps Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / Right Wing XIV Corps Cumberland 24 October 1862-9 January 1863 / XX Corps Cumberland 9 January 1863-9 October 1863 / Defences of the Potomac River and Washington 10 July 1864-12 July 1864 / District of Eastern Arkansas 9 March 1865-27 April 1865

USA: II Corps (Ohio) was established in the Army of the Ohio.

USA: Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden assumed command of II Corps (Ohio).

Crittenden, Thomas Leonidas / Kentucky / Born 15 May 1819 Russellville, Kentucky / Died Annandale, Staten Island, New York 23 October 1893
Private USV Kentucky Volunteers 17 August 1836 / Mustered Out USV 18 September 1836 / Lieutenant-Colonel USV 3rd Kentucky Infantry 4 October 1847 / Mustered Out USV 21 July 1847 / Brigadier-General USV 27 October 1861 to rank from 27 September 1861 / Major-General USV 17 July 1862 / Resigned USV 13 December 1864 / Colonel USA 32nd US Infantry 28 July 1866 / 17th US Infantry 15 March 1869 / Retired USA 19 March 1881 / Brevet Brigadier-General USA 2 March 1867
5th Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-29 September 1862 / II Corps Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / II Corps Cumberland 24 October 1862-7 November 1862 / Left Wing XIV Corps Cumberland 7 November 1862-9 January 1863 / XXI Corps Cumberland 9 January 1863-19 February 1863 / XXI Corps Cumberland 19 March 1863-15 July 1863 / XXI Corps Cumberland 17 August 1863-10 October 1863 / 1st Division IX Corps Army of the Potomac 12 May 1864-9 June 1864

USA: III Corps (Ohio) was established in the Army of the Ohio from the forces of the former “Army of Kentucky”

USA: Brigadier-General (unconfirmed) Charles Champion Gilbert assumed command of III Corps (Ohio).

Gilbert, Charles Champion / Ohio / Born 1 March 1822 Zanesville, Ohio / Died Baltimore, Maryland 17 January 1903
USMA 1 July 1846 21/59 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 / 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 27 September 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 10 June 1850 / Captain USA 8 December 1855 / Assistant Inspector-General 9 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 September 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 Unconfirmed / Major USA 2 July 1863 / Major-General USV 1 September 1862 to 29 September 1862 Unconfirmed / Mustered Out USV 2 June 1863 / Major USA 19th US Infantry 2 July 1863 / Assistant Provost Marshal General 22 August 1863 / 28th US Infantry 21 September 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 7th US Infantry 8 July 1868 / Colonel USA 17th US Infantry 19 May 1881 Retired USA 1 March 1886 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet Major USA 7 April 1862 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 1 September 1862 Brevet Colonel USA 8 October 1862/ WIA Wilson’s Creek 10 August 1861
Assistant Inspector-General Department of the Cumberland 9 September 1861-November 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of the Ohio November 1861-August 1862 / III Corps Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / Centre XIV Corps 24 October 1862-5 November 1862 Cumberland

USA: Major-General George Henry Thomas was appointed Second-in-Command (Chief of Staff) of the Army of the Ohio.

Thomas, George Henry / Virginia / Born 31 July 1816 Newsom’s Depot, Virginia / Died San Francisco, California 28 March 1870
USMA 1 July 1840 12/42 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1840 / 1st Lieutenant 30 April 1844 / Captain USA 24 December 1853 / Major USA 2nd US Cavalry 12 May 1855 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 25 April 1861 / Colonel USA 3 May 1861 / 5th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 17 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 / Major-General USV 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 27 October 1863 / Mustered Out USV 27 October 1863 / Major-General USA 16 January 1865 to rank from 15 December 1864 / Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 6 November 1841 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 19 January 1862 Unconfirmed Brevet Lieutenant-General USA 21 February 1868 Withdrawn Brevet Brigadier-General USA 21 February 1868 Withdrawn / WIA Clear Fork, Texas 26 August 1860
1st Brigade 1st Division Department of Pennsylvania 10 June 1861-19 July 1861 / 1st Brigade Department of the Shenandoah 19 July 1861-17 August 1861 / 1st Brigade Banks’ Division Army of the Potomac 17 August 1861-28 August 1861 / 2nd Division Department of the Cumberland November 1861-2 December 1861 / 1st Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-29 September 1862 / Chief of Staff Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-9 January 1863 / XIV Corps Cumberland 9 January 1863-28 October 1863 / Department of the Cumberland 17 October 1863-27 June 1865 / Army of the Cumberland 19 October 1863-1 August 1865 / Military Division of the Tennessee 27 June 1865-6 August 1865 / Department of the Tennessee 6 August 1866-11 March 1867

USA: Brigadier-General John Fulton Reynolds assumed command of I Corps (Potomac), succeeding Major-General George Gordon Meade.

Reynolds, John Fulton / Pennsylvania / Born 20 September 1820 Lancaster, Pennsylvania / KIA Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 1 July 1863
1837 / USMA 1 July 1841 26/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 23 October 1841 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 June 1846 / Regt Quartermaster 25 October 1850-1 March 1852 / Captain US 3 March 1855 / Commandant of Cadets USMA 8 September 1860-25 June 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 14th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 26 August 1861 to rank from 20 August 1861 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 / Colonel USA 5th US Infantry 1 June 1863 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 27 June 1862 Unconfirmed / CIA Boatswain’s Swamp 28 June 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862
1st Brigade McCall’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-13 March 1862 / Division I Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-4 April 1862 / 1st Brigade McCall’s Division Department of the Rappahannock 4 April 1862-12 June 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 18 June 1862-28 June 1862 / 3rd Division III Corps Army of the Potomac 26 August 1862-12 September 1862 / I Corps Potomac 29 September 1862-2 January 1863 / I Corps Potomac 4 January 1863-1 March 1863 / I Corps Potomac 9 March 1863-1 July 1863

USA: Major-General William Nelson was mortally wounded in a duel by Brigadier-General Jefferson Columbus Davis.

Nelson, William / Kentucky / Born 27 September 1824 Maysville, Kentucky / Died Maysville, Kentucky 29 September 1862
Midshipman USN 28 January 1840 / Passed Midshipman USN 11 July 1846 / Master USN 19 September 1854 / Lieutenant USN 18 April 1855 / Attached Kentucky Home Guard 1 July 1861 / Attached USA 16 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 16 September 1861 / Lieutenant-Commander USN 16 July 1862 / Major-General USV 17 July 1862 / WIA Richmond 30 August 1862
Nelson’s Brigade Department of the Cumberland November 1861-2 December 1861 / 4th Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-28 April 1862 / 4th Division Centre Army of the Ohio 28 April 1862-16 August 1862 / Army of Kentucky 25 August 1862-30 August 1862

USA: Alexander Hays was promoted Brigadier-General USV 29 September 1862.

Hays, Alexander / Pennsylvania / Born 8 July 1819 Franklin, Pennsylvania / KIA Wilderness, Virginia 5 May 1864
USMA 1 July 1844 20/25 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1840 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1844 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 8th US Infantry 18 June 1846 / Resigned USA 12 April 1848 / Captain Pennsylvania Militia April 1861 / Major USV 12th Pennsylvania Infantry 25 April 1861 / Captain USA 16th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 5 August 1861 / Colonel USV 63rd Pennsylvania Infantry 9 October 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 29 September 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1844 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Major USA 30 June 1862 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 1 July 1862 Brevet Colonel USA 2 July 1863 Brevet Major-General USV 5 May 1864 posthumous Brevet Major-General USA 5 May 1864 posthumous / WIA Resaca de la Palma 9 May 1846 WIA Second Bull Run 30 August 1862
3rd Brigade X Division Military District of Washington December 1862-2 February 1863 / 3rd Brigade Casey’s Division XXII Corps Department of Washington 2 February 1863-17 April 1863 / 3rd Brigade Abercrombie’s Division XXII Corps Department of Washington 17 April 1863-26 April 1863 / 3rd Brigade Abercrombie’s Division XXII Corps Department of Washington 6 May 1863-26 June 1863 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 28 June 1865-15 August 1863 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 6 September 1863-14 December 1863 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 4 January 1864-10 February 1864 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division II Corps Army of the Potomac 25 March 1864-5 May 1864

USA: Henry Hastings Sibley was promoted Brigadier-General USV 29 September 1862.

Sibley, Henry Hastings / Michigan / Born 29 February 1811 Detroit, Michigan / Died St Paul, Minnesota 18 February 1891
Brigadier-General USV 29 September 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 28 March 1863 to rank from 20 March 1863 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Brevet Major-General USV 29 November 1865
Second District Northwest 17 November 1862-23 November 1862 / District of Minnesota 23 November 1862-25 October 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Phillips Lee
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: James Lawrence Lardner
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Charles Henry Davis
Potomac Flotilla: Andrew Allen Harwood

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis

  • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
  • District of Southwest Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
    • Army of the Southwest: Frederick Steele
  • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
  • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan

Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • District of Pensacola: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Middle Department: John Ellis Wool

  • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool

Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton

  • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster

Department of the Northwest: John Pope

  • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott

Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright

  • District of Louisville: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
  • District of Western Virginia: Quincy Adams Gillmore
    • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
  • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
  • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • I Corps Ohio: Alexander McDowell McCook
    • II Corps Ohio: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
    • III Corps Ohio: Charles Champion Gilbert

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
  • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
  • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
    • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
    • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
    • IX Corps Potomac: Jacob Dolson Cox temporary
    • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
    • XII Corps Potomac: Alpheus Starkey Williams  temporary

Department of the South: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel

  • X Corps South: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix

  • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
  • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix

District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell

District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

  • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
  • Sub-District of Jackson: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
  • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
  • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant

District of Colorado: John Milton Chivington

Military District of Washington: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper (1st Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles) was appointed Superintendent of Indian Affairs.

Cooper, Douglas Hancock / Mississippi / Born 1 November 1815 Amite, Mississippi / Died Old Fort Washita, Indian Territory 29 April 1879
Captain USV 1st Mississippi Rifles 1847-1848 / Colonel PACS 1st Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles November 1861 / Superintendent of Indian Affairs 29 September 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 23 June 1863 to rank from 2 May 1863 / No Record of Parole
Department of the Indian Territory 20 January 1862-26 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of Mississippi December 1862 / District of the Indian Territory 26 May 1862-3 October 1863 / District of the Indian Territory 9 January 1864-9 May 1864 / District of the Indian Territory 21 July 1864-14 February 1865 / Indian Cavalry Division Cavalry Corps Trans-Mississippi Army December 1864-May 1865 / Bureau of Indian Affairs 21 February 1865-26 April 1865 / District of the Indian Territory 21 February 1865-26 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan

Department of East Tennessee: John Porter McCown

  • Army of Kentucky: Edmund Kirby Smith

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith

    • Sub-District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French

Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee

  • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary

Department of Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith

Department of South Carolina and Georgia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

  • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall

Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
  • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
  • District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
  • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
    • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant

Western Department: Braxton Bragg

  • District of the Mississippi: Daniel Ruggles temporary
  • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: vacant
    • 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: vacant
    • 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
    • 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
  • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
  • District of Middle Tennessee: Samuel Jones
  • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
  • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk temporary
    • Right Wing Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
    • Left Wing Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
    • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Army of West Tennessee: Earl Van Dorn

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
William Nelson DEC
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
William Rufus Terrill
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission


Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Allison Nelson
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
John Sappington Marmaduke

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