1862 September 13th

September 13 1862 Saturday

Battle of Harper’s Ferry, VA

Smith’s Invasion of Kentucky

Bragg’s Invasion of Kentucky

Maryland Campaign

Harper’s Ferry Campaign – Siege of Harper’s Ferry

Kanawha Campaign

Second Corinth Campaign

Azores. CSS Alabama, Captain Raphael Semmes, seized and burned the whaling ship Altamaha.

Arkansas. Expedition to Lawrenceville, St Charles and Clarendon ended.

Kentucky. Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army reached Glasgow, where he hoped to either attack Major-General Don Carlos Buell’s Union army as it passed to the west or to meet an attack in a prepared position. The majority of Bragg’s force enjoyed a two-day rest as this was the first halt since the army had left Chattanooga seventeen days earlier, covering over one hundred fifty miles in the interim. The route of the army had been across Walden’s Ridge and along the Sequatchie Valley to Pikeville, eastwards across the Cumberland Plateau and past the Union army at Decherd. Now on Kentucky soil, Bragg issued a proclamation to rouse Kentuckians to the Confederate cause.

Kentucky. Union Major-General Don Carlos Buell’s army arrived at Bowling Green, thirty-five miles to the west of Glasgow. Buell had left Major-General George Henry Thomas to hold Nashville with three divisions while he brought five divisions north to oppose Bragg. With a division of reinforcements sent by Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant, Buell now had 56,000 men available, twice as many as Bragg. Buell feared that a concentration of Bragg’s army with that of Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith would outnumber his own so he sent for Thomas to join him with two of the divisions from Nashville’ leaving only one division as the garrison of the Tennessee capital.

Kentucky. Confederate Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers’ infantry brigade was scouting at Cave City ten miles northwest of Glasgow at Cave City. He was informed by a marauding cavalry regiment from Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith’s army that they had cut the Louisville & Nashville Railroad north of Munfordville, isolating a small Union garrison on the southern bank of the Green River. Without notifying General Braxton Bragg he marched with the cavalry to capture the garrison.

Louisiana. Union expedition to Pass Manchac and Ponchatoula began.

Maryland. Skirmishes at South Mountain, Maryland Heights, Middletown, and Jefferson.

“The Lost Order”, Maryland. Confederate General Robert Edward Lee’s Special War Order No 191, which detailed his offensive strategy and troop assignments, was found by two Union soldiers (Corporal Barton W Mitchell and First Sergeant John M Bloss of the 27th Indiana Infantry wrapped around three cigars at an abandoned Confederate campsite. This intelligence gave Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan a decisive advantage in the subsequent campaign. He learned that the Confederate army was dangerously divided and vulnerable to defeat in detail. He prepared to advance across South Mountain the following day to engage the divided Confederate forces. It was apparent from the Confederate positions that he should advance first on Boonsboro to defeat the nearest segment of Lee’s army. The Army of the Potomac was put into motion along the National Road from Washington, DC, towards Frederick.

Lee learned late in the evening about the loss of his vital Orders and moved to block the paasses through South Mountain. He sent the divisions of Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill to block the Union advance along the National Road through South Mountain towards Boonsboro at Turner’s Gap and also at Fox’s Gap. Lee also sent part of the division of Major-General Lafayette McLaws to Crampton’s Gap, where a road from Buckeystown led to Harper’s Ferry. Major-General James Longstreet followed from Hagerstown with the rest of his Corps in support of Hill. Longstreet protested that he should not exhaust his troops in a march to South Mountain but that the army should concentrate instead at Sharpsburg, which was only twelve miles from Hagerstown and six from Boonsboro. Lee overruled Longstreet’s objections and his men departed for the South Mountain gaps before dawn.

Mississippi. Expedition to Coldwater and Hernando ended.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Iuka involving Union cavalry.

Mississippi. Iuka was a small Union supply depot, established on the Memphis & Charleston Railroad about twenty limes west of the key Union garrison at Corinth. Confederate General Braxton Bragg had ordered Major-General Sterling Price to lead the 15,000 men of his Army of the West from Tupelo to attack Iuka. The aim was to block the movement of two divisions from Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans’ Army of the Mississippi, which were marching from Corinth via Iuka to reinforce Brigadier-General James Negley’s lone division of the Army of the Ohio at Nashville. Negley had been left behind to guard the capital when Major-General George Thomas headed north with his other two divisions to reinforce Major-General Don Carlos Buell in Kentucky. Price’s cavalry skirmished with pickets posted by the small Union garrison stationed there and drove a small force out of Iuka.

Missouri. Skirmishes at Newtonia, Black River, and Strother Fork of Black River in Iron County.

Missouri. Skirmish at Bragg’s Farm near Whaley’s (or Wheley’s) Mill, .

Tennessee. Incident at Tyree Springs.

Texas. Operations at Flour Bluffs began.

Virginia. Incidents at Bolivar Heights.

Virginia. Skirmish at Charleston. Confederate Major-General William Wing Loring forces the evacuation of the town by its Union garrison. Union strength was greatly depleted by the temporary transfer of Major-General Jacob Dolson Cox’s Kanawha Division to assist in the defence of Maryland and Loring was able to exploit the unexpected weakness. At the same time, Confederate Brigadier-General Albert Gallatin Jenkins led a small mounted force into western Virginia through Huttonsville. He captured Union supply depots at Buckhannon and Weston. The two Union brigades (Colonel Edward Siber and Colonel Samuel Augustus Gilbert) in the area withdrew to the mouth of the Kanawha.

Virginia. Major-General Darius Nash Couch’s division was formally transferred from IV Corps to join VI Corps (Potomac) as its 3rd Division. This left only Brigadier-General John James Peck’s Division (formerly Brigadier-General Silas Casey’s) division of IV Corps still on the Yorktown peninsula. Peck’s force, still nominally part of Major-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes’ IV Corps, was later stationed at Suffolk and was gradually reduced by detachments until it was discontinued in August 1863.

Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson completed the encirclement of Harper’s Ferry. Union Colonel Dixon S Miles, commander of the garrison at Harper’s Ferry, insisted on keeping most of the troops near the town instead of taking up commanding positions on the surrounding heights.

First of all, the most important defensive position on Maryland Heights was approached during the previous day by elements of Confederate Major-General Lafayette McLaws’ division but only brief skirmishing ensued. Major-General Richard Heron Anderson’s division arrived in reserve.

Confederate Brigadier-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw began his serious attack on Maryland heights at about 6.30 am. He planned to push his own brigade directly against the Union breastworks while Brigadier-General William Barksdale’s brigade flanked the enemy right. One battery (Pulaski Light Artillery) supported them with four guns. Kershaw’s men charged into the abattis twice and were driven back with heavy losses. The inexperienced 126th New York Infantry held their own although their commander, Colonel Ford, felt ill that morning and stayed back two miles behind the lines, leaving the command of the fighting to Colonel Eliakim Sherrill. Sherrill was wounded while rallying his men and had to be carried from the field, causing the green Union troops to grow panicky. As Barksdale’s brigade approached on their flank, the New Yorkers broke and fled rearward. Although Major Sylvester Hewitt ordered the remaining units to reform farther along the ridge, orders came at 3:30 pm from Colonel Ford to retreat. He did not send for support from the 900 men of the 115th New York Infantry, who were waiting in reserve midway up the slope. Ford’s men destroyed their artillery pieces and crossed a pontoon bridge back to Harper’s Ferry. Ford later insisted he had the authority from Miles to order a withdrawal, but a court of inquiry concluded that he had “abandoned his position without sufficient cause,” and recommended his dismissal from the Army. Inside the town, the Union officers realised that they were surrounded and pleaded with Miles to attempt to recapture Maryland Heights but he refused, insisting that his forces on Bolivar Heights would defend the town from the west.

During the fighting on Maryland Heights, the other Confederate columns arrived. Confederate Brigadier-General John George Walker’s division reached Loudon Heights and completed the encirclement of Harper’s Ferry at 10 am. Jackson’s own group of three divisions appeared west of Bolivar Heights at 11 am. Jackson led his main body of Brigadier-General William Edwin Starke’s division to the north, Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton’s in the centre, and Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill’s to the south. Jackson was astonished to find that these positions were not defended. Jackson’s and Miles’ forces to the west of town were roughly equal but Miles was dismissive of the threat from the artillery massing to his northeast and south.

Late that night, Miles sent Captain Charles Russell of the 1st Maryland Cavalry with nine troopers to slip through the enemy lines and take a message to any general they could find, informing them that the besieged town could hold out only for 48 hours. Russell’s men escaped across South Mountain and reached the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac at Frederick. Major-General George Brinton was surprised and dismayed to receive the news and wrote a message to Miles that a relief force was on the way and to hold out. McClellan ordered Major-General William Buel Franklin and his VI Corps to march from Crampton’s Gap to relieve Miles. Although three couriers were sent with this information on different routes, none of them reached Harper’s Ferry in time to save the garrison.

ORDER OF BATTLE: HARPER’S FERRY, VA

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
Garrison, Harper’s Ferry: Colonel Dixon S Miles

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Major-General James Longstreet
McLaws’ Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Major-General Lafayette McLaws
Kershaw’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Joseph Brevard Kershaw
Cobb’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Howell Cobb
Semmes’ Brigade, McLaws’ Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Paul Jones Semmes
Barksdale’s Brigade, McLaws’ Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Barksdale
Anderson’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Major-General Richard Heron Anderson
Wilcox’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Mahone’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel William A Parham
Featherston’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
Armistead’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Lewis Addison Armistead
Pryor’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Roger Atkinson Pryor
Wright’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Ambrose Ransom Wright
Walker’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General John George Walker
Walker’s Brigade, Walker’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel Van H Manning
Ransom’s Brigade, Walker’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Robert Ransom
Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton
Lawton’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel Marcellus Douglass,
Early’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Jubal Anderson Early
Trimble’s Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel James A Walker
Hays’ Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Harry Thompson Hays
A P Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Branch’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Gregg’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg
Field’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel John M Brockenbrough
Archer’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General James Jay Archer
Pender’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Dorsey Pender
Thomas’ Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel Edward Lloyd Thomas Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General John Robert Jones
Winder’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel Andrew J Grigsby
Taliaferro’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel E T H Warren
J R Jones’ Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel Bradley Tyler Johnson
Starke’s Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Edwin Starke

Union Organisation

USA: Calvin Edward Pratt promoted Brigadier-General USV 30 September 1862 to rank from 13 September 1862.

Pratt, Calvin Edward / Massachusetts / Born 23 January 1828 Shrewsbury, Massachusetts / Died Rochester, Massachusetts 3 August 1896
Massachusetts Militia / Colonel USV 31st New York Infantry 14 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 30 September 1862 to rank from 13 September 1862 / Resigned USV 25 April 1863 / Colonel New York Militia 24 October 1863 / WIA Gaines’ Mill 27 May 1862
1st Brigade 2nd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 25 September 1862-26 January 1863 / Light Brigade VI Corps Army of the Potomac 26 January 1863-3 February 1863 / 4th Light Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 3 February 1863-25 April 1863

USA: Randolph Barnes Marcy reappointed Brigadier-General USV 13 September 1862 unconfirmed.

Marcy, Randolph Barnes / Massachusetts / Born 9 April 1812 Greenwich, Massachusetts / Died West Orange, New Jersey 22 November 1887
USMA 1 July 1832 29/45 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1828 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 25 November 1835 / 1st Lieutenant USA 22 June 1837 / Captain USA 18 May 1846 / Major USA Paymaster 22 August 1859 / Inspector-General 13 May 1861 / Colonel USA Inspector-General 9 August 1861 / Senior Inspector-General 9 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 23 September 1861 Expired Unconfirmed 17 July 1862 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 13 September 1862 Expired Unconfirmed 4 March 1863 / Mustered Out USV 4 March 1863 / Brigadier-General USA Inspector-General 12 December 1878 / Retired USA 2 January 1881 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1832 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Inspector-General Department of the Ohio 13 May 1861-17 July 1861 / Inspector-General 9 August 1861 Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-4 September 1861 / Senior Inspector General US Army 9 August 1861-2 January 1881 / Chief of Staff Army of the Potomac 4 September 1861-7 November 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
        • Army of the Southwest: Frederick Steele
      • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Sub-District of Jackson: John Alexander Logan
      • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Pensacola: Lewis Golding Arnold
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby interim James Henry Carleton awaited
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope awaited
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Louisville: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • I Corps Potomac: Joseph Hooker
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
      • IX Corps Potomac: Jesse Lee Reno
      • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
      • XII Corps Potomac: Alpheus Starkey Williams temporary
  • Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary
    • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Military District of Washington: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: John Porter McCown
    • Army of Kentucky: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of North Carolina: James Green Martin
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton interim Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Missouri: Sterling Price
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Mississippi: Daniel Ruggles temporary
    • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: vacant
      • 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: vacant
      • 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
      • 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
    • District of the Tennessee: Sterling Price
    • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
    • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
      • Right Wing Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • Left Wing Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of the West: Sterling Price

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
William Nelson
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield*
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Jesse Lee Reno
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Joseph King Fenno Mansfield)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Charles Smith Hamilton
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
William Rufus Terrill
Edward Ferrero
Calvin Edward Pratt

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Samuel Garland
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Edwin Starke
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Allison Nelson
Francis Asbury Shoup

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