1862 October 7th

October 7 1862 Tuesday

Smith’s Invasion of Kentucky

Bragg’s Invasion of Kentucky

Great Britain. A speech in Newcastle-upon-Tyne by the British Chancellor of the Exchequer William E Gladstone raised Confederate hopes that continuing military success might lead to some degree of recognition of the Confederate States. However, the British government regarded Gladstone’s remarks as precipitate and unpropitious. The subsequent announcement of the Provisional Emancipation Proclamation by US President Abraham Lincoln took away all impetus for recognition of the Confederacy and Britain increasingly adopted a strictly neutral tone.

Nova Scotia. CSS Alabama, Captain Raphael Semmes, captured and burned the bark Wave Crest and the brig Dunkirk south-east of Nova Scotia.

Florida. Lieutenant-Commander Edward P Williams in the Army transport Darlington, with sailors and troops embarked, captured the steamer Governor Milton in St John’s River.

Kentucky. Skirmishes at Perryville and brown Hill during the pursuit of Confederate Braxton Bragg’s army.

Kentucky. Incidents at Fern Creek and Doctor’s Fork.

Kentucky. Union Major-General Don Carlos Buell had ordered his three corps to converge and to concentrate as quickly as possible at Perryville. Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook’s I Corps was to move from Mackville to occupy the left flank. He was delayed by bad roads and camped eight miles short of Perryville. On the right Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden’s II Corps, accompanied by the army’s second-in-command Major-General George Henry Thomas, was marching from Lebanon but was delayed by a detour to find water and was ten miles short of Perryville at nightfall. Brigadier-General Charles Champion Gilbert’s III Corps was advancing from Springfield in the centre and was the only column that was on schedule. At the head of Gilbert’s III Corps was the 11th division of Brigadier-General Philip Henry Sheridan. Sheridan made a vigorous attack to take Doctor’s Creek from a screen of snipers and skirmishers on the far ridge. They were beaten back at sunset and concealed themselves in the woods west of the creek, but were unable to replenish their water. A second effort under a full moon also failed. McCook was expected to form on Gilbert’s left and Crittenden on his right for Buell’s planned attack. The enemy force was his principal objective, but the availability of water also made control of the town and surrounding area highly desirable. Buell issued orders for all corps to move at 3 am the next day and to attack at 10 am.

Kentucky. Confederate General Braxton Bragg sent a circular from Harrodsburg to his commanders to concentrate at Versailles, a good location south of Frankfort, west of Lexington and east of the Kentucky River, and nearer to a junction with Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith’s army. Major-General Leonidas Polk was to move his two corps immediately to unite with Smith while Major-General William Joseph Hardee followed as a rearguard, delaying the Union pursuit as much as possible.

Polk had confusing discretionary orders that seemed to require Hardee to be more aggressive and to attack the enemy in order to buy time for a general withdrawal across the Salt River and Kentucky River. Hardee’s command had stopped at Perryville and requested reinforcements to carry out the proposed attack.

Hardee had selected Perryville as a position for good reason. The village of approximately 300 residents had an excellent road network with connections to nearby towns in six directions, allowing for strategic flexibility. It was located to prevent the Union troops from reaching the Confederate supply depot in Bryantsville, and it was a good source of water in an area that had been afflicted by drought for months. The heat was oppressive for both men and horses, and the few sources of drinking water provided by the rivers and creeks west of town were reduced to isolated stagnant puddles.

The first of Hardee’s troops, Brigadier-General James Patton Anderson’s four brigades, reached the area around 3 pm. Brigadier-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne’s division and the remainder of Major-General Simon Bolivar Buckner’s division followed during the morning. Hardee vigorously questioned this division of force in a letter to Bragg, which required him to attack a much stronger force with just three divisions of 16,000 men.

Bragg ordered Polk to send back one of his divisions (Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham’s) to reinforce Hardee’s Corps for the attack at Perryville and to emphasise the need to make an immediate attack. Meanwhile, Polk’s second division (Brigadier-General Edward Cary Withers) continued onwards to join Smith’s army near Versailles.

Around midnight, three brigades of Cheatham’s division joined Hardee, having left their baggage train behind. Cheatham’s fourth brigade under Brigadier-General Preston Smith received orders to return to Harrodsburg. Polk arrived himself at Perryville with Cheatham’s division and he assumed command of the field over Hardee, insisting that the attack must be made in the morning.

Mississippi. Skirmish near Ruckersville.

Mississippi. Skirmish near Ripley.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Box Ford on the Hatchie River.

Missouri. Incident at Fayette.

Missouri. Skirmish at New Franklin in Howard County.

Missouri. Skirmish at Newtonia.

Tennessee. Incident at Bolivar.

Tennessee. Skirmish at La Vergne, resulting in a Union victory.

Virginia. Incident at Hazel River.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Eugene Asa Carr assumed command of the Army of the Southwest, succeeding Major-General Frederick Steele.

Carr, Eugene Asa / New York / Born 20 March 1830 Erie, New York / Died Washington, District of Columbia 2 December 1910
USMA 1 July 1850 19/44 Mounted Rifles-Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 September 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 30 June 1851 / 1st Lieutenant 1st US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Captain USA 11 June 1858 / 4th US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Colonel USV 3rd Illinois Cavalry 16 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 30 April 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862 / Major USA 5th US Cavalry 7 July 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 4th US Cavalry 7 January 1873 / 5th US Cavalry 10 April 1873 / Colonel USA 6th US Cavalry 29 April 1879 / Brigadier-General USA 19 July 1892 / Retired USA 15 February 1893 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1850 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 10 August 1861 Brevet Colonel USA 15 May 1863 Brevet Major-General USV 11 March 1865 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 / Medal of Honor 7 March 1862 / WIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862
Cavalry Army of the West 24 July 1861 / 3rd Brigade Cavalry District of Southwest Missouri 31 January 1862-9 February 1862 / 4th Division Army of the Southwest 9 February 1862-13 May 1862 / 6th Division Army of the Southwest 5 June 1862-7 October 1862 / Army of the Southwest 7 October 1862-12 November 1862 / District of St Louis 13 November 1862-28 February 1863 / 2nd Division Army of Southeast Missouri 28 February 1863-26 March 1863 / 14th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 28 March 1863-28 July 1863 / Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee 3 September 1863-15 October 1863 / 2nd Division Cavalry Army of Arkansas 30 November 1863-6 January 1864 / 1st Division Cavalry VII Corps Department of Arkansas 13 February 1864-11 May 1864 / District of Little Rock 11 May 1864-24 December 1864 / 3rd Division XVI Corps Military Division of West Mississippi 14 March 1865-20 July 1865

USA: Major-General Darius Nash Couch assumed command of II Corps (Potomac), succeeding Major-General Edwin Vose Sumner.

Couch, Darius Nash / New York / Born 23 July 1822 South East, New York / Died Norwalk, Connecticut 12 February 1897
USMA 1 July 1846 13/59 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1842 /4th US Artillery / 2nd Lieutenant USA 16 February 1847 / 1st Lieutenant 4 December 1847 / Resigned USA 30 April 1855 / Colonel USV 17th Massachusetts Infantry 15 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 4 July 1862 / Resigned USV 26 May 1865 / Quartermaster-General Connecticut Militia 1876-1878 / Adjutant-General Connecticut Militia 1883-1884 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 23 February 1847 / WIA Chancellorsville 3 May 1863
Couch’s Brigade Military Division of the Potomac 4 August 1861-20 August 1861 / Couch’s Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-14 September 1861 / 1st Brigade Buell’s Division Army of the Potomac 14 September 1862-13 March 1862 / 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac 13 March 1862-12 July 1862 / 1st Division IV Corps Army of the Potomac August 1862-26 September 1862 /3rd Division VI Corps Army of the Potomac 26 September 1862-14 November 1862 / II Corps Potomac 14 November 1862-25 January 1863 1862 / Right Grand Division Potomac 25 January 1863-5 February 1863 / II Corps Potomac 5 February 1863-22 May 1863 / Department of the Susquehanna 11 June 1863-1 December 1864 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 8 December 1864-14 January 1865 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 9 February 1865-28 February 1865 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 8 April 1865-30 April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
      • Army of the Southwest: Eugene Asa Carr
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • Army of Southwestern Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Louisville: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Western Virginia: Jacob Dolson Cox
      • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
    • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
      • I Corps Ohio: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • II Corps Ohio: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • III Corps Ohio: Charles Champion Gilbert
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Darius Nash Couch
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
      • IX Corps Potomac: Jacob Dolson Cox temporary
      • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
      • XII Corps Potomac: Alpheus Starkey Williams temporary
  • Department of the South: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
    • X Corps South: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Sub-District of Jackson: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of Colorado: John Milton Chivington
  • Military District of Washington: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of South Carolina and Georgia was discontinued.

CSA: The Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida was established, comprising the area of the former Department of South Carolina and Georgia and the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida.

CSA: General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard assumed command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, arriving on 13 October 1862.

Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant / Louisiana / Born 28 May 1818 St Bernard, Louisiana / Died New Orleans, Louisiana 20 February 1893
USMA 1 July 1838 2/45 Artillery-Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 / Engineers 7 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 June 1839 / Chief Engineer US Army in Mexico 1847 / Captain USA Engineers 3 March 1853 / Superintendent USMA 23 January 1861-28 January 1861 / Resigned USA 20 February 1861 / Brigadier-General ACSA 1 March 1861 / General ACSA 31 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 2 May 1865 / Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847
Department of South Carolina 3 March 1861-27 May 1861 / Forces in Charleston (Defences of Charleston) 3 March 1861-27 May 1861 / Department of the Potomac 31 May 1861-2 June 1861 / Alexandria Line 2 June 1861-20 June 1861 / Army of the Potomac 20 June 1862-19 July 1861 / I Corps Potomac 21 July 1861-14 March 1862 / District of the Potomac 22 October 1861-29 January 1862 / Army of Mississippi 5 March 1862-29 March 1862 / Western Department 6 April 1862-26 June 1862 / Army of Mississippi 6 April 1862-6 May 1862 / Department of South Carolina and Georgia 29 August 1862-7 October 1862 / Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida 7 October 1862-18 April 1864 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 18 April 1864-14 May 1864 / Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 20 May 1864-27 September 1864 / Defences of Drewry’s Bluff 14 May 1864-20 May 1864 / Defences of Petersburg 27 September 1864-1 October 1864 / Military Division of the West 3 October 1864-April 1865 / 16 December 1864 / Chief of Staff Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 27 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Chief of Staff Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida 27 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Chief of Staff Department of Tennessee 27 February 1865-26 April 1865 / Army of Tennessee 14 January 1865-22 January 1865

CSA: The Department of Middle and Eastern Florida was discontinued and its territory incorporated in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

CSA: The District of Middle and East Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, comprising the former Department of Middle and East Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General Joseph Finegan retained command of the District of Middle and East Florida.

Finegan, Joseph / Ireland-Florida / Born 17 November 1814 Clones, Ireland / Died Rutledge, Florida 29 October 1885
Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 1st Battalion Florida Infantry 14 January 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 April 1862 / Paroled Madison, Florida 20 May 1865
Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 8 April 1862-7 October 1862 / District of Middle and East Florida 7 October 1862-4 November 1862 / District of East Florida 4 November 1862-23 February 1864 / District of Middle Florida 7 August 1863-10 November 1863 / Finegan’s Brigade Mahone’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 4 June 1864-20 March 1865

CSA: The District of South Carolina transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The First Sub-District with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Second Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Third Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The Fourth Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina to the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General Roswell Sabine Ripley retained command of the District of South Carolina.

Ripley, Roswell Sabine / Ohio-New York / Born 14 March 1823 Franklin, Ohio / Died New York, New York 29 March 1887
USMA 1 July 1843 7/39 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 26 March 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1847 / Resigned USA 2 March 1853 / Major Ordnance South Carolina Militia 1860 / Lieutenant-Colonel 1st Battalion South Carolina Artillery 28 January 1861 / South Carolina Regular Artillery May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 / WIA Antietam 1862
Department of South Carolina 21 August 1861-5 November 1861 / District of South Carolina 5 November 1861-11 October 1864 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-26 May 1862 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 10 December 1861-17 December 1861 / 5th Brigade D H Hill’s Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-23 July 1862 / 5th Brigade D H Hill’s Division Army of Northern Virginia 23 July 1862-10 August 1862 / 5th Brigade G W Smith’s Division Defences of Richmond 10 August 1862-2 September 1862 / Ripley’s Brigade D H Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 2 September 1862-17 September 1862 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 16 October 1862-21 March 1864 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 19 July 1864-17 October 1864 / Ripley’s Brigade Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida November 1864-December 1864 / Ripley’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 14 February 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: The First Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General States Rights Gist assumed temporary command of the First Sub-District of the District of South Carolina, succeeding Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault.

Gist, States Rights / South Carolina / Born 3 September 1831 Union, South Carolina / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
Captain South Carolina Militia 1853 / Brigadier-General South Carolina Militia April 1856 / Major-General Adjutant-General and Inspector-General South Carolina Militia 8 March 1861 / Colonel PACS ADC (B E Bee) 6 June 1861-21 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 March 1862 to rank from 20 March 1862 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Atlanta 22 July 1864
3rd Brigade Army of the Shenandoah 21 July 1861-21 July 1861 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 4 October 1862-16 October 1862 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Military Division of the West 21 May 1863-July 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana July 1863-25 August 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 28 August 1863-September 1863 / Walker’s Division Reserve Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee September 1863-26 September 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Army of Tennessee 26 September 1863-12 November 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee 12 November 1863-November 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Walker’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863-24 July 1864 / Walker’s Division Hardee’s Corps Army of Tennessee November 1863 / Gist’s Brigade Brown’s Division Cheatham’s Corps Army of Tennessee 24 July 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: The Second Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General Johnson Hagood retained command of the Second Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

Hagood, Johnson / South Carolina / Born 21 February 1829 Barnwell, South Carolina / Died 4 January 1898
Brigadier-General Assistant Adjutant-General South Carolina Militia 1861 / Colonel 1st South Carolina Infantry 27 January 1861 / 2nd Lieutenant ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 July 1862 / No Record of Parole
Second Sub-District of South Carolina 19 July 1862-14 March 1863 / Hagood’s Brigade First Sub-District of South Carolina 14 March 1863-22 October 1863 / Hagood’s Brigade Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina Second 22 October 1863-20 February 1864 / Sub-District of South Carolina 28 December 1863-6 May 1864 / Seventh Sub-District of South Carolina 20 February 1864-6 May 1864 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division Department of Richmond 6 May 1864-31 May 1864 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 31 May 1864-19 October 1864 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division IV Corps Army of Northern Virginia 19 October 1864-20 December 1864 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division Department of North Carolina 20 December 1864-9 April 1865 / Hagood’s Brigade Hoke’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 May 1865

CSA: The Third Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker retained command of the Third Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

CSA: The Fourth Sub-District transferred with the District of South Carolina from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General William Stephen Walker retained command of the Fourth Sub-District of the District of South Carolina.

Walker, William Stephen / Pennsylvania-Florida / Born 13 April 1822 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania / Died Atlanta, Georgia 7 June 1899
1st Lieutenant USA Infantry 27 February 1847 / US Voltigeurs 9 April 1847 / Regt Adjutant 1 May 1847-15 June 1847 / Discharged USA 31 August 1848 / Captain USA 1st US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 1 May 1861 / ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / ADC (R E Lee) 5 November 1861-December 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General December 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Inspector-General 22 March 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 30 October 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 / WIA and CIA Ware Bottom Church 20 May 1864 Exchanged 29 October 1864
Assistant Inspector-General Department of South Carolina Georgia and East Florida December 1861-14 March 1862 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 6 May 1862-28 May 1862 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 28 May 1862-15 May 1864 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 19 July 1862-5 November 1862 / Walker’s Brigade Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 17 May 1864-20 May 1864

CSA: The District of West Florida was established in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Horace Forney assumed command of the District of West Florida.

Forney, John Horace / North Carolina-Alabama / Born 12 August 1829 Lincolnton, North Carolina / Died Jacksonville, Alabama 13 September 1902
USMA 1 July 1852 22 /48 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1852 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 24 October 1853 / 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / 1st Lieutenant USA 25 August 1855 / Resigned USA 23 January 1861 / Colonel Artillery Alabama Militia 1861 / ADC (A Moore) 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS Assistant Inspector-General 7 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 10th Alabama Infantry 4 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 / Major-General PACS 27 October 1862 / Paroled Galveston, Texas 20 June 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1852 / WIA Dranesville 20 December 1861 CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Paroled 24 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
5th Brigade Army of the Shenandoah 21 June 1861-October 1861 / Department of Alabama and West Florida 28 April 1862-29 June 1862 / Gulf District 2 July 1862-8 December 1862 / District of West Florida 7 October 1862-January 1863 / Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana January 1863-17 April 1863 / Forney’s Division Army of Mississippi 17 April 1863-4 July 1863 / Forney’s Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana October 1863-28 January 1864 / Forney’s Department Dept of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 January 1864-May 1864 / 1st Division I Corps Trans-Mississippi Army September 1864-March 1865 / 1st Division District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona 27 March 1865-12 May 1865

CSA: The District of Georgia transferred from the Department of South Carolina and Georgia to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

CSA: Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton retained command of the District of Georgia.

Lawton, Alexander Robert / South Carolina / Born 4 November 1818 Beaufort, South Carolina / Died Clifton Springs, New York 2 July 1896
USMA 1 July 1839 13/31 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1839 / Resigned USA 31 December 1840 / Georgia Militia 1849 / Colonel 1st Georgia Militia January 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Georgia 27 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 28 August 1861 to rank from 13 April 1861 / Quartermaster-General PACS 10 August 1863 / Paroled Washington, Georgia 9 May 1865 / WIA Antietam 17 September 1862
Defences of Savannah 13 March 1861-26 October 1861 / Department of Georgia 26 October 1861-5 November 1861 / District of Georgia 5 November 1861-14 March 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-26 June 1862 / Lawton’s Brigade 3rd Division Jackson’s Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-28 August 1862 / 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 28 August 1862-17 September 1862 / District of Georgia 7 October 1862-28 December 1862 / Quartermaster-General 7 August 1863-9 May 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General Allison Nelson died of typhus at Austin, Texas.

Nelson, Allison / Georgia-Texas / Born 11 March 1822 Fulton, Georgia / Died Austin, Texas 7 October 1862
Captain USV Georgia Rangers 1847 / Mustered Out USV 1848 / Cuban Army of Liberation / Colonel PACS 10th Texas Infantry September 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 12 September 1862
Nelson’s Brigade Trans-Mississippi Department 20 August 1862-28 September 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Army of the West 28 September 1862-7 October 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of East Tennessee: John Porter McCown
    • Army of Kentucky: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton awaited
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard awaited
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: States Rights Gist temporary
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
    • District of Middle and East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
    • District of Middle Tennessee: Samuel Jones
    • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk temporary
      • Right Wing Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • Left Wing Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of West Tennessee: Earl Van Dorn

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
William Rufus Terrill
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
John Milton Thayer
Solomon Meredith

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Allison Nelson DEC
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
John Sappington Marmaduke
Elkanah Brackin Greer

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