1862 October 3rd

October 3 1862 Friday

Second Battle of Corinth, MS

Battle of St John’s Bluff, FL (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

Smith’s Invasion of Kentucky

Bragg’s Invasion of Kentucky

Second Corinth Campaign

Atlantic Ocean. CSS Alabama, Captain Raphael Semmes, captured the ship Brilliant, bound from New York to Liverpool.

St John’s Bluff, Florida. A joint expedition under Commander Charles Steedman USN and Brigadier-General John Milton Brannon captured the Confederate battery at St John’s Bluff, which had been evacuated overnight by the Confederates of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles F Hopkins’ command. The Union troops continued on to occupy Jacksonville and forced a general withdrawal from the area by the Confederates. (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

Georgia. Reconnaissance to Savannah River ended.

Kentucky. Union retreat from Cumberland Gap ended. Incidents at Bardstown, Shepherdsville and Cedar Church.

Kentucky. Union Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan’s garrison of Cumberland Gap reached Greenup on the Ohio River after being cut off by Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith’s invasion of Kentucky. Morgan’s 8,000 men marched over 200 miles from Cumberland Gap in sixteen days on their way to Camp Dennison in Ohio, losing just 80 men along the way.

Kentucky. Confederate Major-General Leonidas Polk held a council of war with his senior commanders and all agreed to continue the army’s withdrawal towards Harrodsburg, in order to avoid contact with the strong Union forces advancing towards Bardstown from Louisville. This decision was contradictory to the latest orders from General Braxton Bragg, to advance to the attack.

Second Corinth, Mississippi, also known as Corinth. A line of Union entrenchments extended along the north and east sides of Corinth, about two miles from the town, from the Chewalla Road in the northwest to the Mobile & Ohio Railroad in the south. These had been constructed by Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard’s army before they evacuated the town in May. The lines were too extensive for Union Major-General William Starke’s garrison of 23,000 men to defend so he modified the lines to emphasise the defence of the town itself and the ammunition magazines near the junction of the two railroads. The inner line of redoubts, closest to the town was called the Halleck Line and this was much more substantial. A number of formidable named batteries, with guns positioned in strong earthwork defences, were part of the inner line: they were Battery Robinett, Battery Williams, Battery Phillips, Battery Tannrath and Battery Lothrop, in the area known as College Hill. They were connected by breastworks, and during the last four days of September these works had been strengthened and the trees in the vicinity of the centrally placed Battery Robinett had been felled to form an abattis.

Rosecrans’ plan was to absorb the expected Confederate advance with a skirmish line holding the old Confederate entrenchments and to meet the bulk of the Confederate attack with his main force along the Halleck Line, about a mile from the centre of town. A final stand would be made around the batteries on College Hill. His men were provided with three days’ rations and 100 rounds of ammunition. During the morning, three of Rosecrans’ divisions advanced into the old Confederate rifle pits north and northwest of town. Brigadier-General Thomas Jefferson McKean was posted on the left, Brigadier-General Thomas Alfred Davies in the centre and Brigadier-General Charles Smith Hamilton on the right. Brigadier-General David Sloane Stanley’s division was held in reserve in the newer entrenchments near the northern and western perimeters of the town.

Confederate Major-General Earl Van Dorn was not aware of the strength of his opponent, who had called in two reinforcing divisions from the Army of the Tennessee, and he underestimated the difficulty of assaulting the prepared positions around Corinth. Van Dorn marched ten miles from Chewalla and deployed Major-General Mansfield Lovell’s division without delay on the right astride the Memphis & Charleston Railroad. The other two divisions of Brigadier-General Dabney Herndon Maury and Brigadier-General Louis Hébert extended the line further to the left and across the Mobile & Ohio Railroad. Maury and Hébert were under the command of Major-General Sterling Price and his Army of the West. Van Dorn’s plan was for a double envelopment, in which Lovell would open the fight, forcing Rosecrans to weaken his right to reinforce McKean’s division. When that happened, Van Dorn aimed to launch his main assault against the Union right and to take the defensive works. All three Confederate divisions would then converge on the railroad junction.

Van Dorn began his assault at 10 am with Lovell’s division attacking Colonel John Morrison Oliver’s brigade (McKean’s division). As soon as he became engaged, Maury’s division opened the fight with Davies’ left. Brigadier-General John McArthur’s brigade (McKean’s division) quickly moved four regiments to Oliver’s support and at the same time, Davies advanced his line to the entrenchments. These movements left a gap between Davies and McKean and the Confederates forced their way through at about 1.30 pm. The whole Union line fell back to within half a mile of the redoubts, leaving two guns in the hands of the Confederates, including a 24-pounder Parrott rifled gun. The Confederates occupied a defensible summit. During this part of the action Union Brigadier-General Pleasant Adam Hackleman was killed and Brigadier-General Richard James Oglesby (2/2/Corinth) was seriously wounded. Davies formed a strong Union line along the White House Ridge about a mile from the railroad intersection. Price attacked with Maury’s and Hébert’s divisions and drove the Union defenders back further towards their inner line. Around midday, Price’s Confederates broke off the fight to draw water from captured wells and prepared to administer the final blow in the morning. A further Confederate surge took the ridge and the town seemed to be at the mercy of the attackers. The Union defence now gathered around Battery Robinett and Battery Williams. Van Dorn was sure that he could achieve a victory the following day and he was persuaded by Price to allow his forces to rest and collect water. The advance was called off until the morning.

Rosecrans had been driven back at all points and night found his entire army, except for pickets, inside the inner line of redoubts. The weather had been hot and water was scarce, causing many men to fall out from their exertions. During the night the Confederates slept within 600 yards of the Union works and Van Dorn readjusted his lines to renew the attack the next day. He abandoned his plans for a double envelopment and decided on a head-on assault.

ORDER OF BATTLE: SECOND CORINTH, MS

Union District of Corinth (West Tennessee): Major-General William Starke Rosecrans
Army of the Mississippi: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans
2nd Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General David Sloane Stanley
1st Brigade, 2nd Division (Mississippi): Colonel John Wallace Fuller
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division (Mississippi): Colonel Joseph Antony Mower
3rd Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Charles Smith Hamilton
1st Brigade, 3rd Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Cavalry Division (Mississippi): Colonel John K Mizner
1st Brigade, Cavalry Division (Mississippi): Colonel Edward Hatch
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division (Mississippi): Colonel Albert L Lee
Union District of West Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Army of the Tennessee (“Army of West Tennessee”) (Missouri): Major-General George Henry Thomas (detachment commanded by Brigadier-General James Birdseye McPherson)
2nd Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Alfred Davies
1st Brigade, 2nd Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Pleasant Adam Hackleman
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Richard James Oglesby
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division (Tennessee): Colonel Silas D Baldwin
6th Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Thomas Jefferson McKean, Brigadier-General John McArthur
1st Brigade, 6th Division (Tennessee): Colonel Benjamin Allen, Brigadier-General John McArthur
2nd Brigade, 6th Division (Tennessee): Colonel John M Oliver
3rd Brigade, 6th Division (Tennessee): Colonel Marcellus M Crocker
Sub-District of Jackson (Corinth): Edward Otho Cresap Ord

Confederate Western Department: General Braxton Bragg
Army of West Tennessee: Major-General Earl Van Dorn
Price’s Corps (“Army of the West”), (West Tennessee): Major-General Sterling Price
1st Division, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Brigadier-General Louis Hébert, Brigadier-General Martin Edwin Green
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Colonel Elijah Gates
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Colonel W Bruce Colbert
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Brigadier-General Martin Edwin Green, Colonel W H Moore
4th Brigade, 1st Division, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Colonel John D Martin
2nd Division, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Brigadier-General Dabney Herndon Maury
Moore’s Brigade, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Creed Moore
Cabell’s Brigade, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Lewis Cabell
Phifer’s Brigade, Price’s Corps (West Tennessee): Colonel Charles W Phifer
Cavalry (West Tennessee): Colonel Frank Crawford Armstrong
District of Mississippi: Major-General Earl Van Dorn
Lovell’s Division (Mississippi): Major-General Mansfield Lovell
Rust’s Brigade, Lovell’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Albert Rust
Villepigue’s Brigade, Lovell’s Division (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Bordenave Villepigue
Cavalry Brigade (Mississippi): Colonel William Hicks Jackson

Missouri. Incident at Jollification.

South Carolina. Reconnaissance to May River ended.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Lafayette Landing, involving a Union landing party.

Texas. Union naval forces under Commander William Bainbridge Renshaw aboard USS Westfield, accompanied by USS Harriet Lane, USS Owasco, USS Clifton, and the mortar schooner Henry Janes, arrived off the harbour and city of Galveston.

Virginia. US President Abraham Lincoln visited Major-General George Brinton McClellan at Harper’s Ferry to assess the status of the Army of the Potomac and to encourage McClellan to begin an energetic pursuit of the depleted Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.

Virginia. Union reconnaissance to Zuni, the Blackwater River, and Franklin.

Virginia. Skirmish at Zuni.

Blackwater River. Virginia. A force of Union soldiers arrived at the Blackwater River near Franklin and engaged a Confederate group. The Confederates had thrown up a temporary bridge across the river and the Union raiders attempted to destroy it. Both sides withdrew after a short fight. Responding to a request for assistance in an anticipated assault on the Confederates at Franklin, a naval expedition under Lieutenant-Commander Charles W Flusser, comprising USS Commodore Perry, USS Hunchback, and USS Whitehead moved to engage the Confederate troops on the Blackwater River. The warships moved forward for six hours but the river was obstructed and the gunboats could not reach Franklin. The ships returned downstream as Confederate troops were felling trees in the river behind the gunboats in an attempt to block the river in their rear.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General Pleasant Adam Hackleman was killed at Corinth, Mississippi.

Hackleman, Pleasant Adam / Indiana / Born 15 November 1814 Franklin, Indiana / KIA Corinth, Mississippi 3 October 1862
Colonel USV 16th Indiana 20 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
1st Brigade 2nd Division District of Corinth 1 September 1862-24 September 1862 / 1st Brigade 2d Division Army of the Tennessee 24 September 1862-3 October 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of St Louis: John Wynn Davidson
    • District of Southwest Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
      • Army of the Southwest: Frederick Steele
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • Army of Southwestern Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: John Pope
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Louisville: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Western Virginia: Quincy Adams Gillmore
      • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn
    • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
      • I Corps Ohio: Alexander McDowell McCook
      • II Corps Ohio: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
      • III Corps Ohio: Charles Champion Gilbert
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
      • IX Corps Potomac: Jacob Dolson Cox temporary
      • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
      • XII Corps Potomac: Alpheus Starkey Williams temporary
  • Department of the South: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
    • X Corps South: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Sub-District of Jackson: Edward Otho Cresap Ord
    • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of Colorado: John Milton Chivington
  • Military District of Washington: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Evander McIvor Law confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 3 October 1862.

Law, Evander McIvor / South Carolina-Alabama / Born 7 August 1836 Darlington, South Carolina / Died Bartow, Florida 31 October 1920
Captain Alabama Militia 20 April 1861 / Captain PACS 4th Alabama Infantry April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 2 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 28 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 3 October 1862 / Major-General PACS 20 April 1865 Unconfirmed / Paroled Charlotte, North Carolina 25 April 1865 / WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 WIA Second Bull Run 30 August 1862 WIA Cold Harbor 3 June 1864
1st Brigade 1st Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-26 June 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-July 1862 / Law’s Brigade Hood’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia July 1862-25 February 1863 / Law’s Brigade Hood’s Division Department of Virginia and North Carolina 25 February 1863-1 April 1863 / Law’s Brigade Hood’s Division Department of Southern Virginia 1 April 1863-May 1863 / Law’s Brigade Hood’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia May 1863-2 July 1863 / Hood’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 2 July 1863-19 September 1863 / Law’s Brigade Jenkins’ Division Longstreet’s Corps Army of Tennessee 20 September 1863-20 September 1863 / Law’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Department of East Tennessee 18 April 1864-May 1864 / Law’s Brigade Field’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia May 1864-3 June 1864 / Law’s Brigade Butler’s Division Hampton’s Cavalry Corps District of South Carolina 16 February 1865-April 1865

CSA: William Brimage Bate confirmed Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 3 October 1862.

Bate, William Brimage / Tennessee / Born 7 October 1826 Bledsoe’s Lick, Tennessee / Died 9 March 1905
Private USV Louisiana Infantry 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USV 3rd Tennessee Infantry 1847 / Mustered Out USV 1848 / Private PACS Tennessee Volunteers 1861 / Captain PACS 1861 / Colonel PACS 2nd Tennessee Infantry 27 April 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 3 October 1862 / Major-General PACS 5 March 1864 to rank from 23 February 1864 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Hoover’s Gap 24 June 1863 WIA Atlanta 10 August 1864
2nd Brigade McCown’s Division Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee 12 March 1863-25 May 1863 / 2nd Brigade 3rd Division I Corps Army of Tennessee April 1863-25 May 1863 / Bate’s Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee May 1863 / Bate’s Brigade Stewart’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 6 June 1863-1 September 1863 / Bate’s Brigade Stewart’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 1 September 1863-1 October 1863 / Bate’s Brigade Stewart’s Division D H Hill’s Corps Army of Tennessee 1 October 1863-12 November 1863 / Bate’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 12 November 1863-15 December 1863 / Bate’s Brigade Breckinridge’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 15 December 1863-20 February 1864 / Bate’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 August 1864-9 April 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: John Porter McCown
    • Army of Kentucky: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton awaited
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
    • District of Middle Tennessee: Samuel Jones
    • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
    • Army of Mississippi: Leonidas Polk temporary
      • Right Wing Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • Left Wing Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of West Tennessee: Earl Van Dorn

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman KIA
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
William Rufus Terrill
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Allison Nelson
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
John Sappington Marmaduke

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