1862 May 25th

May 25 1862 Sunday

First Battle of Winchester, VA (CWSAC Decisive Battle – Confederate Victory)

Peninsula Campaign

First Corinth Campaign

Jackson‘s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

USA. US Secretary of War Edwin McMasters Stanton called volunteers and militia into active duty from Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin.

Mississippi. Union forces under Major-General Henry Halleck arrived at the vital railroad hub of Corinth after a creeping 26-day advance covering the twenty miles from Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. The final three miles were covered in five days. Halleck had shown extreme prudence after the surprise attack experienced at Shiloh and entrenched every night until he could prepare to besiege the town. A preliminary bombardment covered the cautious Union movements into position during the next five days.

Corinth was held by Confederate General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard and troops concentrated from across the Western Department. Beauregard held a conference with his senior commanders, General Braxton Bragg, Major-General Earl Van Dorn, Major-General Leonidas Polk, Major-General William Joseph Hardee, Brigadier-General John Cabell Breckinridge, and Major-General Sterling Price. With the army in poor health and rapidly running out of food, the only options were to launch an immediate attack against the increasingly powerful Union entrenchments or to evacuate Corinth before the impending siege trapped them. The conference decided to retreat along the line of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad.

Missouri. Operation at Waverly and Miami began.

South Carolina. Incidents between Dixon’s Island and James Island. A Confederate gunboat under Captain F N Bonneau, guarding the bridge between James and Dixon Islands in Charleston harbour, exchanged fire with Union gunboats, claiming several hits on the gunboats and damage to the steamer Chesterfield.

Tennessee. Union Major-Ormsby McKnight Mitchel abandoned his efforts to advance to Chattanooga. He had spent several weeks in northern Alabama wrecking the railroad system but conceded that he could not sustain an unsupported advance beyond Huntsville and Bridgeport. This failure, and the inability of Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan to advance beyond the Cumberland Gap to join Mitchel for a concentric advance on Chattanooga, meant that these strategic diversions had failed to divert Confederate forces away from the main Union advance towards Corinth.

Tennessee. Union Colonel Charles Ellet joined the Western River Flotilla near Fort Pillow with nine new ram vessels. They were unarmed and unarmoured, relying on powerful engines generating high speed and an immense reinforced bow spike to smash into and sink an opponent. The ships were specially braced for the shock tactic and the crews were selected for audacity and courage. Each of the nine captains was a brother, nephew or son of Ellet himself. The Union ironclad fleet was under-strength when these strange reinforcements arrived. The two ships that had been sunk at Plum Run bend had been salvaged but needed repairs, along with a third ship which was broken down. These had all returned to Cairo, Illinois, leaving only four of the seven warships available for action until Ellet arrived.

The Confederates in Memphis noted the arrival of the Ellet rams but believed that they were unarmed transports rather than ramming warships. The Confederates relied on the guns at Fort Pillow and Fort Randolph, supported by their fleet of eight gunboats which had performed successfully at Plum Run Bend. They also awaited the completion of their own monster ironclads, the CSS Arkansas and CSS Tennessee that had been laid down at Memphis. CSS Arkansas had been sent downriver, first to Vicksburg and then up the Yazoo River, to be fitted out. CSS Tennessee still lay on the stocks at Memphis awaiting armour to cover its decks and hull.

Texas. Operation at Galveston ended.

Virginia. Union expedition from Bottom’s Bridge to the James River began, led by Lieutenant Frank C Davis (3rd pennsylvania Cavalry).

Virginia. Incidents at Harper’s Ferry and Winchester.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan ordered Brigadier-General Fitz-John Porter, commanding V Corps of the Army of the Potomac, to extend the Union flank north of the Chickahominy in the direction of reinforcements anticipated to arrive from Fredericksburg. McClellan did not yet know that the advance from Fredericksburg had been cancelled in response to Confederate aggression in the Shenandoah Valley. Union Major-General William Buel Franklin’s VI Corps was held ready to support Porter.

McClellan was now advised by President Abraham Lincoln that operations in the Shenandoah Valley were not deemed to be feints but a serious threat to Washington, DC. Lincoln ordered McClellan to launch the attack on Richmond as early as possible even though Major-General Irvin McDowell would not now be advancing southwards to reinforce him from Fredericksburg.

Union Major-General Samuel Peter Heintzelman’s III Corps advanced towards Richmond along the Williamsburg Road and constructed a redoubt a mile and a half west of Seven Pines, within five miles of the city centre. Major-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes’ IV Corps was held in reserve behind Heintzelman. Major-General Edwin Vose Sumner’s II Corps was held back eight miles from Mechanicsville as a reserve for either wing, in a position to cross the Chickahominy as and when required. McClellan was building eleven bridges across the Chickahominy along the twelve mile stretch between Mechanicsville and Bottom’s Bridge to improve communications between his two wings, which were now separated by the near impassable Chickahominy River. However, continuous heavy rain swept the bridges away almost as quickly as they were built across the swampy bottomlands.

First Winchester, Virginia, also known as Winchester or Bowers Hill. During the night, Confederate Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell’s division converged on Winchester from the southeast using the Front Royal Pike and reached Buffalo Lick. Meanwhile, Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson’s division was woken at 4 am and continued north on the Valley Pike through Kernstown towards Winchester, where Union Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks was posting his 6,500 men to defend the town.

Banks placed Colonel George Henry Gordon’s brigade on his right and Colonel Dudley Donnelly’s brigade on his left. A makeshift cavalry force connected them. It was imperative for the Confederates to take the critical heights southwest of Winchester before Banks could fortify them and Jackson halted within striking distance at about 1 am, while couriers attempted to locate Ewell’s column.

At earliest light, the Confederate skirmish line advanced in force driving the Union pickets back to their main line of battle. Ewell deployed his brigades astride the Front Royal Pike and advanced against the Union left flank. His leading regiments (in particular the 21st North Carolina Infantry) came under heavy fire from Union troops deployed behind stone fences and were repulsed. The Confederates regrouped and brought up artillery. After about an hour they advanced again, this time sending regiments to either side of the high ground to enfilade the Union position. Donnelly withdrew his Union brigade to a position closer to town with his right flank anchored on Camp Hill. Confederate Brigadier-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble’s Confederate brigade then attempted a flanking movement to the right beyond the Millwood Road, threatening the Union left and rear on Bower’s Hill. This movement, in conjunction with Confederate manoeuvres on the left beyond the Valley Pike, caused the Union line to collapse in this sector.

In conjunction with Ewell’s advance on the Front Royal Pike, Jackson advanced the Stonewall Brigade on the Valley Pike at early dawn in a heavy fog. At Jackson’s command, the brigade swept over a hill to the left of the pike, driving off the Union skirmishers who held it. Jackson quickly placed a section of artillery on the hill to engage Union artillery on Bowers Hill at a range of less than half a mile. Union sharpshooters along Abrams Creek began picking off the gunners.

In response, Banks moved his artillery farther to the right to enfilade the Confederate artillery and heavily reinforced his right flank with infantry. Jackson brought up the rest of his artillery and a duel ensued with the Union guns on Bower’s Hill. It now appeared that the Union forces were preparing to turn the Confederate left. To counter this threat, Jackson deployed Brigadier-General Richard Taylor’s brigade, reinforced by two regiments of Brigadier-General William Booth Taliaferro’s brigade, to the left along Abrams Creek. Taylor marched under fire to a position overlapping the Union right and then attacked Bower’s Hill. The Confederate assault swept irresistibly forward over the crest in the face of determined resistance and overran a battery, taking two rifled guns.

With Banks’ 7,000 Union troops being attacked on three sides by 16,000 Confederates, collapse was inevitable, and the right flank gave way just as the left flank was being pressured by Ewell. Union soldiers began streaming back into town and then stampeded north through Winchester. Banks withdrew north, first to Martinsburg and then onwards towards the Potomac River. In Harper’s Ferry, Brigadier-General Rufus Saxton took command to put in place a sufficient defence of the vital crossing of the Potomac River.

The Confederate pursuit was lethargic, as the troops were exhausted from the non-stop marching of the previous week under Jackson’s command. Nevertheless, many Union prisoners fell into Confederate hands. Brigadier-General Turner Ashby’s cavalry was disorganised and exhausted from the actions of the preceding days. Ashby could not be located to bring his cavalry to bear. Efforts to mount weary infantrymen on artillery horses failed. The pursuit by the exhausted Confederates was ineffectual and Jackson resigned himself to two days of necessary rest and recuperation at Winchester, allowing Banks the time to escape towards Williamsport. Ashby’s cavalry finally headed for Berryville to prevent a possible escape from Winchester towards Snicker’s Gap.

Union losses were reported as 2,019 and Confederate as 400 (68 killed, 329 wounded, 3 missing). Between 23 and 25 May Banks lost between 2,769 and 3,030 prisoners from his original 8,500 men. Of these 1,603 were lost at Front Royal. (CWSAC Decisive Battle – Confederate Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: FIRST WINCHESTER, VA

Union Department of the Shenandoah: Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
1st Division (Shenandoah): Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams
1st Brigade, 1st Division (Shenandoah): Colonel Dudley Donnelly
3rd Brigade, 1st Division (Shenandoah): Colonel George Henry Gordon
Cavalry Brigade (Shenandoah): Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
District of the Valley: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Army of the Valley: Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Jackson’s Division (Valley): Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson
1st Brigade, Jackson’s Division (Valley): Brigadier-General Charles Sidney Winder
2nd Brigade, Jackson’s Division (Valley): Colonel J A Campbell
3rd Brigade, Jackson’s Division (Valley): Colonel Samuel V Fulkerson
Ewell’s Division (Valley): Major-General Richard Stoddert Ewell
7th Brigade, Ewell’s Division (Valley): Brigadier-General Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
8th Brigade, Ewell’s Division (Valley): Brigadier-General Richard Taylor
Cavalry Brigade (Valley): Brigadier-General George Hume Steuart

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of the Mississippi: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
      • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
      • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
      • Sub-District of Columbus: Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of St Louis: Lewis Merrill
      • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
      • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
      • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Middle Department: John Adams Dix
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • Mountain Department: John Charles Frémont
    • Cheat Mountain District: Thomas Maley Harris
    • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
    • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
    • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
    • Central and Northern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Justis Steinburger
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
  • Department of the Rappahannock: Irvin McDowell
    • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
  • Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
    • Northern District of the South: Henry Washington Benham
    • Southern District of the South: John Milton Brannan
    • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: John Horace Forney temporary
    • Army of Mobile: William L Powell
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
    • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Reserve Northern Virginia: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
    • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
    • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
    • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
      • Forces in Arkansas: John Selden Roane
    • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
    • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Mississippi: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
      • III Corps Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: John Cabell Breckinridge
    • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
Henry Bohlen
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
George William Taylor
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Samuel Garland

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