1862 March 21st

March 21 1862 Friday

Burnside’s Expedition to North Carolina

Peninsula Campaign

Island No 10 Campaign

Sibley’s Operations in New Mexico

Kernstown Campaign

USA. Eight Union officers were promoted to Major-General in the US Volunteers, bringing the total in active service to seventeen, almost doubling the cohort. One of these, William Starke Rosecrans, was already a Brigadier-General in the US Regular Army. All of the others (Don Carlos Buell, John Pope, Samuel Ryan Curtis, Franz Sigel, John Alexander McClernand, Charles Ferguson Smith, and Lewis Wallace) were promoted from Brigadier-General USV. Buell (Army of the Ohio), Pope (Army of the Mississippi), and Curtis (Army of the Southwest) were exercising independent commands. Sigel was rewarded for his part in the Battle of Pea Ridge, while McClernand, Smith, and Wallace were recognised for their part in the victory at Fort Donelson.

These promotions, and the cancellation of the commission of the Jawhawker James Henry Lane, opened several vacancies for new Brigadier-Generals. Promotions were granted to Henry Moses Judah, Richard James Oglesby, John Cook, William Hervey Lamm Wallace, John McArthur, Robert Latimer McCook, Jacob Gartner Lauman, Horatio Phillips Van Cleve, John Alexander Logan, Speed Smith Fry, James Craig, Grenville Mellen Dodge. Alexander Asboth was reappointed Brigadier-General. All of the new brigadiers were currently serving in Grant’s, Buell’s, Pope’s, or Curtis’ armies. Their advancement began to redress the imbalance of general officers in the armies of the western theatre compared to the Army of the Potomac in the east.

Florida. Naval engagement at Mosquito Inlet involving the gunboats USS Henry Andrew, USS Penguin, and USS Union.

Missouri. Skirmish at McKay’s Farm between Humansville and Warsaw.

North Carolina. Union troops reached Washington from New Bern and occupied the town.

North Carolina. Union Brigadier-General John Grubb Parke occupied Carolina City during his gradual progress to capture the ports of the inner shore and to isolate Fort Macon at Beaufort.

Tennessee. Reconnaissance to Cumberland Gap began.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Dumfries ended.

Virginia. Confederate Colonel Turner Ashby, commanding the cavalry in the Shenandoah Valley, detected the withdrawal of Union forces eastwards from Winchester. On receiving this intelligence, Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson made plans for a forced march down the Shenandoah Valley from Mount Jackson in order to deter the enemy from sending reinforcements to Richmond.

Union Organisation

USA: William Starke Rosecrans promoted Major-General USV 17 September 1862 to rank from 25 October 1862 and adjusted to rank from 21 March 1862; concurrently ranked Brigadier-General USA.

Rosecrans, William Starke / Ohio / Born 6 September 1819 Little Taylor Run, Ohio / Died Redondo Beach, California 11 March 1898
USMA 1 July 1842 5/56 Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3 April 1843 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1853 / Resigned USA 1 April 1854 / ADC (G B McClellan) 23 April 1861-June 1861 / Colonel Chief Engineer Ohio Militia 23 April 1861 / Colonel USV 23rd Ohio Infantry 12 June 1861 / Mustered Out USV 17 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USA 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 / Major-General USV 17 September 1862 to rank from 25 October 1862 adjusted to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Resigned USA 28 March 1867 / Brigadier-General USA 27 February 1889 / Retired USA 1 March 1889 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
Rosecrans’ Brigade Army of Occupation May 1861-23 July 1861 / Department of the Ohio 23 July 1861-19 September 1861 / Army of Occupation 23 July 1861-19 September 1861 / Department of Western Virginia 19 September 1861-11 March 1862 / Mountain Department 11 March 1862-29 March 1862 / Right Wing Army of the Mississippi May 1862-26 June 1862 / Army of the Mississippi 26 June 1862-24 October 1862 / District of Corinth 1 July 1862-20 October 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Tennessee 24 September 1862-20 October 1862 / Department of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-17 October 1863 / Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-19 October 1863 / XIV Corps Cumberland 24 October 1862-8 January 1863 / Department of the Missouri 22 January 1864-2 December 1864

USA: Don Carlos Buell promoted Major-General USV 21 March 1862.

Buell, Don Carlos / Ohio-Indiana / Born 23 March 1818 Lowell, Massachusetts / Died Airdrie, Kentucky 19 November 1898
USMA 1 July 1841 32/52 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1837 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1841 / 1st Lieutenant 18 June 1846 / Regt Adjutant 15 February 1847-25 January 1848 / Brevet Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 25 January 1848 / Brevet Major USA Assistant Adjutant-General 25 February 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 11 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 21 March 1862 / Colonel USA Assistant Adjutant-General 17 July 1862 / Mustered Out USV 23 May 1864 / Resigned USA 1 June 1864 / Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Churubusco 20 August 1847
Buell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-9 November 1861 / Department of the Ohio 9 November 1861-11 March 1862 / Army of the Ohio 9 November 1861-24 October 1862 / District of the Ohio 19 March 1862-24 October 1862

USA: John Pope promoted Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Pope, John / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 16 March 1822 Louisville, Kentucky / Died Sandusky, Ohio 23 September 1892
USMA 1 July 1842 17/56 Topographical Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Topographical Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 9 May 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1855 / Captain USA Topographical Engineers 1 July 1856 / Brigadier-General USV 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 17 July 1862 from 14 July 1862 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 26 October 1886 / Retired USA 16 March 1886 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant 1 July 1842 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Captain USA 23 February 1847 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865
District of North Missouri 29 July 1861-9 November 1861 / 2nd Division Western Army 29 September 1861-3 December 1861 / District of Central Missouri 3 December 1861-12 February 1862 / Army of Western Missouri 3 December 1861-12 February 1862 / District of North Missouri 26 December 1861-10 March 1862 / Army of the Mississippi 23 February 1862-26 June 1862 / District of the Mississippi 27 February 1862-21 April 1862 / Army of Virginia 26 June 1862-12 September 1862 / Department of the Northwest 6 September 1862-28 November 1862 / Department of the Northwest 13 February 1863-30 January 1865 / Military Division of the Missouri 30 January 1865-27 June 1865 / Department of the Missouri 27 June 1865-6 August 1866 / Third Military District 11 March 1867-26 December 1867 / Department of the Lakes 1 February 1868-6 May 1870

USA: Samuel Ryan Curtis promoted Major-General USV 21 March 1862.

Curtis, Samuel Ryan / New York-Ohio / Born 3 February 1805 Champlain (Clinton City), New York / Died Council Bluffs, Iowa 26 December 1866
USMA 1 July 1831 27/33 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1827 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1831 / Resigned USA 30 June 1832 / Colonel Ohio Militia 1843 / Adjutant-General Ohio Militia 1846 / Colonel USV 3rd Ohio Infantry 23 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 24 June 1847 / Colonel USV 2nd Iowa Infantry 1 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 30 April 1866 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1831
District of Southwest Missouri 25 December 1861-4 June 1862 / Army of the Southwest 25 December 1861-29 August 1862 / District of the Missouri 15 June 1862-29 August 1862 / Department of the Missouri 19 September 1862-13 May 1863 / Department of Kansas 1 January 1864-30 January 1865 / Army of the Border 14 October 1864-8 November 1864 / Department of the Northwest 30 January 1865-27 June 1865

USA: Franz Sigel promoted Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Sigel, Franz / Germany / Born 18 November 1824 Sinsheim, Baden / Died New York, New York 21 August 1902 Karlsruhe Military Academy 1843 / Lieutenant Baden Army 1843-1847 / Major 5th New York Militia 1854-1857 / Colonel USV 3rd Missouri Infantry 4 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 4 May 1865 / WIA Missouri 10 May 1861 WIA Second Bull Run 30 August 1862
2nd Brigade Army of the West 24 July 1861-August 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the West August 1861-10 August 1861 / 3rd Division Western Department 24 September 1861-24 October 1861 / 4th Brigade Western Department 24 October 1861-9 November 1861 / 4th Brigade Department of the Missouri 9 November 1861-25 December 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the Southwest 25 December 1861-7 February 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Southwest 7 February 1862-9 May 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Southwest 7 February 1862-9 May 1862 / Sigel’s Division Department of the Shenandoah 4 June 1862-26 June 1862 / I Corps Virginia 30 June 1862-7 July 1862 / I Corps Virginia 12 July 1862-12 September 1862 / XI Corps Potomac 12 September 1862-10 January 1863 / Reserve Grand Division Potomac 14 November 1862-4 February 1863 / XI Corps Potomac 5 February 1863-22 February 1863 / Lehigh District 20 August 1863-29 February 1864 / Department of West Virginia 29 February 1864-17 May 1864 / District of Harper’s Ferry 24 May 1864-7 July 1864

USA: John Alexander McClernand promoted Major-General USA 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

McClernand, John Alexander / Kentucky-Illinois / Born 30 May 1812 Breckinridge, Kentucky / Died Springfield, Illinois 20 September 1890
Private USV Illinois Infantry June 1832 / Mustered Out USV August 1832 / Brigadier-General USV 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1864 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
1st Brigade District of Southeast Missouri 14 October 1861-23 December 1861 / 1st Brigade District of Cairo 23 December 1861-1 February 1862 / 1st Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 1st Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-2 May 1862 / Reserve Department of the Mississippi 2 May 1862-24 June 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 24 June 1862-25 August 1862 / 1st Division District of Jackson 24 June 1862-12 September 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 21 December 1862-4 January 1863 / Army of the Mississippi 4 January 1863-12 January 1862 / XIII Corps Tennessee 31 January 1863-19 June 1863 / XIII Corps Gulf 20 February 1864-15 March 1864 / Detachment XIII Corps Department of the Gulf 27 April 1864-1 May 1864

USA: Charles Ferguson Smith promoted Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Smith, Charles Ferguson / Pennsylvania / Born 24 April 1807 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / Died Savannah, Tennessee 25 April 1862
USMA 1 July 1825 19/37 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1820 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1825 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 May 1832 / Commandant of Cadets USMA 1 April 1838-1 September 1843 / Captain USA 7 July 1838 / Major USA 1st US Artillery 25 November 1854 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Brigadier-General USV 31 August 1861 / Colonel USA 3rd US Infantry 9 September 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1825 Brevet Major USA 9 May 1846 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 23 September 1846 Brevet Colonel USA 20 August 1847
Department of Washington 9 April 1861-19 April 1861 / District of Western Kentucky 8 September 1861-31 January 1862 / 2nd Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 2nd Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / District of West Tennessee 11 March 1862-17 March 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 17 March 1862-5 April 1862

USA: Lewis Wallace promoted Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Wallace, Lewis (Lew) / Indiana / Born 10 April 1827 Brookville, Indiana / Died Crawfordsville, Indiana 15 February 1905
2nd Lieutenant USV 1st Indiana Infantry 18 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 15 June 1847 / Adjutant-General Indiana Militia 16 April 1861 / Colonel USV 11th Indiana Infantry 25 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 4 August 1861 / Colonel 11th Indiana Militia 31 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 3 September 1861 / Major-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Resigned USV 30 November 1865
Wallace’s Brigade Western Department September 1861-1 February 1862 / 3rd Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-6 February 1862 / 3rd Division Army of West Tennessee 6 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-June 1862 / Middle Department 12 March 1864-30 January 1865 / VIII Corps Middle 22 March 1864-1 February 1865 / Middle Department 19 April 1865 -27 July 1865 / VIII Corps Middle 19 April 1865-1 August 1865

USA: James Henry Lane‘s promotion to Brigadier-General was cancelled 21 March 1862.

Lane, James Henry / Indiana / Born 22 June 184 Lawrenceburg, Indiana / Died Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 11 July 1866
Colonel USV 3rd Indiana Infantry 25 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 24 June 1847 / Colonel USV 5th Indiana Infantry 22 October 1847 / Mustered Out USV 28 July 1848 / Brigadier-General USV 18 December 1861 Cancelled 21 March 1862 Reinstated 11 April 1862 / ADC (S R Curtis) 1864
Kansas Brigade August 1861-July 1862

USA: Henry Moses Judah promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Judah, Henry Moses / Maryland / Born 12 June 1821 Snow Hill, Maryland / Died Plattsburg Barracks, New York 14 January 1866
USMA 1 July 1843 35/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 8th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 19 April 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 26 September 1847 / Captain USA 29 September 1853 / Colonel USV 4th California Infantry 6 September 1861 / Resigned USV 8 November 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General March 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Major USA 30 June 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Colonel USA 13 March 1865
Assistant Inspector-General Army of West Tennessee March 1862-11 March 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-3 May 1862 / 1st Division Reserve Army of the Tennessee 29 April 1862-2 June 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the Mississippi May 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of Kentucky 20 October 1862 / 2nd Division XXIII Corps Army of the Ohio 26 January 1864-18 May 1864 / 3rd Division XVIII Corps Army of the Ohio 24 June 1864-6 August 1864 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Department of the Cumberland 15 March 1865-May 1865 2nd Division Department of the Cumberland May 1865-July 1865

USA: Richard James Oglesby promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Oglesby, Richard James / Kentucky / Born 25 July 1824 Floydsburg, Kentucky / Died Elkhart, Illinois 24 April 1899
1st Lieutenant USV 4th Illinois Infantry 13 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 25 May 1847 / Colonel USV 8th Illinois Infantry 25 April 1861 / Mustered Out USV 24 July 1861 / Colonel USV 8th Illinois 25 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Major-General USV 10 March 1863 to rank from USV 29 November 1862 / Resigned USV 26 May 1864 / WIA Corinth 3 October 1862
2nd Brigade District of Southeast Missouri 1 September 18961-14 October 1861 / 2nd Brigade District of Cairo 14 October 1861-1 February 1862 / 1st Brigade District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 17 February 1862-23 February 1862 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 13 April 1862-15 April 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 15 April 1862-July 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division District of Corinth July 1862-3 October 1862 / Left Wing XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 1 April 1863-7 July 1863

USA: John Cook promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Cook, John / Illinois / Born 12 June 1825 Belleville, Illinois / Died Ransome, Michigan 13 October 1910
Quartermaster-General Illinois Militia / Colonel USV 7th Illinois 25 April 1861 Mustered Out USV 24 July 1861 / Colonel USV 7th Illinois 25 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 24 August 1865
4th Brigade District of Southeast Missouri 14 October 1861-23 December 1861 / 4th Brigade District of Cairo 23 December 1861-1 February 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17February 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 6 Mar 1862 / Cook’s Brigade Sturgis’ Division Army of the Potomac 26 June 1862-22 August 1862 / Cook’s Brigade Casey’s Division Department of Washington 22 August 1862-September 1862 / First District Northwest 17 November 1862-1 June 1863 / District of Illinois 30 September 1864-27 June 1865

USA: William Hervey Lamm Wallace promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Wallace, William Hervey Lamm (Harvey Lamb) / Ohio / Born 8 July 1821 Urbana, Ohio / DOW Savannah, Tennessee 10 April 1862
Private USV 1st Illinois Infantry 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USV 22 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 17 June 1847 / Colonel USV 11th Illinois Infantry 1 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 30 June 1861 / Colonel USV 11th Illinois Infantry 30 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 182 to rank from 21 March 1862 / MWIA Shiloh 6 April 1862
3rd Brigade District of Southeast Missouri September 1861-14 October 1861 / 3rd Brigade District of Cairo 14 October 1861-1 February 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-29 March 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 2 April 1862-6 April 1862

USA: John McArthur promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

McArthur, John / Scotland / Born 17 November 1826 Erskine-0n-the-Clyde, Scotland / Died Chicago, Illinois 15 May 1906
Captain Illinois Militia 1861 / Colonel USV 12th Illinois Infantry 3 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 1 August 1861 / Colonel USV 12th Illinois Infantry 1 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 15 December 1864 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862
1st Brigade 2nd Division District of Cairo 31 January 1862-17 February 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 11 March 1862-6 April 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 9 April 1862-14 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 6th Division Army of the Tennessee 23 May 1862-26 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 6th Division District of Corinth 24 July 1862-21 September 1862 / 6th Division District of Corinth 21 September 1862-3 October 1862 / 1st Brigade 6th Division District of Corinth 3 October 1862-6 October 1862 / 6th Division District of Corinth 6 October 1862-1 November 1862 / 6th Division Army of the Tennessee 1 November 1862-18 December 1862 / 6th Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 18 December 1862-20 January 1863 / 6th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 20 January 1863-30 July 1863 / 1st Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 15 October 1864-7 November 1864 / 1st Division Detachment Army of the Tennessee Military Division of West Mississippi 7 November 1864-5 December 1864 / 1st Division Detachment Army of the Tennessee Department of the Cumberland 5 December 1864-18 February 1865 / 1st Division XVI Corps Military Division of West Mississippi 18 February 1865-20 July 1865

USA: Robert Latimer McCook promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

McCook, Robert Latimer / Ohio / Born 28 December 1827 Lisbon, Ohio / DOW Decherd, Tennessee, 6 August 1862
Colonel USV 9th Ohio Infantry 8 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Brevet Major-General USV 5 August 1862 unconfirmed / WIA Mill Springs 19 January 1862 MWIA Plevna 5 August 1862
McCook’s Brigade Army of Occupation May 1861-25 July 1861 / 3rd Brigade Department of the Ohio 5 September 1861-9 November 1861 / 2nd Brigade Department of the Ohio 9 November 1861-6 December 1861 / 3rd Brigade 1st Division Army of the Ohio 6 December 1861-6 August 1862

USA: Jacob Gartner Lauman promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Lauman, Jacob Gartner / Maryland / Born 20 January 1813 Taneytown, Maryland / Died Burlington, Iowa 9 February 1867
Colonel USV 7th Ohio Infantry 11 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
4th Brigade 2nd Division Army of West Tennessee 31 January 1862-1 February 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division District of Cairo 1 February 1862-17 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division District of West Tennessee 17 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 12 March 1862-5 April 1862 / 3rd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Tennessee 5 April 1862-6 April 1862 / 4th Division Army of the Tennessee 6 April 1862-6 April 1862 / 1st Brigade 4th Division Army of the Tennessee 6 April 1862-July 1862 / 1st Brigade 4th Division District of Memphis July 1862-24 September 1862 / 1st Brigade 4th Division District of Jackson 24 September 1862-26 October 1862 / 6th Brigade 5th Division District of Jackson 1 November 1863-23 November 1862 / 3rd Division District of Memphis 23 November 1862-9 December 1862 / 4th Division District of Jackson 9 December 1862-22 December 1862 / 4th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 22 December 1862-20 January 1863 / 4th Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 20 January 1863-24 June 1863 / 4th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 24 June 1863-7 August 1863 / 4th Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 7 August 1863-27 May 1864

USA: Horatio Phillips Van Cleve promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Van Cleve, Horatio Phillips / New Jersey / Born 23 November 1809 Princeton, New Jersey / Died Minneapolis, Minnesota 24 April 1891
USMA 1 July 1831 24/33 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1827 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1831 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 31 December 1834 / Resigned USA 11 September 1836 / Colonel USV 2nd Minnesota Infantry 22 July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Adjutant-General Minnesota Militia 1866-1870 / Adjutant-General Minnesota Militia 1876-1882 / 2nd Lieutenant USA Retired 19 June 1890 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1831 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Stones River 31 December 1862
14th Brigade 5th Division Army of the Ohio 9 March 1862-29 September 1862 / 5th Division II Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / 5th Division II Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-5 November 1862 / 3rd Division Left Wing XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-31 December 1862 / 3rd Division XXI Corps Army of the Cumberland 13 March 1863-9 October 1863 / 2nd Brigade 23rd Division District of Nashville 2 January 1864-14 April 1864 / 1st Brigade District of Middle Tennessee March 1865-September 1865

USA: John Alexander Logan promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Logan, John Alexander / Illinois / Born 9 February 1826 Jackson, Illinois / Died Washington, District of Columbia 26 December 1886
2nd Lieutenant USV 1st Illinois Infantry 10 May 1847 / Mustered Out 18 October 1848 / Private USV Michigan Infantry July 1861 / Colonel USV 31st Illinois Infantry 18 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Major-General USV 13 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Resigned USV 17 August 1865 / WIA Fort Donelson 15 February 1862 WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 WIA Vicksburg June 1863 WIA Georgia 20 May 1864 WIA Dallas 30 May 1864
1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 19 April 1862-2 May 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 2 May 1862-4 May 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division Army of the Tennessee 4 May 1862-24 June 1862 / 1st Division Reserve Army of the Tennessee 21 June 1862-5 July 1862 / 1st Brigade 1st Division District of Jackson 5 July 1862-25 August 1862 / Sub-District of Jackson 25 August 1862-24 September 1862 / 3rd Division XIII Corps District of Jackson 1 November 1862-22 December 1862 / 3rd Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 22 December 1862-22 July 1863 / 3rd Division XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee September 1863-17 November 1863 / XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 11 December 1863-22 July 1864 / Department of the Tennessee 22 July 1864-27 July 1864 / Army of the Tennessee 22 July 1864-27 July 1864 / XV Corps Tennessee 27 July 1864-23 September 1864 / XV Corps Tennessee 8 January 1865-23 May 1865 / Army of the Tennessee 19 May 1865-1 August 1865

USA: Speed Smith Fry promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Fry, Speed Smith / Kentucky / Born 9 September 1817 Mercer, Kentucky / Died Louisville, Kentucky 1 August 1892
Captain USV 2nd Kentucky Infantry 9 June 1846 / Mustered Out USV 9 June 1847 / Colonel Kentucky Militia July 1861 / Colonel USV 4th Kentucky Infantry 9 October 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / WIA Mill Springs 19 January 1861
2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the Ohio 22 March 1862-29 September 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division III Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-18 October 1862 / 3rd Division Centre XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-20 January 1863 / Sub-District of Northern Central Kentucky 6 November 1863-17 January 1865

USA: Alexander Asboth reappointed Brigadier-General USV 24 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Asboth, Alexander (Sandor) / Hungary / Born 18 December 1811 Keszthely, Hungary / Died Buenos Aires, Argentina 21 January 1868
Chief of Staff Western Department 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 26 December 1861 to rank from 3 September 1861 Negated March 1862 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 24 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862 WIA Marianna 27 September 1864
4th Division Army of the Southwest 24 September 1861-7 February 1862 / 2nd Division Army of the Southwest 7 February 1862-9 May 1862 / Asboth’s Brigade 2nd Division Left Wing Army of the Mississippi 25 May 1862-1 June 1862 / Asboth’s Brigade Reserve Division Army of the Mississippi 1 June 1862-8 July 1862 / 5th Division Army of the Mississippi 8 July 1862-30 July 1862 / District of Columbus 11 January 1863-31 March 1863 / 6th Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 31 March 1863-5 August 1863 / 3rd Division XV Corps Army of the Tennessee 11 September 1863-21 September 1863 / Distinct of Pensacola 9 November 1863-31 January 1864 / District of West Florida 1 February 1864-12 September 1864 / Sub-District of West Florida 12 September 1864-17 September 1864 / Sub-District of West Florida 15 February 1865-17 March 1865 / District of West Florida 17 March 1865-3 June 1865 / District of Florida 3 June 1865-27 June 1865

USA: James Craig promoted Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Craig, James / Pennsylvania / Born 28 February 1818 Washington, Pennsylvania / Died St Joseph, Missouri 21 October 1888
Captain Mississippi Mounted Volunteers 4 July 1847 / Mustered Out USV 8 November 1848 / Brigadier-General USV 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 19 May 1864 / Resigned USV 2 January 1865
District of Nebraska Territory 2 November 1862-5 May 1863

USA: Grenville Mellen Dodge promoted Brigadier-General USV 11 April 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862.

Dodge, Grenville Mellen / Massachusetts / Born 12 April 1831 Danvers, Massachusetts / Died Council Bluffs, Iowa 3 January 1916
Captain Iowa Militia 1856 / Colonel USV 4th Iowa Infantry 6 July 1861 / Colonel 8 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 11 April 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 / Major-General USV 7 June 1864 / Resigned USV 30 May 1866 / WIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862 WIA Atlanta 19 August 1864
1st Brigade Army of the Southwest January 1862-9 February 1862 / 1st Brigade 4th Division Army of the Southwest 9 February 1862-13 May 1862 / Central District Department of the Mississippi 13 May 1862-8 June 1862 / 4th Division District of West Tennessee 8 June 1862-23 September 1862 / District of Mississippi 29 September 1862-5 October 1862 / 4th Division District of Jackson Army of the Tennessee 5 October 1862-30 October 1862 / 4th Division XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 30 October 1862-11 November 1862 / District of Corinth XIII Corps Army of the Tennessee 11 November 1862-18 December 1862 / District of Corinth XVII Corps Army of the Tennessee 18 December 1862-20 January 1863 / District of Corinth XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 20 January 1863-18 March 1863 / 2nd Division XVI Corps Army of the Tennessee 18 March 1863-7 July 1863 / Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee 7 July 1863-7 August 1863 / Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee 15 October 1863-19 August 1864 / Department of the Missouri 9 December 1864-21 July 1865

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
West Gulf Blockading Squadron: David Glasgow Farragut
East Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: Charles H Bell
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Robert Harris Wyman

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

Department of the Mississippi: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • District of the Mississippi: John Pope
    • Army of the Mississippi: John Pope
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong

Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck

  • District of St Louis: John McAllister Schofield
  • District of Central Missouri: James Totten
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Frederick Steele
  • District of Southwest Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
  • District of Northeast Missouri: John Montgomery Glover
  • District of Northwest Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
  • District of Kansas: James William Denver awaited

Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

  • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Mountain Department: William Starke Rosecrans interim John Charles Frémont awaited

  • Cheat Mountain District: Robert Huston Milroy
  • Railroad District: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox
  • District of the Cumberland: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • District of the Gap: Samuel Powhatan Carter
  • District of the Valley of the Big Sandy River: James Abram Garfield

Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

  • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
  • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
  • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • I Corps Potomac: Irvin McDowell
    • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
    • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • V Corps Potomac: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Department of the South: Thomas West Sherman temporary David Hunter awaited

  • Western District of the South: Lewis Golding Arnold

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Department of East Tennessee was extended southwards to include Chattanooga.

CSA: Colonel William Yarnel Slack (promoted posthumously Brigadier-General) died of wounds received at Pea Ridge.

Slack, William Yarnel / Kentucky-Missouri / Born 1 August 1816 Mason, Kentucky / DOW Moore’s Mill, Arkansas 21 March 1862
Captain USV 2nd Missouri Infantry 1846 / Mustered Out USV 1847 / Brigadier-General Missouri State Guard 4 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862 / WIA Springfield 1861 WIA Wilson’s Creek 10 August 1861 MWIA 7 March Pea Ridge
4th Division Missouri State Guard August 1861-10 August 1861 / 2nd Brigade Missouri State Guard 23 January 1862-7 March 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • Army of Mobile: William L Powell

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: James Heyward Trapier interim William Scott Dilworth temporary awaited

Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

  • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of the Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper

Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger

Department of North Carolina: Joseph Reid Anderson

  • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson interim  Samuel Gibbs French awaited
  • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
  • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
  • Army of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
    • Left Wing Northern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Centre Wing Northern Virginia: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson

Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

  • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton

  • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
    • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
    • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: Nathan George Evans
    • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Maxcy Gregg
    • 5th Sub-District of South Carolina: Daniel Smith Donelson
    • 6th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

  • District of Lewisburg: Henry Heth

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • Eastern District of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
  • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCullough
  • Sub-District of Houston: John C Bowen
  • Sub-District of Galveston: Ebenezer B Nichols
  • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee awaited
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • Trans-Mississippi District: Earl Van Dorn
  • District of North Alabama: Daniel Ruggles
  • Army of Mississippi: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • First Grand Division (Mississippi): Leonidas Polk
    • Second Grand Division (Mississippi): Braxton Bragg
    • Reserve Corps (Mississippi): George Bibb Crittenden
  • Army of Central Kentucky: Albert Sidney Johnston
  • Army of the West: Earl Van Dorn

District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley

  • Army of New Mexico: Henry Hopkins Sibley

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
… (Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
… (William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Christopher Columbus Augur
Schuyler Hamilton
Jesse Lee Reno
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
John Grubb Parke
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane EXP
John McAuley Palmer
William High Keim
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
William Hervey Lamm Wallace
John McArthur
Robert Latimer McCook
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Grenville Mellen Dodge

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
John Cabell Breckinridge
Richard Griffith
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
Joseph Lewis Hogg
Ambrose Powell Hill
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Charles Sidney Winder
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
Martin Luther Smith

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