1862 June 30th

June 30 1862 Monday

Battle of Tampa, FL

Battle of Glendale, VA (CWSAC – Major Battle – Inconclusive)

Battle of White Oak Swamp Creek, VA (CWSAC – Formative Battle – Inconclusive)

Turkey Bridge, VA

Seven Days’ Battles

Alabama. Union Major-General Don Carlos Buell’s four divisions were proceeding towards Chattanooga and arrived between the ferry over the Tennessee River at Florence and Huntsville. He had about 35,000 men and had repaired the Memphis & Charleston railroad as far as Decatur. Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel was awaiting his arrival with a further 11,000 men near Chattanooga. Major-General George Henry Thomas was not far behind at Iuka with a division of 8,000 men and two more divisions were promised by Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant at Corinth. However, Buell did not need reinforcements but supplies. His troops were already running short of supplies as their supply lines extended to breaking point. The destruction of the bridge at Elk River on the Nashville & Decatur Railroad necessitated a forty-mile wagon road past the break and the force was put onto half rations. Ahead of Buell, the Bridgeport Bridge over the Tennessee had been burned previously by Mitchel on his retreat from Chattanooga and that would require engineers, time and materials to repair it.

Arkansas. Incident at Adams Bluff.

Florida. Union Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont ordered USS South Carolina to join USS Wyandotte in blockading Mosquito Inlet near New Smyrna. The inlet had become an important unloading point for Confederate blockade runners bringing arms from Nassau.

Florida. USS Quaker City captured the brig Model with a cargo of coal in the Gulf of Mexico.

Tampa, Florida. Tampa was a small but important trade hub for the Confederacy. It was defended by a Confederate artillery company called the Osceola Rangers under Captain J W Pearson. A Union gunboat entered Tampa Bay and turned its broadside guns on the town. The gunboat then launched a dispatch boat under a flag of truce. It carried 20 men led by Lieutenant A J Drake USN with instructions to demand the surrender of Tampa. The Confederates refused and the gunboat opened fire. After a pause, Drake informed the Confederates that shelling would re-commence at 6 pm after allowing time to evacuate non-combatants from the city. Firing continued sporadically into the afternoon of the following day.

Kentucky. Incident at Henderson.

South Carolina.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION  DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH

Union Department of the South: Major-General David Hunter
James Island, South Carolina 1st Division (South): Brigadier-General Horatio Gouverneur Wright
1st Brigade, 1st Division (South): Colonel J L Chatfield
2nd Brigade, 1st Division (South): Colonel T Welsh
James Island, South Carolina 2nd Division (South): Brigadier-General Isaac Ingalls Stevens
1st Brigade, 2nd Division (South): Colonel W M Fenton
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division (South): Colonel A Farnsworth
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division (South): Colonel R Williams
Beaufort, South Carolina (South): Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan
Fort Pickens and Pensacola, Florida: Brigadier-General Lewis Golding Arnold

Tennessee. Incident at Powell River.

Tennessee. Confederate cavalry captured some wagons from a Union supply train at Rising Sun.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Strasburg and Winchester ended. Reconnaissance to White Oak Swamp ended. Reconnaissance to Luray ended. Operation at Forge Bridge ended. Incident at Jones’ Bridge. Reconnaissance to Moorefield and New Creek ended. Incidents at Brackett’s, Jordon’s Ford, New Kent Court House, and Forge Bridge.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan boarded the USS Galena at Haxall’s to confer with his US Navy counterparts about the availability of supply vessels on the James River. McClellan believed that the army should fall back below City Point, as the channel was too near the southern shore for transports to pass safely. He chose Harrison’s Landing instead as the nearest suitable point for his army to concentrate.

White Oak Swamp Creek, Virginia, also known as White Oak Swamp or White Oak Swamp Bridge. Most elements of Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan’s army had been able to cross White Oak Swamp Creek by noon and about one-third of the army had reached the James River, with the remainder was still marching between White Oak Swamp and Glendale.

Confederate-General Robert Edward Lee ordered his Army of Northern Virginia to converge on the retreating Union forces, which were hemmed in by the restricted road network. Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson was ordered to press the Union rear guard at the White Oak Swamp crossing while the largest part of Lee’s army, with about 45,000 men, would attack the Army of the Potomac at Glendale, about two miles southwest, aiming to split it in two.

The last Union unit to travel south through White Oak Swamp, and thus Jackson’s target, was led by Brigadier-General William Buel Franklin, consisting of the divisions of Brigadier-General William Farrar Smith (2/VI) and Brigadier-General Israel Bush Richardson (1/II). Jackson’s divisions managed to cross the Chickahominy River after a day of delays around 3 am and marched south on the White Oak Road with their chief of artillery Colonel Stapleton Crutchfield at the head of the column. They marched slowly because they were encumbered by thousands of wounded Union prisoners and many of the stores that they obtained at Savage’s Station. They found that the single bridge over the swamp had been burned two hours earlier. Jackson arrived in person at noon and approved Crutchfield’s gun placement that was designed to fire diagonally from a ridge across the swamp against the Union batteries and infantry positions that they saw about 300 yards away. At 2 pm seven Confederate batteries opened fire with 31 guns, catching the Union troops by surprise and disabling several of their guns. After ordering his engineers to begin rebuilding the bridge, Jackson directed Colonel Thomas T Munford’s 2nd Virginia Cavalry to cross the swamp and capture some of the Union guns abandoned during the bombardment. As the men and horses waded through water that was belly deep and fouled with debris, Jackson and Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill crossed the river to perform a personal reconnaissance. Jackson saw that Union artillery and infantry was reinforcing the position and that their sharpshooters would play havoc with his engineers on the bridge. He realised that this was not a suitable place for an unopposed crossing. Munford reported that he had found a ford a quarter of a mile downstream that would be suitable for the infantry to cross. Confederate Brigadier-General Wade Hampton found a closer point at which a simple bridge could be built for infantry. Jackson ordered Hampton to build the bridge but took no specific action to cross the swamp, having decided that it was not feasible to attack if he could not bring forward his artillery. While the artillery duel across the swamp escalated to involve over 40 guns, and while fighting raged less than three miles away at Glendale, Jackson fell asleep for over an hour. Jackson’s inaction allowed some units to be detached from Franklin’s Union VI Corps in the late afternoon to reinforce the Union troops at Glendale. Jackson did not inform Lee of his situation and Lee did not send anyone to find why Jackson was delayed until it was too late to make a difference.

The Confederates lost 3 men killed and 12 wounded and Union casualties were estimated as 100 men. (CWSAC – Formative Battle – Inconclusive)

Glendale, Virginia, also known as Frayser’s Farm, Frazier’s Farm, Charles City Cross Roads, New Market Crossroads, New Market Road, Willis Church, Nelson’s Crossroads, Nelson’s Farm or Malvern Cliff. This was the fifth of the Seven Days’ Battles. The Confederate divisions of Major-General Benjamin Huger, Major-General James Longstreet, and Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill were ordered to break the Union defences near Willis Church and Glendale. Confederate Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes was ordered to attempt to turn the Union left flank at Turkey Bridge. The divisions led by Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson were delayed further north by their efforts to collect abandoned arms and equipment and then halted after failing to cross White Oak Swamp. Jackson’s presence did draw two of Brigadier-General John Sedgwick’s three Union brigades, which had been defending the Charles City crossroads, north as reinforcements.

While A P Hill converged on the retreating Union Army in the vicinity of Glendale or Frayser’s Farm, the rest of the plan to split the Union army was poorly executed. Huger was slowed by felled trees obstructing the Charles City Road, a result of the efforts of pioneers from Union Brigadier-General Henry Warner Slocum’s division. Huger left behind his artillery and spent many hours trying to chop a new road through the thick woods and his progress slowed to a standstill. Fearing a counterattack from White Oak Swamp to his left he crawled forward and took no part in the battle.

Union Brigadier-General George Archibald McCall’s Union division (Pennsylvania Reserves (3/V) had stopped at Charles City Crossroads on its march to rejoin the V Corps of Major-General Fitz John Porter. The gap in the line left by Sedgwick was noticed and plugged by his three brigades. Holmes’ troops were making no progress against Porter at Turkey Bridge or towards Malvern Hill and were halted by artillery fire and fire from the Union gunboats USS Galena and USS Aroostook on the James. Holmes withdrew to safety and took no further part in the action.

At 2.30 pm, as they waited for sounds of Huger’s expected attack, Lee, Longstreet, and visiting Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis were conferring on horseback in a clearing of stunted pines when they came under heavy artillery fire, which wounded two men and killed three horses. A P Hill, commanding in that sector, ordered the President and the senior Generals to the rear. Longstreet attempted to silence the six batteries of Union guns firing in his direction, but long-range artillery fire proved to be inadequate. He ordered Colonel Micah Jenkins to charge the batteries, which brought on a-General fight around 4 pm.  By 4 pm Confederate-General Robert Edward Lee ordered Major-General John Bankhead Magruder to join Holmes on the River Road and to attack Malvern Hill; he then ordered him to assist Longstreet so his division spent the day in countermarching along the Darbytown Road.

Although belated and not initiated as planned, the assaults by the divisions of A P Hill and Longstreet turned out to be the only ones to strike the main Union concentration. Longstreet’s 20,000 men were not reinforced by Huger or Jackson, despite their proximity. Longstreet assaulted the disjointed Union line of 40,000 men, arranged in a two-mile arc north and south of the Glendale intersection, but the brunt of the fighting was at the position held by McCall’s division of V Corps just west of the Nelson Farm north of Willis Church. (The farm was owned by R H Nelson, but its former owner was named Frayser and many of the locals referred to it as Frayser’s, or Frazier’s, Farm.) McCall’s division included the brigades of Brigadier-General George Gordon Meade (2/3/V) on the right and Brigadier-General Truman Seymour (3/3/V) on the left, with the brigade of Brigadier-General John Fulton Reynolds (1/3/V) now led by Colonel Seneca G Simmons after Reynolds’ earlier capture at Boatswain’s Swamp in reserve. Three Confederate brigades were sent forward in the assault, from north to south: Brigadier-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox, Colonel Micah Jenkins (commanding Brigadier-General Richard Heron Anderson’s Brigade) and Brigadier-General James Lawson Kemper. Longstreet ordered them forward in a piecemeal fashion over several hours. Kemper’s Virginians charged through the thick woods first and emerged in front of five batteries of McCall’s artillery. In their first experience of combat, the brigade conducted a disorderly but enthusiastic assault which carried them through the guns and broke through McCall’s main line; they pressed on with Jenkins’ support and were followed a few hours later by Wilcox. Six companies of the 12th Pennsylvania retreated precipitately after being threatened by encirclement and had to join Brigadier-General Joseph Hooker’s division to their left. Two Union batteries under Diedrich and Knierim were forced to retreat and the growing Confederate penetration was only stopped by intense artillery fire. The 1st Massachusetts, 2nd New Hampshire, 26th Pennsylvania and 69th Pennsylvania counterattacked fiercely and secured the line. The Confederate brigades met stiff resistance from Meade and Seymour in hand-to-hand combat. The attack was extended to the Union right flank and Brigadier-General Philip Kearny’s division to the right. The 55th Virginia and 60th Virginia overran Lieutenant Alanson Randol’s Union battery in hand-to-hand fighting and then all but one company of the 4th Pennsylvania gave way. Meade was wounded in the fighting and a second battery was captured (Captain James Cooper’s), but was subsequently recovered. McCall was captured when he mistakenly rode into the Confederate picket line looking for positions to place reinforcements.

On McCall’s northern flank, the Union division of Brigadier-General Philip Kearny held its positions against repeated Confederate attacks, aided by reinforcements of Brigadier-General John Curtis Caldwell’s brigade and two brigades from Brigadier-General Henry Warner Slocum’s division. Colonel Nelson Taylor’s brigade from Slocum’s division completed the restoration of order.

On the southern flank, Hooker’s Union division repelled minor attacks. Sedgwick’s division, whose brigades had returned from near White Oak Swamp, came up to fill a gap after a brutal counterattack. Heavy fighting continued until about 8:30 pm. Longstreet committed virtually every brigade in the divisions under his command while they had been fed in individually on the Union side to plug holes in the line as they occurred.

Lee failed to achieve his objective of preventing the Union escape and did not split McClellan’s army, nor had he beaten them to the vital eminence of Malvern Hill. The rear of the Union supply trains and the reserve artillery of the army reached Malvern Hill about 4 pm. During the night, McClellan strengthened his strong position on Malvern Hill where the V Corps had begun to build defences as early as 9 am. The rest of the Union Army of the Potomac formed around Malvern Hill as it arrived from the various engagements to the north.

McClellan remained aboard the USS Galena during the battle to negotiate Union naval support after arranging for signal communications between Malvern Hill and the river.

This was the Confederates’ best and last chance to cut off the Union Army of the Potomac from its retreat the James River. Union casualties were 3,797 (297 killed, 1,696 wounded, and 1,804 missing or captured). Confederate casualties were 3,673 (638 killed, 2,814 wounded, and 221 missing). Meade and Sumner and Confederate Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier-General William Dorsey Pender and Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston were all wounded. (CWSAC – Major Battle – Inconclusive)

ORDER OF BATTLE: GLENDALE, VA

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Edwin Vose Sumner
1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Israel Bush Richardson
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Curtis Caldwell
III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Samuel Peter Heintzelman
2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Hooker
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Daniel Edgar Sickles
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Joseph Bradford Carr
3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Philip Kearny
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Cleveland Robinson
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Bell Birney
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Hiram Gregory Berry
V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Fitz John Porter
3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Truman Seymour
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Seneca G Simmons
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Gordon Meade
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Conrad Feger Jackson
VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General William Buel Franklin
1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Warner Slocum
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George William Taylor
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Joseph Jackson Bartlett
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Newton

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Major-General James Longstreet
Longstreet’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Richard Heron Anderson
Kemper’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General James Lawson Kemper
RH Anderson’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Colonel Micah Jenkins
Pickett’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General George Edward Pickett
Wilcox’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Pryor’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Roger Atkinson Pryor
Featherston’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Featherston
A P Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Major-General Ambrose Powell Hill
Field’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Charles William Field
Gregg’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg
Anderson’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Joseph Reid Anderson
Branch’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Archer’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General James Jay Archer
Pender’s Brigade, A P Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General William Dorsey Pender

Turkey Bridge, Virginia, also known as Turkey Bend or Turkey Run. Union Brigadier-General George Sykes’ division (1/V) was assisted by the Union gunboats USS Galena and USS Aroostook to defeat a Confederate attempt to envelop the Union southern flank during the action at White Oak Swamp. Confederate Major-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes’ troops were making no progress against Porter at Turkey Bridge or towards Malvern Hill and were halted by artillery fire and disconcerted by large calibre shells from the Union gunboats USS Galena and USS Aroostook on the James. Naval gunfire support was controlled through a system of liaison in which fall-of-shot information was sent by Army signal personnel ashore to Army signal personnel afloat in the gunboats using the Myers system of signalling. Holmes’ division and Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise’s brigade were repelled after a short engagement.

ORDER OF BATTLE: TURKEY BRIDGE, VA

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Fitz John Porter
2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Sykes
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel Robert C Buchanan
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Major Charles S Lovell
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Gouverneur Kemble Warren
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
USS Galena, USS Aroostook

Confederate Department of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Army of Northern Virginia: General Robert Edward Lee
Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia: Major-General John Bankhead Magruder
Holmes’s Division, Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Ransom’s Brigade, Holmes’s Division, Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Robert Ransom
Daniel’s Brigade, Holmes’s Division, Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Junius Daniel
Walker’s Brigade, Holmes’s Division, Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General John George Walker 
Wise’s Command, Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia: Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise

Union Organisation

USA: The Sub-District of Columbus was discontinued.

USA: William Bowen Campbell promoted Brigadier-General USV 4 July 1862 to rank from 30 June 1862.

Campbell, William Bowen | Tennessee | Born 1 February 1807 Sumner, Tennessee | Captain USV 2nd Tennessee Mounted Infantry 1846 Colonel USV 1st Tennessee 1848 Brigadier-General USV July 4 1862 to rank from June 30 1862 Resigned USV January 23 1863 | Died 19 August 1867

USA: Brigadier-General George Archibald McCall was captured at Glendale.

McCall, George Archibald | Pennsylvania | Born 16 March 1802 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania | USMA 1822 26/40 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 1 July 1822 4th US Infantry 23 December 1822 1st Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 23 January 1829 Captain USA 4th US Infantry 21 September 1836 Major USA 3rd US Infantry 26 December 1847 Colonel USA Inspector-General 10 June 1850 Resigned USA 29 April 1853 Major-General Pennsylvania Volunteers 15 May 1861 Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Resigned USV 31 March 1863 | CIA Glendale 1862 | Died 26 February 1868

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant Robert Harris Wyman USN

Chairman of the War Board: Ethan Allen Hitchcock

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
        • Sub-District of Jackson: John Alexander McClernand
      • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
      • District of Cairo: William Kerley Strong
      • District of Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of Northwest Missouri: vacant
    • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • Army of West Tennessee: George Henry Thomas
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Justis Steinburger
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • IV Corps Potomac: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
  • Army of Virginia: John Pope
    • I  Corps Virginia: Franz Sigel
    • II Corps Virginia: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • III Corps Virginia: Irvin McDowell

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Jones Mitchell Withers assumed temporary command of Reserve Corps (Mississippi), succeeding Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge.

Withers, Jones Mitchell | Alabama | Born 12 January 1814 Madison, Alabama | USMA 1835 44/56 Dragoons | 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1835 Resigned USA 5 December 1835 Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13th US Infantry 9 April 1847 Colonel USA 9th US Infantry 13 September 1847 Resigned 23 May 1848 Colonel PACS 3rd Alabama 28 April 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 10 July 1861 Major-General PACS 6 April 1862 Resigned PACS July 13 1863 Reappointed Major-General PACS July 21 1863 | Died 13 March 1890 | 23 May 1861 – 25 May 1861 Department of Norfolk, 12 September 1861 – 27 January 1862 District of Alabama, 27 January 1862 – 4 February 1862 Army of Mobile, 30 June 1862 – 2 July 1862 Reserve Corps Mississippi, 5 August 1862 – 20 November 1862 Reserve Corps Mississippi, 6 February 1864 – 27 July 1864 District of Northern Alabama, 30 April 1864 – 4 May 1865 Reserve Forces of Alabama

CSA: Brigadier-General Richard Griffith died of wounds received at Savage’s Station.

Griffith, Richard | Pennsylvania-Mississippi | Born 11 January 1814 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania | 1st Lieutenant USV 1st Mississippi Rifles 1847-1848 Colonel PACS 12th Mississippi May 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 2 November 1861 | MWIA Savage’s Station 1862 | DOW 30 June 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: James Green Martin
    • District of Cape Fear: Samuel Gibbs French
    • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
      • Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Hugh Weedon Mercer
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: Thomas Fenwick Drayton
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Paul Octave Hébert temporary
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana: Paul Octave Hébert
      • Sub-District of Houston: George M Flournoy
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Earl Van Dorn
      • 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
      • 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
    • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
      • I Corps Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • II Corps Mississippi: Samuel Jones
      • III Corps Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of the West: Dabney Herndon Maury temporary
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 Retired 1 November 1861
  • Major-General USA George Brinton McClellan 14 May 1861 Department of the Potomac & Army of the Potomac
  • Major-General USA John Charles Frémont 3 July 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861
  • Major-General USA Henry Wager Halleck 19 August 1861 Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi & Department of the Missouri
  • Major-General USA John Ellis Wool 1 August 1863 to rank from 16 May 1862 Middle Department
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Major-General USV 16 July 1862 to rank from 5 May 1862 II Corps Potomac
  • Brigadier-General USA Irvin McDowell 14 May 1861 Major-General USV 16 March 1862 to rank from 14 March 1862 III Corps Virginia
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Fenno King Mansfield 17 May 1861 to rank from May 14 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Montgomery Cunningham Meigs 15 May 1861 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General USA Robert Anderson 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA William Starke Rosecrans 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Major-General USV 21 March 1862 Army of the Mississippi
  • Brigadier-General USA Henry Knox Craig August 3 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Lorenzo Thomas 5 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 Adjutant General
  • Brigadier-General USA James Wolfe Ripley 10 September 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 Chief of Ordnance
  • Brigadier-General USA Philip St George Cooke 21 November 1861 to rank from 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA William Alexander Hammond 25 April 1862 Surgeon-General
  • Major-General USV John Adams Dix 16 May 1861 Department of Virginia
  • Major-General USV Benjamin Franklin Butler 16 May 1861 Department of the Gulf & Army of the Gulf
  • Major-General USV Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 3 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 II Corps Virginia
  • Major-General USV David Hunter 13 August 1861 Department of the South
  • Major-General USV Edwin Denison Morgan 28 September 1861 Department of New York
  • Major-General USV Ethan Allen Hitchcock 10 February 1862 Chairman of the War Board
  • Major-General USV Ulysses Simpson Grant 16 February 1862 District of West Tennessee
  • Major-General USV Ambrose Everett Burnside 18 March 1862 Department of North Carolina
  • Major-General USV Don Carlos Buell 21 March 1862 District of the Ohio & Army of the Ohio
  • Major-General USV Samuel Ryan Curtis 21 March 1862 District of Southwest Missouri & Army of the Southwest
  • Major-General USV Franz Sigel 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 I Corps Virginia
  • Major-General USV John Pope 22 March 1862 from 21 March 1862 Army of Virginia
  • Major-General USV John Alexander McClernand 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862 Sub-District of Jackson
  • Major-General USV Charles Ferguson Smith 22 March 1862 from 21 March 1862 Died 25 April 1862
  • Major-General USV Lewis Wallace 22 March 1862 from 21 March 1862
  • Major-General USV Cassius Marcellus Clay 11 April 1862
  • Major-General USV Ormsby McKnight Mitchel 14 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862
  • Major-General USV George Henry Thomas April 26 1862 to rank from April 25 1862 Army of West Tennessee
  • Major-General USV William Tecumseh Sherman 3 May 1862 to rank from 1 May 1862
  • Major-General USV Edward Otho Cresap Ord 3 May 1862 to rank from 2 May 1862
  • Major-General USV Samuel Peter Heintzelman 5 May 1862 III Cops Potomac
  • Major-General USV Joseph Hooker 5 May 1862
  • Major-General USV Erasmus Darwin Keyes 16 July 1862 to rank from 5 May 1862 IV Corps Potomac
  • Major-General USV George Cadwalader 25 May 1862
  • Major-General USV Silas Casey 31 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathaniel Lyon 17 May 1861 KIA 10 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Dolson Cox 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Cumming Schenck 5 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Jones Reynolds 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Resigned 23 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Augustus Hurlbut 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Porter 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Buel Franklin 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 VI Corps Potomac
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Pomeroy Stone 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas West Sherman 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Franklin Kelley 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick West Lander 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Died 2 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Fitz-John Porter 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 V Corps Potomac
  • Brigadier-General USV George Archibald McCall 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus King 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Smith Hamilton 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Philip Kearny 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alpheus Starkey Williams 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Reading Montgomery 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Israel Bush Richardson 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Darius Nash Couch 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Cooper 12 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Julius Stahel 12 November 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wolcott Phelps 9 August 1861 to rank from 27 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Brewerton Ricketts April 30 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Michael Corcoran August 15 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Orlando Bolivar Willcox August 19 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Hayes Lockwood August 8 1861 District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland
  • Brigadier-General USV Louis Blenker 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Webb Morell 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Warner Slocum 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Samuel Wadsworth 9 August 1861 Military District of Washington
  • Brigadier-General USV John James Peck 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Henry Martindale 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Davis Sturgis March 7 1862 to rank from August 10 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Farrar Smith 13 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Stoneman 13 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Washington Benham 13 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James William Denver 14 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Egbert Ludovicus Viele 17 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Shields 19 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Farquhar Barry 20 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Fulton Reynolds 26 August 1861 to rank from 20 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Joseph Abercrombie 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Abram Duryée 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Lawrence Pike Graham 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Gordon Meade 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Sedgwick September 5 1861 to rank from 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Justus McKinstry 2 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Davis Jameson 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Eleazer Arthur Paine 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander McDowell McCook 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Huston Milroy 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ebenezer Dumont 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Oliver Otis Howard 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Edgar Sickles 24 May 1862 to rank from 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Willis Arnold Gorman 7 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Butterfield 7 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Mynn Thruston 7 September 1861 Resigned 17 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Horatio Gouverneur Wright 14 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Nelson 16 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Thomas Ward 18 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Blair Smith Todd 19 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Randolph Barnes Marcy 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Stewart Van Vliet 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Newton 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Winfield Scott Hancock 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Innis Newton Palmer 28 September 1861 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Seth Williams 28 September 1861 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Gross Barnard 24 March 1862 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Leonidas Crittenden 27 October 1861 to rank from 27 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Wright 28 September 1861 Department of the Pacific
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Ingalls Stevens 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Williams 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Sykes 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Wallace Burns 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Henry French 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Milton Brannan 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Porter Hatch 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV David Sloane Stanley 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Kerley Strong 28 September 1861 District of Cairo
  • Brigadier-General USV Albin Francisco Schoepf 30 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Lovell Harrison Rousseau 1 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Melancthon Smith Wade 1 October 1861 Resigned 18 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Scott Negley 6 February 1862 to rank from 1 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Richard William Johnson 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas John Wood 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Adolph Wilhelm August Frederick Von Steinwehr 12 June 1862 to rank from 12 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Bennett Plummer 11 March 1862 to rank from 22 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Gray Foster 23 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Washington Cullum 12 November 1861 to rank from 1 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Schuyler Hamilton 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Christopher Columbus Augur 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jesse Lee Reno 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Washington Morgan 21 November 1861 to rank from 12 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jeremiah Tilford Boyle 30 April 1862 to rank from 19 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John McAllister Schofield 21 November 1861 District of Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Jefferson McKean 21 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Grubb Parke 23 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Zealous Bates Tower 12 June 1862 to rank from 23 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jefferson Columbus Davis 30 April 1862 to rank from 18 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John McAuley Palmer 21 December 1861 to rank from 20 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William High Keim 21 December 1861 to rank from 20 December 1861 Died 18 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Abram Garfield 20 February 1862 to rank from 11 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Lewis Golding Arnold 28 January 1862 to rank from 24 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick Steele 30 January 1862 to rank from 29 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Scott Ketchum 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Abner Doubleday 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wynn Davidson 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Francis Meagher 6 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV David Bell Birney 17 February 1862 to rank from 3 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Morris Naglee 12 February 1862 to rank from 4 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Johnson 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Gallant Spears 5 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Alfred Davies 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Eugene Asa Carr 30 April 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Tyler 16 March 1862 to rank from 13 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Hemsley Emory 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Hiram Gregory Berry 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Orris Sanford Ferry 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Jackson Smith 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Marsena Rudolph Patrick 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Ferdinand Quinby 20 March 1862 to rank from 17 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Phineas Woodbury 20 March 1862 to rank from 19 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Latimer McCook 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Gartner Lauman 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Horatio Phillips Van Cleve 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Richard James Oglesby 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Harvey Lamb Wallace March 22 182 to rank from March 21 1862 DOW 10 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John McArthur 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Cook 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Moses Judah 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Alexander Logan 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Speed Smith Fry 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Craig 22 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Asboth 24 March 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Grenville Mellen Dodge 11 April 1862 to rank from 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Mahlon Dickerson Manson 26 March 1862 to rank from 24 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Gordon Granger 26 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Richard Sprigg Canby 11 April 1862 to rank from 31 March 1862 Department of New Mexico
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Byington Mitchell April 14 1862 to rank from April 8 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Gilpatrick Blunt April 14 1862 to rank from April 8 1862 Department of Kansas
  • Brigadier-General USV Francis Engle Patterson 15 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Quincy Adams Gillmore 30 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Alvord 16 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Cuvier Grover 15 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Amiel Weeks Whipple 18 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathan Kimball 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Sooy Smith 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Devens 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Napoleon Bonaparte Buford 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Henry Van Alen 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus Saxton 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Lucas Hartsuff 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Carl Schurz 16 April 1862 to rank from 15 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Wylie Crawford 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Leonard Fulton Ross 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Milo Smith Hascall 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John White Geary 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alfred Howe Terry 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Walton Wessells 26 April 1862 to rank from 25 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Neal S Dow April 28 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Turpin Crittenden 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Max Weber 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Pleasant Adam Hackleman 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Alvin Peterson Hovey 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Henry Carleton 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Clifford Veatch 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Cleveland Robinson 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Abraham Sanders Piatt 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Plummer Benton 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Dashiell Bayard 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Bohlen 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Peace Rodman 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Curtis Caldwell 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Sears Greene 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Atkinson Humphreys 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Prince 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Absalom Baird 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Truman Seymour 30 April 1862 to rank from 28 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Powhatan Carter 2 May 12862 to rank from 1 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV John Gibbon 3 May 1862 to rank from 2 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George William Taylor 12 May 1862 to rank from 9 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Erastus Barnard Tyler 16 May 1862 to rank from 14 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Birdseye McPherson 15 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Gano Burbridge 10 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV George Henry Gordon 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV James Madison Tuttle 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Julius White 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Peter Joseph Osterhaus 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Griffin 12 June 1862 to rank from 9 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Washington Lafayette Elliott 12 June 1862 to rank from 11 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Green Clay Smith 12 June 1862 to rank from 11 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV Albion Parris Howe 22 June 1862 to rank from 11 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General USV William Bowen Campbell 4 July 1862 to rank from 30 June 1862
  • Colonel USV Francis James Lippitt 2 September 1861 District of the Humboldt
  • Colonel USV Justus Steinburger 12 October 1861 District of Oregon
  • Colonel USV George Washington Bowie 8 November 1861 District of Southern California
  • State Brigadier-General Egbert Benson Brown District of Southwest Missouri

Confederate Generals

  • General ACSA Samuel Cooper 31 August 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861Adjutant-General and Inspector General
  • General ACSA Albert Sidney Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 30 May 1861 KIA 6 April 1862
  • General ACSA Robert Edward Lee 31 August 1861 to rank from 14 June 1861 Department of Northern Virginia & Army of Northern Virginia
  • General ACSA Joseph Eggleston Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 4 July 1861
  • General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 31 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861
  • General PACS Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Western Department & Army of Mississippi
  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861
  • Major-General PACS Leonidas Polk 25 June 1861 I Corps Mississippi
  • Major-General PACS Earl Van Dorn 19 September 1861 District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana
  • Major-General PACS Gustavus Woodson Smith 19 September 1861 District of Aquia
  • Major-General PACS Theophilus Hunter Holmes 7 October 1861
  • Major-General PACS William Joseph Hardee 7 October 1861 III Corps Mississippi
  • Major-General PACS James Longstreet 7 October 1861 Longstreet’s Command Northern Virginia
  • Major-General PACS Thomas Jonathan Jackson 7 October 1861 Valley District & Jackson’s Command Northern Virginia
  • Major-General PACS John Bankhead Magruder 7 October 1861 Magruder’s Command Northern Virginia
  • Major-General PACS Benjamin Huger 7 October 1861
  • Major-General PACS Mansfield Lovell 7 October 1861
  • Major-General PACS Edmund Kirby Smith 13 October 1861 to rank from 11 October 1861 Department of East Tennessee & Army of East Tennessee
  • Major-General PACS George Bibb Crittenden 9 November 1861
  • Major-General PACS John Clifford Pemberton 10 January 1862 to rank from 15 January 1862 Department of South Carolina and Georgia
  • Major-General PACS Richard Stoddert Ewell 17 January 1862 to rank from 23 January 1862
  • Major-General PACS William Wing Loring 15 February 1862 to rank from 17 February 1862 Department of Southwestern Virginia
  • Major-General PACS Sterling Price 6 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Benjamin Franklin Cheatham 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Samuel Jones 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862 II Corps Mississippi
  • Major-General PACS John Porter McCown 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Daniel Harvey Hill 25 March 1862 to rank from 26 March 1862
  • Major-General PACS Jones Mitchell Withers 16 August 1862 to rank from 6 April 1862 Reserve Corps Mississippi
  • Major-General PACS Thomas Carmichael Hindman 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862 District of Arkansas & Trans-Mississippi District
  • Major-General PACS John Cabell Breckinridge 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Major-General PACS Lafayette McLaws 23 May 1862
  • Major-General PACS Ambrose Powell Hill 26 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 District of Georgia
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861 Resigned 29 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin McCulloch 11 May 1861 KIA 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Clark 22 May 1861.
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Buchanan Floyd 23 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Talbot Walker 25 May 1861 Resigned 29 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Rootes Jackson 4 June 1861 Resigned 2 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Alexander Wise 5 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Selden Garnett 6 June 1861 KIA 13 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Hopkins Sibley 17 June 1861 District of Arizona
  • Brigadier-General PACS Barnard Elliott Bee 17 June 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS David Rumph Jones 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Henry Winder 21 June 1861 Department of Henrico & Provost Marshal General
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Caswell Gatlin 13 August 1861 to rank from 8 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gideon Johnson Pillow 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Read Anderson 9 July 1861 Resigned 10 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Smith Donelson 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Felix Kirk Zollicoffer 9 July 1861 KIA 19 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Heron Anderson 19 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Augustus Toombs 19 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Arnold Elzey 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jubal Anderson Early July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Chase Whiting 28 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Francis Stebbins Bartow 21 July 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Ruggles August 6 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana
  • Brigadier-General PACS Isaac Ridgeway Trimble 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Breckinridge Grayson 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 Died 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Roswell Sabine Ripley 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Pike 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Paul Octave Hébert August 18 1861 to rank from August 17 1861 Trans-Mississippi Department temporary & District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Reid Anderson 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Simon Bolivar Buckner 14 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Leroy Pope Walker 17 September 1861 Resigned 31 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Gallatin Blanchard 21 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gabriel James Rains 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Ewell Brown Stuart 24 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Fenwick Drayton 25 September 1861 4th Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Adley Hogan Gladden 30 September 1861 DOW 12 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lloyd Tilghman 18 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Emmett Rodes 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Philip St George Cocke 21 October 1861 Died 26 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Nathan George Evans 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Taylor 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Louis Trezevant Wigfall 21 October 1861 Resigned 20 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Heyward Trapier 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Gibbs French 23 October 1861 District of Cape Fear
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Carroll 26 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Hugh Weedon Mercer 29 October 1861 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Humphrey Marshall October 30 1861 District of Abingdon
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Griffith 2 November 1861 DOW 30 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Peter Stewart 8 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Montgomery Gardner 14 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Brooke Garnett 14 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lawrence O’Bryan Branch 16 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Mahone 16 November 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edward Johnson 13 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Maxcy Gregg 14 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Constantine Wayne 16 December 1861 Resigned 7 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Raleigh Edward Colston 23 December 1861 to rank from 24 December 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Heth 9 January 1862 to rank from 6 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Johnson Kelly Duncan 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Sterling Alexander Martin Wood 9 January 1862 to rank from 7 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John George Walker 9 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John King Jackson 10 January 1862 to rank from 14 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Edward Pickett 14 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James McQueen McIntosh 17 January 1862 to rank from 24 January 1862 KIA 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Bushrod Rust Johnson 24 January 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Patton Anderson 10 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Wythe Randolph 12 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Brevard Kershaw 1 February 1862 to rank from 13 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Ronald Chalmers 10 February 1862 to rank from 13 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Howell Cobb 13 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Lewis Hogg 12 February 1862 to rank from 14 February 1862 Died 16 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Johnston Pettigrew 28 February 1862 to rank from 26 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Carter Littlepage Stevenson 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Whann Mackall 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Danville Leadbetter 6 March 1862 to rank from 27 February 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Ransom 6 March 1862 to rank from 1 March 1862 District of Pamlico temporary
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Sidney Winder 7 March 1862 to rank from 1 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Marsh Frost 10 October 1861 to rank from March 3 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Bell Hood 6 March 1862 to rank from 3 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Patrick Ronayne Cleburne 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Winfield Scott Featherston 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas James Churchill 5 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Booth Taliaferro 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Rust 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Hamilton Prioleau Bee 6 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862 Sub-District of the Rio Grande
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Bell Maxey 7 March 1862 to rank from 4 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Morrison Hawes 14 March 1862 to rank from 5 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Hume Steuart 11 March 1862 to rank from 6 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Duncan Smith 11 March 1862 to rank from 7 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Edwin Slaughter 11 March 1862 to rank from 8 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles William Field 11 March 1862 to rank from 9 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Horace Forney 11 March 1862 to rank from 10 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Paul Jones Semmes 11 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lucius Marshall Walker 11 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Seth Maxwell Barton 14 March 1862 to rank from 11 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Dabney Herndon Maury 14 March 1862 to rank from 12 March 1862 Army of the West temporary
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Bordenave Villepigue 14 March 1862 to rank from 13 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Eustace McCulloch 14 March 1862 Western District of Texas
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Stevens Bowen 14 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin Hardin Helm 14 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS States Rights Gist 19 March 1862 to rank from 20 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Selden Roane 19 March 1862 to rank from 20 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Nelson Pendleton 25 March 1862 to rank from 26 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Yarnel Slack 17 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862 DOW 21 March 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lewis Addison Armistead 1 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Finegan 5 April 1862 Department of Middle and Eastern Florida
  • Brigadier-General PACS Martin Luther Smith 19 March 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana
  • Brigadier-General PACS Franklin Gardner 12 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Nelson Rector Beall 12 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lewis Henry Little 5 April 1862 to rank from 12 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Preston 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Jordan 16 April 1862 to rank from 14 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Roger Atkinson Pryor 1 April 1862 to rank from 16 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Earl Maney 16 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton 16 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Echols 16 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Stuart Williams 16 April 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Green Martin 2 June 1862 to rank from 15 May 1862 Department of North Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Lanier Clingman 17 September 1862 to rank from 17 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Garland 23 September 1862 to rank from 23 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Hopkins Hatton 23 May 1862 KIA 31 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Wade Hampton 23 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Turner Ashby 23 May 1862 KIA 6 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Weisiger Adams 23 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Louis Hébert 26 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Creed Moore 19 September 1862 to rank from 26 May 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Lawson Kemper 3 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS Ambrose Ransom Wright 3 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Jay Archer 3 June 1862
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Burgwyn Anderson 9 June 1862.
  • Brigadier-General PACS Beverly Holcombe Robertson 9 June 1862
  • Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault 31 May 1861 1st Sub-District of the District of South Carolina
  • Colonel Charles Dimmock Forces in Richmond
  • Colonel Douglas Hancock Cooper July 1861 District of Indian Territory
  • Colonel Henry Marchmore Shaw September 1861 District of Roanoke Island
  • Colonel Xavier Blanchard Debray 5 December 1861 Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas
  • Colonel William Stephen Walker 22 March 1862 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina
  • Colonel George M Flournoy Sub-District of Houston
  • 1st Lieutenant John W Glenn Defences of Pass Cavallo

 

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