1862 December 31st

December 31 1862 Wednesday

Battle of Parker’s Cross Roads, TN (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Battle of Stones River, TN

Sherman’s Yazoo River Expedition

Forrest’s First West Tennessee Raid

Morgan’s Second Kentucky Raid

Carter’s Upper Tennessee Valley Raid

Stones River Campaign

Stuart’s Fairfax Raid

Marmaduke’s Missouri Raid

Grant’s Central Mississippi Campaign

USA On 31 December 1861, the Union Regular Army and US Volunteers had a General Officer Corps of 135 men: 8 Major-Generals, 123 Brigadier-Generals (8 awaiting confirmation), and 4 Brigadier-Generals of the staff (135).

On 30 June 1862, there had been 32 Major-Generals (3 awaiting confirmation, and including 3 who were were concurrently Brigadier-Generals in the US Regular Army; 193 Brigadier-Generals (2 awaiting confirmation and not including the 3 already counted as Major-Generals); and, 6 Brigadier-Generals of the Staff (231).

Now, on 31 December 1862, there were 80 Major-Generals (17 awaiting confirmation) an of whom 5 were concurrently Brigadier-Generals in the US Regular Army; there were 264 Brigadier-Generals, not counting the five in the Regular Army concurrently serving as Major-General of US Volunteers – and, of these, 52 were awaiting confirmation, There were still 6 Regular Brigadier-generals of the Staff. (350)

CSA. The Confederate Army had grown to have 83 active General Officers on 31 December 1861: 5 Generals, 13 Major-Generals, and 65 Brigadier-Generals (one awaiting confirmation). (83)

On 30 June 1862, there had been 5 Generals, 25 Major-Generals, and 111 Brigadier-Generals (3 awaiting confirmation) (141).

Now on 31 December 1862, there were still the same 5 Generals,  7 Lieutenant-Generals, 33 Major-Generals, and 150 Brigadier-Generals ( 4of them awaiting confirmation). (195)

—–

Arkansas. Three columns of cavalry under the command of Confederate Brigadier-General John Sappington Marmaduke left Lewisburg on the northern bank of the Arkansas River. The bulk of the force comprised Colonel Joseph Orville Shelby’s veteran brigade but these were joined by recruits during the march until they numbered 2,300 men. They headed north on separate roads toward Missouri and the Union supply lines. Marmaduke’s immediate objective was the destruction of the Union Army of the Frontier’s major winter supply depot in and around Springfield, Missouri, a hundred miles to the north. He hoped that hardship and isolation would force the Union army’s withdrawal from Arkansas.

Marmaduke’s main column proceeded north through Forsyth to Ozark. A Union garrison stationed at Ozark withdrew and the Confederates burned its abandoned fort. A second Confederate column, commanded by Colonel Emmett MacDonald, destroyed Fort Lawrence at Lawrence Mill on Beaver Creek, about ten miles southwest of Ava. The third column under Colonel Joseph C Porter passed by to the north through Hartville. All three commands intended to converge on Springfield in their attempt to capture the city’s lightly defended military warehouses.

Kentucky. Skirmish at Muldraugh’s Hill near New Market.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Plaquemine.

Louisiana.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF

Union Department of the Gulf: Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
District of La Fourche: Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel
District of Pensacola: Brigadier-General Neal S Dow
Defences of New Orleans: Colonel Thomas W Cahill
Army of the Gulf: Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
XIX Corps (Gulf): Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Grover’s Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover (not brigaded)
Sherman’s Division, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman (not brigaded)
Reserve Brigade, XIX Corps (Gulf): Brigadier-General Godfrey Weitzel

Mississippi. Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis left Jackson to resume his tour of the Southern states. His next stop was Mobile, Alabama.

Mississippi. The Union plan to break the deadlock at Chickasaw Bluffs by an attack on the Yazoo River at Haines Bluff and Drumgould’s Bluff was implemented. A ram fitted with a forty-five foot boom fitted to assist in clearing the obstacles and torpedoes in the Yazoo River preceded the transports carrying Major-General Frederick Steele’s division and Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge’s brigade. The other three divisions of Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman’s expedition were put on alert to attack Walnut Hills and Chickasaw Bluffs as a diversion when they heard the sound of gunfire from Steele’s troops further upstream.

Missouri. Operation at Sugar Creek Hills ended.

North Carolina. The revolutionary ironclad warship USS Monitor was ordered to Beaufort to take part in the blockade. While being towed down the coast under command of Commander John P Bankhead, the seas began to build up and she took on water. Soon the water in the hold outran the pumps and put out the fires in her engines. The order was given to abandon ship. Most of the crew was rescued by USS Rhode Island, but sixteen men were lost when she sank in the early hours off Cape Hatteras.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION DEPARTMENT OF NORTH CAROLINA

Union Department of North Carolina: Major-General John Gray Foster
XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Major-General John Gray Foster
1st Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Henry Walton Wessells
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Lewis Cass Hunt
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel Thomas Greeley Stevenson
Amory’s Brigade, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel J C Amory
Lee’s Brigade, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Colonel H C Lee
Heckman’s Brigade, XVIII Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Charles Adam Heckman
Naglee’s Brigade, Detachment IV Corps (North Carolina): Brigadier-General Henry Morris Naglee

South Carolina.

UNION DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH

Union Department of the South: Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan
X Corps (South): Brigadier-General John Milton Brannan
St Helena Island, Hilton Head, South Carolina: Brigadier-General Alfred Howe Terry

Tennessee. Skirmishes at Wilkinson’s Cross Roads and Carter’s Depot.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Overall Creek.

Parker’s Cross Roads, Tennessee, also known as Red Mound. As Confederate Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s expedition into West Tennessee was nearing its conclusion near Lexington, it encountered the skirmishers of Union Colonel Cyrus L Dunham’s brigade (3/8/XVI) from the pursuing division of Brigadier-General Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan. Sullivan was attempting to concentrate his three brigades to prevent Forrest from withdrawing across the Tennessee River. Dunham’s men deployed to stop Forrest’s march at Parker’s Cross Roads.

Forrest sent four companies to guard his rear on the Huntingdon Road and moved forward to attack Dunham at Parker’s Cross Roads. Skirmishing began about 9 am, with Forrest taking an initial position along a wooded ridge northwest of Dunham at the intersection. Confederate artillery gained an early advantage, so Dunham pulled his brigade back a half-mile and redeployed, facing north. He then repelled a frontal feint until he was attacked on both flanks and rear by Forrest’s mounted and dismounted troops. Forrest managed to overrun three guns and also captured eighteen wagons full of ammunition. Forrest sent Dunham a demand for unconditional surrender because of his precarious position. Dunham refused and was preparing for Forrest’s next onset when Union Colonel John Wallace Fuller (1/8/XVI), brigade suddenly arrived from the north and surprised the Confederates with an attack on their rear. The Confederate companies on the Huntingdon Road had failed to warn of Fuller’s approach. “Charge ’em both ways,” ordered Forrest. The Confederates briefly reversed front, repelled Fuller, then rushed past Dunham’s demoralised force and then withdrew hastily south to Lexington. Forrest abandoned the three captured guns and much of his captured booty in order to flee towards the crossing of the Tennessee at Clifton. Three hundred Confederates became prisoners after their horses were stampeded and they were unable to mount up to evade pursuit when Sullivan arrived with his third brigade.

Union casualties were reported as 237 out of about 3,000 men engaged. The Confederate lost 300 prisoners 200 others other casualties, as well as 6 guns and 350 horses. (CWSAC Formative Battle – Confederate Victory)

Stones River, Tennessee, also known as Stone’s River or Murfreesboro. The Union Army of the Cumberland under Major-General William Starke Rosecrans faced the Confederate Army of Tennessee with 38,000 men under Braxton Bragg along Stones River, near Murfreesboro.

The Confederate had two corps under Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk and Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee and Major-General Joseph Wheeler’s cavalry division. Wheeler’s troopers returned to the Confederate left flank at 2 am from their destructive two-day raid in the Union rear where they had captured or destroyed all or part of four supply trains and paroled over a thousand prisoners.

Each side planned to assault the opposing right flank at Murfreesboro. The Confederate division of Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge with 8,000 men was northwest of Murfreesboro on the eastern side of Stones River. Hardee had moved to the western side of the river opposite the Union right flank with the divisions of Major-General John Porter McCown (4,500 men) and Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne (7,000 men). The Confederate centre was held by a division under Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers (8,500 men) with Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham’s division in support behind it. McCown was ordered to attack at dawn.

The Union commander Major-General William Starke Rosecrans was preparing an attack across the river on his left flank. The left flank of the Union line reached as far as Stones river with Major-General John McAuley Palmer’s division (4,400 men) and Brigadier-General Thomas John Wood’s division (5,100 men) of Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden’s Corps. Crittenden was ordered to attack on the left flank with the intention of capturing the high ground east of Stones Rover, that dominated the ground on both banks. Major-General Lovell Harrison Rousseau’s division of Thomas’ Corps (6,200) and Brigadier-General Horatio Phillips Van Cleve’s division of Crittenden’s Corps (3,800 men) waited behind Wood and Palmer to carry out the attack across the river.

One of Union Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook’s divisions under Brigadier-General Richard William Johnson had 6,300 men on the extreme right with Brigadier-General Jefferson Columbus Davis’ division to their left with 4,600 men. Brigadier-General Philip Henry Sheridan‘s division of 5,000 extended the line to the Wilkinson Pike. These divisions of McCook’s Corps were directed to hold their ground or give way slowly if attacked, buying time for the anticipated advance on the left wing to gain ground and momentum.

Union Major-General George Henry Thomas’ Corps held the centre of the line and would join the attack once Crittenden’s advance made progress on his left. Thomas left behind two of his divisions detached in garrisons: Major-General Ormsby McKnight Mitchel’s division was at Nashville and Major-General Joseph Jones Reynolds’ division was busily pursuing Confederate cavalry raiders under Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest.

The Union divisions of Van Cleve and Wood were assigned to cross to the eastern side of the river for Crittenden’s attack. Van Cleve did cross the river at 7 am as Rosecrans’ attack was scheduled to begin at that but the Union offensive was forestalled by a Confederate attack before dawn on the opposite flank. Wood was kept south of the river and then formed the left flank of the Union defence, leaving Van Cleve to advance alone.

The Confederate attack preceded the Union one and forced its abandonment. McCown’s brigades of Brigadier-General James Edward Rains, Brigadier-General Matthew Duncan Ector, and Brigadier-General Evander McNair struck McCook Corps in the dawn twilight. The attack by McCown’s division and Cleburne’s division it behind it were coordinated by Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee. They surprised the Union troops at breakfast and drove back the Union brigades of Brigadier-General Edward Needles Kirk and Brigadier-General Johann August Ernst von Willich. Kirk’s men were alerted to the attack but Willich’s troops were surprised in the morning mist. Kirk was mortally wounded during the fighting. Rosecrans immediately cancelled Crittenden’s attack on the Confederate right and rushed reinforcements from this area to strenghten his own threatened right flank instead.

The attack of McCown’s division drifted gradually towards the left, having been distracted by the location of deceptive campfires during the night. Cleburne’s division was following about 400 yards behind McCown and entered the emerging gap to keep up the momentum on McCown’s right. Davis’ and Sheridan’s Union divisions were drawn into the action in this sector and attempted to stem the tide of Hardee’s two divisions. Several Union artillery batteries were captured without having time to fire a shot. Johnson’s division on the right suffered very heavy casualties and largely disintegrated. To Johnson’s left, Davis’ division held out only briefly. The Union right wing was saved from total destruction by the foresight of Sheridan who had anticipated an early attack and roused his division in the centre of the right half of the line by 4 am and moved quickly to stem the tide.

A second Confederate wave of attacks was launched by Polk’s Corps, consisting of the divisions of Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers and Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham. Withers hit Sheridan’s right flank first (and also Davis’ left) but was repulsed in three separate charges by Sheridan’s pugnacious defence of an area of rocky, broken ground. A further effort by fresh troops from Cheatham’s division enveloped Davis’ left, forcing him to retreat, and thus exposing Sheridan’s right. Sheridan counterattacked at about 9.30 am with Colonel George W Roberts’ brigade and gained enough time to withdraw to a new position on the Nashville Pike, forming at right angles to Major-General James Scott Negley’s division on his left. Sheridan’s men slowed the enemy advance at a heavy cost; all three of Sheridan’s brigade commanders were lost that day, and more than one third of his men fell as casualties in four hours. Part of the division was surrounded on three sides in a cedar forest that became known as “The Slaughter Pen”. Brigadier-General Joshua Woodrow Sill was killed in action.

By 10 am, many of the Confederate objectives had been achieved. They had advanced three miles and captured 28 guns and over 3,000 Union soldiers. Rousseau’s division arrived from the reserve to shore up Sheridan’s right. Much of Johnson’s division and the remnants of Davis’ division had fled in rout to the rear where they were harassed by the cavalry brigade, 2,000 strong, of Confederate Brigadier-General John Austin Wharton.

By 11 am Sheridan’s ammunition had run low and his exhausted and depleted division pulled back, opening a gap between Negley and Rousseau. Hardee soon exploited the opportunity. The Confederates renewed their attack and forced Sheridan’s division to withdraw more quickly. The Union right commenced a general withdrawal with Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver Lathrop Shepherd’s Regular Army brigade suffering heavily as the rearguard. The Union troops regrouped three miles further back to hold the Nashville Pike, where they were supported by reinforcements transferred from the left flank and by massed batteries of artillery.

Rosecrans had quickly understood the severity of the Confederate attack and abandoned his own plan for an offensive by Crittenden’s Corps on his own left flank. Van Cleve’s division (apart from one brigade under Colonel Samuel W Price) was withdrawn back over Stones River at about 11 am in time to strengthen the main line. Rosecrans gave Price the unenviable instruction to hold the ford over Stones River at the cost of every man’s life in his brigade, including his own if necessary. Confederate cavalry of Brigadier-General John Pegram’s brigade had detected Van Cleve’s early foray to the south side of the river but did not spot his later withdrawal. This kept Breckinridge’s division pinned down in anticipation of Van Cleve’s advance. Palmer’s division had already been pulled back to align with the new line and Wood’s division was also drawn into stabilising the right flank.

The Union line was finally solidified by the inspirational leadership of Rosecrans, the imperturbable presence of Thomas, the timely commitment of reserves and reinforcements, and the rallying of parts of the divisions under Johnson and Davis. The new line was roughly perpendicular to the original line, in a small half oval with its back to the river. Palmer fixed his left flank brigade under Brigadier-General William Babcock Hazen on a wooded ridge astride the railroad. This rocky four-acre oak grove was referred to as the Round Forest but as the lynchpin of the Union defence it acquired the name of “Hell’s Half Acre” from its defenders. Repeated attacks on the left flank of the Union line were repulsed by Hazen’s brigade, supported by increasing numbers of guns deploying on high ground to the rear. Brigadier-General Milo Smith Hascall sent the 3rd Kentucky Infantry to the Round Forest as reinforcements. When he was informed that the regimental commander was dead, Hazen decided to take personal command in the forest and declared that it had to be held at any price. Hazen’s brigade was the only part of the original Union line not to give ground. Vigorous Confederate attacks continued throughout the day but made no further progress against a well-organised defensive line.

A new attack on the Round Forest was launched by Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers’ brigades from shallow trenches where they had waited for 48 hours on the extreme right of Withers’ division, waiting concealed and without fires. They crossed a wide expanse of open ground against the entrenched position and were cut to pieces, losing severe losses in desperate fighting. Their commander was wounded. A further effort in the same area was made by Brigadier-General Daniel Smith Donelson’s brigade. It attacked the Round Forest through heavy fire and penetrated just to the west taking 1,000 prisoners and eleven guns. The Round Forest had originally been held by Hazen with Cruft’s brigade posted in open ground in front. When Sheridan’s and Negley’s divisions were driven back at 11 am, Palmer’s division was exposed on its right flank and Cruft was pushed away by the attacks of Chalmers and Donelson. Cruft was only able to withdraw when Brigadier-General William Grose’s brigade faced about to its rear to attack the threatened area. The bastion of the Round Forest remained in Union hands, however, enabling a counterattack to throw Donelson back with casualties that wrecked some regiments forever. For example, more than half of the men in the Confederate 16th Tennessee Infantry were lost in their attack and 306 men of the 424 men in the 8th Tennessee Infantry became casualties.

The only fresh Confederate troops available for the last assault were Breckinridge’s five brigades, and Bragg now ordered him to hold his position with one brigade and to send his other four brigades across the river from the south side of the river to go into action on Hardee’s front. In fear of being overwhelmed, Breckinridge agreed to release only one of his five brigades to go to Hardee’s support at 1 pm. Breckinridge did not realise that Crittenden’s early morning advance had been withdrawn and he now faced minimal opposition. When Bragg ordered him to attack to his front, Breckinridge moved forward and was embarrassed to find no Union troops opposing him. At 2 pm, he sent two of his brigades across the river and then followed with two more at about 3 pm, thus achieving Bragg’s original intention of leaving only one brigade on the eastern side.

Bragg now received a false report that a strong Union force was moving southwards along the Lebanon Turnpike in his direction. He cancelled his orders for Breckinridge to send reinforcements across the river, which interfered with the preparation of a coordinated massing of his four brigades for a decisive final attack. Bragg’s countermanding order was then withdrawn and Breckinridge’s brigades entered the assault on the Round Forest piecemeal instead of as a cohesive force. By 4 pm Breckinridge’s first two brigades assaulted Hazen in piecemeal attacks. Finally, Breckinridge’s two other brigades arrived to attack the Round Forest. They also attacked piecemeal. Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams’, Brigadier-General John King Jackson’s, Brigadier-General William Preston’s and Brigadier-General Gideon Johnson Pillow’s brigades were defeated singly and in turn and all were repulsed with severe casualties like those before them. Hazen’s brigade held the tip of the salient at the Round Forest against the attacks with help on either side from various regiments from neighbouring units. Grose again changed his front to enable Hazen to adjust to Cruft’s withdrawal.

Eventually, the area where Confederate infantry was forming up for these attacks was threatened by Brigadier-General George Day Wagner’s Union brigade advancing along the river bank, but Wagner was forced to retire by artillery fire.

With the sun going down early at about 4.30 pm, the battle was finished and the Union defensive line held for the remainder of the day. That night Rosecrans held a council of war to decide what to do next. Some of his generals believed that the Union army had been defeated and recommended a retreat before they were entirely cut off. Rosecrans opposed this view and was strongly supported by Thomas and Crittenden. After some vacillation, Rosecrans found the resolve to hold his line and, if he was not attacked again, to seize the offensive.

On the Confederate side, Bragg was certain that he had won a resounding victory. Although he had suffered around 9,000 casualties of his own, he was convinced that the large number of captured Union soldiers indicated that Rosecrans had lost considerably more. In fact, the Union had lost heavily – about 12,000 men including prisoners. The Confederate army began digging in opposite the Union line.

ORDER OF BATTLE: STONES RIVER, TN

Union Department of the Cumberland: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans
Army of the Cumberland: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans
XIV Corps (Cumberland) “Army of the Ohio”: Major-General William Starke Rosecrans
Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook
1st Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Jefferson Columbus Davis
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel P Sidney Post
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel William P Carlin
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel William E Woodruff
2nd Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Richard William Johnson
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General August Willich
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Edward Needles Kirk
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Philemon P Baldwin
3rd Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Philip Henry Sheridan
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Joshua Woodrow Sill
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Frederick Schaefer
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel George W Roberts
Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General George Henry Thomas
1st Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General Lovell Harrison Rousseau
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Benjamin F Scribner
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel John Beatty
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel John C Starkweather
4th Brigade, 1st Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver Lathrop Shepherd
2nd Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General James Scott Negley
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General James Gallant Spears
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Timothy R Stanley
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel John F Miller
3rd Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Speed Smith Fry
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Moses B Walker
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel John M Harlan
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General James Blair Steedman
4th Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Robert Byington Mitchell
1st Brigade, 4th Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General James Dada Morgan
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Daniel McCook
5th Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Joseph Jones Reynolds
1st Brigade, 5th Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Albert S Hall
2nd Brigade, 5th Division, Centre XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Abram O Miller
Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
1st Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Thomas Joseph Wood
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Milo Smith Hascall
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel George D Wagner
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Charles G Harker
2nd Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General John McAuley Palmer
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Charles Cruft
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel William B Hazen
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel William Grose
3rd Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Samuel Beatty
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel James P Fyffe
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Left Wing XIV Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Samuel Woodson Price
Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Brigadier-General David Sloane Stanley
1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Colonel David Sloane Stanley
1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Robert H G Minty
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps (Cumberland): Colonel Lewis Zahm
Pioneer Brigade (Cumberland): Brigadier-General James St Clair Morton

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Western Department: General Braxton Bragg
Army of Tennessee: General Braxton Bragg
I Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk
Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Donelson’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Daniel Smith Donelson
Stewart’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Alexander Peter Stewart
Maney’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Maney
Smith’s Brigade, Cheatham’s Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Alfred Jefferson Vaughan
Withers’ Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Jones Mitchell Withers
Deas’ Brigade, Withers’ Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel J Q Loomis
Chalmers’ Brigade, Withers’ Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers
Walthall’s Brigade, Withers’ Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General James Patton Anderson
Anderson’s Brigade, Withers’ Division, I Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Arthur Middleton Manigault
II Corps (Tennessee): Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee
Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge
Adams’ Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Daniel Weisiger Adams
Pillow’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Colonel James B Palmer, Brigadier-General Gideon Johnson Pillow
Preston’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General William Preston
Hanson’s Brigade, Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Robert Weightman Hanson
Jackson’s Brigade (Temporarily Attached), Breckinridge’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John King Jackson
Cleburne’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Major-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Polk’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Lucius Eugene Polk
Liddell’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General St John Richardson Liddell
Johnson’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division, II Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Bushrod Rust Johnson
Wood’s Brigade Brigadier-General Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
Cavalry (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Joseph Wheeler
Wheeler’s Brigade, Cavalry (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Joseph Wheeler
Buford’s Brigade, Cavalry (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Abraham Buford
Pegram’s Brigade, Cavalry (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Pegram
Wharton’s Brigade, Cavalry (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Austin Wharton
District of the Tennessee: Major-General John Porter McCown
McCown’s Division (Tennessee): Major-General John Porter McCown
Ector’s Brigade, McCown’s Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Mathew Duncan Ector
Rains’ Brigade Brigadier-General James Edward Rains
McNair’s Brigade, McCown’s Division (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Evander McNair

Virginia. Expedition to Ellis Ford, Potomac Creek, Rappahannock River, Richard’s Ford, and Warrenton ended.

Virginia. Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart reached Culpeper Court House, completing his raid to Dumfries and Fairfax Court House. His total casualties during the raid were one man killed, 13 wounded and 13 missing. Stuart claimed to have caused 30 casualties, captured 300 prisoners and large quantities of stores and 20 wagons.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION ARMY OF THE POTOMAC

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
Army of the Potomac: Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside
Provost Guard (Potomac): Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Provisional Brigade (Potomac): Colonel H M Bossert
Volunteer Engineer Brigade (Potomac): Brigadier-General Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Artillery Reserve (Potomac): Brigadier-General Henry Jackson Hunt
Centre Grand Division: Major-General Joseph Hooker
III Corps (Potomac): Major-General George Stoneman
1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Bell Birney
1st Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel S B Hayman
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Henry Hobart Ward
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Hiram Gregory Berry
2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Daniel Edgar Sickles
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Bradford Carr
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Warren Revere
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Gershom Mott
3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Amiel Weeks Whipple
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel B P Bailey
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel S Carroll
V Corps (Potomac): Major-General George Gordon Meade
1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel James Barnes
1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel C A Johnson
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel J B Sweitzer
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel H A Weeks
2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Major-General George Sykes
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Robert Christie Buchanan
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Major C S Lovell
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Gouverneur Kemble Warren
3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Erastus Barnard Tyler
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, V Corps (Potomac) Colonel P H Allabach
Cavalry Brigade (Centre Grand Division, Potomac): Brigadier-General William Woods Averell
Left Grand Division: Major-General William Buel Franklin
I Corps (Potomac): Major-General John Fulton Reynolds
1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Abner Doubleday
1st Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel W Phelps
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel G H Biddle
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Solomon Meredith
2nd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Cleveland Robinson
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel A R Root
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel Peter Lyle
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Nelson Taylor
3rd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel H C Sickel
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel William Sinclair
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel R P Cummins
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps (Potomac): Colonel M D Hardin
VI Corps (Potomac): Major-General John Sedgwick
1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Major-General William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel H W Brown
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Joseph Jackson Bartlett
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Allen Russell
2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Albion Parris Howe
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Hiram Burnham
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Colonel H Whiting
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Hewson Neill
3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Charles Devens
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Cochrane
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac) Colonel Henry L Eustis
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, VI Corps (Potomac) Brigadier-General Frank Wheaton
Cavalry Brigade (Left Grand Division, Potomac): Colonel David McMurtrie Gregg
Reserve Grand Division: Major-General Franz Sigel
XI Corps (Potomac): Major-General Franz Sigel
1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Julius Stahel
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Leopold Von Gilsa
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Nathaniel Collins McLean
2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich von Steinwehr
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel A Buschbeck
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Orland Smith
3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Carl Schurz
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac): Colonel Alexander Schimmelfennig
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XI Corps (Potomac) Colonel W B Krzyzanowski
Cavalry Brigade (XI Corps, Potomac): Colonel L P Di Cesnola
XII Corps (Potomac): Major-General Henry Warner Slocum
1st Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Colonel J F Knipe
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Thomas Leiper Kane
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Colonel J K Murphy
2nd Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John White Geary
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Colonel C Candy
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Colonel J M Sudsbury
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Sears Greene
Right Grand Division: Major-General Edwin Vose Sumner
II Corps (Potomac): Major-General Darius Nash Couch
1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Major-General Winfield Scott Hancock
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel G W von Schack
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Patrick Kelly
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel Samuel K Zook
2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Oliver Otis Howard
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel T G Morehead
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel J T Owen
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel J R Brooke
3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Alfred Sully
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel J S Mason
2nd Brigade, 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Colonel R C Johnson
3rd Brigade, 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel J W Marshall
IX Corps (Potomac): Major-General Orlando Bolivar Willcox
1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General William Wallace Burns
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel William M Fenton
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel B C Christ
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel D Leasure
2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General James Nagle
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel T B Allard
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Edward Ferrero
3rd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Washington Getty
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel R C Hawkins
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel Edward Harland
Cavalry Division (Right Grand Division, Potomac): Brigadier-General Alfred Pleasonton
1st Brigade, Cavalry Division (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Franklin Farnsworth
2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division (Potomac): Colonel Thomas Casimer Devin

Union Organisation

USA: Philip Henry Sheridan promoted Major-General USV 10 April 1863 to rank from 31 December 1862.

Sheridan, Philip Henry / New York-Ohio / Born 6 March 1831 Albany, New York / Died Nonquitt, Massachusetts 5 August 1888
USMA 1 July 1853 34/52 Infantry-Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1848 / 1st US Infantry 1 July 1853 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 22 November 1854 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 March 1861 / Captain USA 14 May 1861 / Assistant Quartermaster 25 December 1861 / Colonel USV 2nd Michigan Cavalry 27 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 30 September 1862 to rank from 1 July 1862 / Major-General USV 10 April 1863 to rank from 31 December 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 20 September 1864 / Major-General USA 14 November 1864 to rank from 8 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 8 November 1864 / Lieutenant-General USA 4 March 1869 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 1 November 1884-5 August 1888 / General USA 1 June 1888 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1853 / WIA Middle Cascade, Oregon Territory 28 March 1857
Assistant Quartermaster Army of the Southwest 25 December 1861-26 April 1862 / Assistant Quartermaster Army of the Mississippi 26 April 1862-27 May 1862 / 2nd Brigade Cavalry Army of the Mississippi 1 July 1862-4 September 1862 / 11th Division Army of the Ohio 4 September 1862-29 September 1862 / 11th Division III Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / 11th Division III Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-5 November 1862 / 3rd Division Right Wing XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-9 January 1863 / 3rd Division XX Corps Army of the Cumberland 9 January 1863-9 October 1863 / 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 10 October 1863-17 February 1864 / 2nd Division IV Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 February 1864-4 April 1864 / Cavalry Corps Potomac 4 April 1864-7 August 1864 / Middle Military Division 7 August 1864-27 February 1865 / Army of the Shenandoah 7 August 1864-18 October 1864 / Middle Military Division 21 September 1864 / Army of the Shenandoah 19 October 186422 April 1865 / Sheridan’s Cavalry Command Potomac 26 March 1865-6 May 1865 / Military Division of the Southwest 17 May 1865-27 June 1865 / Military Division of the Gulf 27 June 1865-6 August 1866 / Department of the Gulf 6 August 1866-11 March 1867 / Fifth Military District 11 March 1867-5 September 1867 / Department of the Missouri 19 August 1867-12 September 1867 / Department of the Missouri 2 March 1868-20 March 1869 / General-in-Chief 1 November 1883-5 August 1888

USA: Joshua Thomas Owen confirmed Brigadier-General USV December 31 1862 to rank from November 29 1862.

Owen, Joshua Thomas / Wales / Born 29 March 1821 Carmarthen, Wales / Died Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 7 November 1887
Private Pennsylvania Militia / Colonel USV 24th Pennsylvania Infantry 8 May 1861 / Mustered Out USV 10 August 1861 / Colonel USV Infantry 69th Pennsylvania 18 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 31 December 1862 to rank from 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 9 April 1863 to rank from 30 March 1863 / Discharged 18 July 1864

USA: Brigadier-General Joshua Woodrow Sill was killed at Stones River.

Sill, Joshua Woodrow / Ohio / Born 6 December 1831 Chillicothe, Ohio / KIA Stones River, Tennessee 31 December 1862
USMA 1 July 1853 3/52 Ordnance / Cadet USMA 1 July 1849 / Ordnance 1 July 1853 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 11 May 1854 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 July 1856 / Resigned USA 25 January 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General Ohio Militia April 1861 / Colonel USV 33rd Ohio Infantry 27 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1853
9th Brigade Army of the Ohio 30 November 1861-2 December 1861 / 9th Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Ohio 2 December 1861-10 August 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Ohio 10 August 1862-29 September 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-5 November 1862 / 1st Brigade 3rd Division Right Wing Corps Army of the Cumberland 5 November 1862-31 December 1862

USA: Brigadier-General Edward Needles Kirk was mortally wounded at Stones River.

Kirk, Edward Needles / Ohio / Born 29 February 1828 Jefferson, Ohio / DOW Chicago, Illinois 21 July 1863
Colonel USV 34th Illinois Infantry 7 September 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 29 November 1862 / WIA Shiloh 6 April 1862 MWIA Stones River 31 December 1862
5th Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Ohio 24 December 1861-29 December 1861 / 5th Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Ohio 8 January 1862-7 April 1862 / 5th Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Ohio 20 June 1862-29 September 1862 / 5th Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Ohio 29 September 1862-24 October 1862 / 5th Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 24 October 1862-19 December 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division I Corps Army of the Cumberland 19 December 1862-31 December 1862

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
        • Right Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
        • Left Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
        • Centre XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
    • District of La Fourche: Godfrey Weitzel
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas W Cahill
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: John Montgomery Glover
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Willis Arnold Gorman
    • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
    • Army of the Frontier: John McAllister Schofield
    • Army of Southeastern Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: Washington Lafayette Elliott temporary
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Central Kentucky: Gordon Granger
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Jonathan Cranor
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Western Virginia: Jacob Dolson Cox
      • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Eliakim Parker Scammon
    • Army of Kentucky: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Army of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Right Grand Division: Edwin Vose Sumner
        • II Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
        • IX Corps Potomac: Orlando Bolivar Willcox temporary
      • Left Grand Division Potomac: William Buel Franklin
        • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
        • VI Corps Potomac: William Farrar Smith
      • Centre Grand Division Potomac: Joseph Hooker
        • III Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
        • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • Reserve Grand Division Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary
    • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Memphis: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • District of Corinth: Charles Smith Hamilton
    • District of Jackson: Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
    • District of Columbus: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen August Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Charles Smith Hamilton
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Military District of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General (unconfirmed) James Edward Rains was killed at Stones River.

Rains, James Edwards / Tennessee / Born 10 April 1833 Nashville, Tennessee / KIA Stones River, Tennessee 31 December 1862
Private PACS 11th Tennessee Infantry April 1861 / Captain PACS 2 May 1861 / Colonel PACS 10 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 4 November 1862 Unconfirmed
2nd Brigade 1st Division Department of East Tennessee March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Department of East Tennessee 3 July 1862 / 2nd Brigade McCown’s Division II Corps Army of Tennessee December 1862-31 December 1862

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
      • Gulf District: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
        • II Corps Mississippi: Sterling Price
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: William Edmondson Jones
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
William Wallace Burns
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Philip Henry Sheridan

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Abram Duryée
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Ebenezer Dumont
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill KIA
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
John Milton Thayer
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Thomas Campbell
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson

Joshua Thomas Owen
James Barnes

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris

John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson

Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Robert Christie Buchanan
James Hewitt Ledlie
Wladimir Bonawentura Krzyzanowski
James Allen Hardie
Isham Nicolas Haynie
Frederick Shearer Stumbaugh
David Stuart
John Blair Smith Todd
Orlando Metcalfe Poe
Thomas Greely Stevenson

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Joseph Wheeler
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Elisha Franklin Paxton
Evander McNair
William George Mackey Davis
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
Roger Weightman Hanson
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close