1862 December 28th

December 28 1862 Sunday

Van Buren, AR

Chickasaw Bluffs, MS

Occoquan, VA

Sherman’s Yazoo River Expedition

Forrest’s First West Tennessee Raid

Morgan’s Second Kentucky Raid

Carter’s Upper Tennessee Valley Raid

Stones River Campaign

Stuart’s Fairfax Raid

Van Dorn’s Raid to Holly Springs

Grant’s Central Mississippi Campaign

USA. US Secretary of War Edwin McMasters Stanton suspended the formal prisoner exchange of officers, following disputes about the status of black troops and other matters. The Confederate authorities refused to exchange black prisoners of war on the same basis as white troops and insisted that they should be treated not as soldiers in uniform but as fugitive slaves to be returned to servitude.

Arkansas. Skirmish at Dripping (or Digging) Springs.

Van Buren, Arkansas. Union cavalry from Major-General James Gilpatrick Blunt’s Army of the Frontier made a forced march across the Arkansas River to attack the Confederate base at Van Buren. They destroyed three steamboats (Notre, Key West, and Rose Douglass). while the Confederates burned the steamers Eva and Arkansas to prevent capture. Considerable quantities of supplies gathered painstakingly over many months by Confederate Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman were also destroyed. This raid made it impossible for Hindman’s forces to remain in the area and he made another dispirited retreat with his survivors of the defeat at Prairie Grove, losing more and more deserters on the way. With fewer than 4,000 of his original 11,500 recruits still under arms, Hindman’s plans to send his troops to Little Rock were ruined. As a result, plans to transport them from Little Rock to reinforce Vicksburg also had to be abandoned.

Kentucky. Skirmish at Muldraugh’s Hill after Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan blew up a bridge near the birthplace of US President Abraham Lincoln, near Fort Knox.

Louisiana. Incident at Baton Rouge.

Louisiana. Confederate Major-General Franklin Gardner had arrived at Port Hudson on 27 December 1862. After taking command, he reorganised the defences at Port Hudson, concentrating the fields of fire of the heavy guns more effectively and setting up more earthworks using packed earth and sod rather than traditional gabions or sandbags. Lacking an adequate engineering staff, he promoted Private Henry Glinder, a former member of the Coast Survey, to 1st Lieutenant of Engineers as his main assistant. He increased the efficiency of supply and storage and built protected roads within the defences to speed the movement of troops.

Mississippi. Confederate Major-General Earl Van Dorn’s raiders returned in mid-afternoon to Grenada after their successful raid through Tennessee and northern Mississippi and their destruction of the Union supply depot at Holly Springs.

Mississippi. The Defences of Vicksburg was organised with the brigades of Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton, Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn, Brigadier-General John Gregg, Brigadier-General Edward Dorr Tracy, and Brigadier-General Stephen Dill Lee’s provisional Division (comprising provisional brigades under Colonel William T Withers and Brigadier-General Francis Asbury Shoup but currently under Colonel Allen Thomas. Major-General Martin Luther Smith was assigned to command this force as the primary defence of the fortress.

Chickasaw Bluffs, Mississippi, also known as Chickasaw Bayou or Walnut Hills. Several futile attempts were made by Union Major-General William Tecumseh’s Sherman’s expedition to get around the defences at Walnut Hills, which were defended by troops from Major-General Martin Luther Smith’s Defences of Vicksburg. The Union troops struggled to find their way in the almost trackless swamps and bayous, even constructing a bridge over the wrong bayou when attempting to build a route from Johnson’s Plantation to the centre of their front line. Eventually, objectives were identified and assigned to the various divisions.

Sherman intended that all of his four divisions should make an attack on the part of the Chickasaw Bluffs known as Walnut Hills, although the two main efforts were to be made half a mile apart by Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan’s division. The Union advance pushed in the Confederate pickets successfully but was held back at Fishing Lake and along Chickasaw Bayou by Confederate fire from the bluffs. Reconnaissance identified two crossing points at shallow areas over sandbars but they were blocked by abattis and screened by covering fire.

Union Major-General Frederick Steele’s division attempted to turn the Confederate right flank but was repulsed by Confederate artillery fire while they advanced on a narrow front. Union Major-General Morgan Lewis Smith was wounded by a sniper and had to give up his divisional command.

Missouri. Union evacuation of New Madrid.

Tennessee. Incident at Triune.

Tennessee. Union Brigadier-General Samuel Powhatan Carter fought a skirmish at Perkins’ Mill and Elk Fork.

Tennessee. Confederate Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s raiders ended their wrecking of the Nashville & Northwestern Railroad. They reached McKenzie and headed south across the swampy bottoms of the swollen Obion River, using an abandoned causeway to avoid the floods. Rather than aiming directly for the Tennessee River, he decided to move between the Union columns that were converging on his force and to escape pursuit by a confusing series of rapid movements and attacks. The sense of panic among his pursuers and local Union garrisons began to intensify as confusion grew.

At Columbus, Union Brigadier-General Thomas Alfred Davies had been alarmed by raiders approaching within ten miles of the fortified post. Rumours that 40,000 Confederates were heading for the town led him to spike the guns at New Madrid and Island No 10 and he began to load as much as possible of the $13 million worth of supplies steamboats at the Columbus wharf.

Downriver at Memphis, Union Major-General Stephen Augustus Hurlbut put the city under strict martial law. His garrison had been reduced to provide men for the Vicksburg expedition and he also feared for the security of the major base.

Meanwhile, Union Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant organised forces to help Brigadier-General Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan close in on Forrest’s raiders. One Union force left Fort Henry, while a second left Corinth. Sullivan abandoned his fruitless searches east of Jackson and began moving northwards. His two brigades were joined by the third which had remained to garrison Jackson. Sullivan expected the three-pronged advance to converge and trap Forrest within a day.

Tennessee. Confederate Colonel John Hunt Morgan and his raiders were passing close to Louisville when they encountered a Union force at Muldraugh’s Hill. A brief skirmish forced the Union troops to withdraw.

Tennessee. Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans and the Army of the Cumberland left Nashville with about 45,000 men to attack General Braxton Bragg’s Army of the Tennessee near Murfreesboro. The left column under Major-General Thomas Leonidas Crittenden’s Corps (14,500 men) advanced southeastwards parallel to the Nashville & Chattanooga railroad, passing through La Vergne and south of Smyrna. The centre wing of 16,000 men under Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook marched southwards along the Nolensville Turnpike to Nolensville, south to Triune, and then eastward to Murfreesboro. The right wing of 13,500 men under Major-General George Henry Thomas (less two divisions detached) moved south along the Wilson Turnpike and the Franklin Turnpike, parallel to the Nashville & Decatur Railroad, then eastward through Nolensville and along the same route used by Crittenden south of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. The separation of the three columns was designed to achieve a turning movement against Confederate Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps at Triune, about twenty miles west of Murfreesboro.

The Union march was detected immediately by Brigadier-General Joseph Wheeler’s Confederate cavalry and he attempted to delay and harass the advance. Confederate General Braxton Bragg decided to concentrate his army at Murfreesboro. Bragg ordered Hardee’s Corps to march back from Triune to Murfreesboro where Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk’s Corps of two divisions was already in position on the west bank of the river. A detached division from Hardee’s Corps under Major-General John Cabell Breckinridge already occupied the low hills east of the river. Confederate Brigadier-General John Porter McCown’s division was recalled from near Readyville, twelve miles to the east. None of the troops were ordered to construct field fortifications as Bragg expected a mobile campaign.

Virginia. Skirmish near Suffolk.

Virginia. Skirmishes at Annandale, Dumfries, and Fairfax Court House.

Virginia. Skirmish at Providence Church.

Virginia. USS Anacostia, Acting Master Nelson Provost, seized the schooner Exchange in the Rappahannock River.

Occoquan, Virginia. Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart decided to extend his raid north of the Rappahannock River with the hope of still being able to move north of the Occoquan. The Confederate cavalry skirmished several times with the 2nd Pennsylvania Cavalry and 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry between Bacon Race Church and Selectman’s Ford near Occoquan. The Confederates captured 100 men inflicted a further 20 casualties. Continuing their pursuit across the Occoquan, the 5th Virginia Cavalry under Colonel Thomas Lafayette Rosser, and two guns under Major John Pelham, overran the Union camps at Occoquan. Stuart reunited his three brigades and burned the stores that could not be removed. After dark, the column reached Burke’s Station on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad and prevented the telegraph operator from raising the alarm. Stuart’s own telegraph operator read messages directing the Union forces against him and then sent a humiliating message of his own devising to the Union Quartermaster-General in Washington, DC. The raid caused consternation and humiliation in equal measure to the Union forces trying to pursue Stuart’s raiders.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
        • Right Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
        • Left Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
        • Centre XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
    • District of La Fourche: Godfrey Weitzel
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas W Cahill
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: John Montgomery Glover
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Willis Arnold Gorman
    • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
    • Army of the Frontier: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Southeastern Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: Washington Lafayette Elliott temporary
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Central Kentucky: Gordon Granger
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Jonathan Cranor
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Western Virginia: Jacob Dolson Cox
      • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Eliakim Parker Scammon
    • Army of Kentucky: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Army of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Right Grand Division: Edwin Vose Sumner
        • II Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
        • IX Corps Potomac: Orlando Bolivar Willcox temporary
      • Left Grand Division Potomac: William Buel Franklin
        • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
        • VI Corps Potomac: William Farrar Smith
      • Centre Grand Division Potomac: Joseph Hooker
        • III Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
        • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • Reserve Grand Division Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary
    • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Memphis: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • District of Corinth: Charles Smith Hamilton
    • District of Jackson: Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
    • District of Columbus: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen August Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Charles Smith Hamilton
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Military District of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The District of Georgia was extended to include all of Georgia except for the defences of the Apalachicola River.

CSA: Brigadier-General Hugh Weedon Mercer assumed command of the District of Georgia, succeeding Brigadier-General Alexander Robert Lawton.

Mercer, Hugh Weedon / Virginia / Born 27 February 1808 Fredericksburg, Virginia / Died Baden-Baden, Germany 6 June 1877
USMA 1 July 1828 3/33 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1824 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1828 / 1st Lieutenant USA 10 October 1834 / Resigned USA 30 April 1835 / Colonel PACS 1st Georgia Infantry 13 April 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 29 October 1861 / Paroled Macon, Georgia 13 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1828
Second Sub-District of South Carolina 26 May 1862-18 July 1862 / District of Georgia 28 December 1862-17 June 1864 / Mercer’s Brigade W H T Walker’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 2 May 1864-22 July 1864 / W H T Walker’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 22 July 1864-224 July 1864 / Mercer’s Brigade Cleburne’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 24 July 1864-10 August 1864 / Mercer’s Brigade Reserve Forces of Georgia 10 August 1864-January 1865 / Mercer’s Brigade Reserve Forces of Georgia 2 March 1865-20 April 1865 / Mercer’s Brigade A R Wright’s Division Department of South Carolina Georgia and Florida January 1865-2 March 1865

CSA: The Defences of Vicksburg was established in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

CSA: Major-General Martin Luther Smith assumed command of the Defences of Vicksburg.

Smith, Martin Luther / New York-Florida / Born 9 September 1819 Danby, New York / Died Savannah, Georgia 29 July 1866
USMA 1 July 1842 16/56 Topographical Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1838 / Topographical Engineers 1 July 1842 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 November 1843 / 1st Lieutenant USA 3 March 1853 / Captain USA 1 July 1856 / Resigned USA 1 April 1861 / Major ACSA Engineers 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 21st Louisiana Infantry 30 January 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 19 March 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 / Major-General PACS 4 November 1862 / Chief of Engineer Bureau 9 March 1864-2 April 1864 / Paroled Athens, Georgia 8 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1842 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 30 May 1848 / CIA Vicksburg 4 July 1863 Exchanged February 1864
Smith’s Brigade District of Mississippi and East Louisiana May 1862-26 June 1862 / Third Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 26 June 1862-1 October 1862 / District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana 21 October 1862-1 December 1862 / 2nd Division Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana December 1862-April 1863 / 4th Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-4 July 1863 / Defences of Vicksburg 28 December 1862-4 July 1863 / Chief of Engineer Bureau CSA 9 March 1864-2 April 1864 / Chief Engineer Army of Northern Virginia 5 April 1864-20 July 1864 / Chief Engineer Army of Tennessee 20 July 1864-17 October 1864 / Chief Engineer Military Division of the West 17 October 1864-23 November 1864 / Chief Engineer District of the Gulf 23 November 1864-21 December 1864 / Chief Engineer Army of Tennessee 4 December 1864-26 April 1865

CSA: Major-General Franklin Gardner assumed command of District Three (Port Hudson) of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, succeeding Brigadier-General William Nelson Rector Beall.

Gardner, Franklin / New York / Born 29 January 1823 New York City, New York / Died Lafayette, Louisiana 29 April 1873
USMA 1 July 1843 17 /39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 12 September 1845 / 1st Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 13 September 1847 / Regt Adjutant 14 July 1847-16 November 1853 / Captain USA 10th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Dropped from Rolls USA 7 May 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 11 September 1861 / ADC (B Bragg) 6 April 1862 / Colonel PACS March 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 12 April 1862 to rank from 11 April 1862 / Major-General PACS 20 December 1862 to rank from 13 December 1862 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 11 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Captain USA 18 April 1847 / CIA Port Hudson 9 July 1863 Exchanged 13 October 1863
Cavalry Brigade Army of Mississippi 25 March 1862-29 March 1862 / Cavalry Western Department 18 April 1862-23 April 1862 / Cavalry Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 23 April 1862-June 1862 / 1st Brigade Reserve Corps Army of Mississippi June 1862-2 July 1862 / 1st Brigade Reserve Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 2 July 1862-2 November 1862 / 1st Brigade Withers’ Brigade Polk’s Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-28 December 1862 / District Three (East Louisiana) of Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 December 1862-2 September 1863 / Gulf District 27 April 1863-30 April 1863 / Gulf District 26 July 1864-15 August 1864 / District of Mississippi and East Louisiana 24 September 1864-15 January 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
      • Gulf District: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
        • II Corps Mississippi: Sterling Price
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
William Wallace Burns
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Abram Duryée
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Ebenezer Dumont
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
John Milton Thayer
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Thomas Campbell
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson

Joshua Thomas Owen
James Barnes

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris

John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson

Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Robert Christie Buchanan
James Hewitt Ledlie
Wladimir Bonawentura Krzyzanowski
James Allen Hardie
Isham Nicolas Haynie
Frederick Shearer Stumbaugh
David Stuart
John Blair Smith Todd
Orlando Metcalfe Poe
Thomas Greely Stevenson

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Joseph Wheeler
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Elisha Franklin Paxton
Evander McNair
William George Mackey Davis
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
Roger Weightman Hanson

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