1862 December 29th

December 29 1862 Monday

Battle of Chickasaw Bayou, MS (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

Sherman’s Yazoo River Expedition

Forrest’s First West Tennessee Raid

Morgan’s Second Kentucky Raid

Carter’s Upper Tennessee Valley Raid

Stuart’s Fairfax Raid

Stones River Campaign

Grant’s Central Mississippi Campaign

Arkansas. Expedition to Boston Mountains ended. Incident at Dripping Springs.

Arkansas. With the destruction of Confederate Major-General Thomas Carmichael Hindman’s supplies at Van Buren and the reduction of his army to a skeleton force, Lieutenant-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes reported that he would be unable to send any reinforcements to aid the defence of Vicksburg. He consolidated Hindman’s remnants with the remaining local forces to protect Little Rock and abandoned all plans for offensive operations west of the Mississippi.

District of Columbia. Union Brigadier-General John Newton and Brigadier-General John Cochrane visited President Abraham Lincoln to express their concerns about the state of command in the Army of the Potomac. They warned that the army had lost confidence in Major-General Ambrose Everett Burnside and disapproved of his plans to cross the Rappahannock River for another offensive operation. Lincoln telegraphed Burnside to cancel the proposed operation and the army returned to camps before beginning the advance.

Florida. USS Magnolia, Acting Master Potter, seized the blockade-running British sloop Flying Fish off the Tortugas.

Kentucky. Skirmishes at Boston, Hamilton’s Ford and Johnson’s Ferry. Confederate Brigadier-General John Hunt Morgan and his raiders captured a Union fort in the town of Boston. They continued onwards and encountered the 10th Kentucky Infantry (Union), commanded by Colonel John M Harlan, at Johnson’s Ferry and Hamilton’s Ford on the Rolling Fork Creek near Boston. After a brief skirmish, the Confederates forced the Union troops to withdraw.

Louisiana. Skirmish at Plaquemine involving Union cavalry.

Mississippi. A Confederate division under Major-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson, which was transferred from the Army of Tennessee, arrived near Vicksburg to raise the strength of the defending force to 25,000 men.

Chickasaw Bayou, Mississippi, also known as Chickasaw Bluffs or Walnut Hills. Union Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman ordered a frontal assault on Walnut Hills. He began an artillery bombardment of the strong Confederate defences to weaken them before a general advance by his four divisions. An artillery duel was conducted all along the line of battle for four hours but caused little damage. At 11 am the duel ceased and the Union infantry deployed. At noon they advanced with a cheer.

Union Colonel John F De Courcy’s brigade (3/3/XV) advanced in the centre to the foot of the bluffs but was stopped in its tracks. Brigadier-General Francis Preston Blair’s brigade (1/4/XV) of Major-General Frederick Steele’s division crossed the creek a mile to their left at the junction of Fishing Lake and Chickasaw Bayou but was halted at the base of the bluff by an artillery cross-fire. Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer’s brigade (3/4/XV) advanced on the right but got lost in the dense thickets and only the 4th Iowa Infantry was engaged, sustaining 112 casualties. The lone regiment had crossed water barriers and abattis and carried the advance rifle pits on the weight of sheer numbers, but met stiff resistance when they came against the main Confederate line. Their line began to crumble under heavy fire and survivors fell back across the bayou on a corduroy bridge. Sherman withdrew De Courcy’s and Blair’s brigades at 3 pm.

Sherman ordered another assault by the two divisions under Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith and Brigadier-General Morgan Lewis Smith. They advanced across Chickasaw Bayou to seize the Indian Mound in the centre of the Confederate line, which was defended by the brigades of Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton and Brigadier-General John Gregg. Skirmishers from the Union brigades of Colonel Giles Alexander Smith and Colonel Thomas Kilby Smith covered the bayou crossing, while the 6th Missouri Infantry of G A Smith’s brigade led the way with 20 pioneers, building a road on the far bank. Five attempts to carry the position at the fortified Indian Mound were repulsed. The 6th Missouri Infantry of Lieutenant-Colonel J H Blood crossed the bayou but was pinned down and could not escape from their predicament until nightfall. Confederate Brigadier-General Stephen Dill Lee ordered his men to make a counterattack against the stalled Union troops and they captured 332 Union forces and four battle flags.

On the far Union right, an attack by Colonel William Jennings Landram’s brigade (2/1/XV) was easily repulsed by the Confederates of Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn’s brigade. Difficult terrain deprived the attackers of artillery support and the undisturbed Confederate artillery was very effective from behind their prepared defences.

Sherman conferred with Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter and agreed that the long range naval gunfire support had so far achieved little effect. They decided to resume the attacks on the following day and Porter sent a boat to Memphis to obtain more ammunition.

Union losses were reported as 208 killed, 1,005 wounded and 563 missing from 30,720 men engaged; 724 of the casualties were sustained by De Courcy’s brigade and 603 by Blair’s brigade. Confederate losses were reported as 63 killed, 134 wounded and 10 missing from 13,792 engaged. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: CHICKASAW BAYOU, MS

Union Department of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
Army of the Tennessee: Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant
“Expeditionary Force, Army of Tennessee” XV Corps (Tennessee): Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman
1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Andrew Jackson Smith
1st Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Stephen Gano Burbridge
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel William J Landram
2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Morgan Lewis Smith, Brigadier-General David Stuart
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Giles A Smith
4th Brigade, 2nd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General David Stuart, Colonel Thomas Kilby Smith
3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General George Washington Morgan
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel Lionel A Sheldon
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Colonel John F De Courcy
4th Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Frederick Steele
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Francis Preston Blair
2nd Brigade, 4th Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General Charles Edward Hovey
3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XV Corps (Tennessee): Brigadier-General John Milton Thayer

Confederate Military Division of the West: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Lieutenant-General John Clifford Pemberton
Defences of Vicksburg: Major-General Martin Luther Smith
Barton’s Brigade, Vicksburg (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Seth Maxwell Barton
Vaughn’s Brigade, Vicksburg (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Crawford Vaughn
Gregg’s Brigade, Vicksburg (Mississippi): Brigadier-General John Gregg
Provisional Division, Vicksburg (Mississippi): Brigadier-General Stephen Dill Lee, Major-General Dabney Herndon Maury
Withers’ Provisional Brigade, Lee’s Division, Vicksburg (Mississippi): Colonel William T Withers
Allen’s Provisional Brigade, Lee’s Division, Vicksburg (Mississippi): Colonel Allen Thomas
Higgins’ Provisional Brigade, Lee’s Division, Vicksburg (Mississippi): Colonel Edward Higgins

Tennessee. Expedition to Murfreesboro ended.

Tennesses. Skirmish at Huntingdon involving Confederate brigadier-General nathan Bedford Forrest.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Lizzard between Triune and Murfreesboro.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Murfreesboro, Stewart’s Ferry, and Stewart’s Creek.

Tennessee. Skirmish at Wilkinson’s (or Wilkerson’s) Cross Roads.

Tennessee. Union Brigadier-General Samuel Powhatan Carter’s raiders passed through Moccasin Gap and captured a Confederate group on the Blountsville Road

Tennessee. Union Major-General John Alexander McClernand arrived at Memphis to take command of the expedition he had planned and collected to capture Vicksburg. He was furious when he discovered that the majority of his newly recruited troops had already departed to the Yazoo River on 19 December 1862 under the command of Major-General William Tecumseh Sherman.

Tennessee. Confederate Major-General Joseph Wheeler began a raid around the flank and rear of the Union Army of the Cumberland in middle Tennessee. Around midnight, about 2,000 troopers set out along the Lebanon Pike. After five miles they turned north towards Jefferson and captured a Union train of 20 wagons which they burned, and then headed onwards.

Tennessee. During the evening, Union Major-General William Starke Rosecrans and the Army of the Cumberland encountered the outposts of Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tennessee by Stones River near Murfreesboro. Murfreesboro was a small but important town and a former state capital. It was an area of strong Confederate sentiment located in a rich agricultural region from which Bragg planned to provision his army. It also offered a good position to block any potential Union advance towards Chattanooga. Bragg was reluctant to move any farther south to the more defensible Duck River Valley or to hold a line further north to Stewart’s Creek. Sensitive to political requirements, he chose positions in the relatively flat area northwest of the city, straddling Stones River. Portions of the area, particularly near the intersection of the Nashville Pike and the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, were characterised by small but dense cedar forests, in places almost impenetrable to passage on foot or mounted. Short limestone outcroppings separated by narrow cracks impeded the movement of wagons and artillery.

Parts of Confederate Lieutenant-General Leonidas Polk’s Corps had already been encamped in the area for a month. Lieutenant-General William Joseph Hardee’s Corps had begun to arrive from Triune during the previous day and Brigadier-General John Porter McCown’s division (detached from the Department of East Tennessee) also arrived from Readyville, twelve miles to the east. Bragg’s five infantry divisions concentrated at Murfreesboro while Rosecrans completed his slow four-day approach march from Nashville.

Virginia. Raid to Dumfries and Fairfax Court House ended. Incidents at Chantilly, Occoquan and Frying Pan.

Virginia. Confederate Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart continued his cavalry raid from Burke’s Station towards Fairfax Court House.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General John McAllister Schofield assumed command of the Army of the Frontier, succeeding Major-General James Gilpatrick Blunt.

Schofield, John McAllister / New York-Illinois / Born 29 September 1831 Gerry, New York / Died St Augustine, Florida 4 March 1906
USMA 1 July 1853 7/52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1849 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 31 August 1853 / 1st Lieutenant 3 March 1855 / ADC ( N Lyon) 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Infantry 26 April 1861 / Captain USA 14 May 1861 / Major USV 1st Missouri Artillery 26 June 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General 26 June 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 21 November 1861 / Brigadier-General Missouri Militia 26 November 1861 / Major-General Missouri Militia 8 October 1862 / Major-General USV 29 November 1862 Expired 4 March 1863 / Reappointed Major-General USV 12 May 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Brigadier-General USA 11 May 1865 to rank from 30 November 1864 / Mustered Out USV 1 September 1866 / Major-General USA 4 March 1869 / Superintendent of USMA 1 September 1876-21 June 1881 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 14 August 1888 / Lieutenant-General USA 5 February 1895 / Retired USA 29 September 1895 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet Major-General USA 13 March 1865 Medal of Honor 10 August 1861
Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the West 2 July 1861-10 August 1861 / District of St Louis 21 November 1861-10 April 1862 / District of Northern Missouri 26 December 1861-11 March 1862 / District of Missouri 1 June 1862-26 September 1862 / District of Southwest Missouri 24 September 1862-10 November 1862 / Army of Southwestern Missouri 1 October 1862-12 October 1862 / Army of the Frontier 12 October 1862-20 November 1862 / Army of the Frontier 29 December 1862-30 March 1863 / Department of the Missouri 13 May 1863-22 January 1864 / 3rd Division XIV Corps Army of the Cumberland 17 April 1863-10 May 1863 / District of Southwest Missouri 30 March 1863-24 May 1863 / Department of the Ohio 28 January 1864-8 November 1864 / Army of the Ohio 9 February 1864-25 May 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 9 April 1864-26 May 1864 / Army of the Ohio 28 May 1864-1 August 1865 / XXIII Corps Ohio 27 May 1864-14 September 1864 / XXIII Corps Ohio 22 October 1864-2 February 1865 / Department of North Carolina 30 January 1865-20 June 1865 / XXIII Corps North Carolina 9 February 1865-31 March 1865 / Department of the Potomac 6 August 1866-25 September 1866 / Department of the Potomac 26 October 1866-11 March 1867 / First Military District 11 March 1867-1 June 1868 / General-in-Chief USA 14 August 1888-29 September 1895

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Samuel Phillips Lee USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Acting Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Mississippi River Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commodore Andrew Allen Harwood USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
      • XIV Corps Cumberland: William Starke Rosecrans
        • Right Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Alexander McDowell McCook
        • Left Wing XIV Corps Cumberland: Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
        • Centre XIV Corps Cumberland: George Henry Thomas
      • Cavalry Corps Cumberland: David Sloane Stanley
  • Department of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • District of Pensacola: Neal S Dow
    • District of La Fourche: Godfrey Weitzel
    • Defences of New Orleans: Thomas W Cahill
    • Army of the Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
      • XIX Corps Gulf: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of the Missouri: Samuel Ryan Curtis
    • District of St Louis: vacant
    • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
    • District of Northeast Missouri: Lewis Merrill
    • District of Northwest Missouri: Willard Preble Hall
    • District of Central Missouri: Benjamin Franklin Loan
    • District of Rolla: John Montgomery Glover
    • District of Eastern Arkansas: Willis Arnold Gorman
    • District of Nebraska Territory: James Craig
    • District of Colorado Territory: John Milton Chivington
    • Army of the Frontier: John McAllister Schofield
    • Army of Southeastern Missouri: John Wynn Davidson
  • Middle Department: Robert Cumming Schenck
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: Robert Cumming Schenck
  • Department of New Mexico: James Henry Carleton
    • District of Arizona: Joseph Rodman West
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
    • XVIII Corps North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Northwest: Washington Lafayette Elliott temporary
    • 1st District Northwest: John Cook
    • District of Minnesota: Henry Hastings Sibley
    • District of Wisconsin: Washington Lafayette Elliott
  • Department of the Ohio: Horatio Gouverneur Wright
    • District of Central Kentucky: Gordon Granger
    • District of Eastern Kentucky: Jonathan Cranor
    • District of Western Kentucky: Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
    • District of Western Virginia: Jacob Dolson Cox
      • Sub-District of the Kanawha: Eliakim Parker Scammon
    • Army of Kentucky: Gordon Granger
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
    • Army of the Potomac: Ambrose Everett Burnside
      • Right Grand Division: Edwin Vose Sumner
        • II Corps Potomac: John Sedgwick
        • IX Corps Potomac: Orlando Bolivar Willcox temporary
      • Left Grand Division Potomac: William Buel Franklin
        • I Corps Potomac: John Fulton Reynolds
        • VI Corps Potomac: William Farrar Smith
      • Centre Grand Division Potomac: Joseph Hooker
        • III Corps Potomac: George Stoneman
        • V Corps Potomac: George Gordon Meade
      • Reserve Grand Division Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XI Corps Potomac: Franz Sigel
        • XII Corps Potomac: Henry Warner Slocum
  • Department of the South: John Milton Brannan temporary
    • X Corps South: John Milton Brannan
  • Department of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of Memphis: Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
    • District of Corinth: Charles Smith Hamilton
    • District of Jackson: Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
    • District of Columbus: Thomas Alfred Davies
    • Army of the Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • XIII Corps Tennessee: John Alexander McClernand
      • XV Corps Tennessee: William Tecumseh Sherman
      • XVI Corps Tennessee: Stephen August Hurlbut
        • Left Wing XVI Corps Tennessee: Charles Smith Hamilton
      • XVII Corps Tennessee: James Birdseye McPherson
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
  • Military District of Washington: Samuel Peter Heintzelman

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General William Edmondson Jones assumed temporary command of the Valley District, succeeding Major-General Daniel Harvey Hill.

Jones, William Edmondson / Virginia / Born 9 May 1824 Washington, Virginia / KIA Piedmont, Virginia 5 June 1864
USMA 1 July 1848 10 /38 Mounted Rifles / Cadet USMA 1 July 1844 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 30 November 1850 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 October 1854 / Resigned USA 26 January 1857 / Captain PACS 1st Virginia Cavalry May 1861 / Major Infantry Provisional Army of Virginia 9 May 1861 / Major PACS May 1861 / Colonel PACS August 1861 / 7th Virginia Cavalry September 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 6 December 1861 / 11th Virginia Cavalry 16 September 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 26 September 1862 to rank from 19 September 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1848 / WIA Orange Court House 2 August 1862
Cavalry Valley District March 1862 / 4th Brigade Cavalry Division Army of Northern Virginia 8 November 1862-9 September 1863 / Valley District 29 December 1862-28 May 1863 / Jones’ Brigade Hampton’s Division Cavalry Army of Northern Virginia 9 September 1863-9 October 1863 / Jones’ Brigade Ransom’s Division Trans-Allegheny Department October 1863-February 1864 / Jones’ Brigade Cavalry Division District of East Tennessee February 1864-May 1864 / Jones’ Brigade Cavalry Division Trans-Allegheny Department May 1864-5 June 1864 / Trans-Allegheny Department 23 May 1864-31 May 1864

CSA: John Adams promoted Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1863 to rank from 29 December 1862.

Adams, John / Tennessee / Born 1 July 1825 Nashville, Tennessee / KIA Franklin, Tennessee 30 November 1864
USMA 1 July 1846 25/59 Dragoons / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 6 December 1846 / 1st Lieutenant USA 9 October 1851 / Captain USA 30 November 1856 / Resigned USA 31 May 1861 / Captain ACSA Assistant Adjutant-General 16 March 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 27 August 1861 / Colonel PACS May 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1863 to rank from 29 December 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 16 March 1848
Cavalry Brigade Army of Mississippi July 1862 / District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana 5 January 1863-1 April 1863 / District Four of Mississippi and East Louisiana 1 April 1863-2 September 1863 / Adams’ Brigade Loring’s Division Army of Mississippi September 1863-28 January 1864 / Adams’ Brigade Loring’s Division Department of Alabama and East Mississippi January 1864-May 1864 / Adams’ Brigade Loring’s Division Army of Mississippi May 1864-23 June 1864 / Adams’ Brigade Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 23 June 1864-30 November 1864

CSA: William Hicks Jackson promoted Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1863 to rank from 29 December 1862.

Jackson, William Hicks / Tennessee / Born 1 October 1835 Paris, Tennessee / Died Nashville, Tennessee 30 March 1903
USMA 1 July 1856 38/49 Cavalry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1852 / US Mounted Rifles 1 July 1856 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 30 November 1856 / Resigned USA 16 May 1861 / 1st Lieutenant ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Captain PACS Tennessee Heavy Artillery July 1861 / Captain PACS 1st Tennessee Artillery 12 August 1861 / ADC (G J Pillow) 7 November 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st (7th) Tennessee Cavalry 1 April 1862 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 January 1863 to rank from 29 December 1862 / Paroled Columbus, Mississippi 18 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1856 / WIA Belmont 7 November 1861
Cavalry District of Mississippi 2 July 1862 / 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of West Tennessee 16 October 1862-March 1863 / Cavalry Corps Tennessee 8 May 1863-17 July 1863 / 2nd Division Cavalry Corps Army of Tennessee MARCH 1863 / Jackson’s Division cavalry Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 9 June 1863-August 1863 / Jackson’s Division S D Lee’s Cavalry Corps Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana August 1863-28 January 1864 / Jackson’s Division S D Lee’s Cavalry Corps Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 January 1864-4 May 1864 / Jackson’s Division Cavalry Army of Tennessee 26 July 1864-13 February 1865 / Jackson’s Division Forrest’s Cavalry Corps Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 13 February 1865-4 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: James Alexander Seddon

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Military Division of the West: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
      • District of the Tennessee: John Porter McCown
      • Gulf District: Simon Bolivar Buckner
      • Army of Tennessee: Braxton Bragg
        • I Corps Tennessee: Leonidas Polk
        • II Corps Tennessee: William Joseph Hardee
    • Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana: John Clifford Pemberton
      • District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • District Two of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Carter Littlepage Stevenson
      • District Three of Mississippi and East Louisiana: Franklin Gardner
      • Defences of Vicksburg: Martin Luther Smith
      • Army of Mississippi: John Clifford Pemberton
        • I Corps Mississippi: William Wing Loring temporary
        • II Corps Mississippi: Sterling Price
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
      • Sub-District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • I Corps Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • II Corps Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: William Edmondson Jones
  • Department of Richmond: Arnold Elzey
  • Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • District of Georgia: Hugh Weedon Mercer
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: James Heyward Trapier
    • District of East Florida: Joseph Finegan
    • District of Middle Florida: Thomas Howell Cobb
    • District of West Florida: John Horace Forney
  • Trans-Allegheny Department: Samuel Jones
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: John Bankhead Magruder
      • Western Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Henry Eustace McCulloch
        • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Eastern Sub-District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Southwest Army: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of West Louisiana: Richard Taylor
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
    • I Corps Trans-Mississippi: vacant

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker*
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Christopher Columbus Augur
Robert Cumming Schenck
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Gordon Granger
Charles Smith Hamilton
Jacob Dolson Cox
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Birdseye McPherson
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
George Stoneman
John Fulton Reynolds
George Gordon Meade
Oliver Otis Howard
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Robert Huston Milroy
Daniel Butterfield
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Sykes
William Henry French
David Sloane Stanley
James Scott Negley
John McAllister Schofield
John McAuley Palmer
Frederick Steele
Abner Doubleday
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
Hiram Gregory Berry
Richard James Oglesby
John Alexander Logan
James Gilpatrick Blunt
George Lucas Hartsuff
William Wallace Burns
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
Francis Preston Blair
Joseph Jones Reynolds

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)
(Joseph Hooker)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
Abram Duryée
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Ebenezer Dumont
Willis Arnold Gorman
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
George Wright
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
John Porter Hatch
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
William Scott Ketchum
John Wynn Davidson
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
John Curtis Caldwell
Neal Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
Erastus Barnard Tyler
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Salomon
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
John Reese Kenly
John Potts Slough
Godfrey Weitzel
Gabriel René Paul
George Crook
Thomas Leiper Kane
Gershom Mott
Edward Ferrero
Francis Laurens Vinton
Henry Jackson Hunt
Francis Channing Barlow
Mason Brayman
Nathaniel James Jackson
George Washington Getty
Alfred Sully
Gouverneur Kemble Warren
William Woods Averell
Alexander Hays
Henry Hastings Sibley
Calvin Edward Pratt
Francis Barretto Spinola
John Henry Hobart Ward
John Milton Thayer
Solomon Meredith
James Bowen
Eliakim Parker Scammon
Robert Seaman Granger
Joseph Rodman West
Joseph Warren Revere
Alfred Washington Ellet
George Leonard Andrews
Clinton Bowen Fisk
William Hays
Israel Vogdes
David Allen Russell
Lewis Cass Hunt
Frank Wheaton
John Sanford Mason
David McMurtrie Gregg
Robert Ogden Tyler
Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert
William Haines Lytle
Gilman Marston
William Dwight
Sullivan Amory Meredith
Edward Needles Kirk
Nathaniel Collins McLean
William Vandever
Alexander Schimmelfennig
Charles Thomas Campbell
Charles Kinnaird Graham
John Eugene Smith
Joseph Tarr Copeland
Charles Adam Heckman
Stephen Gardner Champlin
Edward Elmer Potter
Thomas Algeo Rowley
Henry Beebee Carrington
John Haskell King
Adam Jacoby Slemmer
Thomas Hewson Neill
Thomas Gamble Pitcher
Thomas William Sweeny
William Passmore Carlin
Romeyn Beck Ayres
William Babcock Hazen
James St Clair Morton
Joseph Anthony Mower
Richard Arnold
Edward Winslow Hinks
George Crockett Strong
Michael Kelly Lawler
George Day Wagner
Lysander Cutler
Joseph Farmer Knipe
John Dunlap Stevenson

Joshua Thomas Owen
James Barnes

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Edward Harland
Samuel Kosciuszko Zook
Samuel Beatty
Isaac Jones Wistar
Franklin Stillman Nickerson
Edward Henry Hobson
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
Joseph Dana Webster
William Ward Orme
William Harrow
William Hopkins Morris

John Beatty
Thomas Howard Ruger
Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom
Elias Smith Dennis
Thomas Church Haskell Smith
Mortimer Dormer Leggett
Davis Tillson

Hector Tyndale
Charles Cleveland Dodge
Albert Lindley Lee
Charles Leopold Matthies
Marcellus Monroe Crocker
Egbert Benson Brown
John McNeil
George Francis McGinnis
George Washington Deitzler
Hugh Boyle Ewing
James Winning McMillan
Robert Christie Buchanan
James Hewitt Ledlie
Wladimir Bonawentura Krzyzanowski
James Allen Hardie
Isham Nicolas Haynie
Frederick Shearer Stumbaugh
David Stuart
John Blair Smith Todd
Orlando Metcalfe Poe
Thomas Greely Stevenson

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Lieutenant-General PACS

James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
Leonidas Polk
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
John Clifford Pemberton

Major-General PACS

Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Samuel Gibbs French
David Rumph Jones
George Edward Pickett
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
John Bell Hood
John Horace Forney
Dabney Herndon Maury
Martin Luther Smith
John George Walker
Arnold Elzey
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Franklin Gardner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Daniel Smith Donelson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Robert Augustus Toombs
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Edward Johnson
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John King Jackson
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy
Matthew Duncan Ector
Edward Aylesworth Perry
John Gregg
John Calvin Brown
Alfred Holt Colquitt
Junius Daniel
Abraham Buford
William Steele
James Fleming Fagan
William Read Scurry
Francis Asbury Shoup
Joseph Robert Davis
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
William Edmondson Jones
William Edwin Baldwin
John Crawford Vaughn
Evander McIvor Law
William Brimage Bate
Elkanah Brackin Greer
Francis Redding Tillou Nicholls
Preston Smith
Alfred Cumming
William Stephen Walker
Joseph Wheeler
George Pierce Doles
Carnot Posey
Montgomery Dent Corse
George Thomas Anderson
Alfred Iverson
James Henry Lane
Edward Lloyd Thomas
Stephen Dodson Ramseur
John Rogers Cooke
Jerome Bonaparte Robertson
Elisha Franklin Paxton
Evander McNair
William George Mackey Davis
Archibald Gracie
William Robertson Boggs
James Camp Tappan
Dandridge McRae
Mosby Monroe Parsons
Stephen Dill Lee
John Pegram
John Sappington Marmaduke
John Austin Wharton
William Thompson Martin
John Hunt Morgan
Marcus Joseph Wright
Zachariah Cantey Deas
Lucius Eugene Polk
Edward Cary Walthall
Roger Weightman Hanson
John Adams
William Hicks Jackson

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