1862 August 16th

August 16 1862 Saturday

Battle of Lone Jack, MO (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Smith’s Invasion of Kentucky

USA. Union Brigadier-General Charles Pomeroy Stone was released from prison after serving 189 days of servitude for falsely accused offences arising from the scandalous defeat at Ball’s Bluff.

Alabama. Union Major-General Don Carlos Buell received word that 15,000 Confederate troops were heading to attack Nashville from the direction of Knoxville. Buell sent for the two divisions of reinforcements promised from the army of Major-General Ulysses Simpson Grant and sent Major-General William Nelson to Kentucky to raise and train new forces to defend his lines of communications and to suppress the persistent Confederate raiders.

Arkansas. A Union naval expedition left Helena for the Mississippi River and Yazoo River. Lieutenant-Commander Samuel L Phelps USN led a fleet including USS Mound City, USS Benton, USS General Bragg, and the rams USS Monarch, USS Samson, USS Lioness, and USS Switzerland, under Colonel Alfred Washington Ellet. The fleet convoyed troops under Colonel Charles Robert Woods for a joint expedition up the Mississippi from Helena as far as the Yazoo River. The force was to be landed at various points en route to raid and disrupt Confederate riverside installations.

Kansas. The Union Army of Kansas of Brigadier-General James Gilpatrick Blunt was established with three brigades. These were led by Brigadier-General Frederick C Salomon, Colonel William Weer, and Colonel William F Cloud.

Kentucky. Beriah Magoffin, US Governor of Kentucky since 1859, resigned his post.

Louisiana. Incident at Milliken’s Bend.

Mississippi. Skirmish at Horn Lake Creek with Confederate guerrillas.

Lone Jack, Missouri. Confederate Colonel Vard Cockrell planned to deploy as many as 3,000 guerrillas and recruits clandestinely against the Union troops of Major Emory Foster at Lone Jack. Guerrillas under De Witt C Hunter, Lieutenant-Colonel Sydney D Jackman, and Lieutenant-Colonel Tracy met in a field to the west of town well before sunrise to await the opening of the fight. Upton Hays was to initiate the battle with a mounted attack from the north as daylight approached whereupon the others would launch a surprise flank attack. Hays did not attack as early as planned. As daylight broke, Foster’s pickets became aware of Hays’ advance, allowing them a brief opportunity to deploy and spoiling the element of surprise. When sunrise exposed them to view, Jackman, Hunter, and Tracy attacked but were held in check. Hays then performed a dismounted attack from the north. Together his force and Tracy’s crumpled the Union right flank, forcing the 7th Missouri Cavalry (commanded by Captain Milton H Brawner) back onto the artillery line. The Union gunners began a desperate fight. Union Captain Long’s 2nd Battalion Missouri State Militia Cavalry was concealed behind a hedgerow of Osage orange trees and poured a cross-fire on the Confederates, repulsing them temporarily. On the other side of the field, Hunter’s force was stalled by three companies of Captain Plumb’s 6th Missouri State Militia Cavalry. A mounted force (possibly Colonel J T Coffee’s) approached on Hunter’s flank and he mistook them for Union troops. The mounted men attacked but were surprised and repulsed by fire from Captain Slocum’s company of the 7th Missouri State Militia Cavalry behind another Osage orange hedge. Hunter, now short of ammunition, abandoned the field for the ammunition train, exposing Jackman’s flank. Jackman was also short of ammunition and retired as well. Tracy’s and Hays’ commands renewed their attack to the north, eventually displacing the Indiana battery. With no remaining Confederate threat to the south Captain Plumb counterattacked to the north reclaiming the artillery. Jackman and Hunter’s men returned to the field with replenished ammunition. Hays attempted to counter-attack but a counter-charge by Plumb forced him to retreat. The fighting broke down into a war of attrition between Confederates on the western side of the street, Union men on the right with their artillery in the middle. The guns changed hands several times until Foster recaptured them a final time, being severely wounded in the process.

After five hours of fighting and the loss of Foster, Confederate Colonel Coffee and his 800 men reappeared north of town causing Foster’s successor, Captain Milton H Brawner, to order a retreat. The men left the field in good order and returned to Lexington. The guns were hastily spiked or disabled and hidden before the Union troops departed. Cockrell succeeded in locating the two guns and removed them back to Arkansas. One gun was later credited with firing the shot that disabled the Queen City on the White River. The Confederate recruits gained a substantial quantity of much-needed firearms since as many as half of their recruits were initially unarmed. Captain Brawner reported Union losses as 43 killed, 154 wounded, and 75 missing or captured but this was almost certainly too low. At least 55 Confederates were killed. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Tennessee. Incidents at Cumberland Gap, Rogers’ Gap and Merryweather’s Ferry.

Tennessee. The Confederate Army of Kentucky was established under Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith in eastern Tennessee. He led four divisions under Brigadier-General Carter Littlepage Stevenson, Brigadier-General Henry Heth, Brigadier-General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, and Brigadier-General Thomas James Churchill. A cavalry contingent was commanded by Colonel John Hunt Morgan.The army passed over the Cumberland Mountains and crossed into Kentucky.

Texas. A Union naval force, comprising USS Sachem, USS Reindeer, USS Belle Italia, and the yacht Corypheus, all under the command of Acting Lieutenant John W Kittredge, began a bombardment of Corpus Christi.

Virginia. Expedition from Fredericksburg to Port Royal ended.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Louisa Court House by Confederate Brigadier-General Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry brigade began.

Virginia. Incident at Wire Bridge.

Virginia. The Union Army of the Potomac completed its evacuation of the fortified camp at Harrison’s Landing and the final rearguards crossed the Chickahominy River on their way to Yorktown and Fort Monroe.

Virginia. Aware that Major-General George Brinton McClellan’s Union Army of the Potomac was being transported by sea from the James River to join Major-General John Pope’s army at Culpeper, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee decided to seize the initiative against Pope. He devised a plan to use Clark’s Mountain to shield the concentration of his army and to attack Pope’s eastern flank. This would cut Pope from the main route along which reinforcements from McClellan’s army were expected to come, and also cut his direct communications with Washington, DC. A cavalry brigade was ordered to cross upstream in the darkness to destroy the bridge at Rappahannock Station and sever the railroad. That would be the prelude for a general advance that would trap the Union Army of Virginia between the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers. Confederate Major-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson proposed an immediate advance but Major-General James Longstreet advised a day to wait for the army’s logistics to be improved and for the staff to plan the operation more thoroughly. Lee agreed to the delay as his cavalry had not yet arrived to carry out the raid into the enemy’s rear. The Confederate army moved up to defensive positions along the Rapidan River with orders to cross at dawn the following day.

ORDER OF BATTLE: UNION ARMY OF VIRGINIA

Union Army of Virginia: Major-General John Pope
I Corps (Virginia): Major-General Franz Sigel
1st Division, I Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Robert Cumming Schenck
1st Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Julius Stahel
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, I Corps (Virginia): Colonel Nathaniel C McLean
2nd Division, I Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Adolph Wilhelm August Freidrich von Steinwehr
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps (Virginia): Colonel J A Koltes
3rd Division, I Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Carl Schurz
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Henry Bohlen
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps (Virginia): Colonel Wladmir Krzyzanowski
Independent Brigade, I Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Robert Huston Milroy
Cavalry Brigade, I Corps (Virginia): Colonel J Beardsley
II Corps (Virginia): Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
1st Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Alpheus Starkey Williams
1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Samuel Wylie Crawford
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Henry Gordon
2nd Division, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Sears Greene
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Virginia): Colonel Charles Candy
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Virginia): Colonel M Schlaudecker
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps (Virginia): Colonel J A Tait
Cavalry Brigade, II Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General John Buford
III Corps (Virginia): Major-General Irvin McDowell
1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Rufus King
1st Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General John Porter Hatch
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Abner Doubleday
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Marsena Rudolph Patrick
4th Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General John Gibbon
2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General James Brewerton Ricketts
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Abram Duryée
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Zealous Bates Tower
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Lucas Hartsuff
4th Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Colonel Samuel S Carroll
Cavalry Brigade, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Dashiell Bayard
3rd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General John Fulton Reynolds
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General George Gordon Meade
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Truman Seymour
3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, III Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Conrad Feger Jackson
Reserve Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Samuel Davis Sturgis
Piatt’s Brigade, Reserve Corps (Virginia): Brigadier-General Abram Sanders Piatt 

Attached from Army of the Potomac:
III Corps (Potomac): Major-General Samuel Peter Heintzelman

1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Major-General Philip Kearny
1st Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General John Cleveland Robinson
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General David Bell Birney
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Orlando M Poe
2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Major-General Joseph Hooker
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Cuvier Grover
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Nelson Taylor
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps (Potomac): Colonel Joseph B Carr
V Corps (Potomac): Major-General Fitz John Porter
1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Major-General George Webb Morell
1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel C W Roberts
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Charles Griffin
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Daniel Butterfield
2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Sykes
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel Roberht C Buchanan
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Lieutenant-Colonel W Chapman
3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, V Corps (Potomac): Colonel Gouverneur Kemble Warren
1st Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General George Washington Taylor
1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Brigadier-General Isaac Ingalls Stevens
1st Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel Benjamin C Christ
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel Daniel Leasure
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel A Farnsworth
2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Major-General Jesse Lee Reno
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel J Nagle
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps (Potomac): Colonel Edward Ferrero
Kanawha Division, IX Corps (attached): Detachment

Union Organisation

USA: The Army of Kansas was established in the Department of Kansas.

USA: Brigadier-General James Gilpatrick Blunt assumed command of the Army of Kansas.

Blunt, James Gilpatrick / Maine / Born 21 July 1826 Trenton, Maine / Died Washington, District of Columbia 27 July 1881
Colonel Kansas Militia 1856 / Private Kansas Infantry / Lieutenant-Colonel 3rd Kansas Infantry July 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 14 April 1862 to rank from 8 April 1862 / Major-General USV 16 March 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 / Mustered Out USV 29 July 1865
Department of Kansas 2 May 1862-19 September 1862 / Army of Kansas 16 August 1862-19 September 1862 / Kansas Division Army of the Border 19 September 1862-12 October 1862 / 1st Division Army of the Frontier 12 October 1862-20 November 1862 / District of Kansas 2 November 1862-9 June 1863 / Army of the Frontier 20 November 1862-29 December 1862 / District of the Frontier 9 June 1863-6 January 1864 / District of the Frontier Arkansas 6 January 1864-22 February 1864 / District of the Frontier 23 February 1864-17 April 1864 / District of the Upper Arkansas 2 August 1864-14 October 1864 / District of South Kansas 10 October 1864-31 October 1864 / 1st Division Army of the Border 14 October 1864-8 November 1864 / District of South Kansas 22 November 1864-3 June 1865

USA: IV Corps (Potomac) was transferred from the Army of the Potomac to the Department of Virginia.

USA: Major-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes retained command of IV Corps (Virginia).

Keyes, Erasmus Darwin / Massachusetts-Maine / Born 29 May 1810 Brimfield, Massachusetts / Died Nice, France 14 October 1895
USMA 1 July 1832 10/45 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1828 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant 1 August 1833 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 September 1836 / ADC (W Scott) 1837-1841 / Captain USA Assistant Adjutant-General 7 July 1838-16 November 1838 / Captain USA 3rd US Artillery 30 November 1841 / Major USA 1st US Artillery 12 October 1858 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Military Secretary (W Scott) 1 January 1860-12 April 1861 / Colonel USA 11th US Infantry 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Major-General USV 16 July 1862 to rank from 4 July 1862 re-dated 10 March 1863 to rank from 5 May 1862 / Resigned USV 6 May 1864 / Resigned USA 6 May 1864 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1832 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 31 May 1862
Keyes’ Brigade 1st Division Army of Northeastern Virginia 1 July 1861-20 August 1861 / Keyes’ Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 August 1861-2 October 1861 / 1st Brigade McDowell’s Division Army of the Potomac 3 October 1861-9 November 1861 / Keyes’ Division Army of the Potomac 9 November 1861-13 March 1862 / IV Corps Potomac 3 March 1862-16 August 1862 / IV Corps Virginia 16 August 1862-1 August 1863 / Department of Virginia 6 April 1863-15 July 1863 / Keyes’ Division VII Corps Department of Virginia 14 April 1863-18 July 1863 / IV Corps Virginia and North Carolina 15 July 1863-31 July 1863

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Edwin McMasters Stanton

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • North Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • South Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Samuel Francis Du Pont USN
  • West Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut USN
  • East Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer James L Lardner USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Rear Admiral Charles H Bell USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Charles Henry Davis USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Lieutenant-Commander Samuel Magaw USN

General–in-Chief: Henry Wager Halleck

  • Department (Military Division) of the Mississippi : Henry Wager Halleck
    • Department of the Missouri: Henry Wager Halleck
      • District of Missouri: John McAllister Schofield
      • District of Southwest Missouri: Egbert Benson Brown
        • Army of the Southwest: Samuel Ryan Curtis
      • District of Northwest Missouri: vacant
    • District of Corinth: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Army of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
    • District of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Sub-District of Jackson: John Alexander McClernand
      • Army of West Tennessee: Ulysses Simpson Grant
      • Army of the Mississippi: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of Cairo: James Madison Tuttle
  • Department of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
    • District of Pensacola: Lewis Golding Arnold
    • Army of the Gulf: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
    • Army of Kansas: James Gilpatrick Blunt
  • Middle Department: John Ellis Wool
    • District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland: Henry Hayes Lockwood
    • VIII Corps Middle: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan
  • Department of North Carolina: John Gray Foster
  • Department of the Pacific: George Wright
    • District of the Humboldt: Francis James Lippitt
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Alvord
    • District of Southern California: George Washington Bowie
    • District of Utah: Patrick Edward Connor
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
      • II Corps Potomac: Edwin Vose Sumner
      • III Corps Potomac: Samuel Peter Heintzelman
      • V Corps Potomac: Fitz John Porter
      • VI Corps Potomac: William Buel Franklin
  • Department of the South: David Hunter
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IV Corps Virginia: Erasmus Darwin Keyes
    • VII Corps Virginia: John Adams Dix
    • IX Corps Virginia: Ambrose Everett Burnside
  • District of the Ohio: Don Carlos Buell
  • Military District of Washington: James Samuel Wadsworth
  • Army of Virginia: John Pope
    • I Corps Virginia: Franz Sigel
    • II Corps Virginia: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
    • III Corps Virginia: Irvin McDowell

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Army of East Tennessee was discontinued and its forces assigned to the Army of Kentucky.

CSA: The Army of Kentucky was established in the Department of East Tennessee, comprising forces in Kentucky and eastern Tennessee.

CSA: Major-General Edmund Kirby Smith assumed command of the Army of Kentucky.

Smith, Edmund Kirby / Florida / Born 16 May 1824 St Augustine, Florida / Died Sewanee, Tennessee 28 March 1893
USMA 1 July 1845 25/41 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1841 / 5th US Infantry 1 July 1845 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 22 August 1846 / 1st Lieutenant 9 March 1851 / Captain USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Major USA 31 January 1861 / Resigned USA 6 April 1861 / Major ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Assistant Adjutant-General June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 17 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 13 October 1861 to rank from 11 October 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 to rank from 9 October 1862 / General PACS 19 February 1864 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1845 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 18 April 1847 Brevet Captain USA 20 August 1847 / WIA Old Fort Atchison, Texas 13 May 1859 WIA First Bull Run 21 July 1861 CIA Texas 26 May 1865
Assistant Adjutant-General Army of the Shenandoah June 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the Shenandoah June 1861-20 July 1861 / 4th Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-21 July 1861 / Department of Middle and East Florida 10 October 1861-21 October 1861 / 4th Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-5 February 1862 / 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-21 February 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 25 February 1862-31 August 1862 / Army of East Tennessee 9 March 1862-25 August 1862 / Army of Kentucky 16 August 1862-20 November 1862 / III (Smith’s) Corps Mississippi 13 October 1862-20 November 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 20 October 1862-11 November 1862 / III Corps Tennessee 20 November 1862-23 December 1862 / Department of East Tennessee 23 December 1862-3 February 1863 / Trans-Mississippi Department 14 January 1863-19 April 1865 / Southwest Army 14 January 1863-8 February 1863 / Trans-Mississippi Army 9 February 1863-19 April 1865 / Trans-Mississippi Department 22 April 1865-26 May 1865 / Trans-Mississippi Army 22 April 1865-26 May 1865

CSA: Jones Mitchell Withers confirmed Major-General PACS 16 August 1862 to rank from 6 April 1862.

Withers, Jones Mitchell / Alabama / Born 12 January 1814 Madison, Alabama / Died Mobile, Alabama 13 March 1890
USMA 1 July 1835 44/56 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1831 / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1835 / Resigned USA 5 December 1835 / Alabama Militia 1836 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA Infantry 3 March 1847 / 13th US Infantry 9 April 1847 / Colonel USA 13 September 1847 / Resigned USA 23 May 1848 / Colonel PACS 3rd Alabama Infantry 28 April 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 10 July 1861 / Major-General PACS 6 April 1862 / Resigned PACS 13 July 1863 / Reappointed Major-General PACS 21 July 1863 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 11 May 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1835
Department of Norfolk 23 May 1861-26 May 1861 / District of Alabama 12 September 1861-27 January 1862 / Army of Mobile 27 January 1862-5 February 1862 / 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi 29 March 1862-30 June 1862 / Reserve Corps Mississippi 30 June 1862-20 November 1862 / Withers’ Division Right Wing Army of Mississippi 18 August 1862-20 November 1862 / 2nd Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-13 August 1863 / District of Northern Alabama 6 February 1864-27 July 1864 / Reserve Forces of Alabama 30 April 1864-4 May 1865

CSA: Simon Bolivar Buckner promoted Major-General PACS 16 August 1862.

Buckner, Simon Bolivar / Kentucky / Born 1 April 1823 Munfordville, Kentucky / Died Munfordville, Kentucky 8 January 1914
USMA 1 July 1844 11/25 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1840 / 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1844 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 6th US Infantry 9 May 1846 / Regt Quartermaster 8 August 1847-17 December 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 31 December 1851 / Captain USA Assistant Commissary of Subsistence 3 November 1852 / Resigned USA 26 March 1855 / Major Illinois Militia / Colonel Adjutant-General Illinois Militia 3 April 1857 / Captain Kentucky Militia 1858 / Inspector-General Kentucky State Guard 1860 / Major-General Adjutant-General Kentucky Militia 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 14 September 1861 / Major-General PACS 16 August 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 17 January 1865 to rank from 20 September 1864 / Paroled Shreveport, Louisiana 9 June 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1844 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Captain USA 8 September 1847 / WIA Churubusco 20 August 1847 CIA Fort Donelson 16 February 1862 Exchanged 15 August 1862
Army of Central Kentucky 18 September 1861-28 October 1861 / 2nd Division Army of central Kentucky 28 October 1861-16 February 1862 / 3rd Division Army of Mississippi September 1862-20 November 1862 / 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 20 November 1862-14 December 1862 / Gulf District 14 December 1862-27 April 1863 / Department of East Tennessee 27 April 1863-26 June 1863 / III Corps Tennessee 23 July 1863-31 October 1863 / District of East Tennessee 25 July 1863-2 September 1863 / Buckner’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Department of East Tennessee November 1863-December 1863 / Buckner’s Division Longstreet’s Corps Department of East Tennessee 25 February 1864-8 March 1864 / District of East Tennessee 8 March 1864-18 March 1864 /Field’s Division Department of East Tennessee 31 March 1864-12 April 1864 District of East Tennessee 7 April 1864-2 May 1864 / I Corps Trans-Mississippi 4 August 1864-19 April 1865 / District of West Louisiana 4 August 1864-19 April 1865 / Trans-Mississippi Department 19 April 1865-22 April 1865 / Trans-Mississippi Army 19 April 1865-22 April 1865 / District of Arkansas and West Louisiana 19 April 1865-26 May 1865 / Chief of Staff Trans-Mississippi Department 9 May 1865-9 June 1865

CSA: Edward Dorr Tracy promoted Brigadier-General PACS 16 August 1862.

Tracy, Edward Dorr / Georgia-Alabama / Born 5 November 1833 Macon, Georgia / KIA Port Gibson, Mississippi 1 May 1863
Captain 4th Alabama Militia January 1861 / Brigadier-General Louisiana Militia 1 April 1861 / Major PACS 12th Alabama Infantry 17 July 1861 Declined / Lieutenant-Colonel PACS 19th Alabama Infantry 12 October 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 16 August 1862
1st Brigade 3rd Division Department of East Tennessee 29 June 1862-31 October 1862 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Department of East Tennessee 31 October 1862-December 1862 / 2nd Brigade Stevenson’s Division Second District of Mississippi and East Louisiana January 1863-April 1863 / 2nd Brigade Stevenson’s Division Army of Mississippi April 1863-1 May 1863

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: George Wythe Randolph

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Vacant

  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: Joseph Finegan
  • Department of East Tennessee: Edmund Kirby Smith
    • Army of Kentucky: Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of North Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Cape Fear: William Henry Chase Whiting
    • District of Pamlico: Robert Ransom temporary
    • District of Roanoke Island: Henry Marchmore Shaw
  • Department of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
    • District of Aquia: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of Northern Virginia: Robert Edward Lee
      • Longstreet’s Right Wing Northern Virginia: James Longstreet
      • Jackson’s Left Wing Northern Virginia: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina and Georgia: John Clifford Pemberton
    • District of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton
    • District of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
      • 1st Sub-District of South Carolina: Arthur Middleton Manigault.
      • 2nd Sub-District of South Carolina: Johnson Hagood
      • 3rd Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
      • 4th Sub-District of South Carolina: William Stephen Walker
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
    • District of Abingdon: Humphrey Marshall
  • Trans-Mississippi Department: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • District of Arkansas: Thomas Carmichael Hindman
    • District of Eastern Texas and Western Louisiana: Paul Octave Hébert
      • Sub-District of Houston: Xavier Blanchard Debray
    • Western District of Texas: Henry Eustace McCulloch
      • Eastern Sub-District of Western Texas: Xavier Blanchard Debray
      • Sub-District of the Rio Grande: Hamilton Prioleau Bee
    • Trans-Mississippi District: Vacant
    • District of Arizona: Henry Hopkins Sibley
    • District of Indian Territory: Douglas Hancock Cooper
    • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn
  • Western Department: Braxton Bragg
    • District of the Mississippi: Earl Van Dorn
    • District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Earl Van Dorn
      • 1st Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Daniel Ruggles
      • 2nd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: William Nelson Rector Beall
      • 3rd Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana: Martin Luther Smith
    • District of the Tennessee: Sterling Price
    • Gulf District: John Horace Forney
    • Army of Mississippi: Braxton Bragg
      • Right Wing Mississippi: Leonidas Polk
      • Left Wing Mississippi: William Joseph Hardee
      • Reserve Corps Mississippi: Jones Mitchell Withers
    • Army of the West: Sterling Price
  • Forces in Richmond: Gustavus Woodson Smith

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck
John Ellis Wool

Major-General USV

Asterisk indicates concurrently Brigadier-General USA

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan
Ethan Allen Hitchcock
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Irvin McDowell*
Ambrose Everett Burnside
William Starke Rosecrans*
Don Carlos Buell
John Pope*
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Franz Sigel
John Alexander McClernand
Charles Ferguson Smith
Lewis Wallace
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
Cassius Marcellus Clay
George Henry Thomas
George Cadwalader
William Tecumseh Sherman
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
Edwin Vose Sumner*
Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Joseph Hooker
Silas Casey
Fitz John Porter
William Buel Franklin
Darius Nash Couch
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Philip Kearny
Israel Bush Richardson
Henry Warner Slocum
John James Peck
John Sedgwick
William Farrar Smith
Alexander McDowell McCook
William Nelson
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield*
John Gray Foster
John Grubb Parke
Jesse Lee Reno
Christopher Columbus Augur

Brigadier-General USA

Brackets indicates concurrently Major-General USV

William Selby Harney
(Edwin Vose Sumner)
(Joseph King Fenno Mansfield)
(Irvin McDowell)
Robert Anderson
(William Starke Rosecrans)
Philip St George Cooke
(John Pope)

Brigadier-General USV

Andrew Porter
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Thomas West Sherman
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
John Wolcott Phelps
Charles Smith Hamilton
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
Alpheus Starkey Williams
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
James Samuel Wadsworth
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
George Wright
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
George Washington Cullum
Jeremiah Tilford Boyle
Schuyler Hamilton
George Washington Morgan
Julius Stahel
John McAllister Schofield
Thomas Jefferson McKean
Zealous Bates Tower
Jefferson Columbus Davis
James Henry Lane
John McAuley Palmer
James Abram Garfield
Lewis Golding Arnold
Frederick Steele
William Scott Ketchum
Abner Doubleday
John Wynn Davidson
Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana
David Bell Birney
Thomas Francis Meagher
Henry Morris Naglee
Andrew Johnson
James Gallant Spears
Eugene Asa Carr
Thomas Alfred Davies
Daniel Tyler
William Hemsley Emory
Andrew Jackson Smith
Marsena Rudolph Patrick
Isaac Ferdinand Quinby
Hiram Gregory Berry
Orris Sanford Ferry
Daniel Phineas Woodbury
Henry Moses Judah
Richard James Oglesby
John Cook
John McArthur
Jacob Gartner Lauman
Horatio Phillips Van Cleve
John Alexander Logan
Speed Smith Fry
Alexander Asboth
James Craig
Mahlon Dickerson Manson
Gordon Granger
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Grenville Mellen Dodge
Robert Byington Mitchell
James Gilpatrick Blunt
Francis Engle Patterson
Quincy Adams Gillmore
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Cuvier Grover
George Lucas Hartsuff
Rufus Saxton
Benjamin Alvord
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
William Sooy Smith
Nathan Kimball
Charles Devens
James Henry Van Alen
Carl Schurz
Samuel Wylie Crawford
Henry Walton Wessells
Milo Smith Hascall
Leonard Fulton Ross
John White Geary
Alfred Howe Terry
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
James Henry Carleton
Absalom Baird
John Cleveland Robinson
Truman Seymour
George Dashiell Bayard
Henry Prince
Abram Sanders Piatt
Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Maximilian Weber
Pleasant Adam Hackleman
Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan
Alvin Peterson Hovey
James Clifford Veatch
William Plummer Benton
Henry Bohlen
John Curtis Caldwell
Isaac Peace Rodman
Neal S Dow
George Sears Greene
Samuel Powhatan Carter
John Gibbon
George William Taylor
Erastus Barnard Tyler
James Birdseye McPherson
Charles Griffin
George Henry Gordon
James Madison Tuttle
Julius White
Peter Joseph Osterhaus
Stephen Gano Burbridge
Washington Lafayette Elliott
Albion Parris Howe
Green Clay Smith
William Bowen Campbell
Philip Henry Sheridan
Benjamin Stone Roberts
Alfred Pleasonton
Jacob Ammen
Joshua Woodrow Sill
Catharinus Putnam Buckingham
Fitz-Henry Warren
Morgan Lewis Smith
Charles Cruft
Frederick Saloman
James Streshly Jackson
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
Francis Jay Herron
John Cochrane
John Basil Turchin
Henry Shaw Briggs
Conrad Feger Jackson
James Dada Morgan
Johann August Ernst Willich
Henry Dwight Terry
James Blair Steedman
George Foster Shepley
John Buford
Francis Preston Blair

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)
Joseph Pannell Taylor (Commissary-General of Subsistence)
William Alexander Hammond (Surgeon-General)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA/PACS

Samuel Cooper
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith
George Bibb Crittenden
John Clifford Pemberton
Richard Stoddert Ewell
William Wing Loring
Sterling Price
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Samuel Jones
John Porter McCown
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones  Mitchell Withers
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
John Cabell Breckinridge
Lafayette McLaws
Ambrose Powell Hill
Richard Heron Anderson
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Richard Taylor
Simon Bolivar Buckner

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Alexander Wise
David Rumph Jones
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgeway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Paul Octave Hébert
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Robert Emmett Rodes
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Alexander Peter Stewart
William Montgomery Gardner
Richard Brooke Garnett
William Mahone
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch
Edward Johnson
Maxcy Gregg
Raleigh Edward Colston
Henry Heth
Johnson Kelly Duncan
Sterling Alexander Martin Wood
John George Walker
John King Jackson
George Edward Pickett
Bushrod Rust Johnson
James Patton Anderson
Howell Cobb
George Wythe Randolph
Joseph Brevard Kershaw
James Ronald Chalmers
James Johnston Pettigrew
Carter Littlepage Stevenson
Daniel Leadbetter
William Whann Mackall
Robert Ransom
John Bell Hood
Daniel Marsh Frost
Winfield Scott Featherston
Thomas James Churchill
William Booth Taliaferro
Albert Rust
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne
Samuel Bell Maxey
Hamilton Prioleau Bee
James Morrison Hawes
George Hume Steuart
William Duncan Smith
James Edwin Slaughter
Charles William Field
John Horace Forney
Paul Jones Semmes
Lucius Marshall Walker
Seth Maxwell Barton
Dabney Herndon Maury
John Bordenave Villepigue
Henry Eustace McCullough
John Stevens Bowen
Benjamin Hardin Helm
John Selden Roane
States Rights Gist
William Nelson Pendleton
Lewis Addison Armistead
Joseph Finegan
Martin Luther Smith
Franklin Gardner
William Nelson Rector Beall
Thomas Jordan
William Preston
Roger Atkinson Pryor
Henry Little
John Echols
George Earl Maney
Jean Jacques Alfred Alexandre Mouton
John Stuart Williams
James Green Martin
Thomas Lanier Clingman
Wade Hampton
Daniel Weisiger Adams
Louis Hébert
Samuel Garland
John Creed Moore
Ambrose Ransom Wright
James Lawson Kemper
James Jay Archer
George Burgwyn Anderson
Beverley Holcombe Robertson
St John Richardson Liddell
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Johnson Hagood
William Dorsey Pender
Micah Jenkins
Martin Edwin Green
Fitzhugh Lee
Harry Thompson Hays
Albert Gallatin Jenkins
William Edwin Starke
William Barksdale
Edward Dorr Tracy

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