1861 September 2nd

September 2 1861 Sunday

Fort Pickens, FL

Battle of Dry Wood Creek, MO (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Confederate Invasion of New Mexico

Rosecrans’ West Virginia Campaign

CSA. Confederate military operations in Arkansas and Missouri were placed under the command of Major-General Leonidas Polk. Polk already commanded the Confederate Western Department (Department No 2), which already oversaw operations along the Mississippi River and in Tennessee. This latter region east of the Mississippi was differentiated by being designated as the First Geographical Division of the Western Department.

Fort Pickens, Florida. Union Colonel Harvey Brown sent a boat crew of eleven men from Fort Pickens to destroy the dry dock at Pensacola Navy Yard. He suspected the Confederates were also going to block the sea channel opposite Fort McRae by sinking vessels. The raid was successfully accomplished.

Missouri. Expedition to Columbia, Boone County, and Iberia.

Missouri. Skirmish at Dallas.

Missouri US President Abraham Lincoln requested Major-General John Charles Frémont to modify the unauthorised emancipation order he had issued in Missouri.

Missouri. Confederate State Brigadier-General Meriwether Jefferson Thompson issued a proclamation threatening retaliation against the extreme measures in Union Major-General John Charles Frémont’s proclamation,

Dry Wood Creek, Missouri, also known as Dry Wood, the Battle of the Mules or Big Dry Wood Creek, or Fort Scott. Following his victory at Wilson’s Creek, pro-Confederate Missouri State Major-General Sterling Price and the Missouri State Guard had occupied Springfield. Price then headed northwest with 6,000 poorly trained and under-equipped guardsmen to capture Fort Scott in Kansas. Former Kansas “Jayhawker” and Senator Colonel James H Lane led a 600-man battalion of Union cavalry from Fort Scott to learn the whereabouts of the Confederate force. They encountered the Confederates under Price and Colonel James Edward Rains (8th Division) near Big Dry Wood Creek. Lane’s Kansas Cavalry Brigade surprised the Missouri State Guard, but numerical superiority soon determined the outcome in the Confederates’ favour. The Confederates forced the Union cavalry to retire with 14 casualties and captured their mules, while the Confederates (with 4 killed and 16 wounded) continued onwards towards Lexington. Lane returned to secure Fort Scott. (CWSAC Limited Battle – Confederate Victory)

Virginia. Two companies of the Union 13th Massachusetts killed 3, wounded 5, and captured 20 Confederate cavalrymen in an encounter at Worthington, five and a half miles from Harper’s Ferry, losing two men of their own.

Virginia. Skirmish near the Hawk’s Nest.

Virginia. Skirmish at Beller’s (or Seller’s ) Mill, near Harper’s Ferry.

Union Organisation

USA: Justus McKinstry promoted Brigadier-General USV 2 September 1861 but the commission was never confirmed.

McKinstry, Justus / New York-Michigan / Born 6 July 1814 Columbia, New York / Died St Louis, Missouri 11 December 1897
USMA 1 July 1838 40/45 Infantry-Quartermaster’s Department / Cadet USMA 1 July 1833 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Infantry 1 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Infantry 18 April 1841 / Captain USA Assistant Quartermaster 3 March 1847 / Captain USA 2nd US Infantry 12 June 1848 / Major USA Assistant Quartermaster 3 August 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 2 September 1861 Suspended 13 November 1861 Expired Unconfirmed 17 July 1862 / Dismissed 28 January 1863 / Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847
Assistant Quartermaster Department of the West 1861 / 5th Division Western Amy 24 September 1861-24 October 1861

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander Thomas Tingey Craven USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the Cumberland: Robert Anderson awaited
  • Department of the East: Vacant
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of the Ohio: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Cheat Mountain District: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Cheat River District: Henry Washington Benham
    • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of Occupation: William Starke Rosecrans
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool
  • Western Department: John Charles Frémont
    • District of North Missouri: John Pope
    • District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Western Department was extended to include Mississippi west of New Orleans, Jackson, and the Great Northern and Central Railroads.

CSA: The First Geographical Division was established in the Western Department. It comprised western Tennessee and Kentucky running along the line of the Memphis & Louisville Railroad, excluding the city of Nashville and extending west of the Mississippi River; an operational area in Kentucky west of the Cumberland River was also included.

CSA: Major-General Leonidas Polk assumed command of the First Geographical Division in the Western Department.

Polk, Leonidas / North Carolina / Born 10 April 1806 Raleigh, North Carolina / KIA Pine Mountain, Georgia 14 June 1864
USMA 1 July 1827 8/38 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1823 / US Artillery 1 July 1827 / Resigned USA 1 December 1827 / Major-General PACS 25 June 1861 / Resigned PACS 6 November 1861 Refused 12 November 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1827 / WIA Columbus, Kentucky 11 November 1861
Western Department 25 June 1861-10 September 1861 / First Geographical Division 2 September 1861-5 March 1862 / Western Department 24 October 1861-3 November 1861 / First Grand Division Mississippi 5 March 1862-28 March 1862 / I Corps Mississippi 29 March 1862-14 August 1862 / Right Wing Mississippi 15 August 1862-6 November 1862 / Army of Mississippi 29 September 1862-7 November 1862 / Western Department 24 October 1862-2 November 1862 / I Corps Mississippi 7 November 1862-20 November 1862 / I Corps Tennessee 20 November 1862-29 September 1863 / Left Wing Tennessee 19 September 1863-20 September 1863 / Army of Mississippi 23 October 1863-14 June 1864 / Department of Tennessee 22 December 1863-26 December 1863 / Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana 23 December 1863-28 January 1864 / Army of Tennessee 22 December 1863-26 December 1863 / Department of Alabama and East Mississippi 28 January 1864-4 May 1864 / III Corps Tennessee 28 January 1864-14 June 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Aquia: vacant
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: John Breckinridge Grayson
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn interim Paul Octave Hébert awaited
    • Defences of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Western Department: Leonidas Polk
    • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
    • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock
  • Army of the Kanawha: John Buchanan Floyd
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs
Leonidas Polk

Brigadier-General ACSA

Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Henry Alexander Wise
Earl Van Dorn
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Clifford Pemberton
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
George Bibb Crittenden
John Breckinridge Grayson
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close