1861 October 31st

October 31 1861 Wednesday

Disputed Secession of Missouri enacted

Port Royal Expedition

East Kentucky Operations

Kentucky. Incident at Morgantown. A Confederate force made a surprise attack on a Union camp near Morgantown but was repulsed.

Missouri. An Ordinance of Secession drawn up by pro-Confederate elements of the Missouri population was signed and enacted at Neosho. Officials passed the resolutions for the secession of Missouri and Claiborne Fox Jackson was named the pro-Confederate Governor of Missouri. The state was admitted to the Confederacy on 28 November 1861. The new pro-Confederate state government never earned the favour of a majority of the population and the state remained officially under Union governance throughout the war.

Tennessee. Confederate forces sank stone-filled barges to obstruct the Cumberland River near Fort Donelson against the advance of Union gunboats.

Virginia. Skirmish at Greenbrier.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan completed his first process of organisation of the Army of the Potomac begun in mid-October 1861. By the end of the month, twelve divisions had been established.

Brigadier-General Irvin McDowell led a division with the brigades of Brigadier-General Erasmus Darwin Keyes, Brigadier-General James Samuel Wadsworth, and Brigadier-General Rufus King.
Brigadier-General Samuel Peter Heintzelman led a division with three brigades around Alexandria, under Brigadier-General Israel Bush Richardson, Brigadier-General John Sedgwick, and Brigadier-General Charles Davis Jameson.
Brigadier-General William Buel Franklin led a division with the brigades of Brigadier-General Philip Kearny, Brigadier-General Henry Warner Slocum, and Brigadier-General John Newton.
Brigadier-General Charles Pomeroy Stone led a division with brigades under Brigadier-General Frederick West Lander, Brigadier-General Willis Arnold Gorman, and a third brigade formerly commanded by the late Colonel Edward Dickinson Baker.
Brigadier-General Don Carlos Buell led a division with brigades under Brigadier-General Darius Nash Couch, Brigadier-General John James Peck, and Brigadier-General Lawrence Pike Graham.
Brigadier-General Archibald McCall led the Pennsylvania Reserves Division with brigades under Brigadier-General John Fulton Reynolds, Brigadier-General George Gordon Meade, and Brigadier-General Edward Otho Cresap Ord.
Brigadier-General William Farrar Smith gained a division with the brigades of Brigadier-General William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks, Brigadier-General Isaac Ingalls Stevens, and Brigadier-General Winfield Scott Hancock.
Brigadier-General Joseph Hooker’s division had brigades under Brigadier-General Daniel Edgar Sickles, Colonel Henry Morris Naglee, and Colonel William H Starr.
Brigadier-General Louis Blenker’s division had two brigades made up largely of foreign-born troops under Brigadier-General Julius Stahel and Colonel Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich von Steinwehr.
Brigadier-General Fitz-John Porter had a division with the brigades of Brigadier-General John Henry Martindale, Brigadier-General Daniel Butterfield, and Brigadier-General George Webb Morell.
Brigadier-General Silas Casey, an expert in military training, was assigned a division of newly arrived troops in brigades that were still only provisionally forming.

The most senior officer and McClellan’s immediate subordinate was Regular Army Brigadier-General Edwin Vose Sumner, who had arrived late in October from commanding the Department of the Pacific. He took over a division with the brigades of Brigadier-General Oliver Otis Howard, Colonel Thomas Francis Meagher, and Brigadier-General William Henry French.

Brigadier-General George Stoneman led the Cavalry and Brigadier-General William Farquhar Barry was the Chief of Artillery.

McClellan was not permitted officially to form Corps to group his divisions together and controlled all of the divisions from the Army Headquarters. There had never previously been a requirement for an American Army to create an intermediate organisation between Division and Army, and there was no provision in law for such a level of command. The same restriction applied to the Confederates, but they had nevertheless they had formed two nominal and official “Corps” for their army in Northern Virginia.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

North Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Samuel Francis Du Pont
Gulf Blockading Squadron: William McKean
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Western Gunboat Flotilla: Andrew Hull Foote
Potomac Flotilla: Thomas Tingey Craven

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of the Cumberland: William Tecumseh Sherman

Department of Florida: Harvey Brown

Department of New England: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of New York: Edward Denison Morgan

Department of the Ohio: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel

  • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley

Department of the Pacific: George Wright

  • District of Oregon: Albemarle Cady
  • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton

Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

  • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool

Western Department: John Charles Frémont

  • District of Western Kentucky: Charles Ferguson Smith
  • District of North Missouri: John Pope
  • District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
  • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts

Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans

  • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell

Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • District of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Army of Pensacola Braxton Bragg

Department of Georgia: Alexander Robert Lawton

Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder

Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: James Heyward Trapier

Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger

Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin

  • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
  • District of Pamlico: Daniel Harvey Hill

Department of Northern Virginia: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

  • District of Aquia: Robert Augustus Toombs
  • District of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • I Corps Potomac: Earl Van Dorn
    • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
  • Valley District: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson

Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

  • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

Department of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert

  • District of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Defences of Pass Cavallo: John W Glenn

Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
  • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
  • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • District of the Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Army of Central Kentucky: Albert Sidney Johnston
  • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch

District of Arizona: John Robert Baylor

Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock

Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr
Joseph Bennett Plummer
John Gray Foster

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
Henry Rootes Jackson
Henry Alexander Wise
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
John Clifford Pemberton
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
George Bibb Crittenden
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
John Porter McCown
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Philip St George Cocke
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
Louis Trezevant Wigfall
James Heyward Trapier
Samuel Gibbs French
William Henry Carroll
Hugh Weedon Mercer
Humphrey Marshall
Daniel Marsh Frost

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close