1861 October 21st

October 21 1861 Sunday

Battle of Ball’s Bluff, VA (CWSAC Major Battle Confederate Victory)

Battle of Camp Wildcat, KY (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Battle of Fredericktown, MO (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

East Kentucky Operations

Kentucky. Incidents at Joe Underwood Camp and Rockcastle Hills.

Camp Wildcat, Kentucky, also known as Wildcat Mountain, Rockcastle Hills, and Camp Wild Cat. During the morning, Union Brigadier-General Albin Francisco Schoepf moved four companies of the 33rd Indiana Infantry, 350 men, from camp Wildcat three-quarters of a mole eastwards to Round Hill, a steep, high point along the Wilderness Road.

The Confederates of Brigadier-General Felix Kirk Zollicoffer has already started moving along the Wilderness Road during the morning. Confederate pickets attacked the Union force soon after they arrived at Round Hill but then withdrew to report the situation to Zollicoffer. Zollicoffer sent most of two regiments, the 11th Tennessee Infantry and several companies of the 17th Tennessee Infantry to attack Round Hill. Just before the attack, the companies from the outnumbered Union troops were reinforced by 250 men of the 1st Kentucky Cavalry (Union) and a small number of Home Guards.

The Confederate regiments attacked up the steep hill but after an hour of fighting the 11th Tennessee retreated. More Union reinforcements arrived, forcing the 17th Tennessee to retreat also. Zollicoffer then sent the 29th Tennessee Infantry and several companies of the 17th Tennessee Infantry to attack a location called the South Rim across the road from Round Hill. By that time, the Union had fortified this point and the Confederate attack on this point also failed. The Confederates failed to detect a gap between the 33rd Indiana and the 7th Kentucky Infantry (Union) before Col Theophilus Toulmin Garrard sent reinforcements to close it. With casualties mounting to no effect, Zollicoffer ceased attacking the Union position.

The Confederates withdrew during the night towards Cumberland Gap and continued their retreat to Cumberland Ford, which they reached on 26 October.Schoepf reported 4 or 5 Union soldiers killed and 18 or 20 wounded. Zollicoffer reported 11 Confederates  killed and 42 wounded or missing. The battle was one of the first Union victories of the Civil War and marked the second engagement of organised troops in Kentucky.  (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: CAMP WILDCAT, KY

Union Department of the Cumberland: Brigadier-General William Tecumseh Sherman
Schoepf’s Brigade (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Albin Francisco Schoepf

Confederate District of East Tennessee: Brigadier-General Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Zollicoffer’s Brigade: Brigadier-General Felix Kirk Zollicoffer

Maryland. The Union joint Army and Navy expedition to Port Royal began. Union brigadier-General Thomas West Sherman commanded the army element as it left Annapolis and head for the South Carolina coast.

Missouri. Incident at Ironton.

Fredericktown, Missouri. Two Union columns, one under Colonel Joseph Bennett Plummer and the other under Colonel William Passmore Carlin, advanced on Fredericktown to overtake the partisan raiders of Missouri State Guard Brigadier-General Meriwether Jefferson Thompson and his men. The combined Union columns numbered 2,500 to 3,500 men.

During the morning, Thompson’s force left Fredericktown and headed south. About twelve miles out, Thompson left his supply train in a secure position and then turned back toward Fredericktown. He learned that Union forces had moved in and occupied Fredericktown in his absence so Thompson spent the morning attempting to discern the enemy’s numbers and disposition. Unable to do so, he placed his troops and artillery in ambush along the road and awaited the arrival of the Union forces. The bulk of the Missouri State Guard force was hidden from view on the wooded high ground that formed a U overlooking the road. Forward of the main body, Colonel Aden Lowe’s infantry regiment waited in a cornfield as bait. Close behind was a supporting 12-pounder cannon as well as three 6-pounder guns farther to the rear and flank.

About noon, Plummer arrived with his column and a detachment of Carlin’s troops. Captain Stewart’s Illinois cavalry company made the initial contact. Colonel Ross’s 17th Illinois Infantry engaged Lowe’s troops first with skirmishers, and then with the main line of the regiment. A section of Union artillery was brought into service against the Missourians’ 12-pounder, which responded. The Union 20th Illinois Infantry and 11th Missouri Infantry applied pressure to both flanks of Lowe’s force as more Union artillery joined the battle. Lowe, having waited too long to disengage, was killed and his regiment retreated, taking heavy casualties. The 1st Indiana Cavalry attempted to pursue and to capture the exposed 12-pounder, but were stopped with heavy casualties by the fire of Thompson’s forces on both ridges. They called for infantry support and the 17th Illinois surged forward to claim the now abandoned piece. As more Union infantry poured onto the field, Thompson began an orderly withdrawal of the Guardsmen. He succeeded in his withdrawal except for losing some routing cavalry.

Some of the Union soldiers believed that locals had assisted Thompson in the engagement. They were also angered by the reported mistreatment of Unionist citizens along the line of march. This resentment led to retaliation against the town by the rank and file. At least seven homes in Fredericktown were burned and other buildings damaged before the officers regained control of their men.

Thompson’s Missouri State Guardsmen suffered a total of 145 casualties during the battle, including 25 dead, 40 wounded, and 80 captured. They also lost one artillery piece, an old iron 12-pounder. Union casualties were reported as 7 killed and about 60 wounded. There were a number of other casualties (mostly Union) in skirmishes before and after the battle. (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Thornton’s Station. Incidents at New River, Warwick Road, Leesburg, and New Market Bridge.

Virginia. Skirmish at Young’s Mill near Newport News.

Ball’s Bluff, Virginia, also known as Harrison’s Island, Conrad’s Ferry or Edward’s Ferry. Union Brigadier-General Charles Pomeroy Stone’s conducted a “demonstration” with 2,000 men against Confederate forces opposite the Potomac River fords near Poolesville. The 1,600 Confederate defenders were commanded by Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans. Union Colonel Charles Devens’ scouting party had discovered the mistake made the previous evening by a patrol – that there was no Confederate camp to raid. Opting not to re-cross the river immediately, Devens deployed his men in a tree line and sent a messenger back to report to Stone and get new instructions. On hearing the messenger’s report, Stone sent him back to tell Devens that the remainder of the 15th Massachusetts Infantry would cross the river and move to his position. When they arrived, Devens was to turn his raiding party back into a reconnaissance and move further toward Leesburg.

While the messenger was going back to Devens with this new information, Colonel Edward Dickinson Baker arrived at Stone’s camp to find out about the morning’s events. He had not been involved in any of the activities to that point. Stone told him of the mistake about the camp and about his new orders to reinforce Devens for reconnaissance purposes. He then instructed Baker to go to the crossing point, evaluate the situation, and either to withdraw the troops already in Virginia or to cross additional troops at his discretion. On the way upriver to execute this order, Baker met Devens’ messenger coming back a second time to report that Devens and his men had encountered and briefly engaged the enemy, one company of the 17th Mississippi Infantry. Baker immediately ordered as many troops as he could find to cross the river, but he did so without determining how many and what kind of boats were available to do this. There was a narrow path descending a steep 100-foot slope from Ball’s Bluff to the ford. A bottleneck quickly developed so that Union troops could only cross slowly and in small numbers, making the crossing last throughout the day.

Meanwhile, Devens’ men (now about 650 strong) remained in their advanced position and engaged in two additional skirmishes with a growing force of Confederates. Union troops slowly crossed the river but deployed near the bluff and did not advance from there to reinforce Devens. Devens finally withdrew around 2pm and met Baker, who had crossed the river half an hour later.

Beginning around 3 pm the fighting began in earnest as Evans’ 1,600 Confederates fired on the four Union regiments now on the Virginia shore and continued to attack until just after dark. Baker was killed at about 4.30 pm, the only United States Senator ever killed in battle. Following an abortive attempt to break out of their constricted position around the bluff, the Union forces began to re-cross the river in some disarray.

Shortly before dark the Confederate 17th Mississippi arrived and formed the core of an assault that finally broke and routed the Union troops. Many of the Union soldiers were driven down the steep slope at the southern end of Ball’s Bluff and into the river. Some men leapt from the Bluff and were killed or injured. Boats attempting to cross back to Harrison Island were soon swamped and capsized. Many Union troops, included some of the wounded, were drowned.

A total of 49 Union men were killed, 158 were wounded, and 533 were captured on the banks of the Potomac later that night. Confederate casualties were 33 killed, 115 wounded and 1 missing.

From a military standpoint, the rout at Ball’s Bluff was of minor significance, but its political repercussions in Washington, DC were immediate and long-lasting. A Joint Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War, headed by abolitionist US Senator Benjamin F Wade, of Massachusetts, was formed to investigate the Army’s failure. Stone was eventually imprisoned for eight months at Fort Lafayette, New York, without charge or trial and never filled a significant military role again. However unfair, the treatment he received was a warning to other Union commanders about their fate if they were seen to fail or to show any sign of disloyalty. The inexperienced Baker became a martyr to the Union cause although his incompetence had contributed to the disaster. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: BALL’S BLUFF, VA

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
Stone’s Division (Corps of Observation): Brigadier-General Charles Pomeroy Stone
1st Brigade: Brigadier-General Frederick West Lander
2nd Brigade: Brigadier-General Willis Arnold Gorman

Confederate Department of the Potomac: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Army of the Potomac: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
I Corps (Potomac): Major-General Earl Van Dorn
Evans’ Brigade: Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans

Union Organisation

USA: Colonel Edward Dickinson Baker (Brigadier-General Declined) was killed in action at Ball’s Bluff, Virginia.

Baker, Edward Dickinson / California / Born 24 February 1811 London, England / KIA Ball’s Bluff, Virginia 21 October 1861
Private Illinois Infantry 1832 / Mustered Out USV 1832 / Colonel USV 4th Illinois Infantry 4 March 1845 / Resigned USV 24 December 1846 / Brigadier-General USV 31 July 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Declined but Confirmed / Colonel USV 71st Pennsylvania Infantry (1st California Regiment) 22 June 1861 / Major-General USV 21 September 1861 Unconfirmed

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander Thomas Tingey Craven USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Tecumseh Sherman
  • Department of the East: Vacant
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New England: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of the Ohio: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
    • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner interim George Wright awaited
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Lloyd Beall
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: Frederick West Lander
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool
  • Western Department: John Charles Frémont
    • District of Western Kentucky: Charles Ferguson Smith
    • District of North Missouri: John Pope
    • District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • Western Army: John Charles Frémont
  • Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida became vacant on the death of Brigadier-General John Breckinridge Grayson.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Breckinridge Grayson died in Tallahassee, Florida.

Grayson, John Breckinridge / Kentucky / Born 18 October 1806 Fayette, Kentucky / Died Tallahassee, Florida 21 October 1861
USMA 1 July 1826 22 /41 Artillery-Commissary / Cadet USMA 1 July 1821 / 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1826 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1826 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 April 1834 / Captain USA Assistant Commissary of Subsistence 7 July 1838 / Captain USA 11 December 1838-18 June 1846 / Major USA Commissary of Subsistence 21 October 1852 / Resigned USA 1 July 1861 / Brigadier-General North Carolina Militia 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1826 Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 13 September 1847
Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 21 August 1861-21 October 1861

CSA: The Department of Henrico was established, comprising Richmond and Henrico County, Virginia. It assumed jurisdiction over garrison troops, city guard, militia, police, hospitals, prisons, warehouses, training camps, and government administration buildings.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Henry Winder assumed command of the Department of Henrico.

Winder, John Henry / Maryland / Born 21 February 1800 Somerset, Maryland / Died Florence, South Carolina 7 February 1865
USMA 1 July 1820 11/30 Artillery / Cadet USMA 15 August 1814 / 2nd Lieutenant USA US Artillery 1 July 1820 / US Rifles 23 October 1820 / 4th US Artillery 1 June 1821 / 3rd US Artillery 16 August 1821 / Resigned USA 31 August 1823 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 2 April 1827 / 1st Lieutenant USA 30 November 1833 / Regt Adjutant 23 May 1838-20 January 1840 / Captain USA 7 October 1842 / Major USA 3rd US Artillery 22 November 1860 / Resigned USA 27 April 1861 / Colonel ASCA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 June 1861 / Assistant Inspector-General 22 June 1861-21 October 1861 / Commissary-General of Prisoners Bureau of Prison Camps 21 November 1864-7 February 1865 / Brevet Major USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 14 September 1847 / WIA Belen Gate 13 September 1847
Department of Henrico 21 October 1861-5 March 1864 / Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 25 May 1864-7 June 1864 / Commissary-General of Prisoners 21 November 1864-7 February 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General Gideon Johnson Pillow resigned. The resignation was cancelled on 2 February 1862 and Pillow resumed his commission on that date.

Pillow, Gideon Johnson / Tennessee / Born 8 June 1806 Williamson, Tennessee / Died Helena, Arkansas 8 October 1878
Brigadier-General Tennessee Militia 1833-1836 / Brigadier-General USV 1 July 1846 / Major-General USA 13 April 1847 / Discharged USA 20 July 1848 / Major-General Tennessee Militia 9 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 9 July 1861 / Resigned PACS 21 October 1862 Cancelled 2 February 1862 / Resigned 10 October 1862 Rescinded 10 December 1862 and Reverted to Brigadier-General PACS / Commissary-General of Prisoners 10 February 1865 / Bureau of Prison Camps 14 February 1865 / Paroled Montgomery, Alabama 5 May 1865 / WIA Cerro Gordo 18 April 1847 WIA Chapultepec 12 September 1847 CIA Union Springs, Alabama 20 April 1865
Army of Liberation 23 June 1861-1 September 1861 / 1st Division Western Department 1 September 1861-October 1861 / 1st Division Western District 24 October 1861-9 February 1862 / 3rd Division Army of Central Kentucky 9 February 1862-15 February 1862 / 3rd Division Army of Central Kentucky 23 February 1862-11 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division II Corps Army of Tennessee 2 January 1863-16 January 1863 / Cavalry District of Northern Alabama 1 January 1864-10 February 1865 / Commissary-General of Prisoners 10 February 1865-30 March 1865

CSA: Nathan George Evans promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Evans, Nathan George / South Carolina / Born 3 February 1824 Marion, South Carolina / Died 23 November 1868
USMA 1 July 1848 36 /38 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1844 / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1848 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 30 September 1849 / 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Captain USA 1 May 1856 / Resigned USA 27 February 1861 / Major Assistant Adjutant-General South Carolina Militia January 1861 / Captain ACSA Cavalry 16 March 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Adjutant-General 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 4th South Carolina Infantry July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1848
7th Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-12 October 1861 / 4th Brigade 4th Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-24 October 1861 / Evans’ Brigade X Division Army of the Potomac 24 October 1861-12 November 1861 / 1st Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 12 November 1861-12 December 1861 / Third Sub-District of South Carolina 18 December 1861-28 May 1862 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 28 May 1862-19 June 1862 / Evans’ Brigade First Sub-District of South Carolina 19 June 1862-8 July 1862 / 3rd Brigade D R Jones’ Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 8 July 1862-9 August 1862 / Evans’ Brigade Hood’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia 9 August 1862-6 November 1862 / Evans’ Brigade District of North Carolina 6 November 1862-3 March 1863 / Evans’ Brigade Loring’s Division Army of Mississippi 25 May 1863-June 1863 / Evans’ Brigade Breckinridge’s Division Army of Tennessee June 1863-21 June 1863 / Evans’ Brigade French’s Division Army of Tennessee 21 June 1863-3 August 1863 / Evans’ Brigade Second Sub-District of South Carolina 3 August 1863-15 September 1863 / Evans’ Brigade First Sub-District of South Carolina 11 March 1864-21 March 1864 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 21 March 1864-17 October 1864 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 17 October 1864-21 November 1864

CSA: Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Wilcox, Cadmus Marcellus / North Carolina-Tennessee / Born 29 May 1824 Wayne, North Carolina / Died Washington, District of Columbia 2 December 1890
USMA 1 July 1846 54/59 Artillery / Cadet USA 1 September 1842 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1846 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 16 February 1847 / Regt Adjutant 9 July 1847-14 July 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA 24 August 1851 / Captain USA 20 December 1860 / Resigned USA 8 June 1861 / Captain ACSA Artillery 16 March 1861 / Colonel PACS 9th Alabama Infantry 9 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / Major-General PACS 13 August 1863 to rank from 3 August 1863 / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1846 Brevet 1st Lieutenant USA 13 September 1847
5th Brigade Valley District July 1861-22 October 1861 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division District of the Potomac 22 October 1861-16 November 1861 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the Potomac 16 November 1861-14 January 1862 / 2nd Brigade 2nd Division Army of the Potomac 14 January 1862-5 February 1862 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-31 May 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division Right Wing Army of Northern Virginia 31 May 1862-June 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia June 1862-July 1862 / 4th Brigade 1st Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia July 1862-August 1862 / R H Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1862-September 1862 / Wilcox’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division I Corps Army of Northern Virginia December 1862-3 May 1863 / Wilcox’s Brigade R H Anderson’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 30 May 1863-15 August 1863 / Wilcox’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia 15 August 1863-February 1865 / Wilcox’s Division III Corps Army of Northern Virginia March 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: Philip St George Cocke promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Cocke, Philip St George / Virginia / Born 17 April 1809 Fluvanna, Virginia / Died Powhatan, Virginia 26 December 1861
USMA 1 July 1832 6/45 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1828 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1832 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1832 / Resigned USA 1 April 1834 / Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 21 April 1861 / Colonel PACS 19th Virginia Infantry 27 April 1861 / Brigadier-General Provisional Army of Virginia 27 April 1861-8 June 1861 / Colonel Provisional Army of Virginia 1 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1832
Department of Alexandria 24 April 1861-21 May 1861 / Forces in Alexandria 24 April 1861-20 May 1861 / 5th Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-26 December 1861

CSA: Robert Emmett Rodes promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Rodes, Robert Emmett / Virginia-Alabama / Born 29 March 1829 Lynchburg, Virginia / KIA Winchester, Virginia 19 September 1864
Captain Alabama Militia January 1861 / Colonel PACS 5th Alabama Infantry 11 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / Major-General PACS 7 May 1863 to rank from 2 May 1863 / WIA Fair Oaks 31 May 1862 WIA Antietam 17 September 1862
3rd Brigade 1st Division District of the Potomac 21 October 1861-1 February 1862 / 3rd Brigade 4th Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 2nd Brigade 4th Division Army of Northern Virginia 14 March 1862-May 1862 / 2nd Brigade 4th Division Centre Army of Northern Virginia May 1862-31 May 1862 / 1st Brigade D H Hill’s Division Left Wing Army of Northern Virginia 1 June 1862-28 June 1862 / 1st Brigade G W Smith’s Division Defences of Richmond 28 June 1862-August 1862 / Rodes’ Brigade D H Hill’s Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia August 1862-14 January 1863 / Rodes’ Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 14 January 1863-2 May 1863 / II Corps Northern Virginia 2 May 1863-2 May 1863 / Rodes’ Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 3 May 1863-19 September 1864 / I Corps Valley 27 June 1864-18 September 1864

CSA: Richard Taylor promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Taylor, Richard / Kentucky-Louisiana / Born 27 January 1826 Louisville, Kentucky / Died 12 April 1879
Military Secretary (Z Taylor) 1846-1848 / Colonel PACS 9th Louisiana Infantry 7 July 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / Major-General PACS 28 July 1862 / Lieutenant-General PACS 14 May 1864 to rank from 8 April 1864 / Paroled Meridian, Mississippi 11 May 1865 / CIA Citronelle, Mississippi 8 May 1865
8th Brigade Army of the Potomac July 1861 / 3rd Brigade 4th Division Army of the Potomac 22 October 1861-5 February 1862 / 3rd Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 5 February 1862-14 March 1862 / 8th Brigade 3rd Division Army of the Potomac 14 March 1862-26 June 1862 / 8th Brigade 3rd Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 June 1862-28 July 1862 / District of West Louisiana 20 August 1862-10 June 1864 / Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 15 August 1864-22 November 1864 / Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana 12 December 1864-4 May 1864 / Department of Tennessee and Georgia 23 January 1865-24 February 1865 / Army of Tennessee 23 January 1865-22 February 1865

CSA: Louis Trezevant Wigfall promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Wigfall, Louis Trezevant / South Carolina / Born 21 April 1816 Edgefield, South Carolina / Died 18 February 1874
Lieutenant-Colonel USV South Carolina Infantry 1838 / Colonel South Carolina Militia / ADC (P G T Beauregard) 10 April 1861-29 May 1861 / Colonel PACS ADC 12 April 1861 / ADC (J F Davis) 29 May 1861-28 August 1861 / Colonel PACS 1st Texas Infantry 28 August 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / Resigned PACS 20 February 1862 / ADC (J Longstreet) 1 June 1862-7 July 1862 / ADC (J E Johnston) February 1864-26 April 1865
Wigfall’s Brigade District of the Potomac 3 August 1861-17 February 1862

CSA: James Heyward Trapier promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Trapier, James Heyward / South Carolina / Born 24 November 1815 Georgetown, South Carolina / Died Georgetown, South Carolina 21 December 1865
USMA 1 July 1838 3/45 Artillery-Engineers / Cadet USMA 1 July 1834 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 / Engineers 7 July 1838 / 1st Lieutenant USA 1 July 1839 / Resigned USA 28 February 1848 / Colonel South Carolina Militia 1851-1853 / Captain ACSA Engineers January 1861 / ADC (F W Pickens) January 1861 / Major PACS Assistant Quartermaster 19 June 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 / No Record of Parole
Chief Engineer Department of South Carolina April 1861-November 1861 / Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 22 October 1861-5 November 1861 / District of Middle and East Florida 5 November 1861-13 November 1861 / Department of Middle and Eastern Florida 14 March 1862-31 March 1862 / 4th Brigade 2nd Division II Corps Army of Mississippi March 1862-14 April 1862 / 1st Division I Corps Army of Mississippi 14 April 1862 / Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina 6 November 1862-19 July 1864 / Second Sub-District of South Carolina 14 March 1863-16 October 1863 / First Sub-District of South Carolina 17 October 1864-10 May 1865

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • District of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Aquia: vacant
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: vacant
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Potomac: Earl Van Dorn
      • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • District of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
    • District of the Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
    • Army of Central Kentucky: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of Arizona: John Robert Baylor
    • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont
Henry Wager Halleck

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler
David Hunter
Edwin Denison Morgan

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood
Louis Blenker
Henry Warner Slocum
James Samuel Wadsworth
John James Peck
Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
George Webb Morell
John Henry Martindale
Samuel Davis Sturgis
George Stoneman
Henry Washington Benham
William Farrar Smith
James William Denver
Egbert Ludovicus Vielé
James Shields
John Fulton Reynolds
William Farquhar Barry
John Joseph Abercrombie
John Sedgwick
Charles Ferguson Smith
Silas Casey
Lawrence Pike Graham
George Gordon Meade
Abram Duryée
Alexander McDowell McCook
Oliver Otis Howard
Eleazar Arthur Paine
Daniel Edgar Sickles
Charles Davis Jameson
Ebenezer Dumont
Robert Huston Milroy
Lewis Wallace
Willis Arnold Gorman
Daniel Butterfield
Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Edward Otho Cresap Ord
William Nelson
William Thomas Ward
John Gross Barnard
Innis Newton Palmer
Seth Williams
John Newton
Winfield Scott Hancock
Thomas Leonidas Crittenden
George Wright
Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Thomas Williams
George Sykes
William Henry French
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
John Milton Brannan
William Wallace Burns
John Porter Hatch
David Sloane Stanley
William Kerley Strong
Albin Francisco Schoepf
Lovell Harrison Rousseau
James Scott Negley
Thomas John Wood
Richard W Johnson
Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich Von Steinwehr

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

Leonidas Polk
Braxton Bragg
Earl Van Dorn
Gustavus Woodson Smith
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
William Joseph Hardee
Benjamin Huger
James Longstreet
John Bankhead Magruder
Mansfield Lovell
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Edmund Kirby Smith

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Henry Alexander Wise
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
John Clifford Pemberton
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles
George Bibb Crittenden
John Breckinridge Grayson DEC
Roswell Sabine Ripley
Albert Pike
Paul Octave Hébert
Joseph Reid Anderson
Simon Bolivar Buckner
Leroy Pope Walker
Albert Gallatin Blanchard
Gabriel James Rains
James Ewell Brown Stuart
Lafayette McLaws
Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Thomas Carmichael Hindman
Adley Hogan Gladden
John Porter McCown
Lloyd Tilghman
Nathan George Evans
Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Philip St George Cocke
Robert Emmett Rodes
Richard Taylor
Louis Trezevant Wigfall
James Heyward Trapier
Daniel Marsh Frost

%d bloggers like this:
search previous next tag category expand menu location phone mail time cart zoom edit close