1861 October 21st

October 21 1861 Sunday

Battle of Ball’s Bluff, VA (CWSAC Major Battle Confederate Victory)

Battle of Camp Wildcat, KY (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

Battle of Fredericktown, MO (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

East Kentucky Operations

Kentucky. Incidents at Joe Underwood Camp and Rockcastle Hills.

Camp Wildcat, Kentucky, also known as Wildcat Mountain, and Camp Wild Cat. During the morning, Union Brigadier-General Albin Francisco Schoepf moved four companies of the 33rd Indiana, 350 men, from camp Wildcat three-quarters of a mole eastwards to Round Hill, a steep, high point along the Wilderness Road.

The Confederates of Brigadier-General Felix Kirk Zollicoffer has already started along the Wilderness Road during the morning. Confederate pickets attacked the Union force soon after they arrived at Round Hill but then withdrew to report the situation to Zollicoffer. Zollicoffer sent most of two regiments, the 11th Tennessee and several companies of the 17th Tennessee to attack Round Hill. Just before the attack, the companies from the 33rd Indiana were reinforced by 250 men of the 1st Kentucky Cavalry (Union) and a small number of Home Guards. The Confederate regiments attacked the steep hill but after an hour of fighting the 11th Tennessee retreated. More Union reinforcements arrived, forcing the 17th Tennessee to retreat also. Zollicoffer then sent the 29th Tennessee and several companies of the 17th Tennessee to attack a location called the South Rim across the road from Round Hill. By that time, the Union had fortified this point and the Confederate attack on this point also failed. The Confederates failed to detect a gap between the 33rd Indiana and the 7th Kentucky (Union) before Col Theophilus Toulmin Garrard sent reinforcements to close it. With casualties mounting to no effect, Zollicoffer ceased attacking the Union position.[ The Confederates withdrew during the night towards Cumberland Gap and continued their retreat to Cumberland Ford, which they reached on the 26th October.

Schoepf reported 4 or 5 Union soldiers killed and 18 or 20 wounded. Zollicoffer reported 11 Confederates killed and 42 wounded or missing. The battle is considered one of the first Union victories of the Civil War, and marked the second engagement of troops in the Commonwealth of Kentucky.  (CWSAC Formative Battle Union Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: CAMP WILDCAT, KY

Union Department of the Cumberland: Brigadier-General William Tecumseh Sherman
Schoepf’s Brigade (Cumberland): Brigadier-General Albin Francisco Schoepf

Confederate District of East Tennessee: Brigadier-General Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Zollicoffer’s Brigade: Brigadier-General Felix Kirk Zollicoffer

Missouri. Incident at Ironton.

Fredericktown, Missouri. Two Union columns, one under Colonel Joseph Bennett Plummer and another under Colonel William Passmore Carlin, advanced on Fredericktown to overtake Confederate partisan raider Brigadier-General Meriwether Jefferson Thompson and his men. The combined Union columns numbered 2,500 to 3,500 men.

During the morning Thompson’s force of the Missouri State Guard left Fredericktown and headed south. About twelve miles out, Thompson left his supply train in a secure position and then returned toward Fredericktown. He then learned that Union forces had occupied Fredericktown in his absence, so Thompson spent the morning attempting to discern the enemy numbers and disposition. Unable to do so, he placed his troops and artillery in ambush along the road and awaited the Union forces. The bulk of the Missouri State Guard force was hidden from view on the wooded high ground that formed a U overlooking the road. Forward of the main body, Colonel Aden Lowe’s infantry regiment waited in a cornfield as bait. Close behind was a supporting 12-pounder cannon as well as three 6-pounders farther to the rear and flank.

About noon, Plummer arrived with his column and a detachment of Carlin’s troops. Captain Stewart’s Illinois cavalry company made the initial contact. Colonel Ross’s 17th Illinois engaged Lowe’s troops first with skirmishers, then the main line of the regiment. A section of Union artillery was brought into service against the Missourians’ 12-pounder, which responded. The 20th Illinois and 11th Missouri (US) applied pressure to both flanks of Lowes’s force as more Union artillery joined the battle. Lowe, having waited too long to disengage, was killed by a shot to the head, and his regiment retreated taking heavy casualties. The 1st Indiana Cavalry attempted to pursue and to capture the exposed 12-pounder, but were stopped with heavy casualties by the fire of Thompson’s forces on both ridges. They called for infantry support and the 17th Illinois surged forward to claim the now abandoned piece. As more Union infantry poured onto the field, Thompson began an orderly withdrawal of the guardsmen. He mostly succeeded in his withdrawal, except for losing some routing cavalry.

Some of the Union soldiers believed that locals had assisted Thompson in the engagement. They were also angered by the reported mistreatment of Unionist citizens along the line of march. This resentment led to retaliation against the town by the rank and file. At least seven homes in Fredericktown were burned and other buildings damaged before the officers regained control of their men.

Thompson’s Missouri State Guardsmen suffered a total of 145 casualties during the battle, including 25 dead, 40 wounded, and 80 captured. They also lost one artillery piece, an old iron 12-pounder. Union casualties were reported as 7 killed and about 60 wounded. There were a number of other casualties (mostly Union) in skirmishes before and after the battle. (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

South Carolina. Expedition to Port Royal began.

Virginia. Reconnaissance to Thornton’s Station. Incidents at New River, Warwick Road, Young’s Mill, Leesburg, and New Market Bridge.

Ball’s Bluff, Virginia, also known as Harrison’s Island, Conrad’s Ferry or Edward’s Ferry. Union Brigadier-General Charles Pomeroy Stone’s conducted a demonstration” by 2,000 men against Confederate forces opposite the Potomac River fords near Poolesville. The 1,600 Confederate defenders were commanded by Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans. Colonel Charles Devens’ scouting party discovered the mistake made the previous evening by a patrol; there was no camp to raid. Opting not to re-cross the river immediately, Devens deployed his men in a tree line and sent a messenger back to report to Stone and get new instructions. On hearing the messenger’s report, Stone sent him back to tell Devens that the remainder of the 15th Massachusetts would cross the river and move to his position. When they arrived, Devens was to turn his raiding party back into a reconnaissance and move toward Leesburg.

While the messenger was going back to Devens with this new information, Colonel Edward Dickinson Baker arrived at Stone’s camp to find out about the morning’s events. He had not been involved in any of the activities to that point. Stone told him of the mistake about the camp and about his new orders to reinforce Devens for reconnaissance purposes. He then instructed Baker to go to the crossing point, evaluate the situation, and either to withdraw the troops already in Virginia or cross additional troops at his discretion. On the way upriver to execute this order, Baker met Devens’ messenger coming back a second time to report that Devens and his men had encountered and briefly engaged the enemy, one company of the 17th Mississippi. Baker immediately ordered as many troops as he could find to cross the river, but he did so without determining what boats were available to do this. There was a narrow path descending a steep 100-foot slope from Ball’s Bluff to the ford. A bottleneck quickly developed so that Union troops could only cross slowly and in small numbers, making the crossing last throughout the day.

Meanwhile, Devens’ men (now about 650 strong) remained in its advanced position and engaged in two additional skirmishes with a growing force of Confederates, while other Union troops crossed the river but deployed near the bluff and did not advance from there. Devens finally withdrew around 2pm and met Baker, who had finally crossed the river half an hour later. Beginning around 3 pm the fighting began in earnest as Evans’ 1,600 Confederates fired on the four regiments on the Virginia shore and continued to attack until just after dark. Baker was killed at about 4.30 pm, the only United States Senator ever killed in battle. Following an abortive attempt to break out of their constricted position around the bluff, the Union forces began to re-cross the river in some disarray. Shortly before dark the Confederate 17th Mississippi arrived and formed the core of the climactic assault that finally broke and routed the Union troops.

Many of the Union soldiers were driven down the steep slope at the southern end of Ball’s Bluff and into the river. Some men leapt from the Bluff and were killed or injured. Boats attempting to cross back to Harrison Island were soon swamped and capsized. Many Union troops, included some of the wounded, were drowned. A total of 49 Union men were killed, 158 were wounded, and 533 were captured on the banks of the Potomac later that night. Confederate casualties were 33 killed, 115 wounded and 1 missing. From a military standpoint, the rout at Ball’s Bluff was of minor significance, but political repercussions in Washington, DC were immediate and long-lasting. A Joint Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War, headed by abolitionist US Senator Benjamin F Wade, of Massachusetts, was formed to investigate the Army’s failure; Stone was eventually imprisoned for eight months at Fort Lafayette, New York, without charge or trial and never filled a significant military role again. However, the treatment he received was a warning to other Union commanders about their fate if they were seen to fail or to show any sign of disloyalty. Baker became a martyr to the Union cause although his inexperience had led to the disaster. (CWSAC Major Battle – Confederate Victory)

ORDER OF BATTLE: BALL’S BLUFF, VA

Union Department of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
Army of the Potomac: Major-General George Brinton McClellan
Stone’s Division (Corps of Observation): Brigadier-General Charles Pomeroy Stone
1st Brigade: Brigadier-General Frederick West Lander
2nd Brigade: Brigadier-General Willis Arnold Gorman

Confederate Department of the Potomac: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Army of the Potomac: General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
I Corps (Potomac): Major-General Earl Van Dorn
Evans’ Brigade: Brigadier-General Nathan George Evans

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Atlantic Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William McKean USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander Thomas Tingey Craven USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the Cumberland: William Tecumseh Sherman
  • Department of the East: Vacant
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New England: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of the Ohio: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel
    • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner interim George Wright awaited
    • District of Oregon: Benjamin Lloyd Beall
    • District of Southern California: James Henry Carleton
  • Department of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland: Frederick West Lander
    • Army of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: John Ellis Wool
  • Western Department: John Charles Frémont
    • District of Western Kentucky: Charles Ferguson Smith
    • District of North Missouri: John Pope
    • District of Southeast Missouri: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • Western Army: John Charles Frémont
  • Department of Western Virginia: William Starke Rosecrans
    • District of the Kanawha: Jacob Dolson Cox

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 General-in-Chief
  • Major-General USA George Brinton McClellan 14 May 1861 Department of the Potomac & Army of the Potomac
  • Major-General USA John Charles Frémont 3 July 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 Western Department
  • Major-General USA Henry Wager Halleck 19 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of Virginia
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Department of the Pacific interim
  • Brigadier-General USA Irvin McDowell 14 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Fenno King Mansfield 17 May 1861 to rank from May 14 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Montgomery Cunningham Meigs 15 May 1861 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General USA Robert Anderson 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA William Starke Rosecrans 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Department of Western Virginia
  • Brigadier-General USA Henry Knox Craig August 3 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Lorenzo Thomas 5 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 Adjutant General
  • Brigadier-General USA James Wolfe Ripley 10 September 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 Chief of Ordnance
  • Major-General USV John Adams Dix 16 May 1861
  • Major-General USV Benjamin Franklin Butler 16 May 1861 Department of New England
  • Major-General USV Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 3 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861
  • Major-General USV David Hunter 13 August 1861
  • Major-General USV Edwin Denison Morgan 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathaniel Lyon 17 May 1861 KIA 10 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Dolson Cox 17 May 1861 District of the Kanawha
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Peter Heintzelman 27 May 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Cumming Schenck 5 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Pope 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 District of North Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Jones Reynolds 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Augustus Hurlbut 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Tecumseh Sherman 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Department of the Cumberland
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Porter 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Buel Franklin 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Pomeroy Stone 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas West Sherman 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Franklin Kelley 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 District of Grafton
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Hooker 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Alexander McClernand 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick West Lander 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 District of Harper’s Ferry and Cumberland
  • Brigadier-General USV Erasmus Darwin Keyes 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Don Carlos Buell 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Fitz-John Porter 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Archibald McCall 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus King 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Franz Sigel 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Smith Hamilton 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Ryan Curtis 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Philip Kearny 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alpheus Starkey Williams 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Reading Montgomery 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Israel Bush Richardson 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Darius Nash Couch 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ulysses Simpson Grant 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 District of Southeast Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USV James Cooper 12 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Julius Stahel 12 November 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wolcott Phelps 9 August 1861 to rank from 27 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Brewerton Ricketts April 30 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Michael Corcoran August 15 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Orlando Bolivar Willcox August 19 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Henry Thomas 17 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ambrose Everett Burnside 9 August 1861 to rank from August 6 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Hayes Lockwood August 8 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Louis Blenker 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Webb Morell 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Warner Slocum 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Samuel Wadsworth 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John James Peck 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ormsby McKnight Mitchel 9 August 1861 Department of the Ohio
  • Brigadier-General USV John Henry Martindale 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Davis Sturgis March 7 1862 to rank from August 10 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Farrar Smith 13 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Stoneman 13 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Washington Benham 13 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James William Denver 14 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Egbert Ludovicus Viele 17 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Shields 19 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Farquhar Barry 20 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Fulton Reynolds 26 August 1861 to rank from 20 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Ferguson Smith 30 August 1861 District of Western Kentucky
  • Brigadier-General USV John Joseph Abercrombie 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Abram Duryée 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Silas Casey 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Lawrence Pike Graham 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Gordon Meade 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Sedgwick September 5 1861 to rank from 31 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Justus McKinstry 2 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Lewis Wallace 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Davis Jameson 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Edgar Sickles 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Eleazer Arthur Paine 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander McDowell McCook 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Huston Milroy 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ebenezer Dumont 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Oliver Otis Howard 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alexander Asboth 26 December 1861 to rank from 3 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Willis Arnold Gorman 7 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Daniel Butterfield 7 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Mynn Thruston 7 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Horatio Gouverneur Wright 14 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Edward Otho Cresap Ord 14 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Nelson 16 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Thomas Ward 18 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Blair Smith Todd 19 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Randolph Barnes Marcy 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Stewart Van Vliet 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Newton 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Winfield Scott Hancock 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Innis Newton Palmer 28 September 1861 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Seth Williams 28 September 1861 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Gross Barnard 24 March 1862 to rank from 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Leonidas Crittenden 27 October 1861 to rank from 27 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Wright 28 September 1861 Department of the Pacific awaited
  • Brigadier-General USV Isaac Ingalls Stevens 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas Williams 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Sykes 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Wallace Burns 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Henry French 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Milton Brannan 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Porter Hatch 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV David Sloane Stanley 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Kerley Strong 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Albin Francisco Schoepf 30 September 1861 Schoepf’s Brigade (Cumberland)
  • Brigadier-General USV Lovell Harrison Rousseau 1 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Melancthon Smith Wade 1 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Scott Negley 6 February 1862 to rank from 1 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Richard William Johnson 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas John Wood 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Adolph Wilhelm August Frederick Von Steinwehr 12 June 1862 to rank from 12 October 1861
  • Colonel Harvey Brown 14 May 1861 Department of Florida
  • Colonel James Henry Carleton 19 August 1861 District of Southern California
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin Lloyd Beall District of Oregon
  • Major Benjamin Stone Roberts 13 May 1861 Southern District of New Mexico

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Command of the Department of Middle and Eastern Florida became vacant on the death of Brigadier-General John Breckinridge Grayson.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Breckinridge Grayson died in Tallahassee, Florida.

Grayson, John Breckinridge | Kentucky | Born 18 October 1806 Fayette, Kentucky | USMA 1826 22/41 Artillery – Commissary | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1826 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 30 April 1834 Captain USA Commissary of Subsistence 7 July 1838 Captain USA 2nd US Artillery 11 December 1838 Commissary of Subsistence 19 June 1846 Major USA Commissary of Subsistence 21 October 1852 Resigned USA 1 July 1861 Brigadier-General PACS August 13 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 | Died 21 October 1861 | 21 August 1861 – 21 October 1861 Department of Middle and Eastern Florida

CSA: The Department of Henrico was established, comprising Richmond and Henrico County, Virginia. It assumed jurisdiction over garrison troops, city guard, militia, police, hospitals, prisons, warehouses, training camps and government administration buildings.

CSA: Brigadier-General John Henry Winder assumed command of the Department of Henrico.

Winder, John Henry | Maryland | Born 21 February 1800 Somerset, Maryland | USMA 1820 11/30 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA US Artillery 1 July 1820 US Rifles 23 October 1820 4th US Artillery 1 June 1821 3rd US Artillery 16 August 1821 Resigned USA 31 August 1823 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 2 April 1827 1st Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 30 November 1833 Captain USA 1st US Artillery 7 October 1842 Major USA 3rd US Artillery 22 November 1860 Resigned USA 27 April 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 June 1861 | Died 7 February 1865 | 21 October 1861 – 5 March 1864 Department of Henrico, 25 May 1864 – 8 June 1864 Second District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia

CSA: Robert Emmett Rodes promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Rodes, Robert Emmett | Virginia-Alabama | Born 29 March 1829 Lynchburg, Virginia | Virginia Military Institute 1848 | Colonel PACS 5th Alabama 11 May 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 Major-General PACS 7 May 1863 to rank from May 2 1863 | WIA Fair Oaks 1862 WIA Antietam 1862 | KIA Winchester 19 September 1864 | 2 May 1863 – 2 May 1863 II Corps Northern Virginia, 27 June 1864 – 18 September 1864 I Corps Valley

CSA: Philip St George Cocke promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Cocke, Philip St George | Virginia | Born 17 April 1809 Fluvanna, Virginia | USMA 1832 6/45 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1832 Resigned USA 1 April 1834 Brigadier-General Virginia Militia 21 April 1861 Colonel PACS May 21 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 | Died December 26 1861 | 24 April 1861 – 20 May 1861 Department of Alexandria, 24 April 1861 – 20 May 1861 Alexandria Line

CSA: Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Wilcox, Cadmus Marcellus | North Carolina-Tennessee | Born 29 May 1824 Wayne, North Carolina | USMA 1846 54/59 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 16 February 1847 1st Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 24 August 1851 Captain USA 7th US Infantry 20 December 1860 Resigned 8 June 1861 Colonel PACS 9th Alabama 8 June 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 Major-General PACS 13 August 1863 to rank from 3 August 1863 Paroled 9 April 1865 | Died 2 December 1890

CSA: Nathan George Evans promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Evans, Nathan George | South Carolina | Born 3 February 1824 Marion, South Carolina | USMA 1848 36/38 Dragoons | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Dragoons 30 September 1849 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 Captain USA 2nd US Cavalry 1 May 1856 Resigned USA 27 February 1861 Major South Carolina 1861 Captain PACS May 1861 Colonel PACS July 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 Surrendered May 1865 | Died 23 November 1868 | 18 December 1861 – 27 May 1862 Third Sub-District of South Carolina, 27 May 1862 – 27 May 1862 Second Sub-District of South Carolina, 21 March 1864 – 16 October 1864 First Sub-District of South Carolina, 17 October 1864 – 21 November 1864 Second Sub-District of South Carolina

CSA: Richard Taylor promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Taylor, Richard | Kentucky-Louisiana | Born 27 January 1826 Louisville, Kentucky | Colonel PACS 9th Louisiana 7 July 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 Major-General PACS 28 July 1862 Lieutenant-General PACS 14 May 1864 to rank from 8 April 1864 Surrendered 4 May 1865 Paroled 10 May 1865 | Died 12 April 1879 | 20 August 1862 – 9 June 1864 District of West Louisiana, 15 August 1864 – 4 May 1865 Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, 23 January 1865 – 24 February 1865 Department of Tennessee and Georgia, 23 January 1865 – 21 February 1865 Army of Tennessee

CSA: Louis Trezevant Wigfall promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Wigfall, Louis Trezevant | South Carolina | Born 21 April 1816 Edgefield, South Carolina | Colonel PACS 1st Texas 28 August 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 Resigned PACS 20 February 1862 | Died 18 February 1874

CSA: James Heyward Trapier promoted Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861.

Trapier, James Heyward | South Carolina | Born 24November 1815 Georgetown, South Carolina | USMA 1838 3/45 Artillery – Engineers | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1838 Engineers 7 July 1838 1st Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1839 Resigned USA 28 February 1848 Major South Carolina Militia 1851-1853 Captain PACS Engineers 1861 Major PACS Engineers 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 21 October 1861 | Died 21 December 1865 | 22 October 1861 – 5 November 1861 Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, 5 November 1861 – 13 November 1861 District of Middle and East Florida, 14 March 1862 – 31 March 1962 Department of Middle and Eastern Florida, 6 November 1862 – 18 July 1864 Fourth Sub-District of South Carolina, 14 March 1863 – 15 October 1863 Second Sub-District of South Carolina, 17 October 1864 – 10 May 1865 First Sub-District of South Carolina

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Judah Philip Benjamin

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: Mansfield Lovell
  • Department of Alabama and West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • District of Alabama: Jones Mitchell Withers
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Aquia: vacant
  • Department of Henrico: John Henry Winder
  • Department of Middle and Eastern Florida: vacant
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Richard Caswell Gatlin
    • District of Cape Fear: Joseph Reid Anderson
    • District of Pamlico: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
      • I Corps Potomac: Earl Van Dorn
      • II Corps Potomac: Gustavus Woodson Smith
    • Army of the Valley: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Department of South Carolina: Roswell Sabine Ripley
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Paul Octave Hébert
    • District of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Western Department: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • First Geographical Division: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
    • District of the Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
    • Army of Central Kentucky: Simon Bolivar Buckner
    • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of Arizona: John Robert Baylor
    • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Forces in Richmond: Charles Dimmock
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Confederate Generals

  • General ACSA Samuel Cooper 31 August 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861Adjutant-General and Inspector General
  • General ACSA Albert Sidney Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 30 May 1861 Western Department
  • General ACSA Robert Edward Lee 31 August 1861 to rank from 14 June 1861 Military Adviser to the President
  • General ACSA Joseph Eggleston Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 4 July 1861 Department of the Potomac & Army of the Potomac
  • General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 31 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861
  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861
  • Major-General PACS Leonidas Polk 25 June 1861 First Geographical Division
  • Major-General PACS Braxton Bragg 12 September 1861 Department of Alabama and West Florida
  • Major-General PACS Earl Van Dorn 19 September 1861 I Corps Potomac
  • Major-General PACS Gustavus Woodson Smith 19 September 1861 II Corps Potomac
  • Major-General PACS Theophilus Hunter Holmes 7 October 1861
  • Major-General PACS William Joseph Hardee 7 October 1861 District of Upper Arkansas
  • Major-General PACS James Longstreet 7 October 1861.
  • Major-General PACS Thomas Jonathan Jackson 7 October 1861 Army of the Valley
  • Major-General PACS John Bankhead Magruder 7 October 1861 Department of the Peninsula & Army of the Peninsula
  • Major-General PACS Benjamin Huger 7 October 1861 Department of Norfolk
  • Major-General PACS Mansfield Lovell 7 October 1861 Department No 1
  • Major-General PACS Edmund Kirby Smith 13 October 1861 to rank from 11 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Defences of Savannah
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin McCulloch 11 May 1861 District of the Indian Territory & Western Army
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Wing Loring 20 May 1861 Department of Southwestern Virginia & Army of the Northwest
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Clark 22 May 1861.
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Buchanan Floyd 23 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Talbot Walker 25 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Rootes Jackson 4 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Alexander Wise 5 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Selden Garnett 6 June 1861 KIA 13 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Stoddert Ewell 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Hopkins Sibley 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Barnard Elliott Bee 17 June 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Clifford Pemberton 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS David Rumph Jones 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Henry Winder 21 June 1861 Department of Henrico & Provost Marshal General
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Caswell Gatlin 13 August 1861 to rank from 8 July 1861 Department of North Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gideon Johnson Pillow 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Read Anderson 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin Franklin Cheatham 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Smith Donelson 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Felix Kirk Zollicoffer 9 July 1861 District of East Tennessee
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jones Mitchell Withers 10 July 1861 District of Alabama
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Harvey Hill 10 July 1861 Department of Fredericksburg & District of Pamlico
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Heron Anderson 19 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Augustus Toombs 19 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Arnold Elzey 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Jones 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jubal Anderson Early July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Chase Whiting 28 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Francis Stebbins Bartow 21 July 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Ruggles August 6 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Isaac Ridgeway Trimble 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS George Bibb Crittenden 13 August 1861 to rank from August 15 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Breckinridge Grayson 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 Died 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Roswell Sabine Ripley 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861 Department of South Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Pike 13 August 1861 to rank from 15 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Paul Octave Hébert August 18 1861 to rank from August 17 1861 Department of Texas
  • Brigadier-General PACS Joseph Reid Anderson 3 September 1861 District of Cape Fear
  • Brigadier-General PACS Simon Bolivar Buckner 14 September 1861 Army of Central Kentucky
  • Brigadier-General PACS Leroy Pope Walker 17 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Albert Gallatin Blanchard 21 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gabriel James Rains 23 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Ewell Brown Stuart 24 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lafayette McLaws 25 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Fenwick Drayton 25 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Carmichael Hindman 28 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Adley Hogan Gladden 30 September 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Porter McCown 12 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Lloyd Tilghman 18 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Emmett Rodes 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Philip St George Cocke 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Nathan George Evans 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Taylor 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Louis Trezevant Wigfall 21 October 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Heyward Trapier 21 October 1861
  • Colonel John Creed Moore District of Galveston
  • Colonel Charles Dimmock Forces in Richmond
  • Lieutenant-Colonel John Robert Baylor 3 May 1861 District of Arizona

 

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