1861 May 2nd

May 2 1861 Thursday

USA. Union General-in-Chief Major-General Winfield Scott presented his so-called “Anaconda Plan” to subdue the Confederacy by a process of blockade and territorial dismemberment along the line of the Mississippi River. He proposed the imposition of a naval cordon capable of enveloping the seceded states with a complete maritime blockade. He also proposed an offensive movement down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico, in order to extend the blockade and envelop the insurgent states. He stated that this strategy would bring the secessionists to terms “with less bloodshed than by any other plan.” The key to the Anaconda Plan was control of the sea and inland waterways by the Union Navy. The strategy of victory was (a) to strengthen the blockade, (b) to split the Confederacy along the line of the Mississippi River, and (c) to support land operations by amphibious assault, naval gunfire and river transportation.

Maryland. The Maryland Committee on US Relations, “in view of the seizure of the railroads by the General Government and the erection of fortifications,” presented resolutions appointing commissioners to US President Abraham Lincoln to ascertain whether any suitable arrangements with the US government were practicable for the maintenance of the peace, the honour of the state and the security of its inhabitants. The appointed commissioners were: Otho Scott, Robert M McLane, and William J Ross.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: Vacant
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner awaited
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: Edmund Brooke Alexander temporary

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
    • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
  • Forces in Richmond: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner

 Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham

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