1861 May 3rd

May 3 1861 Friday

Great Britain. British Foreign Minister Lord John Russell met informally with a delegation from the Confederate States comprising William L Yancey, Pierre A Rost, and A Dudley Mann. The Confederate diplomats were seeking recognition for the Confederate government but no commitment was made by the British government.

USA. US President Abraham Lincoln called for 42,000 volunteers for three years’ service and directed an increase in the US Regular Army by the formation of eight new three-battalion regiments of infantry (24 companies each), and one regiment of Regular Army artillery. This raised the Regular Army’s nominal strength to 22,714 men. He also authorised the enlistment of 18,000 seamen for the US Navy.

Missouri. Governor Claiborne Jackson sent a message to the legislature, advising the arming of the state and recommending a sympathetic attitude with the Confederate slave-holding states.

Union Organisation

USA: The Department of the Ohio was established, comprising Illinois, Ohio, and Indiana transferred from the Department of the East.

USA: Ohio State Major-General George Brinton McClellan was appointed to command the Department of the Ohio, arriving on 13th May 1861.

McClellan, George Brinton | Pennsylvania | Born 3 December 1826 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania | USMA 1846 2/59 Engineers | 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 24 April 1847 1st Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1853 Captain USA 1st US Cavalry 3 March 1855 Resigned USA 15 January 1857 Major-General Ohio Volunteers 23 April 1861 Major-General USA May 14 1861 Commanding General of the US Army November 1 1861 Relieved temporarily as Commanding General 17 March 1862 permanently 22 July 1862 Resigned USA November 8 1864 | Died 29 October 1885 | 3 May 1861 – 22 July 1861 Department of the Ohio, 14 June 1861 – 22 July 1861 Army of Occupation, 25 July 1861 – 16 August 1861 Military Division (Department) of the Potomac, 17 August 1861 – 6 November 1862 Department of the Potomac, 17 August 1861 – 6 November 1862 Army of the Potomac, 1 November 1861 – 10 July 1862 General-in-Chief, 2 September 1862 – 11 September 1862 Army of Virginia

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: Vacant
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan awaited
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner awaited
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: Edmund Brooke Alexander temporary

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Forces in the Kanawha Valley was established, comprising forces collected in western Virginia prior to the formation of the Army of the Kanawha.

CSA: State Colonel Christopher Quarles Tompkins assumed command of the Forces in the Kanawha Valley.

Tompkins, Christopher Charles | Virginia | Born 4 August 1813 Mathews, Virginia | USMA 1836 27/49 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1836 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 7 July 1838 Captain USA 3rd US Artillery 18 June 1846 Resigned USA 22 September 1847 Colonel Virginia April 1861 Colonel PACS 22nd Virginia 1 July 1861 Resigned PACS 23 November 1861 | Died 28 May 1877 | 3 May 1861 – 5 June 1861 Forces in the Kanawha Valley

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
    • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
  • Forces in Richmond: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 General-in-Chief
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of the East
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Department of the Pacific
  • Colonel Joseph King Fenno Mansfield 28 May 1853 Department of Washington
  • Colonel George Wright 3 March 1855 District of Oregon
  • Colonel Edmund Brooke Alexander 3 March 1855 Department of the West temporary
  • Colonel William Wing Loring 30 December 1856 Department of New Mexico
  • Colonel Philip St George Cooke 14 June 1858 Department of Utah
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Harvey Brown 28 April 1861 Department of Florida
  • State Major-General Robert Patterson Department of Pennsylvania
  • State Major-General George Brinton McClellan Department of the Ohio awaited
  • State Brigadier-General Benjamin Franklin Butler Department of Annapolis awaited

Confederate Generals

  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861 District of Louisiana
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard March 1 1861 Department of South Carolina & Forces in Charleston
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Forces in Louisiana & Department of West Florida & Forces in Pensacola & Forces in New Orleans
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Defences of Savannah
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861
  • Colonel Joseph Eggleston Johnston Forces in Richmond
  • Colonel Earl Van Dorn 16 March 1861 Department of Texas
  • Colonel Theophilus Hunter Holmes March 1861 Department of North Carolina & Defences of North Carolina
  • Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson 21 April 1861 Forces in Harper’s Ferry
  • State Major-General Walter Gwynn 10 April 1861 Forces in Norfolk
  • State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke 21 April 1861 Department of Alexandria & Alexandria Line
  • State Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles May 1861 Potomac Line
  • Colonel Christopher Quarles Tompkins Forces in the Kanawha Valley
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