1861 May 29th

May 29 1861 Wednesday

Aquia Creek, VA

Chesapeake Bay Blockade

McClellan’s West Virginia Campaign

USA. Union Brigadier-General William Selby Harney, commanding the Department of the West, was formally relieved of command. He had been previously suspended because of the embarrassment caused by his expression of explicit pro-slaveholding views in Missouri. By exposing Harney’s partiality to the secessionist cause, Union Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon eliminated the Confederate sympathiser from military command in Missouri. Harney retained his commission in the US Army but was never assigned again to a significant command.

District of Columbia. The UDS Secretary of War Simeon Cameron accepted the offer of  Dorothea Dix to establish Federal Military hospitals.

Louisiana. The Confederate privateer J C Calhoun captured the American brig Panama, which was taken to New Orleans with two earlier prizes, the American schooners Mermaid and John Adams.

Louisiana. USS Powhatan, Commander David Dixon Porter, captured the schooner Mary Clinton attempting to run the block­ade near Southwest Pass of the Mississippi River.

Maryland. Union forces began to move through Maryland towards Harper’s Ferry, Virginia.

Virginia. The Confederate garrison at Harper’s Ferry retired to Martinsburg as enemy forces approached the Potomac River from the north.

Virginia. Union forces including 1st Vermont Infantry, Colonel John A Bendix’s 7th New York Infantry, 4th Massachusetts Infantry, Scott’s Life Guards, and a detachment of US Regular artillerymen completed the occupation of Newport News. Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler established a camp within artillery range of Fort Monroe at Hampton and set up another fortified camp at Newport News, about 8 miles from the fort.

Aquia Creek, Virginia. The USS Thomas Freeborn (a converted 250-ton paddle-wheel steamer mounting three guns) bombarded Confederate batteries near the mouth of Aquia Creek. The Confederate garrison under Colonel Daniel Ruggles prepared for a landing of troops, but this did not arise. The Confederates reported that the USS Thomas Freeborn fired 14 shots and wounded one man in the hand.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Commander John Rodgers USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: John Adams Dix
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs awaited
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of Alexandria: Milledge Luke Bonham
    • Army of the Potomac: Milledge Luke Bonham
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker

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