May 1 1861 Wednesday
Maryland. USS Commerce, Lieutenant Pierce Crosby, seized the steam tug Lioness off the mouth of the Patapsco River.
Nebraska Territory. Governor Samuel W Black called out the Militia for Union service.
New Mexico Territory. Colonel William Wing Loring resigned his command of the Union Department of New Mexico, leaving the post temporarily vacant, in order to join the Confederacy.
New York. The first vessels were acquired by the Union for assignment to the “Flying Flotilla” or Potomac Flotilla planned to patrol the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.
North Carolina. An extra session of the North Carolina state legislature met at the request of Governor Ellis. The same day the legislature passed a Convention Bill, ordering an election of delegates on 13 May 1861.
Tennessee. The Tennessee state legislature passed a joint resolution authorising the Governor to appoint commissioners to enter into a military league with the authorities of the Confederate States.
Indian Territory. Confederate forces and Texas Militia entered the Indian Territory and occupied the abandoned Fort Washita.
Utah Territory. Frank Fuller succeeded Alfred Cumming as Acting Governor of Utah Territory.
Virginia. The Union garrison of Fortress Monroe was reinforced by the 1st Vermont Infantry under Colonel John Wolcott Phelps and several more volunteer regiments soon followed to secure its defence.
Virginia. Virginia State Major-General Robert Edward Lee sent specialist officers and troops to the Harper’s Ferry Arsenal to dismantle the weapons manufacturing machinery and ordnance stores which had escaped destruction by the Union garrison.
Virginia. Governor John Letcher called for volunteers to join the state forces.
Virginia. US Navy vessels established a blockade of the James River and Hampton Roads.
USA: Command of the Department of New Mexico became vacant after Colonel William Wing Loring resigned to join the Confederacy.
Loring, William Wing / North Carolina-Florida / Born 4 December 1818 Wilmington, North Carolina / Died 30 December 1886
Private Florida Militia 1832 / Sergeant Florida Militia 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USV Florida Infantry 16 June 1837 / Mustered Out USV 16 August 1837 / Captain USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Major USA 16 February 1847 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 15 March 1848 / Colonel US 30 December 1856 / Resigned USA 13 May 1861 / Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 20 May 1861 / Major-General PACS 15 February 1862 to rank from 17 February 1862 / Paroled Greensboro, North Carolina 1 May 1865 / Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 20 August 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 13 September 1847 WIA Churubusco 20 August 1847 WIA Chapultepec 13 September 1847 WIA Ezra Church 28 July 1864
Department of New Mexico 22 January 1861-11 June 1861 / Department of Southwestern Virginia 8 May 1861-16 October 1862 / Army of the Northwest 20 July 1861-26 January 1862 / I Corps Mississippi 15 December 1862-20 May 1863 / Loring’s Division Western Department 20 May 1863-4 July 1863 / Loring’s Division Department Mississippi and East Louisiana 4 July 1863-28 January 1864 / Loring’s Division Department of Alabama Mississippi and East Louisiana 28 January 1864-4 May 1864 / Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 4 May 1864-14 June 1864 / III Corps Army of Tennessee 14 June 1864-23 June 1864 / Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 7 July 1864-28 July 1864 / III Corps Tennessee 14 June 1864-28 July 1864 / Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee September 1864-March 1865 / Loring’s Division III Corps Army of Tennessee 9 April 1865-26 April 1865
Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Simon Cameron
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
Potomac Flotilla: James Harmon Ward
General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott
Department of Annapolis: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
Department of New Mexico: Vacant
Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner awaited
- District of Oregon: George Wright
Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
Department of Texas: Vacant
Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Department of the West: Edmund Brooke Alexander temporary
Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory
Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
- Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
- Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
- “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
- “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
- “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
“Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
“Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
Forces in Richmond: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission
David Emanuel Twiggs
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham