1861 May 15th

May 15 1861 Wednesday

Great Britain. Queen Victoria proclaimed the neutrality of Great Britain, forbidding British citizens from engaging in the conflict or breaking the lawful blockade of the Confederate states.

CSA. Confederate Colonel Abraham Charles Myers was appointed as Quartermaster-General of the Confederate Army. He had already been appointed on March 25 1861 as Acting Quartermaster-General. His post was confirmed in December 1861.

Missouri. Expedition to St Louis and Potosi. Union forces took some secessionist prisoners and munitions in Potosi and sent them to St Louis.

Missouri. Union Brigadier-General William Selby Harney was suspended from command of the Department of the West by US Representative Francis Preston Blair. Blair had been given Presidential authority to replace Harney with Colonel Nathaniel Lyon at any time after May 18 1861 if Harney was unable to restrict the pro-Confederate actions of Governor Jackson of Missouri. Blair decided to act decisively to prevent Federal property falling into Confederate hands.

Union Organisation

USA: Pennsylvania State Major-General George Cadwalader assumed command of the Department of Annapolis, succeeding Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler who been appointed but had not assumed command.

Cadwalader, George | Pennsylvania | Born 16 May 1806 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania | Brigadier-General Pennsylvania Militia 1841 Brigadier-General USV March 3 1847 Honourably Discharged USV 20 July 1848 Major-General Pennsylvania Militia 19 April 1861 Mustered out Pennsylvania Militia 19 July 1861 Major-General USV April 25 1862 Resigned USV 5 July 1865 | Died 3 February 1879 | 15 May 1861 – 15 May 1861 Department of Annapolis, 31 July 1864 – 18 August 1864 District of Brandywine, 1 December 1864 – 27 June 1865 Department of Pennsylvania, 1 December 1864 – 15 December 1864 District of Philadelphia

USA: Montgomery Cunningham Meigs promoted Brigadier-General USA 15 May 1861 Quartermaster-General.

Meigs, Montgomery Cunningham | Georgia-Pennsylvania | Born 3 May 1816 Augusta, Georgia | USMA 1836 5/49 Artillery – Engineers – Quartermaster’s Department | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1836 Engineers 1 November 1836 1st US Artillery 11 December 1836 Engineers 1 July 1837 to date from 1 July 1836 1st Lieutenant USA Engineers 7 July 1838 Captain USA Engineers 3 March 1853 Colonel USA 11th US Infantry 14 May 1861 Brigadier-General USA Quartermaster-General 15 May 1861 Retired USA 6 February 1882 | Died 2 January 1892 | 15 May 1861 – 6 February 1882 Quartermaster-General

USA: Robert Anderson promoted Brigadier-General USA 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861.

Anderson, Robert | Kentucky | Born 14 June 1805 Louisville, Kentucky | USMA 1825 15/37 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 1 July 1825 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 30 June 1833 Captain USA 3rd US Artillery 23 October 1841 Major USA 1st US Artillery 5 October 1857 | Brigadier-General USA June 17 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861 Retired USA October 27 1863 | WIA Mexican War CIA Fort Sumter 1861 | Died 26 October 1871 | 28 May 1861 – 14 August 1861 Department of Kentucky, 15 August 1861 – 7 October 1861 Department of the Cumberland

USA: George Archibald McCall appointed Major-General of Pennsylvania Volunteers to command the Pennsylvania Reserves.

McCall, George Archibald | Pennsylvania | Born 16 March 1802 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania | USMA 1822 26/40 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Infantry 1 July 1822 4th US Infantry 23 December 1822 1st Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 23 January 1829 Captain USA 4th US Infantry 21 September 1836 Major USA 3rd US Infantry 26 December 1847 Colonel USA Inspector-General 10 June 1850 Resigned USA 29 April 1853 Major-General Pennsylvania Volunteers 15 May 1861 Brigadier-General USV 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Resigned USV 31 March 1863 | CIA Glendale 1862 | Died 26 February 1868

USA: Colonel Thomas Lawson Surgeon-General of the US Army died.

Lawson, Thomas | Virginia | Born 29 August 1789 Princess Anne, Virginia | Surgeon’s Mate USN 1 March 1809 Resigned USN 12 January 1811 Surgeon’s Mate USA 8 February 1811 Surgeon USA 6th US Infantry 21 May 1813 7th US Infantry 17 May 1815 Lieutenant-Colonel USV 5 February 1836 Mustered out USV 15 May 1836 Colonel USA Surgeon General 30 November 1836 | Died May 15 1861 | 30 November 1836 – 15 May 1861 Surgeon-General

USA: Colonel Clement Alexander Finley appointed Surgeon-General of the US Army.

Finley, Clement Alexander | Born 11 May 1797 Newville, Pennsylvania | Surgeon’s Mate USA 1st US Infantry 10 August 1818 Major USA 1831 1st US Dragoons Colonel USA Surgeon-General 15 May 1861 Retired USA 14 April 1862 | Died 8 September 1879 | 15 May 1861 – 14 April 1862 Surgeon-General

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: George Cadwalader
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Brigadier-General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was appointed to command the Forces in Harper’s Ferry, arriving on 24th May 1861.

CSA: Joseph Eggleston Johnston promoted Brigadier-General ACSA May 15 1861 to rank from May 14 1861

Johnston, Joseph Eggleston | Virginia | Born February 3 1807 Longwood, Virginia | USMA 1829 13/46 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 1 July 1829 1st Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 31 July 1836 Resigned USA 31 May 1837 1st Lieutenant USA Topographical Engineers 7 July 1838 Captain USA Topographical Engineers 21 September 1846 Lieutenant-Colonel USA Voltigeurs and Rifles April 9 1847 Mustered out USV 28 August 1848 Brigadier-General USA Quartermaster General June 28 1860 Resigned USA 22 April 1861 Brigadier-General ACSA 15 May 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 General ACSA August 31 1861 to rank from 4 July 1861 Surrendered 26 April 1865 Paroled 2 May 1865 | Died 21 March 1891 | Quartermaster-General 28 June 1860- 21 April 1861, 24 April 1861 – 7 May 1861 Forces in Richmond, 15 May 1861 -3 July 1861 Forces in Harper’s Ferry, 4 July 1861 – 20 July 1861 District of Harper’s Ferry, 4 July 1861 – 19 July 1861 Army of the Shenandoah, 20 July 1861 – 22 October 1861 Department of the Potomac, 21 July 1861 – 14 March 1862 Army of the Potomac, 22 October 1861 – 30 May 1862 Department of Northern Virginia, 14 March 1862 – 30 May 1862 Army of Northern Virginia, 4 November 1862 – 16 December 1863 Military Division of the West, 4 July 1863 – 23 August 1863 Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, 2 December 1863 – 22 December 1863 Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, 16 December 1863 – 17 July 1864 Department of Tennessee, 27 December 1863 – 17 July 1864 Army of Tennessee, 22 February 1865 – 26 April 1865 Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, 22 February 1865 – 26 March 1865 Department of Tennessee and Georgia, 27 February 1865 – 15 March 1865 Army of Tennessee, 6 March 1865 – 26 April 1865 Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, 22 February 1865 – 9 April 1865 Army of the South, 9 April 1865 – 26 April 1865 Army of Tennessee

CSA: Robert Edward Lee promoted Brigadier-General ACSA 14 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861

Lee, Robert Edward | Virginia | Born 19 January 1807 Stratford Hall, Virginia | USMA 1829 2/46 Engineers | 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1829 1st Lieutenant USA Engineers 21 September 1836 Captain USA Engineers 7 July 1838 Lieutenant-Colonel USA 2nd US Cavalry 3 March 1855 Colonel USA 1st US Cavalry 16 March 1861 Resigned USA 25 April 1861 Commander-in-Chief Virginia Army 23 April 1861 Brigadier-General ACSA 14 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861 General ACSA June 14 1861 General-in-Chief January 31 1865 Surrendered and Paroled 9 April 1865 | WIA Chapultepec 1847 CIA Appomattox 1865 | Died 12 October 1870 | 8 June 1861 – 4 November 1861 Military Adviser to the President, 5 November 1861 – 13 March 1862 Department of South Carolina, Georgia and East Florida, 5 March 1862 – 31 May 1862 Military Adviser to the President, 1 June 1862 – 9 April 1865 Department of Northern Virginia, 1 June 1862 – 9 April 1865 Army of Northern Virginia, 31 January 1865 – 9 April 1865 General-in-Chief

Commander-in-Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
    • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson interim, Joseph Eggleston Johnston awaited
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
  • Forces in Richmond: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 General-in-Chief
  • Major-General USA George Brinton McClellan 14 May 1861 Department of the Ohio
  • Major-General USA John Charles Frémont 3 July 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of the East
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858 Department of the West
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Department of the Pacific
  • Brigadier-General USA Irvin McDowell 14 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Fenno King Mansfield May 17 1861 to rank from May 14 1861 Department of Washington
  • Brigadier-General USA Montgomery Cunningham Meigs 15 May 1861 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General USA Robert Anderson 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861
  • Colonel George Wright 3 March 1855 District of Oregon
  • Colonel Philip St George Cooke 14 June 1858 Department of Utah
  • Colonel Edward Richard Sprigg Canby 14 May 1861 Department of New Mexico
  • Colonel Harvey Brown 14 May 1861 Department of Florida
  • State Major-General Robert Patterson Department of Pennsylvania
  • State Major-General George Cadwalader Department of Annapolis

Confederate Generals

  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861 District of Louisiana
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard March 1 1861 Department of South Carolina & Forces in Charleston
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Forces in Louisiana & Department of West Florida & Forces in Pensacola & Forces in New Orleans
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Joseph Eggleston Johnston May 15 1861 to rank from May 14 1861 Forces in Harper’s Ferry interim
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Robert Edward Lee 14 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Defences of Savannah
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin McCulloch 11 May 1861 Indian Territory
  • Colonel Earl Van Dorn 16 March 1861 Department of Texas
  • Colonel Theophilus Hunter Holmes March 1861 Department of North Carolina & Defences of North Carolina
  • Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson 21 April 1861 Forces in Harper’s Ferry interim
  • Colonel John Bankhead Magruder 16 May 1861 Forces in Richmond
  • Colonel William Wing Loring Department of Southwestern Virginia
  • State Major-General Walter Gwynn 10 April 1861 Forces in Norfolk
  • State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke 21 April 1861 Department of Alexandria & Alexandria Line
  • State Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles May 1861 Potomac Line
  • Colonel Christopher Quarles Tompkins Forces in the Kanawha Valley

 

 

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