1861 May 13th

May 13 1861 Monday

Great Britain proclaimed Neutrality

Great Britain. Queen Victoria proclaimed British neutrality and forbade British subjects to endeavour to break the Union block­ade, thereby unofficially recognising the Confederacy as a belligerent but not as a sovereign nation.

Maryland. Occupation of Baltimore by Union forces was completed by Massachusetts State Brigadier-General Benjamin Franklin Butler. The 67th Massachusetts and 8th New York moved onto Federal Hill to dominate the city.

Maryland. Both Houses of the Maryland state legislature adopted a resolution providing for a committee of eight members, four from each House, to visit the President of the United States and the President of the Southern Confederacy. The committee to visit Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis was instructed to convey the assurance that Maryland sympathized with the Confederate states, and that the people of Maryland were wholeheartedly on the side of reconciliation and peace.

North Carolina. North Carolina elected delegates to a state convention, as ordered to do so by the state legislature on 1st May 1861.

Ohio. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan arrived to take command at the headquarters of the Department of the Ohio in Cincinnati. He planned an offensive into the western counties of Virginia with the optimistic hope that this would result in a campaign towards the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. His immediate objectives were to occupy the territory to protect the predominantly pro-Union population of the area and to keep open the critical Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.

Virginia. The Union 1st Vermont under Colonel J Wolcott Phelps reinforced the garrison at Fort Monroe and several other volunteer regiments followed.

(Virginia. A convention of pro-Union delegates from 35 Virginian counties met in Wheeling to consider a separation of the western counties from the state of Virginia.

Union Organisation

USA: Ohio State Major-General George Brinton McClellan arrived to command the Department of the Ohio.

McClellan, George Brinton / Pennsylvania / Born 3 December 1826 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania / USMA 1846 2/59 Engineers / 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 24 April 1847 / 1st Lieutenant USA Engineers 1 July 1853 / Captain USA 1st US Cavalry 3 March 1855 Resigned USA 15 January 1857 / Major-General Ohio Volunteers 23 April 1861 / Major-General USA May 14 1861 General-in-Chief of the US Army November 1 1861 Relieved temporarily as General-in-Chief 17 March 1862 permanently 22 July 1862 Resigned USA November 8 1864 / Died 29 October 1885 / 3 May 1861 – 22 July 1861 Department of the Ohio, 14 June 1861 – 22 July 1861 Army of Occupation, 25 July 1861 – 16 August 1861 Military Division of the Potomac, 17 August 1861 – 6 November 1862 Department of the Potomac, 17 August 1861 – 6 November 1862 Army of the Potomac, 1 November 1861 – 10 July 1862 General-in-Chief, 2 September 1862 – 11 September 1862 Army of Virginia

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: Benjamin Franklin Butler awaited
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of New Mexico: Vacant
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Indian Territory was established as a military organisation, comprising the Indian Territory or approximately the area of the later state of Oklahoma.

CSA: Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch assumed command of the Indian Territory.

McCulloch, Benjamin | Tennessee | Born 11 November 1811 Rutherford, Tennessee | 2nd Lieutenant Army of Texas 1835 1st Lieutenant Army of Texas 21 April 1836 1st Lieutenant Texas Rangers 1838-1839 Army of Texas 1842-1845 Captain USV 1st Texas Cavalry 1846 Major USV 1st Texas Cavalry 1847-1848 Colonel PACS Texas Cavalry 14 February 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 11 May 1861 | CIA Ciudad Mier 1842 | KIA Pea Ridge 7 March 1862 | 13 May 1861 – 9 September 1861 Indian Territory, 2 July 1861 – 2 August 1861 Forces in Missouri, 4 August 1861 – 19 January 1862 Western Army, 10 September 1861 – 21 November 1861 District of the Indian Territory

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department of Alexandria: Philip St George Cocke
    • Alexandria Line: Philip St George Cocke
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of South Carolina: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • “Forces in Charleston”: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • District of Louisiana: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • “Forces in Norfolk”: Walter Gwynn
  • Forces in Richmond: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 General-in-Chief
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of the East
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858 Department of the West
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Department of the Pacific
  • Colonel Joseph King Fenno Mansfield 28 May 1853 Department of Washington
  • Colonel George Wright 3 March 1855 District of Oregon
  • Colonel Philip St George Cooke 14 June 1858 Department of Utah
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Harvey Brown 28 April 1861 Department of Florida
  • State Major-General Robert Patterson Department of Pennsylvania
  • State Major-General George Brinton McClellan Department of the Ohio
  • State Brigadier-General Benjamin Franklin Butler Department of Annapolis awaited

Confederate Generals

  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861 District of Louisiana
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard March 1 1861 Department of South Carolina & Forces in Charleston
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Forces in Louisiana & Department of West Florida & Forces in Pensacola & Forces in New Orleans
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Defences of Savannah
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin McCulloch 11 May 1861 Indian Territory
  • Colonel Earl Van Dorn 16 March 1861 Department of Texas
  • Colonel Theophilus Hunter Holmes March 1861 Department of North Carolina & Defences of North Carolina
  • Colonel Thomas Jonathan Jackson 21 April 1861 Forces in Harper’s Ferry
  • Colonel John Bankhead Magruder 16 May 1861 Forces in Richmond
  • Colonel William Wing Loring Department of Southwestern Virginia
  • State Major-General Walter Gwynn 10 April 1861 Forces in Norfolk
  • State Brigadier-General Philip St George Cocke 21 April 1861 Department of Alexandria & Alexandria Line
  • State Brigadier-General Daniel Ruggles May 1861 Potomac Line
  • Colonel Christopher Quarles Tompkins Forces in the Kanawha Valley

 

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