1861 June 6th

June 6 1861 Thursday

Chesapeake Bay Blockade

McClellan’s West Virginia Campaign

Kentucky. A pro-Confederate camp at Ellicott’s Mills was broken up by Union forces sent from Cairo, Illinois.

New Hampshire. Nathaniel S Berry succeeded Ichabod Goodwin as Governor of New Hampshire.

South Caroline. Governor Pickens banned the remittance of funds to creditors in the Union states.

Virginia. The State army and naval forces of Virginia were transferred to the service of the Confederate States.

Virginia. A patrol of 35 Confederate cavalrymen was captured near Alexandria, and released on parole.

Virginia. Confederate Colonel John Bankhead Magruder sent Colonel Daniel Harvey Hill and the 1st North Carolina, supported by Major G W Randolph with four guns of the Richmond Howitzer artillery, to Big Bethel Church (or Great Bethel Church). They were scouting within eight miles of the Union camps at Newport News and Hampton. Hill occupied high ground just north of the west branch of the Back River and established a well-fortified camp which blocked the road between Yorktown and Hampton and commanded the bridge over the Back River. On the north side of the river, Hill had his men dig entrenchments, laying out the position in the form of a square. He had an outlying position guarding an old ford on his left and a redoubt for a howitzer on his right and across the river. He also had some flank protection from heavy woods and marshes. Magruder’s force established a smaller outpost at Little Bethel Church about eight miles from Hampton. The fortified position at Big Bethel Church was a short distance further north from Little Bethel Church, along and mainly north of Marsh Creek, a tributary of Back Creek. The position at Big Bethel Church blocked the main road between Yorktown and Hampton. About 1,500 men held Big Bethel Church while 50 cavalrymen manned the outpost at Little Bethel Church.

Virginia. Confederate Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise had raised Wise’s Legion in the Kanawha Valley. Styled grandiosely as the Army of the Kanawha, they were to be led almost like a private army by the former Governor of Virginia. Its miscellaneous militia and army units were ill-equipped, poorly supplied and disorganised. It amounted to about 1,800 men from western Virginia and suffered heavy rates of desertion when it was later moved to protect the Virginia Central Railroad.

Union Organisation

USA: The state of Missouri transferred from the Department of the West to the Department of the Ohio.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Commander John Rodgers USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: John Adams Dix interim Nathaniel Prentiss Banks awaited
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
    • Army of the Shenandoah: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Forces in the Kanawha Valley was discontinued and incorporated into the Army of the Kanawha.

CSA: The Army of the Kanawha was established, comprising the former Forces in the Kanawha Valley and additional troops, with headquarters initially at Charleston, Virginia.

CSA: Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise assumed command of the Army of the Kanawha.

Wise, Henry Alexander / Virginia / Born 3 December 1806 Drummondtown, Virginia / Died Richmond, Virginia 12 September 1876
Brigadier-General PACS 5 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 6 April 1865 Unconfirmed / Paroled Appomattox, Virginia 9 April 1865
Army of the Kanawha 6 June 1861-11 August 1861 / District of Albemarle 21 December 1861-23 February 1862 / District of Roanoke Island 22 January 1862-9 February 1862 / Wise’s Brigade Aquia District 13 February 1862-June 1862 / Wise’s Brigade Right Wing Army of North Virginia June 1862-July 1862 / 6th Brigade G W Smith’s Division Department of Richmond July 1862-August 1862 / Wise’s Brigade Department of Richmond August 1862-11 September 1862 / Wise’s Brigade First Sub-District of South Carolina 11 September 1862-22 October 1863 / Sixth Sub-District of South Carolina 22 October 1863-4 April 1864 / Wise’s Brigade X Division Department of Richmond 10 May 1864-14 May 1864 / Wise’s Brigade Whiting’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 14 May 1864-17 May 1864 / Wise’s Brigade D H Hill’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 17 May 1864-21 May 1864 / Wise’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 21 May 1864-1 June 1864 / First District of North Carolina and Southern Virginia 10 May 1864-26 December 1864 / Wise’s Brigade B R Johnson’s Division IV Corps Army of Northern Virginia 26 December 1864-8 April 1865Wise’s Brigade Grimes’ Division II Corps Army of Northern Virginia 8 April 1865-9 April 1865

CSA: Brigadier-General Theophilus Hunter Holmes assumed command of the Department of Fredericksburg.

Holmes, Theophilus Hunter / North Carolina / Born 13 November 1804 Clinton, North Carolina / Died 21 June 1880
USMA 1 July 1829 44 /46 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 September 1825 / 7th US Infantry 1 July 1829 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1829 / 1st Lieutenant USA 26 March 1835 / Regt Adjutant 9 August 1838-9 December 1838 / Captain USA 9 December 1838 / Major USA 8th US Infantry 3 March 1855 / Resigned USA 22 April 1861 / Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Brigadier-General North Carolina Militia 27 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 5 June 1861 / Major-General PACS 7 October 1861 / Lieutenant-General PACS 10 October 1862 / No Record of Parole / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1829 Brevet Major USA 23 September 1846
Department of North Carolina 22 April 1861-19 August 1861 / Defences of North Carolina 22 April 1861-23 September 1861 / Department of Fredericksburg 5 June 1861-17 July 1861 / Reserve Brigade Army of the Potomac 20 July 1861-21 July 1861 / District of Aquia 22 October 1861-23 March 1862 / Department of North Carolina 24 March 1862-17 July 1862 / Trans-Mississippi Department 30 July 1862-9 February 1863 / District of Arkansas 7 March 1863-24 July 1863 / District of Arkansas 25 September 1863-15 March 1864 / Reserve Forces of North Carolina 18 April 1864-26 April 1865

CSA: Robert Selden Garnett promoted Brigadier-General PACS 6 June 1861.

Garnett, Robert Selden (Jr) / Virginia / Born 16 December 1819 Essex, Virginia / KIA Corrick’s Ford, (West) Virginia 13 July 1861
USMA 1 July 1841 27 /52 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 September 1837 / 4th US Artillery 1 July 1841 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 31 January 1842 / 1st Lieutenant USA 18 August 1846 / 7th US Infantry 31 August 1846 / Captain USA 9 March 1851 / Commandant of Cadets USMA 1 November 1852-31 July 1854 / 1st US Cavalry 3 March 1855 / Major USA 9th US Infantry 27 March 1855 / Resigned USA 30 April 1861 / Lieutenant-Colonel ACSA Infantry 16 March 1861 / Colonel Assistant Adjutant-General Provisional Army of Virginia 25 April 1861-7 May 1861 / Colonel Cavalry Provisional Army of Virginia 14 May 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 6 June 1861 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1841 Brevet Captain USA 23 September 1846 Brevet Major USA 23 February 1847
Army of the Northwest 8 June 1861-13 July 1861 Department of the Northwest 8 June 1861-13 July 1861

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Army of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
    • Army of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Army of the Kanawha: Henry Alexander Wise

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Henry Alexander Wise
Earl Van Dorn
Robert Selden Garnett

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