1861 June 4th

June 4 1861 Tuesday

Chesapeake Bay Blockade

McClellan’s West Virginia Campaign

Atlantic Ocean. The Confederate privateer Savannah captured the brig Joseph, thereby becoming the first Charleston privateer to take a prize in the war. Later the same day, she chased another vessel but discovered too late that it was the armed brig USS Perry. After a brief running battle, Captain T Harrison Baker surrendered the lightly armed Savannah. Baker and his crew were put in irons and taken to New York, where they were imprisoned and tried for piracy.

California. Incident at Bell Spring.

Virginia. Union Brigadier-General Irvin McDowell reported his force south of the Potomac as 12,000 infantry, two batteries and six to eight companies of cavalry. This was a remarkable force, considering that there were negligible forces around the capital at the outbreak of the war. He asked for a reserve of 5,000 men to be collected at Alexandria. He resisted imperative demands from the government and strident public outcry to advance before his troops were trained and brigaded. He estimated the Confederate force at Manassas to be about 25,000 men and said that he could not proceed unless he had at least 35,000 men, as the Confederates might draw on 10,000 reinforcements from the Shenandoah Valley if pressed. His forecasts were prescient and he held off the urgent demands to move until mid-July.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Western Gunboat Flotilla USN: Commander John Rodgers USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander James Harmon Ward USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of Annapolis: John Adams Dix interim Nathaniel Prentiss Banks awaited
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
  • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
  • Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson
    • Army of the Shenandoah: Robert Patterson
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Henry Rootes Jackson promoted Brigadier-General PACS 4 June 1861#

Jackson, Henry Rootes / Georgia / Born 24 June 1820 Athens, Georgia / Died Savannah, Georgia 23 May 1898
Colonel USV 1st Georgia Infantry 20 June 1846 / Mustered Out May 1848 / ADC (J E Brown) 1861 / Brigadier-General PACS 4 June 1861 / Resigned PACS 2 December 1861 / Major-General Georgia Militia 2 December 1861-21 September 1863 / ADC (W H T Walker) 1863 / Brigadier-General PACS 21 September 1863 / ADC ( J E Brown) 1864 / Georgia Militia 22 June 1864-9 July 1864 / Paroled Fort Warren, Massachusetts 8 July 1865 / CIA Nashville 16 December 1864
Dept of Northwest Virginia 14 July 1861-20 July 1861 / Army of the Northwest 14 July 1861-20 July 1861 / 1st Brigade Army of the Northwest 20 July 1861-22 November 1861 / 1st Division Army of the Northwest November 1861-2 December 1861 / District of Georgia 18 June 1864-28 September 1864 / Jackson’s Brigade Walker’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 23 July 1864-10 August 1864 / Walker’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 23 July 1864-24 July 1864 / Bate’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee 10 August 1864-August 1864 / Jackson’s Brigade Bate’s Division I Corps Army of Tennessee August 1864-16 December 1864 / District of Georgia 11 November 1863-27 September 1864

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    • Army of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
    • Army of the Peninsula: Daniel Harvey Hill temporary
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Potomac Line: Daniel Ruggles
  • Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Forces in the Kanawha Valley: Christopher Quarles Tompkins

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs

Brigadier-General ACSA

Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson

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