1861 July 2nd

July 2 1861 Tuesday

Battle of Hoke’s Run, VA (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

McClellan’s West Virginia Campaign
Patterson’s Shenandoah Valley Operations

Go to July 3 1861

USA. US President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus along the railroad lines between Washington, DC, and New York City.

Missouri. The heterogeneous mix of Regular, Volunteer, Home Guard, and other pro-Union forces commanded by Union Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon in Missouri was designated as the Army of the West. Likewise, on the Confederate side, Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch was given formal command of the equally mixed forces of the pro-Secession forces in Missouri, over the ad hoc commanders of the Missouri State Guard and others.

New Mexico Territory. Fort McLane was abandoned by Union forces.

Texas. USS South Carolina imposed a blockade of Galveston, the third most important port along the Gulf of Mexico coast.

Virginia. The new Legislature of Western Virginia convened at Wheeling under the auspices of the Federal Government.

Virginia. Union Major-General George Brinton McClellan’s Army of Occupation reached Buckhannon, 24 miles west of Beverly on the Parkersburg turnpike. Hearing that Confederate Brigadier-General Henry Alexander Wise was gathering a force to oppose him, he ordered a brigade under Brigadier-General Jacob Dolson Cox to the lower part of the Great Kanawha Valley in order to cut off Wise’s force/ They set out on 11 July 1861.

Hoke’s Run, Virginia, also known as Falling Waters. or Hainesville, or Martinsburg. Union Major-General of Pennsylvania Militia Robert Patterson’s force from the Department of Pennsylvania crossed the Potomac River near Williamsport. They marched south into Virginia on the main road to Martinsburg. Patterson’s intention was to pin the Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and to prevent them from moving to join the defence of Manassas. Near Hoke’s Run in Berkeley County, Colonel John Joseph Abercrombie’s and Colonel George Henry Thomas’s brigades encountered regiments from Brigadier-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson’s brigade of the Confederate Army of the Shenandoah and [ushed them back slowly. Jackson’s orders were to delay the Union advance while withdrawing before Patterson’s larger force. The Confederates held out for 45 minutes and gave up a mile of ground before breaking off the action.
As a result of the Confederate resistance, Patterson estimated the enemy’s strength as ten times its actual number and was deterred from attempting further engagement. Union losses were reported as 23 and Confederate as 91 men. Other reports counted about a dozen casualties on each side plus fifty Union prisoners taken by Confederate cavalry under Colonel James Ewell Brown Stuart Alternatively again, Union 3 killed and 10 wounded, Confederate 30 killed and wounded and 20 prisoners. (CWSAC Limited Battle Union Victory)

Union Organisation

USA: The Army of the West was established in the Department of the West.
USA: Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon assumed command of the Army of the West.

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln
Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin
Secretary of War: Simon Cameron
Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

Atlantic Blockading Squadron: Silas Horton Stringham
Gulf Blockading Squadron: William Mervine
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery
West Indies Squadron: Garrett J Pendergrast
Western Gunboat Flotilla: John Rodgers
Potomac Flotilla: Stephen Clegg Rowan

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of Annapolis: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of Florida: Harvey Brown

Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson

Department of New Mexico: Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell

Department of the Ohio: George Brinton McClellan

  • Army of Occupation: George Brinton McClellan

Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner

  • District of Oregon: George Wright

Department of Pennsylvania: Robert Patterson

  • Army of the Shenandoah: Robert Patterson

Department of Texas: Vacant

Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke

Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler

Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield

Department of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

  • Army of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: The Forces in Missouri was established in the Western Department, comprising pro-Confederate state forces organised in nine local military districts.
CSA: Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch assumed command of Forces in Missouri.

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs

  • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

Department of Fredericksburg: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger

Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

  • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

  • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder

Department of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

  • Army of the Potomac: Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill

Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring

Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn

  • Defences of Galveston: John Creed Moore

Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg

  • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg

Western Department: Leonidas Polk

  • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
  • Forces in Missouri: Benjamin McCulloch

Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton

Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch

Forces in Harper’s Ferry”: Joseph Eggleston Johnston

Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy

Army of the Kanawha: Henry Alexander Wise

Army of Liberation: Gideon Johnson Pillow

Army of the Northwest: Robert Selden Garnett

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs
Leonidas Polk

Brigadier-General ACSA

Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Henry Alexander Wise
Earl Van Dorn
Robert Selden Garnett
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Clifford Pemberton
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Henry Hopkins Sibley
Barnard Elliott Bee
John Henry Winder

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