1861 January 22nd

January 22 1861 Tuesday

Go to January 23 1861

Kentucky. The Kentucky House of Representatives resolved to resist at all hazards any invasion of the Southern states if Federal armed forces passed through neutral Kentucky territory.

New York. Guns and ammunition sold to and destined for the state of Georgia were seized by New York authorities. This ac­tion was protested by Georgia Governor Joseph E Brown to New York Governor Edwin Denison Morgan. The US Marines at Brooklyn Navy Yard were put on guard as a precaution against interference by pro-Confed­erate sympathisers.

Virginia. Governor John Letcher transmitted the resolutions of the Ohio State Legislature, with unfavourable comments, to the Virginia state legislature. His message was rejected by a small majority.

Union Organisation

USA: Colonel William Wing Loring (US Mounted Rifes) was appointed to command the Department of New Mexico, arriving on 22 March 1861, to succeed Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy.

Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan
Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of War: Joseph Holt
Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey

African Squadron: William Inman
Brazil Squadron: Joshua Ratoon Sands
East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
European Squadron: vacant
Home Squadron: Garrett J Prendergast
Mediterranean Squadron: Charles H Bell
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy interim, William Wing Loring awaited

Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • District of Oregon: George Wright

Department of Texas: David Emanuel Twiggs

Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke

Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

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