February 8 1861 Friday
Declaration of Independence of the Confederate States of America
USA. The Constitution for a provisional Confederate States government was adopted by seven states at Montgomery: Mississippi, South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. Montgomery became the provisional capital of the Confederate States of America. This is deemed conventionally as the date of the creation of the Confederate States of America. The Confederate Constitution shared many similarities with that of the United States but differed in its provisions about slavery and states’ rights.
Arkansas. The US Arsenal at Little Rock was seized by Arkansas state troops on the orders of Governor Henry M Rector. The Arsenal held 9,000 small arms, 40 cannons, and large quantities of ammunition under the command of Captain James Totten (2nd US Artillery).
Georgia. Five New York ships were seized by order of the Georgia Governor and held until certain guns on board the vessel Monticello, seized by New York City police in January, were delivered to agents of Georgia. In addition, the Georgia Governor ordered the Collector of the Port of Savannah to retain all money from customs in his possession and to make no payment on accounts of the US government.
Oregon Territory. Skirmish with Indians at the Columbia River.
Tennessee. The voters of Tennessee voted against holding a state convention.
Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan
Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of War: Joseph Holt
Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey
- African Squadron USN: Captain William Inman USN
- Brazil Squadron USN: Captain Joshua R Sands USN.
- East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron USN: Captain Cornelius K Stribling USN
- European Squadron USN: vacant
- Home Squadron USN: Captain Garrett J Prendergast USN
- Mediterranean Squadron USN: Captain Charles H Bell USN
- Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott
- Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston
- District of Oregon: George Wright
- Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
- Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
- Department of Texas: David Emanuel Twiggs
- Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
- Department of the West: William Selby Harney
Provisional President Thomas Howell Cobb
John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney
Brigadier-General USA (Staff)
Joseph Eggleston Johnston