1861 February 9th

February 9 1861 Saturday

Jefferson Finis Davis elected provisional President of the Confederate States

Alexander Hamilton Stephens elected provisional Vice-President of the Confederate States

CSA. The provisional government of the Confederate States of America unanimously elected Jefferson Finis Davis, a West Point graduate and a former US Army officer and Secretary of War from Mississippi, to be the President of the Confederate States of America.

CSA. Alexander Hamilton Stephens of Georgia was elected Vice-President of the Confederate States.

Florida. USS Brooklyn arrived off Pensacola. Troops were not landed at Fort Pickens in compliance with an interim agreement with Florida officials in which the status quo would be maintained. Fort Barrancas and Fort McRae and Pensacola Navy Yard remained in Confederate hands while the Union-held Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island. USS Brooklyn, USS Sabine, USS Macedonia and USS St Louis remained off the harbour, until reinforcements were put ashore at Fort Pickens on 17th April.

Kansas. Charles Robinson became Governor of Kansas in succession to the Territorial Governor, George M Bebee.

Tennessee. Tennessee state authorities refused to call a convention to address the question of secession.

Texas. US Brigadier-General David Emanuel Twiggs appointed a military commission to meet the commissioners of Texas to negotiate the transfer of military posts and property. Twiggs was the third-highest ranking officer in the US Army and commanded the Department of Texas.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan

Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge

Secretary of War: Joseph Holt

Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey

  • African Squadron USN: Captain William Inman USN
  • Brazil Squadron USN: Captain Joshua R Sands USN.
  • East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron USN: Captain Cornelius K Stribling USN
  • European Squadron USN: vacant
  • Home Squadron USN: Captain Garrett J Prendergast USN
  • Mediterranean Squadron USN: Captain Charles H Bell USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Department of Texas: David Emanuel Twiggs
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

President: Thomas Howell Cobb (interim)

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

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