1861 February 27th

February 27 1861 Wednesday

Virginia Peace Conference ends

Go to February 28 1861

USA. The Virginia Peace Conference sent its proposals for six constitutional amendments to the US Congress. Former President John Tyler agreed to present the findings to the US Congress although they had already proved unsatisfactory to all parties. Failure to ratify its recommendations resulted in the disbandment of the Conference and the end of attempts to find a peaceful political compromise to the question of slavery in the new territories.

USA. The US Congress authorised the construction of seven new steam-driven sloops to augment existing naval strength.

CSA. The Confederate Congress authorised the creation of staff posts for the Army, comprising an Adjutant-General, a Quartermaster-General, a Commissary-General, and a Surgeon-General.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan
Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge
Secretary of War: Joseph Holt
Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey

African Squadron: William Inman
Brazil Squadron: Joshua Ratoon Sands
East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron: Cornelius Kinchiloe Stribling
European Squadron: vacant
Home Squadron: Garrett J Prendergast
Mediterranean Squadron: Charles H Bell
Pacific Squadron: John Berrien Montgomery

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

Department of the East: John Ellis Wool

Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy interim, William Wing Loring awaited

Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston

  • District of Oregon: George Wright

Department of Texas: Carlos Adolphus Waite temporary

Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke

Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

President: Jefferson Finis Davis
Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens
Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker
Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

“Department of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

  • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

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