1861 February 27th

February 27 1861 Wednesday

Virginia Peace Conference ends

USA. The Virginia Peace Conference sent its proposals for six constitutional amendments to the US Congress. Former President John Tyler agreed to present the findings to the US Congress although they had already proved unsatisfactory to all parties. Failure to ratify its recommendations resulted in the disbandment of the Conference and the end of attempts to find a peaceful political compromise to the question of slavery in the new territories.

USA. The US Congress authorised the construction of seven new steam-driven sloops to augment existing naval strength.

CSA. The Confederate Congress authorised the creation of staff posts for the Army, comprising an Adjutant-General, a Quartermaster-General, a Commissary-General, and a Surgeon-General.

Union Organisation

Commander in Chief: President James Buchanan

Vice-President: John Cabell Breckinridge

Secretary of War: Joseph Holt

Secretary of the Navy: Isaac Toucey

  • African Squadron USN: Captain William Inman USN
  • Brazil Squadron USN: Captain Joshua R Sands USN.
  • East Indian (Asiatic) Squadron USN: Captain Cornelius K Stribling USN
  • European Squadron USN: vacant
  • Home Squadron USN: Captain Garrett J Prendergast USN
  • Mediterranean Squadron USN: Captain Charles H Bell USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of New Mexico: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy interim, William Wing Loring awaited
  • Department of the Pacific: Albert Sidney Johnston
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Texas: Carlos Adolphus Waite temporary
  • Department of Utah: Philip St George Cooke
  • Department of the West: William Selby Harney

Confederate Organisation

President: Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

  • “Department of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg

Union Generals

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
David Emanuel Twiggs
William Selby Harney

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Joseph Eggleston Johnston

 

 

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