1861 August 8th

August 8 1861 Thursday

Confederate Invasion of New Mexico

Wilson’s Creek Campaign

Gulf of Mexico. USS Santee, Captain Henry Eagle, captured the schooner C P Knapp.

USA. Commodore Joseph Smith USN, Captain Hiram Paulding USN, and Commander Charles Henry Davis USN, were nominated to join the US Navy’s Ironclad Board, to investigate plans and specifications to build ironclad or steel-clad warships.

CSA. The Confederate Congress authorised an additional 400,000 volunteers to serve for between one and three years.

Alabama. Reconnaissance to Athens ended.

Missouri. Union Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon held a council of war to determine whether he should attack the Confederates at Wilson’s Creek. The fatigue of the troops and a shortage of supplies persuaded Lyon to postpone a further long retreat from Springfield to Rolla without first attacking the enemy to deter pursuit.

Utah Territory. Incident at the Great Salt Lake.

Utah Territory. Union field forces previously operating under the former Department of Utah marched east and left the Utah Territory without a US Army garrison.

Virginia. Incident at Lovettsville. The 19th New York reported one man killed and five wounded in a skirmish with Confederate cavalry.

Union Organisation

USA: The Southern District of New Mexico was established in the Western Department, comprising all the New Mexico Territory south of Albuquerque.

USA: Major Benjamin Stone Roberts assumed command of the Southern District of New Mexico.

Roberts, Benjamin Stone / Vermont / Born 18 November 1810 Manchester, Vermont / Died Washington, District of Columbia 29 January 1875
USMA 1 July 1835 53/56 Dragoons / Cadet USMA 1 July 1831 / 1st US Dragoons 1 July 1835 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 31 May 1836 / 1st Lieutenant 31 July 1837 / Resigned USA 28 January 1839 / 1st Lieutenant USA US Mounted Rifles 27 May 1846 / Captain USA 16 February 1847 / Major USA 13 May 1861 / 3rd US Cavalry 3 August 1861 / Colonel USV 5th New Mexico Infantry 9 December 1861 / Mustered Out USV 31 May 1862 / Brigadier-General USV 19 July 1862 to rank from 16 July 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General 5 August 1862 / Mustered Out USV 15 January 1866 / Lieutenant-Colonel USA 3rd US Cavalry 28 July 1866 / Retired USA 15 December 1870 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1835 Brevet Major USA 13 September 1847 Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel USA 24 November 1847 Brevet Colonel USA 21 February 1862 Brevet Brigadier-General USA 13 March 1865 Brevet Major-General USV 13 March 1865 / WIA Cedar Mountain 9 August 1862
Southern District of New Mexico 8 August 1861-16 April 1862 / Central and Northern District of New Mexico 16 April 1862-15 June 1862 / Cavalry Army of Virginia 18 July 1862-5 August 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Army of Virginia 5 August 1862-12 September 1862 / Assistant Inspector-General Department of the Northwest September 1862 / 3rd Division XIII Corps Middle Department 11 March 1863-16 March 1863 / 4th Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 11 March 1863-23 May 1863 / District of Iowa 8 June 1863-4 December 1863 / 1st Division XIX Corps Department of the Gulf 25 June 1864-1 July 1864 / XIX Corps Gulf 2 July 1864-6 July 1864 / Cavalry Division Department of the Gulf 11 November 1864-28 December 1864 / District of West Tennessee 3 February 1865-4 March 1865 / Cavalry Division Cavalry Corps Military Division of West Mississippi 15 May 1865-14 June 1865

USA: Brigadier-General Ulysses Simpson Grant assumed command of the District of Ironton, succeeding Colonel Benjamin Gratz Brown.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (Hiram Ulysses) / Ohio / Born 27 April 1822 Point Pleasant, Ohio / Died Mount McGregor, New York 23 July 1885
USMA 1 July 1843 21/39 Infantry / Cadet USMA 1 July 1839 / 4th US Infantry 1 July 1843 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 7th US Infantry 30 September 1845 / 4th US Infantry 15 November 1845 / Regt Quartermaster 1 April 1847-23 July 1848 / 1st Lieutenant USA 16 September 1847 / Regt Quartermaster 17 November 1848-5 August 1853 / Captain USA 5 August 1853 / Resigned USA 31 July 1854 / Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 / Colonel USV 21st Illinois Infantry 15 June 1861 / Major-General USV 16 February 1862 / Major-General USA 7 July 1863 to rank from 4 July 1863 / Lieutenant-General USA 4 March 1864 to rank from 2 March 1864 / General-in-Chief of the US Army 12 March 1864 / General USA 25 July 1866 / Resigned USA 4 March 1869 / General USA Retired 4 March 1877 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1843 Brevet 1 Lt USA 8 September 1847 Brevet Captain USA 13 September 1847
District of Ironton 8 August 1861-15 August 1861 / District of Southeast Missouri 1 September 1861-23 December 1861 / District of Cairo 23 December 1861-14 February 1862 / District of West Tennessee 14 February 1862-12 September 1862 / Army of West Tennessee 21 February 1862-24 October 1863 / Chief of Staff Department of the Mississippi 29 April 1862-10 June 1862 / Department of the Tennessee 16 October 1862-17 October 1863 / XIII Corps Tennessee 24 October 1862-22 December 1862 / Military Division of the Mississippi 16 October 1863-18 March 1864 / General-in-Chief 12 March 1864-4 March 1869

USA: Henry Hayes Lockwood promoted Brigadier-General USV 8 August 1861.

Lockwood, Henry Hayes / Delaware / Born 17 August 1814 Kent, Delaware / Died Georgetown, District of Columbia 7 December 1899
USMA 1 July 1836 22/49 Artillery / Cadet USMA 1 July 1832 / 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1836 / 2nd Lieutenant USA 30 July 1836 / Resigned USA 12 September 1837 / Professor US Naval Academy 1841-1861 / Colonel USV 1st Delaware Infantry 25 May 1861 / Brigadier-General USV 8 August 1861 / Mustered Out USV 24 August 1865 / Professor US Naval Academy 1865-1870 / US Naval Observatory 1870-1876 / Retired USN 18 August 1876 / Brevet 2nd Lieutenant USA 1 July 1836
Peninsula Brigade Department of the Potomac November 1861-22 March 1862 / District of the Eastern Shore of Maryland 22 March 1862-5 January 1865 / 1st Separate Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 5 January 1863-4 February 1863 / 1st Separate Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 14 February 1863-26 June 1863 / Provisional Brigade XII Corps Army of the Potomac 26 June 1863-5 July 1863 / 2nd Brigade 1st Division XII Corps Army of the Potomac 5 July 1863-19 July 1863 / Lockwood’s Division Department of the Susquehanna 19 July 1863-3 August 1863 / Lockwood’s Division Department of West Virginia 3 August 1863-12 October 1863 / 1st Separate Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 28 October 1863-21 November 1863 / Middle Department 5 December 1863-22 March 1864 / VIII Corps Middle 5 December 1863-21 March 1864 / 3rd Separate Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 24 March 1864-16 May 1864 / 3rd Separate Brigade VIII Corps Middle Department 20 July 1864-31 July 1864 / District of Delaware 20 July 1864-20 August 1864 / 2nd Division V Corps Army of the Potomac 29 May 1864-2 June 1864

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander Thomas Tingey Craven USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Military Division (Department) of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
      • Army of the Potomac: Irvin McDowell
    • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of the Ohio: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Cheat Mountain District: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Cheat River District: Charles J Biddle
    • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of Occupation: William Starke Rosecrans
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: John Adams Dix
    • Army of the Shenandoah: Vacant
  • Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler
  • Western Department: John Charles Frémont
    • District of Ironton: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of North Missouri: John Pope
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • Army of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Aquia: Daniel Ruggles
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
    • Defences of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Western Department: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
    • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Army of the Kanawha: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Army of Liberation: Gideon Johnson Pillow
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Union Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

Major-General USA

Winfield Scott
George Brinton McClellan
John Charles Frémont

Major-General USV

John Adams Dix
Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
Benjamin Franklin Butler

Brigadier-General USA

John Ellis Wool
William Selby Harney
Edwin Vose Sumner
Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
Irvin McDowell
Robert Anderson
William Starke Rosecrans

Brigadier-General USV

Samuel Peter Heintzelman
David Hunter
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Andrew Porter
Fitz-John Porter
William Buel Franklin
William Tecumseh Sherman
Charles Pomeroy Stone
Don Carlos Buell
Thomas West Sherman
Nathaniel Lyon
John Pope
George Archibald McCall
William Reading Montgomery
Philip Kearny
Joseph Hooker
John Wolcott Phelps
Ulysses Simpson Grant
Joseph Jones Reynolds
Samuel Ryan Curtis
Charles Smith Hamilton
Darius Nash Couch
Rufus King
Jacob Dolson Cox
Stephen Augustus Hurlbut
Franz Sigel
Robert Cumming Schenck
Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss
Frederick West Lander
Benjamin Franklin Kelley
John Alexander McClernand
Alpheus Starkey Williams
Israel Bush Richardson
James Cooper
James Brewerton Ricketts
Orlando Bolivar Willcox
Michael Corcoran
George Henry Thomas
Ambrose Everett Burnside
Henry Hayes Lockwood

Brigadier-General USA (Staff)

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Quartermaster-General)
Henry Knox Craig
Lorenzo Thomas (Adjutant-General)
James Wolfe Ripley (Ordnance)

Confederate Generals

Note: Italics, awaiting confirmation of the commission

General ACSA

Samuel Cooper
Albert Sidney Johnston
Robert Edward Lee
Joseph Eggleston Johnston
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard

Major-General PACS

David Emanuel Twiggs
Leonidas Polk

Brigadier-General ACSA

Braxton Bragg

Brigadier-General PACS

Alexander Robert Lawton
Milledge Lake Bonham
Benjamin McCulloch
William Wing Loring
Charles Clark
John Buchanan Floyd
William Henry Talbot Walker
Henry Rootes Jackson
Theophilus Hunter Holmes
Henry Alexander Wise
Earl Van Dorn
William Joseph Hardee
Richard Stoddert Ewell
David Rumph Jones
Benjamin Huger
John Bankhead Magruder
James Longstreet
Edmund Kirby Smith
John Clifford Pemberton
Thomas Jonathan Jackson
Henry Hopkins Sibley
John Henry Winder
Richard Caswell Gatlin
Daniel Smith Donelson
Samuel Read Anderson
Gideon Johnson Pillow
Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
Daniel Harvey Hill
Jones Mitchell Withers
Richard Heron Anderson
Robert Augustus Toombs
Samuel Jones
Arnold Elzey
William Henry Chase Whiting
Jubal Anderson Early
Isaac Ridgway Trimble
Daniel Ruggles

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