1861 August 9th

August 9 1861 Friday

Wilson‘s Creek Campaign

Confederate Invasion of New Mexico

USA. Colonel Randolph Barnes Marcy was appointed as the senior Colonel and Inspector General of the US Army.

Missouri. Union Brigadier-General Franz Sigel arrived to reinforce Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon at Springfield. The Union Department commander John Charles Frémont had offered no practical support to secure the safety of Lyon’s and Sigel’s commands, so Lyon devised an offensive plan for his Army of the West to attack the Confederate troops of Brigadier-General Benjamin McCulloch and Missouri State Major-General Sterling Price (Missouri State Guard) who were encamped at Wilson’s Creek. Sigel proposed an aggressive plan for the main body to strike from the north while Sigel made a long flank march with 1,200 men to attack from the south. This attack was deferred after heavy rain forced the men back to camp overnight. The Union army finally marched out of Springfield in the rainy night, leaving about 1,000 men to protect their supplies and communications. Lyon’s command followed the Little York road and was joined by Major Samuel Davis Sturgis’ Regular troops and then went into bivouac about 1 am. Sigel’s 1,200 men followed the Fayetteville road and made a long detour into the enemy’s rear by daylight. Union success was dependent on achieving surprise against the superior numbers of the Confederate army. At the same time, McCulloch was also planning his own surprise attack against Springfield city but the rain had also caused him to cancel his plan. The Union columns camped overnight within striking distance of the unsuspecting Confederates.

Missouri. A skirmish at Potosi resulted in 2 Confederates killed and 3 wounded.

Utah Territory. Incident at Great Salt Lake.

Union Organisation

USA: Brigadier-General John Ellis Wool was appointed to command the Department of Virginia, arriving on 17th August 1861, to succeed Major-General Benjamin Franklin Butler.

Wool, John Ellis | New York | Born 29 February 1784 Newburgh, New York | Captain USA 13th US Infantry 6 February 1812 Major USA 29th US Infantry 1814 6th US Infantry Lieutenant-Colonel 6th US Infantry Colonel USA Inspector General 24 April 1816 Brigadier-General USA June 25 1841 Major-General USA August 1 1863 to rank from May 16 1862 Retired USA August 1 1863 | WIA Queenston Heights 1812 | Died 10 November 1869 | 1 January 1861 – 16 August 1861 Department of the East, 9 August 1861 – 16 June 1862 Department of Virginia, 1 June 1862 – 21 December 1862 Middle Department, 12 July 1862 – 21 December 1862 VIII Corps Middle, 3 January 1863 – 17 July 1863 Department of the East

USA: Alpheus Starkey Williams promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Williams, Alpheus Starkey | Connecticut | Born 20 September 1810 Saybrook, Connecticut | Lieutenant-Colonel USV Michigan 1847-1848 Brigadier-General Michigan 24 April 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 to rank from May 17 1861 Mustered out USV 15 January 1866 | Died 21 December 1878 | 4 September 1862 – 11 September 1862 II Corps Virginia, 12 September 1862 – 14 September 1862 XII Corps Potomac, 17 September 1862 – 19 October 1862 XII Corps Potomac, 1 July 1863 – 3 July 1863 XII Corps Potomac, 31 August 1863 – 12 September 1863 XII Corps Potomac, 28 July 1864 – 27 August 1864 XX Corps Cumberland, 11 November 1864 – 31 March 1865 XX Corps Georgia

USA: William Reading Montgomery promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Montgomery, William Reading | New Jersey | Born 10 July 1801 Monmouth, New Jersey | USMA 1825 28/37 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 1 July 1825 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 3 August 1833 Captain USA 8th US Infantry 7 July 1838 Major USA 2nd US Infantry 7 December 1852 Dismissed USA 8 December 1855 Colonel USV 1st New Jersey 17 May 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 to rank from May 17 1861 Resigned USV April 4 1864 | WIA Resaca de la Palma 1848 WIA Molino del Rey 1848 | Died 1 June 1871

USA: Israel Bush Richardson promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Richardson, Israel Bush | Vermont | Born 26 December 1815 Fairfax, Vermont | USMA 1841 38/52 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 30 September 1841 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Infantry 21 September 1846 Captain USA 3rd US Infantry 5 March 1851 Resigned USA 30 September 1855 Colonel USV 2nd Michigan May 25 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 to rank from May 17 1861 Major-General USV July 25 1862 to rank from July 4 1862 | WIA Antietam 17 September 1862 | DOW 3 November 1862

USA: Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Prentiss, Benjamin Mayberry | Virginia | Born 23 November 1819 Belleville,(West) Virginia | Captain USV Illinois 1846 Captain USV 10th Illinois 29 April 1861 Colonel USV 10th Illinois 29 April 1861 Brigadier General USV August 9 1861 to rank from May 17 1861 Major-General USV March 13 1863 to rank from 29 November 1862 Resigned USV 28 October 1863 | CIA Shiloh 1862 | Died 8 February 1901 | 15 August 1861 – 31 August 1861 District of Ironton, 26 November 1861 – 25 December 1861 District of North Missouri, 14 February 1863 – 2 August 1863 District of Eastern Arkansas

USA: Darius Nash Couch promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Couch, Darius Nash | New York | Born 23 July 1822 Putnam, New York | USMA 1846 13/59 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 16 February 1847 1st Lieutenant 4th US Artillery 4 December 1847 Resigned USA 30 April 1855 Colonel USV 17th Massachusetts 15 June 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 to rank from May 17 1861 Major-General USV July 4 1862 Resigned USV 26 May 1865 | Died 12 February 1897 | 7 October 1862 – 25 December 1862 II Corps Potomac, 25 January 1863 – 4 February 1863 Right Grand Division Potomac, 3 February 1863 – 21 May 1863 II Corps Potomac, 9 June 1863 – 1 December 1864 Department of the Susquehanna

USA: Ulysses Simpson Grant promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (Hiram Ulysses) | Ohio | Born April 27 1822 Point Pleasant, Ohio | USMA 1843 21/39 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 30 September 1845 1st Lieutenant USA 4th US Infantry 16 September 1847 Captain USA 4th US Infantry 5 August 1853 Resigned USA 31 July 1854 Colonel USV 21st Illinois June 17 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 to rank from May 17 1861 Major-General USV February 16 1862 Major-General USA July 7 1863 to rank from July 4 1863 Lieutenant-General USA March 4 1864 to rank from March 2 1864 Commanding General of the US Army March 12 1864 General USA 25 July 1866 Resigned USA 4 March 1869 General Retired USA 4 March 1885 | Died 23 July 1885 | 8 August 1861 – 14 August 1861 District of Ironton, 1 September 1861 – 28 February 1862 District of Southeast Missouri, 23 December 1861 – 10 March 1862 District of Cairo, 14 February 1862 – 13 February 1862 District of West Tennessee, 21 February 1862 – 28 April 1862 Army of West Tennessee, 17 March 1862 – 15 October 1862 District of West Tennessee, 17 March 1862 – 15 October 1862 Army of West Tennessee, 16 October 1862 – 25 October 1863 Department of the Tennessee, 16 October 1862 – 23 October 1863 Army of the Tennessee, 24 October 1862 – 21 December 1862 XIII Corps Tennessee, 16 October 1863 – 17 March 1864 Military Division of the Mississippi, 4 March 1864 General-in-Chief

USA: John Wolcott Phelps promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from May 27 1861.

Phelps, John Wolcott | Vermont | Born 13 November 1813 Guilford, Vermont | USMA 1836 24/49 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 28 July 1836 1st Lieutenant USA 4th US Artillery 7 July 1838 Captain USA 4th US Artillery 31 March 1850 Resigned USA 2 November 1859 Colonel USV 1st Vermont 9 May 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 to rank from May 17 1861 Resigned USV August 21 1862 | Died 2 February 1885

USA: Ambrose Everett Burnside promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 to rank from August 6 1861.

Burnside, Ambrose Everett | Indiana | Born 23 May 1828 Liberty, Indiana | USMA 1847 18/38 Artillery | 8 2nd Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery September 1847 1st Lieutenant USA 3rd US Artillery 12 December 1851 Resigned USA 2 October 1853 Major-General Rhode Island Militia 1855-1857 Colonel USV 1st Rhode Island May 2 1861 Mustered out USV 3 August 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 to rank from August 6 1861 Major-General USV March 18 1862 Resigned USV 15 April 1865 | WIA Apache Wars 1849 | Died 13 September 1881 | 7 January 1861 – 9 July 1862 Department of North Carolina, 22 July 1862 IX Corps Potomac, 3 August 1864 – 2 September 1862 IX Corps Virginia, 5 November 1862 – 25 January 1863 Department of the Potomac, 7 November 1862 – 25 January 1863 Army of the Potomac, 17 March 1863 – 18 March 1863 IX Corps Ohio, 25 March 1863 – 8 December 1863 Department of the Ohio, 11 April 1863 – 8 December 1863 Army of the Ohio, 17 September 1863 – 16 January 1864 IX Corps Ohio, 13 April 1864 – 13 August 1864 IX Corps Potomac

USA: Louis Blenker promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861.

Blenker, Louis (Ludwig) | Germany | Born 12 May 1812 Worms, Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany | Colonel USV 8th New York April 23 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 Honourable Discharge March 31 1863 | Died October 31 1863

USA: George Webb Morell promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861.

Morell, George Webb | New York | Born 8 January 1815 Cooperstown, New York | USMA 1835 1/56 Engineers | 2nd Lieutenant USA Engineers 31 October 1836 Resigned 30 June 1837 Major USV 1846 Colonel Staff New York Militia 16 May 1861 Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 Major-General USV 4 July 1862 Commission Expired and reverted to Brigadier-General USV 4 March 1863 Mustered out USV December 15 1864 | Died 11 February 188

USA: Henry Warner Slocum promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861.

Slocum, Henry Warner | New York | Born 24 September 1827 Delphi, New York | USMA 1852 7/43 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1852 1st Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 3 March 1855 Resigned USA 31 October 1856 New York State Militia Colonel USV 27th New York May 21 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 Major-General USV July 25 1862 to rank from July 4 1862 Resigned USV 28 September 1865 | WIA First Bull Run 1861 | Died 14 April 1894 | 20 October 1862 – 30 June 1863 XII Corps Potomac, 4 July 1863 – 30 August 1863 XII Corps Potomac, 13 September 1863 – 24 September 1863 XII Corps Potomac, 25 September 1863 – 13 April 1864 XII Corps Cumberland, 20 April 1864 – 18 August 1864 District of Vicksburg, 28 July 1864 – 6 November 1864 XX Corps Cumberland, 7 November 1864 – 17 June 1865 Army of Georgia, 7 November 1864 – 10 November 1864 XX Corps Georgia, 27 June 1865 Department of Mississippi

USA: James Samuel Wadsworth promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861.

Wadsworth, James Samuel | New York | Born 30 October 1807 Geneseo, New York | Major-General New York State Militia May 1861 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 | WIA & CIA Wilderness 1864 | DOW May 8 1864 | 12 March 1862 – 6 September 1862 Military District of Washington, 2 January 1863 – 3 January 1863 I Corps Potomac, 1 March 1863 – 8 March 1863 I Corps Potomac, 12 March 1864 – 13 March 1864 I Corps Potomac

USA: John James Peck promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861.

Peck, John James | New York | Born 4 January 1821 Manlius, New York | USMA 1843 8/39 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 16 April 1846 1st Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 3 March 1847 Resigned USA 31 March 1853 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 Major-General USV July 25 1862 to rank from July 4 1862 Mustered out USV 24 August 1865 | WIA Suffolk 1863 | Died 21 April 1878 | 14 August 1863 – 3 January 1864 District of North Carolina, 14 August 1863 – 15 August 1863 XVIII Corps Virginia and North Carolina, 16 August 1863 – 25 April 1864 Army of North Carolina, 5 February 1864 – 24 April 1864 District of North Carolina, 10 April 1865 – 18 April 1865 Department of the East

USA: Ormsby McKnight Mitchel promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861.

Mitchel, Ormsby McKnight | Kentucky-Ohio | Born 28 July 1809 Morganfield, Kentucky | USMA 1829 15/46 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 2nd US Artillery 1 July 1829 Resigned USA 30 September 1832 Brigadier-General USV August 9 1861 Major-General USV April 14 1862 to rank from April 11 1862 | Died October 30 1862 | 19 September 1861 – 14 November 1861 Department of the Ohio, 17 September 1862 – 26 October 1862 Department of the South, 17 September 1862 – 26 October 1862 X Corps South

USA: John Henry Martindale promoted Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861.

Martindale, John Henry | New York | Born 20 March 1815 Sandy Hill, New York | USMA 1835 3/56 Dragoons | Resigned USA 10 March 1836 | Brigadier-General USV 9 August 1861 Resigned USV 13 September 1864 | Died 13 December 1881 | 2 February 1863 – 1 May 1864 District of Washington, 10 July 1864 – 20 July 1864 XVIII Corps James

USA: Colonel Randolph Barnes Marcy appointed Inspector-General of the US Army.

Marcy, Randolph Barnes | Massachusetts | Born 9 April 1812 Greenwich, Massachusetts | USMA 1832 29/45 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 25 November 1835 1st Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 22 June 1837 Captain USA 5th US Infantry 18 March 1846 Major USA Staff 22 August 1859 Colonel USA Inspector-General 9 August 1861 Brigadier-General USV 23 September 1861 Commission Expired July 17 1862 Reappointed Brigadier-General USV 13 September 1862 Commission Expired March 4 1863 Brigadier-General USA Inspector-General 12 December 1878 Retired USA 2 January 1881 | Died 2 November 1887 | 9 August 1861 – 2 January 1881 Inspector-General

Commander in Chief: President Abraham Lincoln

Vice-President: Hannibal Hamlin

Secretary of War: Simon Cameron

Secretary of the Navy: Gideon Welles

  • Coast Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer Silas Horton Stringham USN
  • Gulf Blockading Squadron USN: Flag Officer William Mervine USN
  • Pacific Squadron USN: Captain John B Montgomery USN
  • Potomac Flotilla USN: Commander Thomas Tingey Craven USN

General–in-Chief: Winfield Scott

  • Military Division (Department) of the Potomac: George Brinton McClellan
    • Department of Northeastern Virginia: Irvin McDowell
      • Army of the Potomac: Irvin McDowell
    • Department of Washington: Joseph King Fenno Mansfield
  • Department of the East: John Ellis Wool
  • Department of Florida: Harvey Brown
  • Department of Kentucky: Robert Anderson
  • Department of the Ohio: William Starke Rosecrans
    • Cheat Mountain District: Joseph Jones Reynolds
    • Cheat River District: Charles J Biddle
    • District of Grafton: Benjamin Franklin Kelley
    • Army of Occupation: William Starke Rosecrans
  • Department of the Pacific: Edwin Vose Sumner
    • District of Oregon: George Wright
  • Department of Pennsylvania: John Adams Dix
    • Army of the Shenandoah: Vacant
  • Department of the Shenandoah: Nathaniel Prentiss Banks
  • Department of Texas: Vacant
  • Department of Virginia: Benjamin Franklin Butler interim John Ellis Wool awaited
  • Western Department: John Charles Frémont
    • District of Ironton: Ulysses Simpson Grant
    • District of North Missouri: John Pope
    • Southern District of New Mexico: Benjamin Stone Roberts
    • Army of the West: Nathaniel Lyon

Confederate Organisation

CSA: Daniel Ruggles promoted Brigadier-General PACS August 6 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861.

Ruggles, Daniel | Massachusetts | Born 31 January 1810 Barre, Massachusetts | USMA 1833 34/43 Infantry | 2nd Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 18 February 1836 1st Lieutenant USA 5th US Infantry 7 July 1838 Captain USA 5th US Infantry 18 June 1846 Resigned USA 7 May 1861 Brigadier-General Virginia Militia May 1861 Colonel PACS May 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861 | Died 1 June 1897 | 22 April 1861 – 4 June 1861 Potomac Line, 19 July 1861 – 20 August 1861 District of Aquia, 22 February 1862 – 27 June 1862 District of North Alabama, 26 June 1862 – 4 September 1862 First Sub-District of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana, 5 September 1862 – 1 October 1862 District of the Mississippi, 21 October 1862 – 2 September 1863 District One of Mississippi and East Louisiana

CSA: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble promoted Brigadier-General PACS 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861.

Trimble, Isaac Ridgeway | Pennsylvania-Kentucky | Born 15 May 1802 Culpeper, Virginia | USMA 1822 17/40 Artillery | 2nd Lieutenant USA 1st US Artillery 1 July 1822 Resigned USA 31 May 1832 Colonel Virginia Engineers May 1861 Brigadier-General PACS 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861 Major-General PACS 17 January 1863 Paroled 16 April 1865 | WIA Second Bull Run 1862 WIA & CIA Gettysburg 1863 | Died 2 January 1888 | 26 April 1863 – 14 June 1863 Valley District

Commander in Chief: President Jefferson Finis Davis

Vice-President: Alexander Hamilton Stephens

Secretary of War: Leroy Pope Walker

Secretary of the Navy: Stephen Russell Mallory

Military Adviser to the President: Robert Edward Lee

  • Department No 1: David Emanuel Twiggs
    • “Forces in New Orleans” “Army of Louisiana”: Braxton Bragg
  • Department of Fredericksburg: Daniel Harvey Hill
    • District of Aquia: Daniel Ruggles
  • Department of Norfolk: Benjamin Huger
  • Department of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
    • Defences of North Carolina: Theophilus Hunter Holmes
  • Department of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
    • Army of the Peninsula: John Bankhead Magruder
  • Department of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
    • Army of the Potomac: Joseph Eggleston Johnston
  • Department of South Carolina: Daniel Harvey Hill
  • Department of Southwestern Virginia: William Wing Loring
  • Department of Texas: Earl Van Dorn
    • Defences of Galveston: John Creed Moore
  • Department of West Florida: Braxton Bragg
    • “Forces in Pensacola”: Braxton Bragg
  • Western Department: Leonidas Polk
    • District of Upper Arkansas: William Joseph Hardee
    • Western Army: Benjamin McCulloch
  • District of East Tennessee: Felix Kirk Zollicoffer
  • Defences of Savannah: Alexander Robert Lawton
  • Indian Territory: Benjamin McCulloch
  • Forces in Richmond: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy
  • Army of the Kanawha: Henry Alexander Wise
  • Army of Liberation: Gideon Johnson Pillow
  • Army of the Northwest: William Wing Loring

Union Generals

  • Major-General USA Winfield Scott 5 July 1841 to rank from 25 June 1841 General-in-Chief
  • Major-General USA George Brinton McClellan 14 May 1861 Military Division (Department) of the Potomac
  • Major-General USA John Charles Frémont 3 July 1861 to rank from 14 May 1861 Western Department
  • Brigadier-General USA John Ellis Wool 25 June 1841 Department of the East & Department of Virginia awaited
  • Brigadier-General USA William Selby Harney 14 June 1858
  • Brigadier-General USA Edwin Vose Sumner 16 March 1861 Department of the Pacific
  • Brigadier-General USA Irvin McDowell 14 May 1861 Department of Northeastern Virginia & Army of the Potomac
  • Brigadier-General USA Joseph Fenno King Mansfield 17 May 1861 to rank from May 14 1861 Department of Washington
  • Brigadier-General USA Montgomery Cunningham Meigs 15 May 1861 Quartermaster-General
  • Brigadier-General USA Robert Anderson 17 June 1861 to rank from 15 May 1861 Department of Kentucky
  • Brigadier-General USA William Starke Rosecrans 16 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Department of the Ohio & Army of Occupation
  • Brigadier-General USA Henry Knox Craig August 3 1861
  • Brigadier-General USA Lorenzo Thomas 5 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 Adjutant General
  • Brigadier-General USA James Wolfe Ripley 10 September 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861 Chief of Ordnance
  • Major-General USV John Adams Dix 16 May 1861 Department of Pennsylvania
  • Major-General USV Benjamin Franklin Butler 16 May 1861 Department of Virginia interim
  • Major-General USV Nathaniel Prentiss Banks 3 June 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Department of the Shenandoah
  • Brigadier-General USV Nathaniel Lyon 17 May 1861 Army of the West
  • Brigadier-General USV Jacob Dolson Cox 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Peter Heintzelman 27 May 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Robert Cumming Schenck 5 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Pope 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 District of North Missouri
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Jones Reynolds 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 Cheat Mountain District
  • Brigadier-General USV Stephen Augustus Hurlbut 14 June 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Tecumseh Sherman 3 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Andrew Porter 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Buel Franklin 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Pomeroy Stone 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Thomas West Sherman 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Franklin Kelley 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 District of Grafton
  • Brigadier-General USV Joseph Hooker 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Alexander McClernand 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Frederick West Lander 6 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Erasmus Darwin Keyes 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV David Hunter 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Don Carlos Buell 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Fitz-John Porter 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Archibald McCall 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Rufus King 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Franz Sigel 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Charles Smith Hamilton 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Samuel Ryan Curtis 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Philip Kearny 7 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Alpheus Starkey Williams 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV William Reading Montgomery 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Israel Bush Richardson 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Darius Nash Couch 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ulysses Simpson Grant 9 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861 District of Ironton
  • Brigadier-General USV James Cooper 12 August 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Julius Stahel 12 November 1861 to rank from 17 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV John Wolcott Phelps 9 August 1861 to rank from 27 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV James Brewerton Ricketts April 30 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Michael Corcoran August 15 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Orlando Bolivar Willcox August 19 1862 to rank from July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV George Henry Thomas 17 August 1861 to rank from 3 August 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Ambrose Everett Burnside 9 August 1861 to rank from August 6 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Hayes Lockwood August 8 1861
  • Brigadier-General USV Louis Blenker 9 August 1861.
  • Brigadier-General USV George Webb Morell 9 August 1861.
  • Brigadier-General USV Henry Warner Slocum 9 August 1861.
  • Brigadier-General USV James Samuel Wadsworth 9 August 1861.
  • Brigadier-General USV John James Peck 9 August 1861.
  • Brigadier-General USV Ormsby McKnight Mitchel 9 August 1861.
  • Brigadier-General USV John Henry Martindale 9 August 1861.
  • Colonel George Wright 3 March 1855 District of Oregon
  • Colonel Harvey Brown 14 May 1861 Department of Florida
  • Colonel Benjamin Gratz Brown 22 April 1861 District of Ironton
  • Colonel Charles J Biddle 21 June 1861 Cheat River District
  • Major Benjamin Stone Roberts 13 May 1861 Southern District of New Mexico

Confederate Generals

  • General ACSA Samuel Cooper 31 August 1861 to rank from 16 May 1861 Adjutant-General and Inspector General
  • General ACSA Albert Sidney Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 30 May 1861
  • General ACSA Robert Edward Lee 31 August 1861 to rank from 14 June 1861 Military Adviser to the President
  • General ACSA Joseph Eggleston Johnston 31 August 1861 to rank from 4 July 1861 Department of the Potomac & Army of the Potomac
  • General ACSA Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard 31 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861
  • Major-General PACS David Emanuel Twiggs March 22 1861 Department No 1
  • Major-General Leonidas Polk PACS 25 June 1861 Western Department
  • Brigadier-General ACSA Braxton Bragg March 7 1861 Forces in Louisiana & Department of West Florida & Forces in Pensacola & Forces in New Orleans
  • Brigadier-General PACS Alexander Robert Lawton 13 April 1861 Defences of Savannah
  • Brigadier-General PACS Milledge Luke Bonham 23 April 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin McCulloch 11 May 1861 Indian Territory & Western Army
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Wing Loring 20 May 1861 Department of Southwestern Virginia & Army of the Northwest
  • Brigadier-General PACS Charles Clark 22 May 1861.
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Buchanan Floyd 23 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Talbot Walker 25 May 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Rootes Jackson 4 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Earl Van Dorn 5 June 1861 Department of Texas
  • Brigadier-General PACS Theophilus Hunter Holmes 5 June 1861 Department of North Carolina & Defences of North Carolina
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Alexander Wise 5 June 1861 Army of the Kanawha
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Selden Garnett 6 June 1861 KIA 13 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Joseph Hardee 17 June 1861 District of Upper Arkansas
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin Huger 17 June 1861 Department of Norfolk
  • Brigadier-General PACS Thomas Jonathan Jackson 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Stoddert Ewell 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Henry Hopkins Sibley 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Edmund Kirby Smith 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Barnard Elliott Bee 17 June 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Clifford Pemberton 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Bankhead Magruder 17 June 1861 Department of the Peninsula & Army of the Peninsula
  • Brigadier-General PACS James Longstreet 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS David Rumph Jones 17 June 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS John Henry Winder 21 June 1861 Provost Marshal General
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Caswell Gatlin 13 August 1861 to rank from 8 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Gideon Johnson Pillow 9 July 1861 Army of Liberation
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Read Anderson 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Benjamin Franklin Cheatham 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Smith Donelson 9 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Felix Kirk Zollicoffer 9 July 1861 District of East Tennessee
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jones Mitchell Withers 10 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Harvey Hill 10 July 1861 Department of South Carolina & Department of Fredericksburg
  • Brigadier-General PACS Richard Heron Anderson 19 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Robert Augustus Toombs 19 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Arnold Elzey 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Samuel Jones 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Jubal Anderson Early July 21 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS William Henry Chase Whiting 28 August 1861 to rank from 21 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Francis Stebbins Bartow 21 July 1861 DOW 22 July 1861
  • Brigadier-General PACS Daniel Ruggles August 6 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861 District of Aquia
  • Brigadier-General PACS Isaac Ridgeway Trimble 6 August 1861 to rank from 9 August 1861
  • Colonel Thomas Turner Fauntleroy Forces in Richmond
  • Colonel John Creed Moore Defences of Galveston

 

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